Vin²tavatthuvaººan±

223. Sekkhabh³miyanti imin± jh±nabh³mimpi saªgaºh±ti. Tiººa½ vivek±nanti k±yacitta-upadhivivek±na½.
Piº¹±ya caraºassa bhojanapariyos±natt± vutta½ “y±va bhojanapariyos±nan”ti. Bhutv± ±gacchantassapi puna vuttanayeneva sambh±vanicch±ya c²varasaºµhapan±d²ni karontassa dukkaµameva.
225. ¾r±dhan²yo, ±vuso, dhammo ±raddhav²riyen±ti vatthudvaya½ ekasadisampi dv²hi bhikkh³hi visu½ visu½ ±rocitatt± bhagavat± vinicchinita½ sabbampi vin²tavatth³su ±ropetabbanti p±¼iya½ ±ropita½.
226. Pas±dabhaññanti kevala½ pas±damattena bhaºana½, na pana “sabh±vato ete arahantoyev±”ti cintetv±. Tenevettha an±patti vutt±. Yadi pana “ete sabh±vato arahantoyev±”ti maññam±no “±yantu bhonto arahanto”ti-±d²ni vadati, na sampaµicchitabba½.
227. Padas± gamana½ sandh±ya katik±ya katatt± “y±nena v±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha vijj±mayiddhi½ sandh±ya “iddhiy±”ti vutta½. Aññamañña½ rakkhant²ti “yo imamh± ±v±s± paµhama½ pakkamissati, ta½ maya½ ‘arah±’ti j±niss±m±”ti eva½ katik±ya katatt± apubb±carima½ asuddhacittena gacchant±pi saha nikkhantabh±vato aññamañña½ rakkhanti. Keci pana “hatthap±sa½ avijahitv± aññamaññassa hattha½ gaºhanto viya gacchantopi ‘uµµhetha gacch±ma, etha gacch±m±’ti eva½ sa½vidahitv± gamane pubb±para½ gacchantopi n±pajjat²”ti vadanti. Eta½ pana adhammika½ katikavattanti “idha arahantoyeva vasant³ti yadi bhikkh³ katika½ karonti, eta½ adhammika½ katikavattan”ti c³¼agaºµhipade vutta½. Heµµh± vutta½ pana sabbampi katikavatta½ sandh±ya eta½ vuttanti amh±ka½ khanti, v²ma½sitv± gahetabba½. N±n±verajjak±ti n±n±janapadav±sino. Saªghal±bhoti yath±vu¹¹ha½ attano p±puºanakoµµh±so. Ayañca paµikkhepo imin±va n²h±rena bahis²maµµh±na½ avisesena saªghal±bhassa s±mibh±v±p±dana½ sandh±ya kato. Visesato pana bahis²maµµh±nampi paricchinditv± ekekakoµµh±sato “ettaka½ d±tu½, ²disa½ v± d±tu½, ettak±na½ v± d±tu½, ²disassa v± d±tu½ ruccati saªghass±”ti apalokanakamma½ katv± d±tu½ vaµµati.
228. ¾yasm± ca lakkhaºoti-±d²su ko pan±yasm± lakkhaºo, kasm± cassa lakkhaºoti n±ma½ ahosi, ko c±yasm± mah±moggall±no, kasm± ca sita½ p±tv±k±s²ti ta½ sabba½ pak±setu½ “yv±yan”ti-±di ±raddha½. Lakkhaºasampannen±ti purisalakkhaºasampannena. Brahmasamen±ti brahmattabh±vasamena. ¿saka½ hasita½ sitanti vuccat²ti ±ha “mandahasitan”ti. Aµµhikasaªkhalikanti nayida½ aviññ±ºaka½ aµµhisaªkhalikamatta½, atha kho eko petoti ±ha “petaloke nibbatta½ sattan”ti. Ete attabh±v±ti petattabh±v±. Na ±p±tha½ ±gacchant²ti devattabh±v± viya pakatiy± ±p±tha½ na ±gacchanti. Tesa½ pana ruciy± ±p±tha½ ±gaccheyyu½. Manuss±na½ dukkh±bhibh³t±na½ an±thabh±vadassanapadaµµh±n± karuº±ti ±ha “k±ruññe kattabbe”ti. Attano ca sampatti½ buddhañ±ºassa ca sampattinti pacceka½ sampatti-saddo yojetabbo. Tadubhaya½ vibh±vetu½ “tañh²”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha “attano ca sampatti½ anussaritv± sita½ p±tv±k±s²”ti pada½ ±netv± sambandhitabba½. Dhammadh±t³ti sabbaññutaññ±ºa½ sandh±ya vadati, dhammadh±t³ti v± dhamm±na½ sabh±vo. Upapatt²ti j±ti. Upapattis²sena hi tath±r³pa½ attabh±va½ vadati. Dussaddh±pay± honti, tadassa tesa½ d²gharatta½ ahit±ya dukkh±ya. Dussaddh±pay±ti idañca na lakkhaºatthera½ sandh±ya vutta½, ye pana suºanti “eva½ kira vuttan”ti, te sandh±ya. Atha lakkhaºatthero kasm± na addasa, kimassa dibbacakkhu natth²ti? No natthi, mah±moggall±no pana ±vajjento addasa, itaro an±vajjanena na addasa.
