6. Kuµik±rasikkh±padavaŗŗan±

342. Chaµµhe ettaken±ti ettakena d±ru-±din±. Aparicchinnappam±ŗ±yoti aparicchinnad±ru-±dippam±ŗ±yo. M³lacchejj±ya purisa½ y±citu½ na vaµµat²ti parasantakabh±vato mocetv± attanoyeva santaka½ katv± y±citu½ na vaµµati. Eva½ m³lacchejj±ya ańń±taka-appav±ritaµµh±nato y±cantassa ańń±takavińńattiy± dukkaµa½. D±sa½ attano atth±ya s±diyantassapi dukkaµameva “d±sid±sapaµiggahaŗ± paµivirato hot²”ti (d². ni. 1.10, 194) vacanato. ѱtakapav±ritaµµh±nato pana d±sa½ m³lacchejj±ya y±cantassa s±diyanavasena dukkaµa½. Sakakamma½ na y±citabb±ti p±ŗ±tip±tasikkh±padarakkhaŗattha½ vutta½. Aniyametv±pi na y±citabb±ti manuss±na½ ańńath± g±hassapi sambhavato vutta½, suddhacittena pana hatthakamma½ y±cantassa ±patti n±ma natthi.
Sabbakappiyabh±vad²panatthanti sabbaso kappiyabh±vad²panattha½. M³la½ deth±ti vattu½ vaµµat²ti yasm± m³la½ dass±m±ti tehi paµhama½ vuttatt± vińńatti na hoti, yasm± ca m³lanti bhaŗita½ s±mańńavacanato akappiyavacana½ na hoti, tasm± m³la½ deth±ti vattu½ vaµµati. Anajjh±vutthakanti apariggahita½. Akappiyakah±paŗ±di na d±tabbanti kińc±pi akappiyakah±paŗ±di½ as±diyantena kappiyavoh±rato d±tu½ vaµµati, tath±pi s±ruppa½ na hoti. Manuss± ca etassa santaka½ kińci atth²ti viheµhetabba½ mańńant²ti akappiyakah±paŗ±did±na½ paµikkhitta½. Tatheva p±cetv±ti hatthakammavaseneva p±cetv±. “Ki½, bhante”ti ettakepi pucchite yadatth±ya paviµµho, ta½ kathetu½ vaµµati pucchitapańhatt±.
Vattanti c±ritta½, ±patti pana na hot²ti adhipp±yo. Kappiya½ k±r±petv± paµiggahetabb±n²ti s±kh±ya laggarajasmi½ patte patitepi s±kha½ chinditv± kh±dituk±mat±yapi sati sukhaparibhogattha½ vutta½. “Nadi½ v±…pe… ±har±”ti vatthu½ vaµµat²ti apariggahitatt± vutta½. Gehato…pe… paribhuńjitabbanti pariggahita-udakatt± vińńattiy± dukkaµa½ hot²ti adhipp±yo. Alajj²hi…pe… na k±retabbanti ida½ uttaribhaŖg±dhik±ratt± ajjhoharaŗ²ya½ sandh±ya vutta½. B±hiraparibhogesu pana alajj²hipi hatthakamma½ k±retu½ vaµµat²ti.
Goŗa½ pana…pe… ±har±petu½ na vaµµat²ti attano atth±ya m³lacchejjavasena ±har±petu½ na vaµµati. ¾har±pentassa dukkaµanti ańń±takavińńattiy± dukkaµa½. Attano atth±ya s±diyanepi dukkaµameva “hatthigav±ssava¼avapaµiggahaŗ± paµivirato hot²”ti (d². ni. 1.10, 194) vuttatt±. Tenev±ha “ń±takapav±ritaµµh±natopi m³lacchejj±ya y±citu½ na vaµµat²”ti. Rakkhitv±ti yath± cor± na haranti, eva½ rakkhitv±. Jaggitv±ti tiŗad±n±d²hi jaggitv±. Na sampaµicchitabbanti attano atth±ya goŗe s±diyanassa paµikkhittatt± vutta½.
