4. Paµhamasen±sanasikkh±padavaŗŗan±

108. Catutthasikkh±pade– hemantike k±leti hemantak±le himap±tasamaye. K±ya½ ot±pent±ti mańcap²µh±d²su nisinn± b±l±tapena k±ya½ ot±pent±. K±le ±rociteti y±gubhatt±d²su yassa kassaci k±le ±rocite. Ovaµµha½ hot²ti himavassena ovaµµha½ tinta½ hoti.
110. AvassikasaŖketeti vassikavass±nam±s±ti eva½ apańńatte catt±ro hemantike catt±ro ca gimhike aµµha m±seti attho. Maŗ¹ape v±ti s±kh±maŗ¹ape v± padaramaŗ¹ape v±. Rukkham³le v±ti yassa kassaci rukkhassa heµµh±. Yattha k±k± v± kulal± v± na ³hadant²ti yattha dhuvaniv±sena kul±vake katv± vasam±n± ete k±kakulal± v± ańńe v± sakunt± ta½ sen±sana½ na ³hadanti, t±dise rukkham³le nikkhipitu½ anuj±n±m²ti. Tasm± yattha gocarappasut± sakunt± vissamitv± gacchanti, tassa rukkhassa m³le nikkhipitu½ vaµµati. Yasmi½ pana dhuvaniv±sena kul±vake katv± vasanti, tassa rukkhassa m³le na nikkhipitabba½. “Aµµha m±se”ti vacanato yesu janapadesu vassak±le na vassati, tesupi catt±ro m±se nikkhipitu½ na vaµµatiyeva. “AvassikasaŖkete”ti vacanato yattha hemante devo vassati, tattha hemantepi ajjhok±se nikkhipitu½ na vaµµati. Gimhe pana sabbattha vigataval±haka½ visuddha½ nabha½ hoti, evar³pe k±le kenacideva karaŗ²yena ajjhok±se mańcap²µha½ nikkhipitu½ vaµµati.
Abbhok±siken±pi vatta½ j±nitabba½, tassa hi sace puggalikamańcako atthi, tattheva sayitabba½. SaŖghika½ gaŗhantena vettena v± v±kena v± v²tamańcako gahetabbo. Tasmi½ asati pur±ŗamańcako gahetabbo. Tasmimpi asati navav±yimo v± onaddhako v± gahetabbo. Gahetv± ca pana “aha½ ukkaµµharukkham³liko ukkaµµha-abbhok±siko”ti c²varakuµimpi akatv± asamaye ajjhok±se rukkham³le v± pańńapetv± nipajjitu½ na vaµµati. Sace pana catugguŗenapi c²varena katakuµi atementa½ rakkhitu½ na sakkoti, satt±havaddalik±d²ni bhavanti, bhikkhuno k±y±nugatikatt± vaµµati.
Arańńe paŗŗakuµ²su vasant±na½ s²lasampad±ya pasannacitt± manuss± nava½ mańcap²µha½ denti “saŖghikaparibhogena paribhuńjath±”ti vasitv± gacchantehi s±mantavih±re sabh±gabhikkh³na½ pesetv± gantabba½, sabh±g±na½ abh±ve anovassake nikkhipitv± gantabba½, anovassake asati rukkhe laggetv± gantabba½. CetiyaŖgaŗe sammajjani½ gahetv± bhojanas±laŖgaŗa½ v± uposath±g±raŖgaŗa½ v± pariveŗadiv±µµh±na-aggis±l±d²su v± ańńatara½ sammajjitv± dhovitv± puna sammajjan²m±¼akeyeva µhapetabb±. Uposath±g±r±d²su ańńatarasmi½ gahetv± avases±ni sammajjantass±pi eseva nayo.
Yo pana bhikkh±c±ramagga½ sammajjantova gantuk±mo hoti, tena sammajjitv± sace antar±magge s±l± atthi, tattha µhapetabb±. Sace natthi, val±hak±na½ anuµµhitabh±va½ sallakkhetv± “y±v±ha½ g±mato nikkham±mi, t±va na vassissat²”ti j±nantena yattha katthaci nikkhipitv± puna pacc±gacchantena p±katikaµµh±ne µhapetabb±. Sace vassissat²ti j±nanto ajjhok±se µhapeti, dukkaµanti mah±paccariya½ vutta½. Sace pana tatra tatreva sammajjanatth±ya sammajjan² nikkhitt± hoti, ta½ ta½ µh±na½ sammajjitv± tatra tatreva nikkhipitu½ vaµµati. ¾sanas±la½ sammajjantena vatta½ j±nitabba½. Tatrida½ vatta½– majjhato paµµh±ya p±daµµh±n±bhimukh± v±lik± haritabb±. Kacavara½ hatthehi gahetv± bahi cha¹¹etabba½.
