5. Sañcarittasikkh±padavaººan±

296. Pañcame paº¹itassa bh±vo paº¹icca½, ñ±ºasseta½ adhivacana½. Gatimant±ti ñ±ºagatiy± samann±gat±. Paº¹it±ti imin± sabh±vañ±ºena samann±gatat± vutt±, byatt±ti imin± itthikattabbesu vis±radapaññ±ya. Ten±ha “up±yaññ³ vis±rad±”ti. Medh±vin²ti µh±nuppattipaññ±saªkh±t±ya tasmi½ tasmi½ atthakicce upaµµhite µh±naso taªkhaºe eva uppajjanapaññ±ya samann±gat±. Ten±ha “diµµha½ diµµha½ karot²”ti. Chek±ti y±gubhattasamp±dan±d²su nipuº±. Uµµh±nav²riyasampann±ti k±yikena v²riyena samann±gat±, yath± aññ± kus²t± nisinnaµµh±ne nisinn±va honti, µhitaµµh±ne µhit±va, eva½ ahutv± vipph±rikena cittena sabbakicca½ nipph±det²ti vutta½ hoti. Kum±rik±y±ti nimittatthe bhumma½, hetumhi v± karaºavacana½. Ten±ha “kum±rik±ya k±raº±”ti. ¾vahana½ ±v±ho, pariggahabh±vena d±rik±ya gaºh±pana½, tath± d±pana½ viv±ho. Ten±ha “d±rakass±”ti-±di.
297-298. Bhattap±cana½ sandh±ya randh±pana½ vutta½, yassa kassaci p±cana½ sandh±ya pac±pana½ vutta½. Duµµhu½ kula½ gat± duggat±ti imamattha½ dassento “yattha v± gat±”ti-±dim±ha. ¾haraºa½ ±h±ro. Na up±haµanti na dinna½. Kayo gahaºa½, vikkayo d±na½. Tadubhaya½ saªgaºhitv± “voh±ro”ti vutta½. Maº¹itapas±dhitoti ettha b±hirupakaraºena alaªkaraºa½ maº¹ana½, ajjhattik±na½ kes±d²na½yeva saºµhapana½ pas±dhana½.
300. “Abbhuta½ k±tu½ na vaµµat²”ti imin± dukkaµa½ hot²ti d²peti. “Par±jitena d±tabban”ti vuttatt± adento dhuranikkhepena k±retabbo. Acirak±le adhik±ro etassa atth²ti acirak±l±dhik±rika½, sañcaritta½. “Acirak±l±c±rikan”ti v± p±µho, acirak±le ±c±ro ajjh±c±ro etass±ti acirak±l±c±rika½.
Kiñc±pi ehibhikkh³pasampann± ceva saraºagaman³pasampann± ca sañcaritt±dipaººattivajja½ ±patti½ ±pajjanti, tesa½ pana na sabbak±likatt± te vajjetv± sabbak±l±nur³pa½ tanti½ µhapento bhagav± idh±pi ñatticatuttheneva kammena upasampanna½ bhikkhu½ dassetu½ “tatra yv±ya½ bhikkhu…pe… aya½ imasmi½ atthe adhippeto bhikkh³”ti padabh±jana½ ±ha, na pana nesa½ sañcaritt±di-±pajjane abhabbabh±vato. Kh²º±sav±pi hi appassut± kiñc±pi lokavajja½ n±pajjanti, paººattiya½ pana akovidatt± vih±rak±ra½ kuµik±ra½ sah±g±ra½ sahaseyyanti evar³p± k±yadv±re ±pattiyo ±pajjanti, sañcaritta½ padasodhamma½ uttarichappañcav±ca½ bh³t±rocananti evar³p± vac²dv±re ±pattiyo ±pajjanti, upanikkhittas±diyanavasena manodv±re r³piyapaµiggahaº±patti½ ±pajjanti.
301. Sañcaraºa½ sañcaro, so etassa atth²ti sañcar², tassa bh±vo sañcaritta½. Ten±ha “sañcaraºabh±van”ti, itthipuris±na½ antare sañcaraºabh±vanti attho. J±yattane j±rattaneti ca nimittatthe bhumma½, j±yabh±vattha½ j±rabh±vatthanti vutta½ hoti. J±yabh±veti bhariyabh±v±ya. J±rabh±veti s±mikabh±v±ya. Kiñc±pi imassa padabh±jane “j±r² bhavissas²”ti itthiliªgavasena padabh±jana½ vutta½, j±rattaneti pana niddesassa ubhayaliªgas±dh±raºatt± purisaliªgavasenapi yojetv± attha½ dassento “itthiy± mati½ purisassa ±rocento j±rattane ±rocet²”ti-±dim±ha. Ettha hi “j±ro bhavissas²”ti itthiy± mati½ purisassa ±rocento j±rattane ±roceti n±ma. P±¼iya½ pana itthiliªgavaseneva yojan± kat±, tadanus±rena purisaliªgavasenapi sakk± yojetunti.