Sakaµa½ deth±ti…pe… vaµµat²ti m³lacchejjavasena sakaµa½ deth±ti vattu½ na vaµµati. T±vak±lika½ vaµµat²ti t±vak±lika½ katv± sabbattha y±citu½ vaµµati. Valli-±d²su ca parapariggahitesu eseva nayoti yojetabba½ Garubhaŗ¹appahonakesuyeva ca valli-±d²s³ti ettha ±di-saddena ve¼umuńjapabbajatiŗamattik±na½ saŖgaho daµµhabbo. Ya½ pana vatthuvasena appa½ hutv± agghavasena mahanta½ harit±lahiŖgulak±di, ta½ garubhaŗ¹a½ appahontampi y±citu½ na vaµµat²ti vadanti.
ti vińńatti½ par±masati. S± ca idha parikath±din± yena kenaci adhipp±yavińń±pana½ vińńatt²ti gahetabb±. Ten±ha “sabbena sabban”ti, sabbappak±ren±ti attho. Tena “parikath±divasenapi vińń±pana½ na vaµµat²”ti d²peti. Parikathobh±sanimittakammampi hi c²varapiŗ¹ap±tesu dv²su paccayesu na vaµµati. Id±ni sen±sanapaccaye adhippeta½ vińńatti½ parikath±d²hi visesetv± dassento “±hara deh²ti vińńattimattameva na vaµµat²”ti ±ha. Parikathobh±sanimittakamm±ni vaµµant²ti ettha parikath± n±ma pariy±yena kathana½ bhikkhusaŖghassa sen±sana½ samb±dhanti-±divacana½. Obh±so n±ma ujukameva akathetv± yath± adhipp±yo vibh³to hoti, eva½ obh±sana½, up±sak±, tumhe kuhi½ vasath±ti? P±s±de, bhanteti. Bhikkh³na½ pana, up±sak±, p±s±do na vaµµat²ti-±divacana½. Nimittakamma½ n±ma paccaye uddissa yath± adhipp±yo vińń±yati, eva½ nimittakamma½, sen±sanattha½ bh³miparikamm±d²ni karontassa “ki½, bhante, karosi, ko k±r±pet²”ti vutte “na koc²”ti-±divacana½.
Id±ni gil±napaccaye vińńatti-±dika½ sabbampi vaµµat²ti dassento ±ha “gil±napaccaye pan±”ti-±di. Tath± uppanna½ pana bhesajja½ roge v³pasante paribhuńjitu½ vaµµati, na vaµµat²ti? Tattha vinayadhar± “bhagavat± rogas²sena paribhogassa dv±ra½ dinna½, tasm± arogak±lepi paribhuńjitu½ vaµµati, ±patti na hot²”ti vadanti. Suttantik± pana “kińc±pi ±patti na hoti, ±j²va½ pana kopeti, tasm± sallekhappaµipattiya½ µhitassa na vaµµati, sallekha½ kopet²”ti vadanti. Ukkamant²ti apagacchanti.
344. Maŗi kaŗµhe ass±ti maŗikaŗµho, maŗin± upalakkhito v± kaŗµho ass±ti maŗikaŗµhoti majjhapadalop²sam±so daµµhabbo. Devavaŗŗanti devattabh±va½. Pasann±k±ranti pasannehi k±tabbakicca½, k±yaveyy±vaccasaŖkh±ta½ upaµµh±nanti vutta½ hoti. Maŗiy±can±ya tassa an±gamanena attano va¹¹hi hot²ti vutta½ “maŗin± me attho”ti, mantapadan²h±rena v± tath± vuttanti daµµhabba½.
345. Vattam±nasam²peti vattam±nassa sam²pe at²te. Eva½ vattu½ labbhat²ti “±gatos²”ti vattabbe vattam±nasam²patt± “±gacchas²”ti eva½ vattam±navoh±rena vattu½ labbhati. Lakkhaŗa½ panettha saddasatth±nus±rato veditabba½. So eva nayoti “±gatomh²”ti vattabbe “±gacch±m²”ti ayampi vattam±nasam²pe vattam±navoh±roti dasseti.