111. Mas±rakoti mańcap±de vijjhitv± tattha aµaniyo pavesetv± kato. Bundik±baddhoti aµan²hi mańcap±de ¹a½s±petv± pallaŖkasaŖkhepena kato. Ku¼²rap±dakoti assameŗ¹ak±d²na½ p±dasadisehi p±dehi kato. Yo v± pana koci vaŖkap±dako, aya½ vuccati ku¼²rap±dako. ¾haccap±dakoti aya½ pana “±haccap±dako n±ma mańco aŖge vijjhitv± kato hot²”ti eva½ parato p±¼iya½yeva vutto, tasm± aµaniyo vijjhitv± tattha p±dasikha½ pavesetv± upari ±ŗi½ datv± katamańco “±haccap±dako”ti veditabbo. P²µhepi eseva nayo. Anto sa½veµhetv± baddha½ hot²ti heµµh± ca upari ca vitthata½ majjhe saŖkhitta½ paŗavasaŗµh±na½ katv± baddha½ hoti, ta½ kira majjhe s²habyagghacammaparikkhittampi karonti. Akappiyacamma½ n±mettha natthi. Sen±sanańhi sovaŗŗamayampi vaµµati, tasm± ta½ mahaggha½ hoti. Anupasampanna½ santhar±peti tassa palibodhoti yena santhar±pita½, tassa palibodho. Le¹¹up±ta½ atikkamantassa ±patti p±cittiyass±ti th±mamajjhimassa purisassa le¹¹up±ta½ atikkamantassa p±cittiya½.
Aya½ panettha vinicchayo– thero bhojanas±l±ya½ bhattakicca½ katv± dahara½ ±ŗ±peti “gaccha div±µµh±ne mańcap²µha½ pańńapeh²”ti. So tath± katv± nisinno. Thero yath±ruci½ vicaritv± tattha gantv± thavika½ v± uttar±saŖga½ v± µhapeti, tato paµµh±ya therassa palibodho. Nis²ditv± saya½ gacchanto neva uddharati, na uddhar±peti, le¹¹up±t±tikkame p±cittiya½. Sace pana thero tattha thavika½ v± uttar±saŖga½ v± aµµhapetv± caŖkamantova dahara½ “gaccha tvan”ti bhaŗati, tena “ida½ bhante mańcap²µhan”ti ±cikkhitabba½. Sace thero vatta½ j±n±ti “tva½ gaccha, aha½ p±katika½ kariss±m²”ti vattabba½. Sace b±lo hoti anuggahitavatto “gaccha, m± idha tiµµha, neva nis²ditu½ na nipajjitu½ dem²”ti dahara½ tajjetiyeva. Daharena “bhante sukha½ sayath±”ti kappa½ labhitv± vanditv± gantabba½. Tasmi½ gate therasseva palibodho. Purimanayeneva cassa ±patti veditabb±.
Atha pana ±ŗattikkhaŗeyeva daharo “mayha½ bhante bhaŗ¹akadhovan±di kińci karaŗ²ya½ atth²”ti vadati, thero ca na½ “tva½ pańńapetv± gacch±h²”ti vatv± bhojanas±lato nikkhamitv± ańńattha gacchati, p±duddh±rena k±retabbo. Sace tattheva gantv± nis²dati purimanayeneva cassa le¹¹up±t±tikkame ±patti. Sace pana thero s±maŗera½ ±ŗ±peti s±maŗere tattha mańcap²µha½ pańńapetv± nisinnepi bhojanas±lato ańńattha gacchanto p±duddh±rena k±retabbo. Gantv± nisinno puna gamanak±le le¹¹up±t±tikkame ±pattiy± k±retabbo. Sace pana ±ŗ±pento mańcap²µha½ pańńapetv± tattheva nis²d±ti ±ŗ±peti, yatricchati tatra gantv± ±gantu½ labhati. Saya½ pana p±katika½ akatv± gacchantassa le¹¹up±t±tikkame p±cittiya½. Antarasannip±te mańcap²µh±ni pańńapetv± nisinnehi gamanak±le ±r±mik±na½ ima½ paµis±meth±ti vattabba½, avatv± gacchant±na½ le¹¹up±t±tikkame ±patti.
