4. Catutthap±r±jika½

Catusaccavid³ti catt±ri sacc±ni sam±haµ±ni catusacca½, ta½ avedi paµivijjh²ti catusaccavid³. Satipi s±vak±na½ paccekabuddh±nañca catusaccavidubh±ve anaññapubbakatt± bhagavato catusaccadassanassa tattha ca sabbaññut±ya balesu ca vas²bh±vassa pattito parasant±nesu pas±ritabh±vena p±kaµatt± ca bhagav±va visesena “catusaccavid³”ti thomana½ arahati.

Vaggumud±t²riyabhikkhuvatthuvaººan±

193. Adhiµµhem±ti sa½vidah±ma. D³takammanti gih²na½ paººa½ v± s±sana½ v± gahetv± tattha tattha gamana½. Iriy±patha½ saºµhapetv±ti padh±n±nur³pa½ katv±. Pucchant±na½ v±ti “ayy± santa-iriy±path± ativiya upasant±, katara½ visesamadhigacchi½s³”ti pucchant±na½. An±gatasambandhe pana asat²ti “bh±sito bhavissat²”ti p±µhasesa½ katv± an±gatasambandhe asati. “Bh±sito”ti at²tavacana½ katha½ an±gatavacanena sambandhamupagacchat²ti ±ha “lakkhaºa½ pana saddasatthato pariyesitabban”ti. ¿dise hi µh±ne “dh±tusambandhe paccay±”ti imin± lakkhaºena dh±tvatthasambandhe sati ayath±k±lavihit±pi paccay± s±dhavo bhavant²ti saddasatthavid³ vadanti.
194. Vaººav±ti imin± sakalasar²r±nugatavaººassa man±pat± vutt±. Pasannamukhavaºº±ti imin± sakalasar²ravaººatopi adhikatara½ mukhavaººassa man±pat± vutt±. Vippasannachavivaºº±ti imin± pana vijjam±nasseva sar²ravaººassa ativiya pasannat± vutt±. Yasm± indriy±na½ ³natta½ v± p³raºatta½ v± natthi, tasm± “abhiniviµµhok±sassa paripuººatt±”ti vutta½. Chaµµhassa abhiniviµµhok±so hadayavatthu, pañcapas±d±na½ abhiniviµµhok±sassa paripuººat±vacaneneva hadayavatthu-±disakalasar²rassa paripuººat± dassit±yeva hot²ti ±ha– “manacchaµµh±na½ indriy±nan”ti. Yath± tanti ettha tanti nip±tamatta½. Bhantamigappaµibh±g±ti kattabb±kattabbassa aj±nanato bhantamigasadis±. Catucakkanti catu-iriy±patha½. Iriy±patho hi idha pavattanaµµhena “cakkan”ti adhippeto. Navadv±ranti navahi vaºamukhehi navadv±ra½. Dukkhanti s²sarog±didukkha½. Sabbakicces³ti pattapacanac²vararajanayogaµµh±n±dikiccesu. Y±petunti vahitu½ pavattetu½. Ten±ha “gametun”ti.
195. Santoti imin± tesa½ vijjam±nata½ dasseti, sa½vijjam±n±ti imin± pana tesa½ upalabbham±nata½ dasseti. Ten±ha– “atthi ceva upalabbhanti c±”ti. Upalabbhant²ti dissanti, ñ±yant²ti attho. Panthad³hanakammanti panthagh±tanakamma½. Hanantoti m±rento. Gh±tentoti m±r±pento. Atha v± hanantoti bandhanat±¼an±d²hi hi½santo. Gh±tentoti m±rento. Chindantoti paresa½ hatth±d²ni chindanto. Pacantoti daº¹ena upp²¼ento. Pacanañhettha dahana½ vib±dhana½ adhippeta½. Pacantoti v± tajjento t±sento. Atha v± pacantoti g±mesu aggip±tanavasena geh±d²ni jh±petv± tattha aje¼ak±d²ni pacanto.
Ye sikkh±padesu bahulag±rav± na honti ±pattiv²tikkamabahul±, te sikkh±padesu atibbag±rav±. Uddhateti akappiye kappiyasaññit±ya kappiye akappiyasaññit±ya avajje vajjasaññit±ya vajje avajjasaññit±ya ca uddhaccapakatike. Unna¼eti uggatana¼e, uµµhitatuccham±neti vutta½ hoti. Capaleti pattac²varamaº¹an±din± c±pallena yutte. Mukhareti mukhakhare kharavacaneti vutta½ hoti. Vikiººav±ceti asa½yatavacane divasampi niratthakavacanappal±pine. Muµµh± naµµh± sati etesanti muµµhassat², sativirahiteti vutta½ hoti. Asampaj±neti nippaññe. P±katindriyeti sa½var±bh±vena gihik±le viya vivaµa-indriye. ¾cariyupajjh±yehi pariccattaketi dhammena ±misena ca asaªgahetv± ±cariyupajjh±yehi pariccatte an±the appatiµµhe. L±bhagaruketi paccayagaruke.