348-349. Yasm± pana na sakk± kevala½ y±can±ya kińci k±tu½, tasm± “saya½ y±citakehi upakaraŗeh²”ti adhipp±yattho vutto. Uddha½mukha½ litt± ullitt±, adhomukha½ litt± avalitt±. Yasm± pana uddha½mukha½ limpant± yebhuyyena anto limpanti, adhomukha½ limpant± ca bahi, tasm± vutta½ “ullitt±ti antolitt±, avalitt±ti bahilitt±”ti. Tattha ullitt± n±ma µhapetv± tul±piµµhasaŖgh±tav±tap±nadh³machidd±dibheda½ alepok±sa½ avasese lepok±se kuµµehi saddhi½ ghaµetv± chadanassa anto sudh±ya v± mattik±ya v± litt±. Avalitt± n±ma vuttanayeneva chadanassa bahi litt±. Ullitt±valitt± n±ma tatheva chadanassa anto ca bahi ca litt±.
Byańjana½ samet²ti “k±rayam±nen±”ti hetukattuvasena uddiµµhapadassa “k±r±penten±”ti hetukattuvaseneva niddesassa katatt± byańjana½ sameti. Yadi eva½ “karonto v± k±r±pento v±”ti kasm± tassa padabh±jana½ vuttanti ±ha “yasm± pan±”ti-±di. “Attan± vippakata½ parehi pariyos±pet²”ti-±divacanato “karontenapi idha vuttanayeneva paµipajjitabban”ti vutta½. Tattha idha vuttanayenev±ti imasmi½ sikkh±pade vuttanayeneva. Ubhopeteti k±rakak±r±pak±. K±rayam±nen±ti imin±va padena saŖgahit±ti katha½ saŖgahit±. Na hi k±rayam±no karonto n±ma hoti, eva½ panettha adhipp±yo veditabbo– yasm± karontenapi k±rayam±nenapi idha vuttanayeneva paµipajjitabba½, tasm± k±rayam±nena eva½ paµipajjitabbanti vutte pageva karonten±ti ida½ atthato ±gatamev±ti “k±rayam±nen±”ti bhagavat± vutta½. Tato “k±rayam±nen±”ti vutte s±matthiyato labbham±nopi attho teneva saŖgahito n±ma hot²ti. Byańjana½ vilomita½ bhaveyy±ti yasm± “k±rayam±nen±”ti imassa “karonten±”ti ida½ pariy±yavacana½ na hoti, tasm± karontena v± k±r±pentena v±ti padatthavasena niddese kate byańjana½ viruddha½ bhaveyy±ti adhipp±yo. Atthamattamev±ti padatthato s±matthiyato ca labbham±na½ atthamattameva.
Uddesoti uddisitabbo. Abboh±rikanti appam±ŗa½. “¾y±mato ca vitth±rato c±”ti avatv± vikappatthassa -saddassa vuttatt± ekatobh±gena va¹¹hitepi ±pattiyev±ti dassento “yo pan±”ti-±dim±ha. Tihatth±ti va¹¹hak²hatthena tihatth±. Pam±ŗayutto mańcoti pakatividatthiy± navavidatthippam±ŗo mańco. Pam±ŗik± k±retabb±ti ukkaµµhappam±ŗa½ sandh±ya vuttatt± ukkaµµhappam±ŗayutt±va kuµi adesitavatthuk± na vaµµati, pam±ŗato pana ³natar± adesitavatthuk±pi vaµµat²ti kassaci sandeho siy±ti ta½nivattanattha½ “pam±ŗato ³nataramp²”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha pam±ŗato ³nataranti p±¼iya½ vuttappam±ŗato ³natara½. Pacchimena pam±ŗena catuhatthato ³natar± kuµi n±ma na hot²ti catuhatthato paµµh±ya kuµilakkhaŗappatta½ kuµi½ dassetu½ “catuhattha½ pańcahatthamp²”ti vutta½. Kalalalepoti kenaci silesena katalepo, tambamattik±dikalalalepo v±. Alepo ev±ti abboh±rik±yev±ti adhipp±yo. PiµµhasaŖgh±µo dv±rab±h±. Oloketv±p²ti apaloketv±pi, apalokanakammavasenapi k±tu½ vaµµat²ti adhipp±yo.