Mah±dhammasavana½ n±ma hoti tattha uposath±g±ratopi bhojanas±latopi ±haritv± mańcap²µh±ni pańńapenti. ¾v±sik±na½yeva palibodho. Sace ±gantuk± “ida½ amh±ka½ upajjh±yassa ida½ ±cariyass±”ti gaŗhanti, tato paµµh±ya tesa½yeva palibodho. Gamanak±le p±katika½ akatv± le¹¹up±ta½ atikkamant±na½ ±patti. Mah±paccariya½ puna vutta½– “y±va ańńe na nis²danti, t±va yehi pańńatta½, tesa½ bh±ro. Ańńesu ±gantv± nisinnesu nisinnak±na½ bh±ro. Sace te anuddharitv± v± anuddhar±petv± v± gacchanti, dukkaµa½. Kasm±? An±ŗattiy± pańńapitatt±”ti. Dhamm±sane pańńatte y±va uss±rako v± dhammakathiko v± n±gacchati, t±va pańń±pak±na½ palibodho, tasmi½ ±gantv± nisinne tassa palibodho. Sakala½ ahoratta½ dhammasavana½ hoti, ańńo uss±rako v± dhammakathiko v± uµµhahati, ańńo nis²dati, yo yo ±gantv± nis²dati, tassa tassa bh±ro. Uµµhahantena pana “idam±sana½ tumh±ka½ bh±ro”ti vatv± gantabba½. Sacepi itarasmi½ an±gateyeva paµhama½ nisinno uµµh±ya gacchati, tasmińca anto-upac±raµµheyeva itaro ±gantv± nis²dati, uµµh±ya gato ±pattiy± na k±retabbo. Sace pana itarasmi½ an±gateyeva paµhama½ nisinno uµµh±y±san± le¹¹up±ta½ atikkamati, ±pattiy± k±retabbo. Sabbattha ca “le¹¹up±t±tikkame paµhamap±de dukkaµa½, dutiye p±cittiyan”ti aya½ nayo mah±paccariya½ vutto.
112. Cimilika½ v±ti-±d²su cimilik± n±ma sudh±diparikammakat±ya bh³miy± vaŗŗ±nurakkhaŗattha½ kat± hoti ta½ heµµh± pattharitv± upari kaµas±raka½ pattharanti. Uttarattharaŗa½ n±ma mańcap²µh±na½ upari attharitabbaka½ paccattharaŗa½. Bh³mattharaŗa½ n±ma bh³miya½ attharitabb± kaµas±rak±divikati. Taµµika½ n±ma t±lapaŗŗehi v± v±kehi v± katataµµik±. Cammakhaŗ¹o n±ma s²habyagghad²pitaracchacamm±d²supi ya½kińci camma½. Aµµhakath±su hi sen±sanaparibhoge paµikkhittacamma½ n±ma na dissati, tasm± s²hacamm±d²na½ pariharaŗeyeva paµikkhepo veditabbo. P±dapuńchan² n±ma rajjukehi v± pilotik±hi v± p±dapuńchanattha½ kat±. Phalakap²µha½ n±ma phalakamaya½ p²µha½. Atha v± phalakańceva d±rumayap²µhańca; etena sabbampi d±rubhaŗ¹±di saŖgahita½. Mah±paccariya½ pana vitth±reneva vutta½– “±dh±raka½ pattapidh±na½ p±dakathalika½ t±lavaŗµa½ b²jan²pattaka½ ya½kińci d±rubhaŗ¹a½ antamaso p±n²ya-u¼uŖka½ p±n²yasaŖkha½ ajjhok±se nikkhipitv± gacchantassa dukkaµan”ti. Mah±-aµµhakath±ya½ pana esa nayo dutiyasikkh±pade dassito. Ajjhok±se rajana½ pacitv± rajanabh±jana½ rajana-u¼uŖko rajanadoŗik±ti sabba½ aggis±l±ya paµis±metabba½. Sace aggis±l± natthi, anovassake pabbh±re nikkhipitabba½. Tasmimpi asati yattha olokent± bhikkh³ passanti, t±dise µh±ne µhapetv±pi gantu½ vaµµati.
Ańńassa puggaliketi yasmi½ viss±sagg±ho na ruhati, tassa santake dukkaµa½. Yasmi½ pana viss±so ruhati, tassa santaka½ attano puggalikamiva hot²ti mah±paccariy±d²su vutta½.
113. ¾puccha½ gacchat²ti yo bhikkhu v± s±maŗero v± ±r±miko v± lajj² hoti, attano palibodha½ viya mańńati, yo tath±r³pa½ ±pucchitv± gacchati, tassa an±patti. Ot±pento gacchat²ti ±tape ot±pento ±gantv± uddhariss±m²ti gacchati; eva½ gacchato an±patti. Kenaci palibuddha½ hot²ti sen±sana½ kenaci upadduta½ hot²ti attho. Sacepi hi vu¹¹hataro bhikkhu uµµh±petv± gaŗh±ti, sacepi yakkho v± peto v± ±gantv± nis²dati, koci v± issaro ±gantv± gaŗh±ti, sen±sana½ palibuddha½ hoti, s²habyaggh±d²su v± pana ta½ padesa½ ±gantv± µhitesupi sen±sana½ palibuddha½ hotiyeva. Eva½ kenaci palibuddhe anuddharitv±pi gacchato an±patti. ¾pad±s³ti j²vitabrahmacariyantar±yesu. Sesa½ utt±namev±ti.
Kathinasamuµµh±na½– k±yav±cato k±yav±c±cittato ca samuµµh±ti, kiriy±kiriya½, nosańń±vimokkha½, acittaka½, paŗŗattivajja½, k±yakamma½, vac²kamma½, ticitta½, tivedananti.

Paµhamasen±sanasikkh±pada½ catuttha½.