2. Saªgh±disesakaº¹a½

1. Sukkavissaµµhisikkh±padavaººan±

Id±ni p±r±jikasa½vaººan±samanantar± y± terasak±disa½vaººan± sam±raddh±, tass±pi–
An±kul± asandeh±, paripuººavinicchay±;
atthabyañjanasampann±, hoti s±ratthad²pan².
Terasakass±ti terasa sikkh±pad±ni parim±º±ni assa kaº¹ass±ti terasaka½, tassa terasakassa kaº¹ass±ti attho.
234. Anabhiratoti aññattha gihibh±va½ patthayam±no vuccati, idha pana k±mar±gavasena ukkaºµhitat±ya vikkhittacittat±ya samann±gato adhippetoti ±ha vikkhittacittoti-±di.
236-237. Sañcetanik±ti ettha sa½-saddo vijjam±natthat±ya s±tthakoti dassento ±ha sa½vijjati cetan± ass±ti. Tattha cetan±ti v²tikkamavasappavatt± pubbabh±gacetan±. Ass±ti sukkavissaµµhiy±. Imasmi½ vikappe ika-saddassa visu½ attho natth²ti ±ha sañcetan±va sañcetanik±ti. Id±ni sa½-saddassa attha½ anapekkhitv± ika-saddova assatthi-attha½ pak±set²ti dassento sañcetan± v± ass± atth²ti sañcetanik±ti dutiyavikappam±ha. Sa½vijjati cetan± ass±ti padabh±jane vattabbe byañjane ±dara½ akatv± j±nantoti-±di vutta½. Upakkam±m²ti j±nantoti mocanattha½ upakkam±m²ti j±nanto.
¾sayabhedatoti pitt±di-±sayabhedato. Buddhapaccekabuddh±nampi hi raññopi cakkavattissa pittasemhapubbalohit±sayesu cat³su aññataro ±sayo hotiyeva, mandapaññ±na½ pana catt±ropi ±say± honti. Dh±tun±nattatoti pathav²dh±tu-±d²na½ catunna½ dh±t³na½, cakkh±d²na½ v± aµµh±rasanna½ dh±t³na½, rasasoºit±d²na½ v± dh±t³na½ n±nattato.
Vatthis²santi vatthipuµassa abbhantare matthakapassa½. “R±ga…pe… asakkonto”ti r±gapariyuµµh±na½ sandh±ya vutta½. R±j± pana “sambhavassa sakalak±yo µh±nan”ti sutapubbatt± v²ma½sanattha½ evamak±s²ti vadanti. Dakasotanti muttamagga½, aªgaj±tappadesanti vutta½ hoti. Dakasotorohaºato paµµh±ya pana up±dinnato vinimuttat±ya sambhave utusamuµµh±nameva r³pa½ avasissati, sesa½ tisamuµµh±na½ natth²ti veditabba½. ¾podh±tuy± sant±navasena pavattam±n±ya avatth±viseso sambhavo, so catusamuµµh±niko aµµhakath±ya½ catusamuµµh±nikesu sambhavassa vuttatt±. So pana so¼asavassak±le uppajjati, tassa r±gavasena µh±n±c±vana½ hot²ti vadanti, tasm± ya½ vutta½ kath±vatthu-aµµhakath±ya½ “sukkavissaµµhi n±ma r±gasamuµµh±n± hot²”ti, ta½ sambhavassa µh±n±c±vana½ sandh±ya vuttanti veditabba½, na pana sambhavo cittasamuµµh±noyev±ti d²petu½, teneva tattha vissaµµhiggahaºa½ kata½. “Kh²º±sav±na½ pana brahm±nañca sambhavo natth²”ti ±cariyadhammap±lattherena vutta½, tasm± ya½ vutta½ kath±vatthu-aµµhakath±ya½ (kath±. aµµha. 307) “t±sa½ devat±na½ sukkavissaµµhi n±ma natth²”ti, tampi µh±n±c±vana½ sandh±ya vuttanti gahetabba½, na pana devat±na½ sabbaso sambhavassa abh±va½ sandh±ya. Channampi pana k±m±vacaradevat±na½ k±m± p±katik±yeva. Manuss± viya hi te dvaya½dvayasam±pattivaseneva methuna½ paµisevanti, kevala½ pana nissand±bh±vo tesa½ vattabbo. Taªkhaºikapari¼±hav³pasam±vaha½ samphassasukhameva hi tesa½ k±makicca½. Keci pana “c±tumah±r±jikat±vati½s±na½yeva dvaya½dvayasam±pattiy± k±makicca½ ijjhati, y±m±na½ aññamañña½ ±liªganamattena, tusit±na½ hatth±masanamattena, nimm±narat²na½ hasitamattena, paranimmitavasavatt²na½ olokitamattena k±makicca½ ijjhat²”ti vadanti, ta½ aµµhakath±ya½ paµikkhitta½ t±disassa k±mesu virajjanassa tesu abh±vato k±m±nañca uttaruttari paº²tatarapaº²tatamabh±vato.