353. Yath± s²h±d²na½ gocar±ya pakkamant±na½ nibaddhagamanamaggo na vaµµati, eva½ hatth²nampi nibaddhagamanamaggo na vaµµati. Etesanti s²h±d²na½. C±ribh³m²ti gocarabh³mi. Na gahit±ti na v±rit±ti adhipp±yo. ¾rogyatth±y±ti nirupaddavatth±ya. Ses±n²ti pubbaŗŗanissit±d²ni. Pubbaŗŗanissitanti ettha pubbaŗŗaviruhanaµµh±na½ pubbaŗŗa-saddena gahita½. Ten±ha– “sattanna½ dhańń±na½…pe… µhitan”ti. Abhihananti etth±ti abbh±gh±ta½. “Verigharan”ti vuttamevattha½ vibh±vetu½ “cor±na½ m±raŗatth±ya katan”ti vutta½. Dhammagandhik±ti hatthap±d±dichindanagandhik±.
¾vijjitu½ na sakk± hot²ti chindataµ±disambhavato na sakk± hoti ±vijjitu½. P±cinanti kuµivatthus±mant± cinitabba-adhiµµh±na½. Kińc±pi idha pubbapayogasahapayog±na½ adinn±d±ne viya viseso natthi, tath±pi tesa½ vibh±gena dassana½ chinditv± puna k±tabb±ti ettha kuµiy± bhedanaparicchedadassanattha½ kata½. Tadatth±y±ti tacchanatth±ya. Eva½ katanti adesitavatthu½ pam±ŗ±tikkanta½ v± kata½. D±run± kata½ kuµµa½ etth±ti d±rukuµµik±, kuµi. Sil±kuµµikanti-±d²supi eseva nayo. Paŗŗas±lanti bahi paŗŗehi ch±detabba½ ullitt±valitta½ kuµimeva vadati. Tenev±ha “sabhitticchadana½ limpiss±m²”ti.
Antolepeneva niµµh±petuk±ma½ sandh±ya “antolepe v±”ti-±di vutta½. Bahilepe v±ti etth±pi eseva nayo. Tasmi½ dv±rabaddhe v± v±tap±ne v± µhapiteti yojetabba½. Tassok±santi tassa dv±rabaddhassa v± v±tap±nassa v± ok±sa½. Puna va¹¹hetv± v±ti pubbeva µhapitok±sa½ khuddaka½ ce, bhedanena puna va¹¹hetv±. Lepo na ghaµiyat²ti pubbe dinnalepo dv±rabaddhena v± v±tap±nena v± saddhi½ na ghaµiyati, ek±baddha½ hutv± na tiµµhat²ti vutta½ hoti. Tanti dv±rabaddha½ v± v±tap±na½ v±. Paµhamameva saŖgh±disesoti lepakiccassa niµµhitatt± dv±rabaddha½ v± v±tap±na½ v± µhapanato pubbeyeva saŖgh±diseso. AµµhaŖgulamattena appattacchadana½ katv±ti ettha eva½ me ±patti na siy±ti bhittiya½ v± chadane v± ekaŖgulamattampi ok±sa½ lepena aghaµetv± µhapeti, vaµµat²ti vadanti. Mattik±kuµµameva mattik±lepasaŖkhya½ gacchat²ti ±ha– “sace mattik±ya kuµµa½ karoti, chadanalepena saddhi½ ghaµane ±patt²”ti. Ubhinna½ an±patt²ti purimassa lepassa aghaµitatt± dutiyassa attuddesikat±sambhavato ubhinna½ an±patti, tasm± vin±pi vattas²sena tena an±ŗatto tassa karom²ti karoti, ubhinna½ an±pattiyeva. Sace tena ±ŗatto karoti, m³laµµhasseva ±patti.