Id±ni p±¼iya½ vuttanayenapi attha½ dassento “apic±”ti-±dim±ha. Pati bhavissas²ti vuttamevattha½ “s±miko bhavissas²”ti pariy±yavacanena visesetv± dasseti. Idañca j±rattaneti niddesassa ubhayaliªgas±dh±raºatt± vutta½. Muhuttik± bhavissas²ti as±mika½ sandh±ya vutta½, j±r² bhavissas²ti sas±mika½ sandh±ya. Antamaso taªkhaºik±yap²ti ida½ nidassanamattanti ±ha “etenevup±yen±”ti-±di.
303. Serivih±ranti sacchandac±ra½. Attano vasanti attano ±ºa½. Gottanti gotamagott±dika½ gotta½. Dhammoti paº¹araªgaparibb±jak±d²na½, tesa½ tesa½ v± kul±na½ dhammo. Gottavantesu gottasaddo, dhammac±r²su ca dhammasaddo vattat²ti ±ha “sagotteh²”ti-±di. Tattha sagotteh²ti sam±nagottehi, ekava½saj±teh²ti attho. Sahadhammikeh²ti ekassa satthus±sane sahacaritabbadhammehi, sam±nakuladhammehi v±. Tenev±ha “eka½ satth±ran”ti-±di. Tattha “eka½ satth±ra½ uddissa pabbajiteh²”ti imin± paº¹araªgaparibb±jak±dayo vutt±, ekagaºapariy±panneh²ti m±l±k±r±di-ekagaºapariy±pannehi.
Sas±mik± s±rakkh±. Yass± gamane raññ± daº¹o µhapito, s± saparidaº¹±. Pacchim±na½ dvinnanti s±rakkhasaparidaº¹±na½ micch±c±ro hoti t±sa½ sas±mikabh±vato. Na itar±santi itar±sa½ m±turakkhit±d²na½ aµµhanna½ purisantaragamane natthi micch±c±ro t±sa½ as±mikabh±vato. Y± hi s±mikassa santaka½ phassa½ thenetv± paresa½ abhirati½ upp±denti, t±sa½ micch±c±ro, na ca m±t±dayo t±sa½ phasse issar±. M±t±dayo hi na attan± phass±nubhavanattha½ t± rakkhanti, kevala½ an±c±ra½ nisedhent± purisantaragamana½ t±sa½ v±renti. Purisassa pana et±su aµµhasupi hotiyeva micch±c±ro m±t±d²hi yath± purisena saddhi½ sa½v±sa½ na kappeti, tath± rakkhitatt± paresa½ rakkhitagopita½ phassa½ thenetv± phuµµhabh±vato.
Dhanena k²t±ti bhariyabh±vattha½ dhanena k²t±. Ten±ha “yasm± pan±”ti-±di. Bhogen±ti bhogahetu. Bhogatthañhi vasant² “bhogav±sin²”ti vuccati. Labhitv±ti yo na½ v±seti, tassa hatthato labhitv±. Udakapatta½ ±masitv± gahit± odapattakin². Ten±ha “ubhinnan”ti-±di. Dhajena ±haµ±ti ettha dhajayogato sen±va dhajasaddena vutt±, ussitaddhaj±ya sen±ya ±haµ±ti vutta½ hoti. Ten±ha “ussitaddhaj±y±”ti-±di.