Vitu¹ent²ti vinivijjhitv± ¹enti, asidh±r³pamehi tikhiºehi lohatuº¹akehi vijjhitv± vijjhitv± ito cito ca gacchant²ti attho. Ten±ha “vinivijjhitv± gacchant²”ti. “Vitudant²”ti v± p±µho. Ph±su¼antarik±h²ti bhummatthe nissakkavacana½. Lohatuº¹akeh²ti lohasal±k±sadisehi, k±¼alohamayeheva v± tuº¹akehi. Pas±dussad±ti imin± aµµhisaªgh±tamatta½ hutv± paññ±yam±n±nampi k±yappas±dassa balavabh±va½ dasseti. Pakkagaº¹asadis±ti imin± pana ativiya mudusabh±vata½ dasseti. Acchariya½ vat±ti garahanacchariya½ n±meta½.
Cakkhubh³t±ti sampattadibbacakkhuk±, lokassa cakkhubh³t±ti eva½ v± ettha attho daµµhabbo. Yatr±ti hetu-atthe nip±toti ±ha “yatr±ti k±raºavacanan”ti. Appam±ºe sattanik±ye, te ca kho vibh±gena k±mabhav±dibhede bhave, niray±dibhed± gatiyo, n±nattak±yan±nattasaññ²-±diviññ±ºaµµhitiyo, tath±r³pe satt±v±se ca sabbaññutaññ±ºañca me upanetu½ paccakkha½ karontena.
Gogh±takoti gunna½ abhiºha½ hananako. Ten±ha “vadhitv± vadhitv±”ti. Tass±ti gunna½ hananakammassa. Apar±pariyakammass±ti apar±pariyavedan²yakammassa. Balavat± gogh±takakammena vip±ke d²yam±ne aladdhok±sa½ apar±pariyavedan²ya½, tasmi½ vipakkavip±ke id±ni laddhok±sa½ “avasesakamman”ti vutta½. Kammasabh±gat±y±ti kammassa sabh±gabh±vena sadisabh±vena. ¾rammaºasabh±gat±y±ti ±rammaºassa sabh±gabh±vena sadisabh±vena. Y±dise hi ±rammaºe pubbe ta½ kamma½ tassa ca vip±ko pavatto, t±diseyeva ±rammaºe ida½ kamma½ imassa vip±ko ca pavattoti katv± vutta½ “tasseva kammassa vip±k±vasesen±”ti. Bhavati hi ta½sadisepi tabboh±ro yath± so eva tittiro, t±niyeva osadh±n²ti. Yasm± kammasarikkhakavisaye “kamma½ v± kammanimitta½ v±”ti dvayameva vutta½, yasm± ca gatinimitta½ viya kamma½ kammanimittañca kammato bhinna½ visu½ hutv± na tiµµhati, tasm± sarikkhakavip±kad±nassa k±raºabh±vato yattha kammasarikkhakena vip±kena bhavitabba½, tattha kamma½ v± kammanimitta½ v± gahetv± paµisandhi hot²ti vadanti. Tenev±ha– “tassa kira…pe… nimitta½ ahos²”ti. Tattha nimitta½ ahos²ti pubbe kat³pacitassa pet³papattinibbattanavasena katok±sassa tassa kammassa nimittabh³ta½ id±ni tath± upaµµhahanta½ tassa vip±kassa nimitta½ ±rammaºa½ ahosi. Soti gogh±tako. Aµµhikasaªkhalikapeto j±to kammasarikkhakavip±kavasena.
