8. Paµhamaduµµhadosasikkh±padavaŗŗan±

380. Aµµhame p±k±rena parikkhittanti sambandho. Gopuraµµ±lakayuttanti dv±rap±s±dena ca tattha tattha p±k±ramatthake patiµµh±pita-aµµ±lakehi ca yutta½. Ve¼³hi parikkhittatt± abbhantare pupph³pagaphal³pagarukkhasańchannatt± ca n²lobh±sa½. Ch±y³dakasampattiy± bh³mibh±gasampattiy± ca manorama½. K±¼akavesen±ti kalandakar³pena. Niv±panti bhojana½. Tanti uyy±na½. Dabboti tassa therassa n±manti dabbatthambhe patitatt± dabboti tassa therassa n±ma½ ahosi.
Kassapadasabalassa s±sanosakkanak±le kira satta bhikkh³ ekacitt± hutv± ańńe s±sane ag±rava½ karonte disv± “idha ki½ karoma, ekamante samaŗadhamma½ katv± dukkhassanta½ kariss±m±”ti nisseŗi½ bandhitv± ucca½ pabbatasikhara½ abhiruhitv± attano cittabala½ j±nant± “nisseŗi½ p±tentu, j²vite s±lay± otarantu, m± pacch±nutappino ahuvatth±”ti vatv± sabbe ekacitt± hutv± nisseŗi½ p±tetv± “appamatt± hotha, ±vuso”ti ańńamańńa½ ovaditv± cittaruciyesu µh±nesu nis²ditv± samaŗadhamma½ k±tu½ ±rabhi½su.
Tatreko thero pańcame divase arahatta½ patv± “mama kicca½ nipphanna½, aha½ imasmi½ µh±ne ki½ kariss±m²”ti iddhiy± uttarakuruto piŗ¹ap±ta½ ±haritv± ±ha– “±vuso, ima½ piŗ¹ap±ta½ paribhuńjatha, bhikkh±c±rakicca½ mam±yatta½ hotu, tumhe attano kamma½ karoth±”ti. Ki½ nu maya½, ±vuso, nisseŗi½ p±tent± eva½ avacumha “yo paµhama½ dhamma½ sacchikaroti, so bhikkha½ ±haratu, ten±bhata½ ses± paribhuńjitv± samaŗadhamma½ karissant²”ti. Natthi, ±vusoti. Tumhe attano pubbahetun±va labhittha, mayampi sakkont± vaµµassanta½ kariss±ma, gacchatha tumheti. Thero te sańń±petu½ asakkonto ph±sukaµµh±ne piŗ¹ap±ta½ paribhuńjitv± gato. Aparopi thero sattame divase an±g±miphala½ patv± tato cuto suddh±v±sabrahmaloke nibbatto, itare ther± eka½ buddhantara½ devamanussesu sa½saritv± tesu tesu kulesu nibbatt±. Eko gandh±raraµµhe takkasilanagare r±jagehe nibbatto, eko paccantimaraµµhe paribb±jik±ya kucchimhi nibbatto, eko b±hiyaraµµhe kuµumbiyagehe nibbatto, eko r±jagahe kuµumbiyagehe nibbatto.
Aya½ pana dabbatthero mallaraµµhe anupiyanagare ekassa mallarańńo gehe paµisandhi½ gaŗhi. Tassa m±t± upavijańń± k±lamak±si. Matasar²ra½ sus±na½ netv± d±rucitaka½ ±ropetv± aggi½ ada½su. Aggivegasantatta½ udarapaµala½ dvedh± ahosi. D±rako attano puńńabalena uppatitv± ekasmi½ dabbatthambhe nipati, ta½ d±raka½ gahetv± ayyik±ya ada½su. S± tassa n±ma½ gaŗhant² dabbatthambhe patitv± laddhaj²vikatt± “dabbo”ti tassa n±ma½ ak±si. Tena vutta½ “dabboti tassa therassa n±man”ti.