354. Chatti½sa catukk±ni n±ma “bhikkhu kuµi½ karot²”ti-±dimhi paµhamav±re adesitavatthukacatukka½ desitavatthukacatukka½ pam±ŗ±tikkantacatukka½ pam±ŗikacatukka½ adesitavatthukappam±ŗ±tikkantacatukka½ desitavatthukappam±ŗikacatukkanti cha catukk±ni, eva½ sam±disativ±r±d²supi pańcas³ti chatti½sa. ¾pattibhedadassanattha½ vutt±n²ti “s±rambhe ce bhikkhu vatthusmi½ aparikkamane”ti avisesena m±tik±ya vuttatt± s±rambha-aparikkamanesupi saŖgh±disesova siy±ti micch±g±hanivattanattha½ s±rambhe aparikkamane ca dukkaµa½, adesitavatthukat±ya pam±ŗ±tikkantat±ya ca saŖgh±disesoti eva½ ±pattibhedadassanattha½ vutt±ni.
355-361. “Dv²hi saŖgh±diseseh²”ti vattabbe vibhattibyattayena ca vacanabyattayena ca dvinna½ saŖgh±disesen±ti vuttanti ±ha “dv²hi saŖgh±disesehi…pe… attho veditabbo”ti. “Ańńassa v± d±tabb±”ti vuttatt± vippakata½ kuµi½ labhitv± attano atth±ya karontassapi ±dito paµµh±ya akatatt± an±pattiyev±ti vadanti. Apacinitabb±ti viddha½setabb±. Bh³misama½ katv±ti kuµivatthusama½ katv±.
364. Na hettha lepo ghaµiyat²ti chadanalepassa abh±vato vutta½, visu½yeva anuńń±tatt± pana sacepi leŗassa anto uparibh±ge cittakamm±dikaraŗattha½ lepa½ denti, vaµµatiyeva. Lepad±navasena akat± iµµhak±diguh± guh± n±m±ti gaŗµhipadesu vutta½. Tiŗehi v± paŗŗehi v± ch±ditakuµik±va vutt±ti “kukkuµacchikageha½ vaµµat²”ti vatv± “chadana½ daŗ¹akeh²”ti-±din± puna ta½ dassentehi tiŗapaŗŗacchadan± kuµik±va vutt±. Chadana½ daŗ¹akehi j±labandha½ katv±ti chadana½ d²ghato tiriyato ca µhapitadaŗ¹akehi j±la½ viya bandhitv±. Ogumphetv±ti tiŗ±di½ viddha½setv±. Bhittilepena saddhi½ lepe ghaµiteti ettha ullitt±valittabh±vassa chadana½ sandh±ya vuttatt± sacepi bhittilepena anatthiko hoti, chadanalepe samantato bhittiy± appamattakenapi ghaµite bhittilepena vin±pi ±pattiyev±ti vadanti. Upacik±mocanatthameva heµµh± p±s±ŗakuµµa½ katv± ta½ alimpitv± upari limpati, lepo na ghaµiyati n±ma, an±pattiyev±ti imin± aµµhakath±vacanena ta½ na sameti. Tattha keci vadanti “bhitti½ alimpituk±mat±ya abh±vato chadanalepe p±s±ŗakuµµena saddhi½ ghaµitepi tattha an±patti vutt±”ti, tampi na yutta½. “Upacik±mocanatthamev±”ti hi vuttatt± p±s±ŗakuµµe puna limpituk±mat±ya abh±voyeva vińń±yati, teneva “ta½ alimpitv±”ti vutta½. Tasm± “ullitt±dibh±vo…pe… chadanameva sandh±ya vutto”ti ida½ satipi bhittilepe chadanalepena vin± ±patti na hot²ti chadanalepassa padh±nabh±vadassanattha½ vutta½, na pana bhittilepena vin±pi ±patti hot²ti dassanatthanti vadanti, idameva cettha yuttataranti amh±ka½ khanti. Etth±ti tiŗakuµik±ya.