Iriy±pathasaºµhapan±d²n²ti ±di-saddena paccayapaµisevanas±mantajapp±na½ gahaºa½ veditabba½. Mah±niddese (mah±ni. 87) hi iriy±pathasaºµhapanapaccayapaµisevanas±mantajappanavasena tividha½ kuhakavatthu ±gata½. Tattha p±picchasseva sato sambh±van±dhipp±yakatena iriy±pathena vimh±pana½ iriy±pathasaºµhapanasaªkh±ta½ kuhakavatthu. Tath± c²var±d²hi nimantitassa tadatthikasseva sato p±picchata½ niss±ya paµikkhepanena te ca gahapatike attani suppatiµµhitasaddhe ñatv± puna tesa½ “aho ayyo appiccho, na kiñci paµiggaºhitu½ icchati, suladdha½ vata no assa, sace appamattakampi kiñci paµiggaºheyy±”ti n±n±vidhehi up±yehi paº²t±ni c²var±d²ni upanent±na½ tadanuggahak±mata½yeva ±vikatv± paµiggahaºena ca tato pabhuti as²tisakaµabh±rehi upan±manahetubh³ta½ vimh±pana½ paccayapaµisevanasaªkh±ta½ kuhakavatth³ti veditabba½. P±picchasseva pana sato uttarimanussadhamm±dhigamaparid²panav±c±ya tath± tath± vimh±pana½ s±mantajappanasaªkh±ta½ kuhakavatth³ti veditabba½. Cittalapabbat±divih±ro lokasammatasen±sana½ n±ma. Lokasammata …pe… up±yehi sa½vaººiyam±naguºoti sambandho. Parip±cetunti pariº±metu½. Suddhacittena attano ganthadhur±dikamma½ katv± vicarant±na½ tamm³lakapaccayaparibhoge dos±bh±va½ dassetu½ “ye pan±”ti-±di vutta½. Bhikkh±c±re asampajjam±neti gocarag±me bhikkh±ya caritv± labhitabbapiº¹ap±te asampajjante. Te ca vattas²sena sabbampeta½ karonti, na l±bhanimitta½. Tena vutta½ “tantipaveºighaµanak± s±sanajotak±”ti.
Kicchen±ti na dukkh±ya paµipad±ya. Buddh±nañhi catt±ropi magg± sukh±paµipad±va honti, p±ram²p³raºak±le pana sar±gadosamohasseva sato ±gat±na½ y±cak±na½ alaªkatappaµiyatta½ s²sa½ kantitv± galalohita½ n²haritv± su-añjit±ni akkh²ni upp±µetv± kulava½sappatiµµh±paka½ putta½ man±pac±rini½ bhariyanti evam±d²ni dentassa aññ±nipi khantiv±d²sadisesu attabh±vesu chejjabhejj±d²ni p±puºantassa ±gaman²yapaµipada½ sandh±yeta½ vutta½. Kasiren±ti tasseva vevacana½.
Ekasseva d±tu½ asakkuºeyyat±ya garubh±vato “garubhaº¹±n²”ti vutta½, sabbesa½ bh±jetv±pi gahetu½ asakkuºeyyat±ya “garuparikkh±r±n²”ti vutta½. S±dh±raºaparikkh±rabh±ven±ti saªghikatt± sabbabhikkhus±dh±raºaparikkh±rabh±vena. Saªgaºh±ti upal±pet²ti ida½ atheyyacitta½ sandh±ya vutta½. Tenev±ha– “tath±bh±vato thenetv±”ti, avissajjiya-avebhaªgiyabh±vato thenetv±ti attho. Garubhaº¹añhi kulasaªgahatth±ya vissajjento vibhajanto ca tassa avissajjiya-ava-ebhaªgiyabh±va½ theneti. Kulad³sakadukkaµa½ ±pajjat²ti ettha “yo vissajjeyya, ±patti thullaccayass±”ti vuttatt± vissajjanapaccay± thullaccayenapi na muccati.
Asantanti avijjam±na½. Abh³tanti anuppanna½. Anuppannatt± hi tassa ta½ asantanti. Purimassa pacchima½ k±raºavacana½. Ullapat²ti uggat±yuko lapati. S²lañhi bhikkhuno ±yu, ta½ tassa tath±lapanasamak±lameva vigacchati. Asantasambh±van±y±ti attano avijjam±naguºehi sambh±van±ya. Evañhi gaºhat±…pe… thenetv± gahit± hont²ti ettha asantasambh±van±ya raµµhapiº¹assa thenetv± gahitatt± lokuttaradhammopi thenitoyeva hoti. Kitavassev±ti kitavassa sakuºaggahaºamiva. Ker±µikass±ti saµhassa. Gotta½ vuccati s±dh±raºan±ma½, matta-saddo luttaniddiµµho, tasm± samaº±ti gottamatta½ anubhavanti dh±rent²ti gotrabhuno, n±mamattasamaº±ti vutta½ hoti.

Vaggumud±t²riyabhikkhuvatthuvaººan± niµµhit±.