Tassa sattavassikak±le satth± bhikkhusaŖghaparivuto mallaraµµhe c±rika½ caram±no anupiyanigama½ patv± anupiyambavane viharati. Dabbakum±ro satth±ra½ disv± saha dassaneneva pas²ditv± pabbajituk±mo hutv± “aha½ dasabalassa santike pabbajiss±m²”ti ayyika½ ±pucchi. S± “s±dhu t±t±”ti dabbakum±ra½ ±d±ya satthu santika½ gantv± “bhante, ima½ kum±ra½ pabb±jeth±”ti ±ha. Satth± ańńatarassa bhikkhuno sańńa½ ad±si “bhikkhu ima½ d±raka½ pabb±jeh²”ti. So thero satthu vacana½ sutv± dabbakum±ra½ pabb±jento tacapańcakakammaµµh±na½ ±cikkhi. Pubbahetusampanno kat±bhin²h±ro paµhamakesavaµµiy± voropanakkhaŗeyeva sot±pattiphale patiµµh±si, dutiy±ya kesavaµµiy± oropiyam±n±ya sakad±g±miphale, tatiy±ya an±g±miphale, sabbakes±na½ pana oropanańca arahattaphalasacchikiriy± ca apacch± apure ahosi. Ta½ sandh±ya vutta½ “thero kira sattavassikova sa½vega½ labhitv± pabbajito khuraggeyeva arahatta½ p±puŗ²ti veditabbo”ti.
S±vakena pattabbanti yathupanissaya½ tena tena s±vakena pattabba½. Tisso vijj±ti-±di yath±sambhavavasena vutta½. Guŗaj±tanti “yańca kińci s±vakena pattabban”ti napu½sakaliŖgasambandhadassanattha½ vutta½. Cat³su saccesu cat³hi maggehi so¼asavidhassa kiccassa katatt±ti dukkhasamudayanirodhamaggasaŖkh±tesu cat³su saccesu dukkhaparińń± samudayappah±na½ nirodhasacchikiriy± maggabh±van±ti ekekassa maggassa catunna½ catunna½ kicc±na½ vasena so¼asavidhassa kiccassa katatt±. Tato tato paµikkamitv±ti tato tato kiccato ±rammaŗato ca paµivattitv±. Sil±paµµaketi p±s±ŗaphalake. Teras±p²ti bhattuddesakasen±sanagg±h±pakabhaŗ¹±g±rikac²varapaµigg±hakac²varabh±janakay±gubh±janakaphalabh±janakakhajjabh±janaka-appamattakavissajjakas±µiyagg±h±pakapattagg±h±paka-±r±mikapesakas±maŗerapesakasammut²na½ vasena teras±pi sammutiyo d±tu½ vaµµanti.
382. Apis³ti ettha ti nip±tamatta½, api-saddo aµµh±nappayutto “vik±le”ti imassa anantara½ daµµhabbo, vik±lepi ±gacchant²ti attho. J±nant±ti d³rabh±va½ j±nant±. Eva½ sabbapades³ti ettha katikasaŗµh±n±d²na½ n±nappak±ratt± tasmi½ tasmi½ vih±re katikavatt±d²ni visu½ visu½ kath±pet²ti veditabba½. Sabbavih±resu ca gamanamagge samappam±ŗe katv± adhiµµh±t²ti vadanti. Ayańhi nimmit±na½ dhammat±ti aniyametv± nimmit±na½ aya½ “ekasmi½ bh±sam±nasmin”ti-±di dhammat±. Tath± hi ye vaŗŗavayasar²r±vayavaparikkh±rakiriy±vises±d²hi niyama½ akatv± nimmit± honti, te aniyametv± nimmitatt± iddhimat± sadis±va honti. Żh±nanisajj±d²su bh±sitatuŗh²bh±v±d²su v± ya½ ya½ iddhim± karoti, ta½ tadeva karonti. Sace pana n±nappak±re k±tuk±mo hoti, keci paµhamavaye, keci majjhimavaye, keci pacchimavaye, tath± d²ghakese, upa¹¹hamuŗ¹e missakakese, upa¹¹harattac²vare, paŗ¹ukac²vare, padabh±ŗadhammakath±sarabhańńapańhapucchanapańhavissajjanac²varasibbanadhovan±d²ni karonte, aparepi v± n±nappak±rake k±tuk±mo hoti, tena p±dakajjh±nato vuµµh±ya “ettak± bhikkh³ paµhamavay± hont³”ti-±din± nayena parikamma½ katv± puna sam±pajjitv± vuµµh±ya adhiµµhite adhiµµh±nacittena saddhi½ icchiticchitappak±r±yeva honti. Avatthukavacana½ na hot²ti nimmit±na½ “aya½ mańco”ti-±divacana½ avatthuka½ na hoti sabbattha mańcap²µh±na½ sambhavato.