Ettha ca tiŗakuµik±ya eva sabbath± an±pattibh±vassa dassana½ pariv±rap±¼i½ ±netv± tiŗakuµik±ya s±rambh±dipaccay±pi an±pattibh±vo sukhena sakk± s±dhetunti kata½. Tiŗakuµik±ya ca sabbath± an±pattibh±ve s±dhite teneva nayena leŗaguh±d²supi s±rambh±dipaccay±pi an±pattibh±vo sakk± vińń±tunti. Teneva “ya½ pan±”ti-±di vutta½. Tath± hi tiŗakuµik±ya s±rambh±dipaccay±pi an±pattibh±ve s±dhite teneva nayena ańńassatth±ya karontassapi s±rambh±dipaccay±pi an±pattibh±vo atthato dassitoyeva hoti. Evańca sati bhikkhu sam±disitv± pakkamati “kuµi½ me karoth±”ti, sam±disati ca desitavatthuk± ca hotu an±rambh± ca saparikkaman± c±ti, tassa kuµi½ karonti adesitavatthuka½ s±rambha½ aparikkamana½. “¾patti k±ruk±na½ tiŗŗa½ dukkaµ±nan”ti p±¼iya½ ańńassatth±ya karontassapi s±rambh±dipaccay±pi dukkaµa½ kasm± vuttanti ima½ codana½ manasi nidh±ya “ya½ pana…pe… akaraŗapaccay± vuttan”ti ida½ vutta½. Ayańhettha adhipp±yo– ańńassatth±ya karontassapi s±rambh±dipaccay±pi an±pattiyeva. “¾patti k±ruk±na½ tiŗŗa½ dukkaµ±nan”ti ida½ pana ańńassatth±ya karontassa na s±rambh±dipaccay± ±pattidassanattha½ vutta½, kińcarahi yath±sam±diµµh±ya akaraŗapaccay± ±pattidassanatthanti. Yasm± bah³su potthakesu satasodhitasammate ca pur±ŗapotthake ayameva p±µhakkamo dissati, tasm± yath±diµµhap±µh±nukkamenevettha attho pak±sito. Katthaci potthake pana “kuµilakkhaŗappattampi kuµi½…pe… an±patt²”ti imass±nantara½ “ya½ pan±”ti-±dip±µha½ likhanti, evańca sati tattha adhipp±yo p±kaµoyeva. An±patt²ti vatv±ti uposath±g±rańca bhavissati, ahańca vasiss±m²ti-±d²su v±s±g±ratth±ya eva aniyamitatt± an±patt²ti vatv±.
Pam±ŗ±tikkantakuµikaraŗalakkhaŗ± kiriy±yeva, adesitavatthum³lik±yapi ±pattiy± aŖga½ hoti pam±ŗ±tikkantam³lik±yapi, tadubhaya½ ekato katv± “kiriy±kiriyato”ti vutta½. Vatthu½ ades±petv± pam±ŗayutta½ kuµi½ karontassapi vatthu½ des±petv± akiriy±ya kuµikaraŗakiriy±ya ca samuµµh±nato kiriy±kiriyatova samuµµh±t²ti veditabba½. Acittakanti paŗŗatti-aj±nanacittena acittaka½. Ullitt±d²na½ ańńatarat±, heµµhimappam±ŗasambhavo, adesitavatthut±, pam±ŗ±tikkantat±, attuddesikat±, v±s±g±rat±, lepaghaµµan±ti im±nettha cha v± satta v± aŖg±ni.

Kuµik±rasikkh±padavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.