Tathev±ti “mocanass±dena nimitte upakkamato”ti-±di½ atidisati. “Vissaµµh²ti µh±nato c±van± vuccat²”ti vuttatt± dakasota½ otiººamatteti kasm± vuttanti ±ha dakasotorohaºañcetth±ti-±di. Etth±ti t²supi v±desu. Adhiv±setv±ti nimitte upakkamitv± puna vippaµis±re uppanne adhiv±setv±. Antar± niv±retunti µh±nato cuta½ dakasota½ otaritu½ adatv± antar± niv±retu½. Ten±ha– µh±n± cutañhi avassa½ dakasota½ otarat²ti Ýh±n±c±vanamattenev±ti dakasota½ anotiººep²ti adhipp±yo. Ettha ca “sakalo k±yo µh±nan”ti v±de µh±n±c±vana½ vadantena sakalasar²rato cutassapi dakasotorohaºato pubbe appamattakassa antar±¼assa sambhavato vutta½. Sakalasar²re v± tasmi½ tasmi½ padese µhitassa µh±n± cuta½ sandh±ya “µh±n±c±vanamattenev±”ti vutta½. Nimitte upakkamantassev±ti mocanass±dena upakkamantassa. Hatthaparikamm±d²su satipi mocanass±de nimitte upakkam±bh±vato natthi ±patt²ti ±ha “hattaparikamma…pe… an±patt²”ti. Aya½ sabb±cariyas±dh±raºavinicchayoti “dakasotorohaºañcetth±”ti-±din± vutto tiººampi ±cariy±na½ s±dh±raºo vinicchayo.
Khobhakaraºapaccayo n±ma visabh±gabhesajjasen±san±h±r±dipaccayo. Atthak±mat±ya v± anatthak±mat±ya v±ti pasann± atthak±mat±ya, kuddh± anatthak±mat±ya. Atth±ya v± anatth±ya v±ti sabh±vato bhavitabb±ya atth±ya v± anatth±ya v±. Upasa½harant²ti attano dev±nubh±vena upanenti. Bodhisattam±t± viya puttapaµil±bhanimittanti tad± kira pure puººam±ya sattamadivasato paµµh±ya vigatasur±p±na½ m±l±gandh±divibh³tisampanna½ nakkhattak²¼a½ anubhavam±n± bodhisattam±t± sattame divase p±tova uµµh±ya gandhodakena nh±yitv± sabb±laªk±ravibh³sit± varabhojana½ bhuñjitv± uposathaªg±ni adhiµµh±ya sirigabbha½ pavisitv± sirisayane nipann± nidda½ okkamam±n± ima½ supina½ addasa– catt±ro kira na½ mah±r±j±no sayaneneva saddhi½ ukkhipitv± anotattadaha½ netv± nh±petv± dibbavattha½ niv±setv± dibbagandhehi vilimpetv± dibbapupph±ni pi¼andhitv± tato avid³re rajatapabbato, tassa anto kanakavim±na½ atthi, tasmi½ p±c²nato s²sa½ katv± nipajj±pesu½. Atha bodhisatto setavarav±raºo hutv± tato avid³re eko suvaººapabbato, tattha caritv± tato oruyha rajatapabbata½ abhiruhitv± kanakavim±na½ pavisitv± m±tara½ padakkhiºa½ katv± dakkhiºapassa½ ph±letv± kucchi½ paviµµhasadiso ahosi. Ima½ supina½ sandh±ya eta½ vutta½ “bodhisattam±t± viya puttapaµil±bhanimittan”ti.
Pañca mah±supineti (a. ni. aµµha. 3.5.196) mahantehi purisehi passitabbato mahant±nañca atth±na½ nimittabh±vato mah±supine. Te pana pañca mah±supine neva lokiyamah±jano passati, na mah±r±j±no, na cakkavattir±j±no, na aggas±vak±, na paccekabuddh±, na samm±sambuddh±, eko sabbaññubodhisattoyeva passati. Tena vutta½ “bodhisatto viya pañca mah±supine”ti. Amh±kañca pana bodhisatto kad± te supine pass²ti? “Sve buddho bhaviss±m²”ti c±tuddasiya½ pakkhassa rattivibh±yanak±le passi. K±lavasena hi div± diµµho supino na sameti, tath± paµhamay±me majjhimay±me ca. Pacchimay±me balavapacc³se pana asitap²tas±yite samm±pariº±magate k±yasmi½ oj±ya patiµµhit±ya aruºe uggaccham±ne diµµhasupino sameti. Iµµhanimitta½ supina½ passanto iµµha½ paµilabhati, aniµµhanimitta½ passanto aniµµha½, tasm± bodhisattopi supina½ passanto rattivibh±yanak±le passi.
Ke pana te pañca mah±supin±ti? Tath±gatassa arahato samm±sambuddhassa pubbeva sambodh± anabhisambuddhassa bodhisattasseva sato pañca mah±supin± p±turahesu½ (a. ni. 5.196)– aya½ mah±pathav² mah±sayana½ ahosi, himav± pabbatar±j± bimbohana½ ahosi, puratthime samudde v±mahattho ohito ahosi, pacchime samudde dakkhiºahattho ohito ahosi, dakkhiºasamudde ubho p±d± ohit± ahesu½, aya½ paµhamo mah±supino p±turahosi.
