10. Paµhamasaªghabhedasikkh±padavaººan±

410. Dasame ye dubbal± honti appath±m±, na sakkonti araññak±d²ni sevant± dukkhassanta½ k±tu½, te sandh±y±ha “bah³na½ kulaputt±na½ maggantar±y±ya sa½vattant²”ti. Adhiv±sanakhantisampannoti “khamo hoti s²tass±”ti-±din± vuttas²tuºh±disahanalakkhaº±ya khantiy± samann±gato. Byañjanapadameva parama½ ass±ti padaparamo. Yassa hi puggalassa bahumpi suºato bahumpi bhaºato bahumpi dh±rayato bahumpi v±cayato na t±ya j±tiy± dhamm±bhisamayo hoti aya½ “padaparamo”ti vuccati. Abhisambhuºitv±ti nipph±detv±. N±bhisambhuº±t²ti na samp±deti, araññav±sa½ samp±detu½ na sakkot²ti vutta½ hoti. Dhammato apeta½ uddhamma½. Asabbaññ³ ass±ti tesa½ anur³passa aj±nanato asabbaññ³ bhaveyya. “Na, bhikkhave, asen±sanikena vassa½ upagantabban”ti (mah±va. 204) vacanato “catt±ro pana…pe… paµikkhittamev±”ti vutta½. Idameva vacana½ sandh±ya p±¼iyampi “aµµha m±se kho may± devadatta rukkham³lasen±sana½ anuññ±tan”ti vutta½.
T²hi koµ²h²ti t²hi ±k±rehi, t²hi k±raºeh²ti attho. Tadubhayavimuttaparisaªkitanti diµµha½ sutanti ida½ ubhaya½ aniss±ya “ki½ nu kho ida½ bhikkhu½ uddissa vadhitv± samp±ditan”ti kevalameva parisaªkita½. Macchabandhana½ j±la½, v±gur± migabandhan². Kappat²ti yadi tesa½ vacanena ±saªk± upacchinn± hoti, vaµµati. Pavattama½santi vikk±yikama½sa½. Maªgal±d²nanti ±di-saddena ±hunap±hun±dike saªgaºh±ti. Bhikkh³na½yeva atth±y±ti ettha aµµh±nappayutto eva-saddo, bhikkh³na½ atth±ya akatamev±ti sambandhitabba½. Tasm± “bhikkh³nañca dass±ma, maªgal±d²nañca atth±ya bhavissat²”ti missetv± katampi na vaµµat²ti veditabba½. Keci pana “bhikkh³na½yev±ti avadh±raºena bhikkh³nañca aññesañca atth±ya kata½ vaµµat²”ti vadanti, ta½ na sundara½. Yattha ca nibbematiko hot²ti bhikkh³na½ atth±ya katepi sabbena sabba½ parisaªkit±bh±vam±ha. Tamevattha½ ±vik±tu½ “sace pan±”ti-±di vutta½. Itaresa½ vaµµat²ti aj±nant±na½ vaµµati, j±nato evettha ±patti hot²ti. Teyev±ti ye uddissa kata½, teyeva. Uddisakatama½saparibhogato akappiyama½saparibhogassa visesa½ dassetu½ “akappiyama½sa½ pan±”ti-±di vutta½. Purimasmi½ sacittak± ±patti, itarasmi½ acittak±. Ten±ha “akappiyama½sa½ aj±nitv± bhuñjantassapi ±pattiyev±”ti. “Paribhogak±le pucchitv± paribhuñjiss±m²ti v± gahetv± pucchitv± paribhuñjitabban”ti vacanato akappiyama½sa½ aj±nitv± gaºhantassa paµiggahaºena an±patti siy±. Aj±nitv±pi bhuñjantasseva hi ±patti vutt±. Vattanti vadant²ti imin± ±patti natth²ti dasseti.
Sallekh± vutti etesanti sallekhavuttino. B±hulikoti ekassa la-k±rassa lopa½ katv± vutta½. Kappanti ±yukappa½. Saªghabhedako hi eka½ kappa½ as²tibh±ge katv± tato ekabh±gamatta½ k±la½ niraye tiµµheyy±ti ±yukappa½ sandh±ya “kappa½ nirayamhi paccat²”ti vutta½. Kappaµµhakath±ya½ (vibha. aµµha. 809) pana “saºµhahante hi kappe kappavemajjhe v± saªghabheda½ katv± kappavin±seyeva muccati. Sacepi hi sve kappo vinassissat²ti ajja saªghabheda½ karoti, sveva muccati, ekadivasameva niraye paccat²”ti vutta½. Tatth±pi kappavin±seyev±ti ±yukappavin±seyev±ti atthe sati natthi virodho. Saºµhahanteti idampi “sve vinassissat²”ti viya abh³taparikappanavasena vutta½. “Ekadivasameva niraye paccat²”ti etth±pi tato para½ kapp±bh±ve ±yukappassapi abh±vatoti avirodhato atthayojan± daµµhabb±. Brahma½ puññanti seµµha½ puñña½. Kappa½ saggamhi modat²ti etth±pi ±yukappameva.
411. Laddhin±n±sa½v±saken±ti bh±vappadh±noya½ niddeso, laddhin±n±sa½v±sakabh±ven±ti attho. Kamman±n±sa½v±saken±ti etth±pi eseva nayo. Aññath± n±n±sa½v±sakena sahitassa sam±nasa½v±sakassapi saªghassa asam±nasa½v±sakatta½ ±pajjeyya. Tattha laddhin±n±sa½v±sako n±ma ukkhitt±nuvattako. So hi attano laddhiy± n±n±sa½v±sako j±toti “laddhin±n±sa½v±sako”ti vuccati. Kamman±n±sa½v±sako n±ma ukkhepan²yakammakato. So hi ukkhepan²yakammavasena n±n±sa½v±sako hot²ti “kamman±n±sa½v±sako”ti vuccati. Virahitoti vimutto. K±yas±magg²d±na½ tesu tesu saªghakammesu hatthap±s³pagamanavasena veditabba½.