305. Bahiddh± vimaµµha½ n±ma hot²ti aññattha ±rocita½ n±ma hoti. Ta½ kiriya½ samp±dessat²ti tass± ±rocetv± ta½ kicca½ samp±detu v± m± v±, ta½kiriy±samp±dane yogyata½ sandh±ya vutta½. D±raka½ d±rikañca aj±n±petv± tesa½ m±t±pitu-±d²hi m±t±pitu-±d²na½yeva santika½ s±sane pesitepi haraºav²ma½sanapacc±haraºasaªkh±t±ya tivaªgasampattiy± saªgh±diseso hotiyev±ti daµµhabba½. Ya½ uddissa s±sana½ pesita½, ta½yeva sandh±ya tass± m±tu-±d²na½ ±rocite vatthuno ekatt± m±tu-±dayopi khettamev±ti khettameva otiººabh±va½ dassetu½ “buddha½ paccakkh±m²”ti-±di ud±haµa½. Imin± samet²ti etth±yamadhipp±yo– yath± saya½ an±rocetv± aññena antev±si-±din± ±roc±pentassa visaªketo natthi, eva½ tass± saya½ an±rocetv± ±rocanattha½ m±tu-±d²na½ vadantassapi natthi visaªketoti. Ghara½ nayat²ti gharaº². M³laµµh±nañca vasen±ti ettha purisassa m±tu-±dayo s±sanapesane m³labh³tatt± “m³laµµh±”ti vuccanti. M±turakkhit±ya m±t± bhikkhu½ pahiºat²ti ettha attano v± dh²tu santika½ “itthann±massa bhariy± hot³”ti bhikkhu½ pahiºati, purisassa v± santika½ “mama dh²t± itthann±massa bhariy± hot³”ti pahiºat²ti gahetabba½. Esa nayo sesesupi. Pubbe vuttanayatt±ti paµhamasaªgh±disese vuttanayatt±.
338. Ettova pakkamat²ti puna ±gantv± ±º±pakassa an±rocetv± tatoyeva pakkamati. Aññena karaº²yen±ti gamanahetuvisuddhidassanattha½ vutta½. Teneva pana karaº²yena gantv±pi kiñci an±rocento na v²ma½sati n±ma. Anabhinanditv±ti ida½ tath± paµipajjam±na½ sandh±ya vutta½, satipi abhinandane s±sana½ an±rocento pana na v²ma½sati n±ma. Tatiyapade vuttanayen±ti “so tass± vacana½ anabhinanditv±”ti-±din± vuttanayena. Vatthugaºan±y±ti sambahul±na½ itthipuris±na½ samabh±ve sati dvinna½ dvinna½ itthipurisavatth³na½ gaºan±ya. Sace pana ekato adhik± honti, adhik±na½ gaºan±ya ±pattibhedo veditabbo.
339-340. P±¼iya½ catutthav±re asatipi “gacchanto na samp±deti, ±gacchanto visa½v±deti, an±patt²”ti ida½ atthato ±pannamev±ti katv± vutta½ “catutthe an±patt²”ti. K±ruk±nanti va¹¹hak²-±d²na½. Tacchaka-ayok±ratantav±yarajakanh±pitak± pañca k±ravo “k±ruk±”ti vuccanti. Evar³pena…pe… an±patt²ti t±disa½ gihiveyy±vaccampi na hot²ti katv± vutta½.
K±yato samuµµh±t²ti paººatti½ v± ala½vacan²yabh±va½ v± aj±nantassa k±yato samuµµh±ti. V±cato samuµµh±t²ti etth±pi eseva nayo. K±yav±cato samuµµh±t²ti paººatti½ j±nitv± ala½vacan²yabh±va½ aj±nantassapi k±yav±cato samuµµh±t²ti veditabba½. Ala½vacan²y± hont²ti desac±rittavasena paººad±n±din± pariccatt± honti. Paººatti½ pana j±nitv±ti ettha ala½vacan²yabh±va½ v±ti ca daµµhabba½. Teneva m±tik±µµhakath±ya½ (kaªkh±. aµµha. sañcarittasikkh±padavaººan±) “tadubhaya½ pana j±nitv± eteheva t²hi nayehi sam±pajjantassa t±neva t²ºi tadubhayaj±nanacittena sacittak±ni hont²”ti vutta½. Tasm± paººattij±nanacitten±ti etth±pi tadubhayaj±nana½ vattabba½. Bhikkhu½ aj±n±petv± attano adhipp±ya½ paººe likhitv± dinna½ harantassapi ±patti hoti, imassa sikkh±padassa acittakatt±ti na gahetabba½. P±¼iya½ pana “±rocet²”ti vuttatt± aµµhakath±yañca tattha tattha ±rocanasseva dassitatt± k±yena v± v±c±ya v± ±rocentasseva ±patti hot²ti gahetabba½.
341. Duµµhull±d²sup²ti ±di-saddena sañcarittampi saªgaºh±ti. Ettha pana kiñc±pi itth² n±ma manussitth², na yakkh², na pet², na tiracch±nagat±, puriso n±ma manussapuriso, na yakkhoti-±di na vutta½, tath±pi manussaj±tik±va itthipuris± idha adhippet±. Tasm± yesu sañcaritta½ sam±pajjati, tesa½ manussaj±tikat±, na n±la½vacan²yat±, paµiggaºhanav²ma½sanapacc±haraº±n²ti im±nettha pañcaªg±ni.

Sañcarittasikkh±padavaººan± niµµhit±.