229. Pesiyo katv±ti g±vi½ vadhitv± vadhitv± goma½sa½ ph±letv± pesiyo katv±. Sukkh±petv±ti k±lantara½ µhapanattha½ sukkh±petv±. Sukkh±pitama½sapes²nañhi vall³rasamaññ±ti. Nippakkhacammeti vigatapakkhacamme. Urabbhe hant²ti orabbhiko. E¼aketi aje. Niv±papuµµheti attan± dinnaniv±pena posite asin± vadhitv± vadhitv± vikkiºanto. Eka½ miganti d²pakamiga½. K±raº±h²ti y±tan±hi. Ñatv±ti kammaµµh±na½ ñatv±. Pesuññupasa½h±ravasena ito suta½ amutra, amutra v± suta½ idha s³cet²ti s³cako. Anayabyasana½ p±pesi manusseti sambandho.
Vinicchay±maccoti raññ± a¹¹akaraºe µhapito vinicchayamah±matto. So hi g±majanak±ya½ k³µaµµhena vañcet²ti “g±mak³µo”ti vuccati. Keci “t±disoyeva g±majeµµhako g±mak³µo”ti vadanti. Samena bhavitabba½ dhammaµµhoti vattabbato. Rahassaªge nis²danavasena visam± nisajj± ahosi. Phusantoti theyy±ya phusanto.
230. Anissaroti m±tug±mo sas±miko attano phasse anissaro. Dha½sitv±ti bhassitv± apagantv±. Maªganavasena ulat²ti maªguli, vir³pab²bhacchabh±vena pavattat²ti attho. Ten±ha “vir³pa½ duddasika½ b²bhacchan”ti.
Uddha½ uddha½ aggin± pakkasar²rat±ya uppakka½, heµµhato paggharaºavasena kilinnasar²rat±ya okilin², ito cito ca aªg±rasamparikiººat±ya okirin². Ten±ha “s± kir±”ti-±di. Aªg±racitaketi aªg±rasañcaye. Sar²rato paggharanti asuciduggandhajegucch±ni sedagat±ni. Tassa kira raññoti k±liªgassa rañño. N±µakin²ti naccanakicce adhigat± itth². Sedanti sedana½, t±pananti attho.
As²saka½ kabandha½ hutv± nibbatti kamm±y³hanak±le tath± nimittaggahaºaparicayato. L±makabhikkh³ti h²n±c±rat±ya l±mako, bhikkhuvesat±ya bhikkh±h±rena j²vanato ca bhikkhu. Cittake¼inti cittaruciya½ ta½ ta½ k²¼anto. Ayamev±ti bhikkhuvatthusmi½ vuttanayo eva.
231. Nissev±lapaºakakaddamoti tilab²jak±dibhedena sev±lena n²lamaº¹³kapiµµhivaººena udakapiµµha½ ch±detv± nibbattapaºakena kaddamena ca virahito. Sundarehi tittheh²ti sukh±vag±haºaµµh±nat±ya kaddam±didosavirahato ca sundarehi titthehi. Tato udakadahato ta½hetu, ta½ upaniss±y±ti attho. N±gabhavanagatopi hi so rahado tato uparimanussaloke jal±sayena sambandho hoti. Tena vutta½ “tato aya½ tapod± sandat²”ti. Atha v± tatoti n±gabhavane udakadahato aya½ tapod± sandati. Tañhi uparibh³mitala½ ±rohati, uºhabh±vena tapanato tapa½ udaka½ etiss±ti anvatthan±mavasena tapod±ti vuccati. Petalokoti pet±na½ ±v±saµµh±na½. Keci pana “petalokoti lohakumbh²niray± idh±dhippet±”ti vadanti, nagarassa pana parito pabbatap±davanantaresu bah³ pet±v±s±pi santeva. Sv±yamattho petavatthup±¼iy± lakkhaºasa½yuttena im±ya ca vin²tavatthup±¼iy± d²petabbo.