“Bhed±ya parakkameyy±”ti visu½ vuttatt± bhedanasa½vattanikassa adhikaraºassa sam±d±ya paggaºhato pubbepi pakkhapariyesan±divasena saªghabhed±ya parakkamantassa samanubh±sanakamma½ k±tabbanti veditabba½. Im±ni vatth³n²ti aµµh±rasa bhedakaravatth³ni. Kammen±ti apalokan±d²su cat³su kammesu aññatarena kammena. Uddesen±ti pañcasu p±timokkhuddesesu aññatarena uddesena. Voh±ren±ti t±hi t±hi upapatt²hi “adhamma½ dhammo”ti-±di-aµµh±rasabhedakaravatthud²pakena voh±rena. Anuss±van±y±ti “nanu tumhe j±n±tha mayha½ ucc±kul± pabbajitabh±va½ bahussutabh±vañca, m±diso n±ma uddhamma½ ubbinaya½ satthus±sana½ g±heyy±ti cittampi upp±detu½ tumh±ka½ yutta½, ki½ mayha½ av²ci n²luppalavana½ viya s²talo, kimaha½ ap±yato na bh±y±m²”ti-±din± nayena kaººam³le vac²bheda½ katv± anuss±vanena. Sal±kagg±hen±ti eva½ anuss±vetv± tesa½ citta½ upatthambhetv± anivattidhamme katv± “gaºhatha ima½ sal±kan”ti sal±kagg±hena. Pañcahi k±raºehi saªghabhedo hot²ti ettha kammameva uddeso v± saªghabhede padh±nak±raºanti veditabba½. Voh±r±nuss±vanasal±kagg±h± pana pubbabh±g±. Aµµh±rasavatthud²panavasa-ena hi voharantena tattha rucijananattha½ anuss±vetv± sal±k±ya gahit±yapi abhinnova hoti saªgho. Yad± pana eva½ catt±ro v± atirek± v± sal±ka½ gahetv± ±veºikakamma½ v± uddesa½ v± karonti, tad± saªgho bhinno n±ma hoti. Abbhussitanti abbhuggata½. Accheyy±ti vihareyya, pavatteyy±ti attho.
“Lajj² rakkhissat²”ti vacanato ±pattibhayena ±rocana½ lajj²na½yeva bh±roti ±ha “lajj²hi bhikkh³h²”ti. Alajjissapi an±rocentassa ±pattiyeva “ye passanti, ye suºant²”ti vacanato. Sam±gacchat³ti ek² bhavatu. Ek²bh±vo ca sam±naladdhivasena hot²ti ±ha “ekaladdhiko hot³”ti. Sampattiy±ti s²l±disampattiy±. Paµinissajjantassa an±pattibh±vato “sotthibh±vo tassa bhikkhuno”ti vutta½. Appaµinissajjato dukkaµanti visu½ visu½ vadant±na½ gaºan±ya dukkaµa½. Pahonten±ti gantu½ samatthena agil±nena. Saªghabhedassa garukabh±vato avassa½ kattabbat±dassanattha½ “d³repi bh±royev±”ti vutta½, ±patti pana addhayojanabbhantare gantu½ samatthassa agil±nasseva veditabb±.
416. Asamanubh±santass±ti kammak±rake kattuniddesoti ±ha “asamanubh±siyam±nass±”ti. Tatiyakammav±c±ya paµinissajjanto ñattiy± dukkaµa½ dv²hi kammav±c±hi thullaccaye ca ±pajjatiyev±ti ±ha “paµinissajjantassa saªgh±disesena an±patt²”ti. Ass±ti devadattassa. Katena bhavitabbanti samanubh±sanakammena katena bhavitabba½. Attano rucimattena vadeyy±ti-±dikammikatt± appaµinissajjantassapi an±patt²ti adhipp±yena vadeyya. Apaññatte sikkh±pade samanubh±sanakammasseva abh±vato “na hi paññatta½ sikkh±pada½ v²tikkamantass±”ti vutta½. Sikkh±pada½ paññapenteneva hi samanubh±sanakamma½ anuññ±ta½. Uddissa anuññ±tatoti “anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, romanthakassa romanthanan”ti-±di½ (c³¼ava. 273) uddissa anuññ±ta½ sandh±ya vadanti. An±pattiyanti an±pattiv±re. ¾patti½ ropetabboti anissajjanapaccay± ±pannap±cittiy±patti½ ukkhepan²yakammakaraºattha½ ±ropetabboti attho.
¾pattiyeva na j±t±ti saªgh±dises±patti na j±t±yev±ti attho. S± panes±ti s± pana es± an±patti. Tivaªgikanti k±yav±c±cittavasena tivaªgika½, k±yav±c±cittato samuµµh±t²ti vutta½ hoti. “Nappaµinissajj±m²”ti saññ±ya abh±vena muccanato saññ±vimokkha½. Sacittakanti “nappaµinissajj±m²”ti j±nanacittena sacittaka½. Bhed±ya parakkamana½, dhammakammena samanubh±sana½, kammav±c±pariyos±na½, appaµinissajjananti im±nettha catt±ri aªg±ni.

Paµhamasaªghabhedasikkh±padavaººan± niµµhit±.