383. Ekac±rikabhattanti atiman±patt± visu½ µhitik±ya p±petabba½ bhatta½. Taddhitavoh±ren±ti catt±ri parim±ŗamassa catukkanti eva½ taddhitavoh±rena. Odanassa pucch±ya s±dhakatamatt± ±ha– “karaŗattheyeva karaŗavacanan”ti, odanena karaŗabh³tena pucchant²ti vutta½ hoti. Ye ca odanena karaŗabh³tena pucchanti, tesa½ pucchan±k±radassanattha½ “ki½, bhante, odana½ dem±ti pucchant²”ti vutta½.
Bhavoti bhavitabbo. Asamann±haritv±ti ±bhoga½ akatv±. Ratti½ sammantayam±n±ti kańci k±la½ supitv± vuµµh±ya sammantayam±n±. Rattiyańhi paµhamay±mamajjhimay±mesu supitv± pabuddh±na½ ajjatanak±lepi anajjatan±bhim±no hoti, tasm± te “hiyyo”ti ±ha½su. Ye pana rattiya½ kammappasut± j±gariyamanuyutt± honti, tesa½ ajjatan±bhim±noyeva, tasm± te “ajja”icceva voharanti, na “hiyyo”ti. Padh³p±yant±ti punappuna½ uppajjanakakodhavasena padh³p±yant±.
384. Dabba dabb±ti dutiyo dabba-saddo paŗ¹it±dhivacanoti ±ha “dabb± paŗ¹it±”ti. Eva½ na nibbeµhent²ti sambandho. Nibbeµhent²ti att±na½ dosato mocenti. Vuµµh±nalakkhaŗa½ mańńam±n±ti vuµµh±nalakkhaŗanti mańńam±n±. Na ghaµiyat²ti therassa sus²lapaµińń±ya tass± duss²lapaµińń±vacana½ na ghaµiyat²ti adhipp±yo. Ettha ya½ vattabba½, ta½ parato ±vi bhavissati. N±seth±ti setaka½ datv± gihibh±va½ p±peth±ti attho. LiŖgan±san± hettha adhippet±. Imameva ca dassetu½ “tisso n±san±”ti-±di vutta½. Ekakamm±disa½v±sassa akaraŗa½ sa½v±san±san±. Daŗ¹akamman±san± n±ma v±luk±d²ni okiritv± y±va kham±peti, t±va daŗ¹akammavasena nikka¹¹hana½. Cara pire vinass±ti nikka¹¹han±k±radassana½. Tattha car±ti gaccha, apeh²ti vutta½ hoti. Pireti para am±maka, amh±ka½ anajjhattikabh³t±ti attho. Pireti hi para-saddena sam±nattha½ sambodhanavacana½. Atha v± pireti “parato”ti imin± sam±nattha½ nip±tapada½, tasm± cara pireti parato gaccha, m± idha tiµµh±ti attho. Vinass±ti adassana½ gaccha.