Puna capara½ dabbatiºasaªkh±t± tiriy± n±ma tiºaj±ti naªgalamattena rattadaº¹ena n±bhito uggantv± tassa passantasseva vidatthimatta½ ratanamatta½ by±mamatta½ yaµµhimatta½ g±vutamatta½ a¹¹hayojanamatta½ yojanamattanti eva½ uggantv± anekayojanasahassa½ nabha½ ±hacca µhit± ahosi, aya½ dutiyo mah±supino p±turahosi.
Puna capara½ set± kim² kaºhas²s± p±dehi ussakkitv± y±va j±ºumaº¹al± paµicch±desu½, aya½ tatiyo mah±supino p±turahosi.
Puna capara½ catt±ro sakuº± n±n±vaºº± cat³hi dis±hi ±gantv± p±dam³le nipatitv± sabbaset± sampajji½su, aya½ catuttho mah±supino p±turahosi.
Puna capara½ bodhisatto mahato m²¼hapabbatassa upar³pari caªkamati alippam±no m²¼hena, aya½ pañcamo mah±supino p±turahosi. Ime pañca mah±supin±.
Tattha paµhamo anuttar±ya samm±sambodhiy± pubbanimitta½, dutiyo ariyassa aµµhaªgikassa maggassa devamanussesu suppak±sitabh±vassa pubbanimitta½, tatiyo bah³na½ od±tavasan±na½ gih²na½ bhagavanta½ upasaªkamitv± saraºagamanassa pubbanimitta½, catuttho khattiy±d²na½ catunna½ vaºº±na½ tath±gatappavedite dhammavinaye ag±rasm± anag±riya½ pabbajitv± anuttaravimuttisacchikiriy±ya pubbanimitta½, pañcamo catunna½ paccay±na½ l±bhit±ya tesu ca anupalittabh±vassa pubbanimitta½.
Apica ya½ so cakkav±¼amah±pathavi½ sirisayanabh³ta½ addasa, ta½ buddhabh±vassa pubbanimitta½. Ya½ himavanta½ pabbatar±j±na½ bimbohana½ addasa, ta½ sabbaññutaññ±ºabimbohanassa pubbanimitta½. Ya½ catt±ro hatthap±de samuddassa upar³paribh±gena gantv± cakkav±¼amatthake µhite addasa, ta½ dhammacakkassa appaµivattiyabh±ve pubbanimitta½. Ya½ att±na½ utt±naka½ nipanna½ addasa, ta½ t²su bhavesu avakujj±na½ satt±na½ utt±namukhabh±vassa pubbanimitta½. Ya½ akkh²ni umm²letv± passanto viya ahosi, ta½ dibbacakkhupaµil±bhassa pubbanimitta½. Ya½ y±va bhavagg± ek±loka½ ahosi, ta½ an±varaºañ±ºassa pubbanimitta½. Sesa½ vuttanayameva. Iti ta½ta½vises±dhigamanimittabh³te pañca mah±supine passi. Tena vutta½ “bodhisatto viya pañca mah±supine”ti.
Kosalar±j± viya so¼asa supineti–
“Usabh± rukkh± g±viyo gav± ca,
asso ka½so siªg±l² ca kumbho;
pokkharaº² ca ap±kacandana½,
l±b³ni s²danti sil± plavanti.
“Maº¹³kiyo kaºhasappe gilanti,
k±ka½ suvaºº± pariv±rayanti;
tas± vak± e¼ak±na½ bhay± h²”ti. (J±. 1.1.77)–

Ime so¼asa supine passanto kosalar±j± viya.

1. Ekadivasa½ kira kosalar±j± ratti½ nidd³pagato pacchimay±me so¼asa supine passi (j±. aµµha. 1.1.mah±supinaj±takavaººan±). Tattha catt±ro añjanavaºº± k±¼a-usabh± “yujjhiss±m±”ti cat³hi dis±hi r±jaªgaºa½ ±gantv± “usabhayuddha½ passiss±m±”ti mah±jane sannipatite yujjhan±k±ra½ dassetv± naditv± gajjitv± ayujjhitv±va paµikkant±. Ima½ paµhama½ supina½ addasa.
2. Khuddak± rukkh± ceva gacch± ca pathavi½ bhinditv± vidatthimattampi ratanamattampi anuggantv±va pupphanti ceva phalanti ca. Ima½ dutiya½ addasa.
3. G±viyo tadahuj±t±na½ vacch±na½ kh²ra½ pivantiyo addasa. Aya½ tatiyo supino.
4. Dhurav±he ±rohapariº±hasampanne mah±goºe yugaparampar±ya ayojetv± taruºe godamme dhure yojente addasa, te dhura½ vahitu½ asakkont± cha¹¹etv± aµµha½su, sakaµ±ni nappavatti½su. Aya½ catuttho supino.