Katahatth±ti thiratara½ lakkhesu avirajjhanasarakkhep±. ¿dis± pana tattha vas²bh³t± katahatth± n±ma honti, tasm± yo sippameva uggaºh±ti, so katahattho n±ma na hoti, ime pana katahatth±, ciººavas²bh±v±ti vutta½ hoti. Sippadassanavasena kata½ r±jakul±ni upecca asana½ sarakkhepo eteh²ti katup±san±, r±jakul±d²su dassitasipp±ti vutta½ hoti. Pabhaggoti par±jito.
232. Dosadassana pubbaka r³pa vir±ga bh±van± saªkh±ta paµipakkha bh±van±vasena paµighasaññ±na½ suppah²natt± mahat±pi saddena ar³pasam±pattito na vuµµh±ti, tath± pana na suppah²natt± sabbar³p±vacarasam±pattito vuµµh±na½ siy±ti idha ±neñjasam±dh²ti catutthajjh±nasam±patti adhippet±ti ±ha “aneja½ acala½ k±yav±c±vipphandavirahita½ catutthajjh±nasam±dhin”ti. Aññattha pana sam±dhipaccan²k±na½ atid³rat±ya na iñjat²ti ±neñjoti ar³p±vacarasam±dhi vuccati. Sam±dhiparipanthake dhammeti vitakkavic±r±dike sandh±ya vadati. Vitakk±d²su ±d²navasallakkhaºassa na suµµhukatabh±va½ sandh±y±ha “na suµµhu parisodhetv±”ti.
Nanu c±yam±yasm± mah±moggall±no bhagavato paµhamavasseva abhinavappatta-arahatto, idañca uttarimanussadhammap±r±jika½ v²satimavassato upari paññatta½, katha½ imassa vatthuno imasmi½ p±r±jike bhagavat± vinicchitabh±vo vuttoti? N±ya½ doso. Ayañhettha ±cariy±na½ kath±maggo– apaññattepi sikkh±pade therassa vacana½ sutv± “attano appatir³pa½ uttarimanussadhamma½ esa vadat²”ti maññam±n± bhikkh³ therassa dosa½ ±ropent± ujjh±yi½su. Bhagav± ca therassa tath±vacane k±raºa½ dassetv± niddosabh±va½ karonto “an±patti, bhikkhave, moggall±nass±”ti ±ha. Saªg²tik±rak± pana uttarimanussadhamm±dhik±ratt± tampi vatthu½ ±netv± idha ±ropesunti.
S±vak±na½ uppaµip±µiy± anussaraºa½ natth²ti dassetu½ “na uppaµip±µiy±”ti ±ha. Asaññasam±pattinti saññ±vir±gabh±van±ya v±yokasiºanibbattita½ catutthajjh±nasam±patti½ vadati. Pubbeniv±sañ±ºa½ cutipaµisandhi½ gaºhantampi anantarapaccayakkamavant±na½ ar³padhamm±na½ vaseneva gaºh±t²ti ±ha– “tatiye attabh±ve cutimeva addas±”ti. Nayato sallakkhes²ti vaµµe sa½saraºakasatt±na½ khandh±na½ abh±vak±lo n±ma natthi, asaññabhave pana acittak± hutv± pañca kappasat±ni pavattanti, imin± nayena sallakkhesi. Dukkara½ katanti khandhavikalassa pubbeniv±sassa anussaraºa½ µhapetv± samm±sambuddha½ na sakk± aññehi k±tunti nayato sallakkhentenapi dukkara½ katanti adhipp±yo. Paµividdh±ti paµividdhasadis±. Yath± n±ma koci dhanusippe katahattho eka½ kesasaªkh±ta½ v±la½ satakkhattu½ vid±letv± tato eka½ a½su½ gahetv± v±tiªgaºaphalassa majjhaµµh±ne bandhitv± apara½ a½su½ kaº¹assa aggakoµiya½ yath± tassa a½sussa ³k±matta½ v± likkh±matta½ v± kaº¹assa aggakoµito adhika½ hutv± tiµµhati, eva½ bandhitv± usabhamatte µh±ne µhito kaº¹abaddh±ya v±lakoµiy± v±tiªgaºabaddha½ v±lassa koµi½ paµivijjheyya evameva imin±pi kata½ dukkaranti vutta½ hoti. Etadagganti eso aggo. Yadidanti yo aya½. Liªgavipall±savaseneta½ vutta½.

Vin²tavatthuvaººan± niµµhit±.