Yasm± te bhikkh³ att±na½ appak±setv± µhit±, tasm± anuyuńjath±ti imassa gavesatha j±n±th±ti attho vutto. K±rako hot²ti “ayyenamhi d³sit±”ti paµińń±tatt± t±ya paµińń±ya yadi n±sit±, thero k±rako hoti, sadosoti attho. Ak±rako hot²ti t±ya katapaµińńa½ anapekkhitv± yadi bhagavat± pakatiduss²labh±va½yeva sandh±ya s± n±sit±, thero ak±rako hot²ti adhipp±yo. “Sak±ya paµińń±ya n±seth±”ti vutte “ayyenamhi d³sit±”ti t±ya katapaµińń±ya bh³tat± ±pajjat²ti ±ha– “bhante, tumh±ka½ v±de thero k±rako hoti sadoso”ti. Bhikkhuni½ anuddha½seti, dukkaµanti imin± mah±-aµµhakath±v±do dassito. Mus±v±de p±cittiyanti vuttanti bhikkhuni½ anuddha½sentassa mus±v±de p±cittiyanti vutta½.
Tatr±ti tesu dukkaµap±cittiyesu. Ito paµµh±ya “tasm± p±cittiyameva yujjat²”ti vacanapariyanta½ dv²supi aµµhakath±su adhipp±yavibh±vana½. Tattha purimanayeti “bhikkhuni½ anuddha½seti, dukkaµan”ti vutta-aµµhakath±naye. Dukkaµameva yujjat²ti kasm± vuttanti ce? Tattha k±raŗa½ dassento “yath±”ti-±dim±ha. Bhikkhuno bhikkhusmi½ saŖgh±disesoti bhikkhu½ am³lakena antimavatthun± anuddha½sentassa bhikkhuno saŖgh±disesoti attho. Pacchimanayepi “bhikkhuni½ anuddha½sentassa mus±v±de p±cittiyan”ti vutta½. Kurund²nayepi mus±v±datt± p±cittiyameva yujjat²ti visa½v±dapurekkhat±ya p±cittiyameva yujjat²ti adhipp±yo. Yadi eva½ bhikkhu½ am³lakena antimavatthun± anuddha½sentassa akkosantassa ca mus±v±datt± p±cittiyeneva bhavitabbanti ce? Tattha satipi mus±v±de vacanappam±ŗato saŖgh±disesa-omasav±dap±cittiyeheva bhavitabba½, na sampaj±namus±v±dap±cittiyen±ti dassetu½ “vacanappam±ŗato”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha vacanappam±ŗatoti bhagavat± vuttap±¼ivacanappam±ŗato. Id±ni ta½ vacana½ dassetu½ “anuddha½san±dhipp±yen±”ti-±di vutta½. Bhikkhussa pana bhikkhuniy± dukkaµanti vacana½ natth²ti bhikkhuniy± anuddha½sane bhikkhuno dukkaµanti vacana½ natthi tath± p±¼iya½ an±gatatt±. Sampaj±namus±v±de p±cittiyanti vacanamatth²ti s±mańńato vutta½ sampaj±namus±v±dasikkh±pada½ dasseti.
Id±ni dv²supi aµµhakath±v±desu adhipp±ya½ vibh±vetv± tesu pacchimav±de dosa½ dassetv± purimav±da½ patiµµhapetuk±mo ±cariyo “tatra pan±”ti-±dim±ha. Tatr±ti “p±cittiyameva yujjat²”ti vuttav±de. Anuddha½san±dhipp±ye asati p±cittiyanti imin± sampaj±namus±v±de p±cittiyassa ok±sa½ dasseti. Visu½ p±cittiya½ vuttanti sampaj±namus±v±de p±cittiyato visu½ ańńameva p±cittiya½ vutta½. Etehi n±san± natth²ti s±mańńato vutta½, imiss± pana dukkaµena n±san± natth²ti adhipp±yo. Yadi eva½ kasm± na½ bhagav± n±set²ti ±ha “yasm± pan±”ti-±di.