Vin²tavatthuvaŗŗan±

180. Maraŗatthik±va hutv±ti imassa k±yassa bhedena saggap±pan±dhipp±yatt± atthatomaraŗatthik±va hutv±. Maraŗatthikabh±va½ aj±nant±ti eva½ adhipp±yino maraŗatthik±n±ma hont²ti attano maraŗatthikabh±va½ aj±nant±. Na hi te attano cittappavatti½na j±nanti. Voh±ravasen±ti pubbabh±gavoh±ravasena, maraŗ±dhipp±yassa sanniµµh±pakacetan±kkhaŗekaruŗ±ya abh±vato k±ruńńena p±se baddhas³karamocana½ viya na hot²ti adhipp±yo.Yath±yun±ti vuttamevattha½ yath±nusandhin±ti pariy±yantarena vutta½, yath±nusandhin±yath±yupariccheden±ti vutta½ hoti. Atha v± yath±nusandhin±ti yath±nuppabandhena,y±va tasmi½ bhave sant±nassa anuppabandho avicchinnappavatti hoti, t±va µhatv±ti vutta½hoti.
Appaµivekkhitv±ti anupaparikkhitv±. Uddha½ v± adho v± saŖkamant²ti pacch± ±gat±na½ok±sad±nattha½ nisinnap±¼iy± uddha½ v± adho v± gacchanti. Paccavekkhaŗakicca½ natth²tipacch± ±gatehi upaparikkhaŗakicca½ natthi. Heµµh± kismińci vijjam±ne s±µaka½ valina gaŗh±t²ti ±ha “tasmi½ vali na pańń±yat²”ti. Paµivekkhaŗańceda½ gih²na½ santakeyev±tidaµµhabba½.
P±¼iya½ musale ussiteti ańńamańńa½ upatthambhetv± dv²su musalesu ussites³tiattho. Udukkhalabhaŗ¹ikanti udukkhalatth±ya ±n²ta½ d±rubhaŗ¹a½. Paµibaddhanti bhojanapaµibaddha½,bhojanantar±yanti vutta½ hoti.
181. Aggak±rikanti ettha k±rik±-saddassa bh±vavacanatt± “aggakiriyan”ti attha½ vatv±pi yasm± kiriya½ d±tu½ na sakk±, tasm± d±nasaŖkh±t±ya aggakiriy±yayutta½ piŗ¹ap±tameva idha upac±ravuttiy± “aggakiriy±”ti gahetabbanti ±ha “paµhama½laddhapiŗ¹ap±tan”ti-±di.
182-183. Daŗ¹amuggaranti nikh±danamuggara½. Vibhattibyattayen±ti vibhattivipariŗ±mena.Vises±dhigamoti sam±dhi vipassan± ca ativiya p±kaµatt± “hatthappatto viyadissat²”ti vutta½. Upacchindat²ti “vises±dhigamassa vikkhepo m± hot³”ti±h±ra½ upacchindati. Vises±dhigamanti lokuttaradhammapaµil±bha½. By±karitv±ti±rocetv±. Upacchindati, na vaµµat²ti yasm± sabh±g±na½ lajjibhikkh³na½yeva ariy± attan±adhigatavisesa½ t±dise k±raŗe sati ±rocenti, te ca bhikkh³ appatir³p±ya anesan±yapaccaya½ na pariyesanti, tasm± tehi pariyesitapaccaye kukkucca½ upp±detv± ±h±ra½upacchinditu½ na vaµµat²ti attho. Sabh±g±nańhi by±katatt± upacchinditu½ na labhati.Te hi kappiyakhetta½. Teneva “sabh±g±nańhi lajjibhikkh³na½ kathetu½ vaµµat²”tiida½ “upacchindati, na vaµµat²”ti imassa k±raŗa½ dassentena vuttanti t²supi gaŗµhipadesuvutta½.
Atha v± vises±dhigama½ by±karitv±ti ida½ visesassa adhigatabh±vadassanattha½ vutta½.Adhigamantar±ya½ asaŖkanteneva ca ±h±rupacchedo k±tabboti anuńń±tatt± adhigatena nak±tabboti dassetu½ “vises±dhigama½ by±karitv± ±h±ra½ upacchindati, na vaµµat²”tivutta½. Ki½ pana ariy± attan± adhigatavisesa½ ańńesa½ ±rocent²ti imiss± codan±ya“sabh±g±nańhi lajjibhikkh³na½ kathetu½ vaµµat²”ti vutta½. Ayamettha yuttataroti amh±ka½khanti, gaŗµhipadepi ayamattho dassitoyev±ti. Bhaŗ¹aka½ dhovant±ti c²vara½ dhovant±.Dhovanadaŗ¹akanti bhaŗ¹adhovanadaŗ¹a½.
184. Aha½ kukkuccakoti “mama kiriy±ya mareyya nu kho, no v±”ti eva½j±takukkuccako. Sabbatth±pi panettha evar³pesu vatth³su amate thullaccayassa vuttatt±tena katappayogena dukkhavedan± uppajjatu v± m± v±, p±r±jik±ya abh±vato bhagavatovacanena thullaccayamev±ti vadanti.
185. Gabbho patati eten±ti gabbhap±tana½, t±disa½ bhesajja½. Ten±ha“yena paribhutten±”ti-±di “Maraŗavaŗŗa½ v± sa½vaŗŗeyy±”ti vuttatt± pariy±yato±pattimokkho na hot²ti ±ha “pariy±yo n±ma natth²”ti.
Gabbha½ na gaŗh±t²ti gabbha½ na dh±reti. V±tena p±ŗakehi v± gabbho vinassanto kamma½vin± na nassat²ti adhipp±yena “dv²h±k±reh²”ti vutta½. D²ghanik±yaµµhakath±ya½(d². ni. aµµha. 1.26) pana “gabbho hi v±tena p±ŗakehi kammun± c±ti t²hi k±raŗehivinassat²”ti vatv± “kammun± vinassante pana buddh±pi paµib±hitu½ na sakkont²”tivutta½. Tattha v±tena p±ŗakehi v± gabbhe vinassante na purimakammun± ok±sokato, apica tappaccay± kamma½ vipaccati, sayameva pana kammun± ok±se kate naekantena v±to p±ŗak± v± apekkhitabb±ti imin± adhipp±yena kammassa visu½ k±raŗabh±vovuttoti daµµhabba½. P±ŗak± kh±ditv± antaradh±pent²ti yojetabba½. Avij±yanatth±yabhesajja½ dentassa kucchiya½ uppajjitv± vinassissant²ti imin± adhipp±yena dinneop±takkhaŗan±d²su viya kammabaddho, kucchiya½ na uppajjissant²ti imin± pana adhipp±yenadinne nevatthi kammabaddho.
Sahadhammik±nanti ekassa satthuno s±sane sahasikkham±nadhamm±na½. Pańcannampi vivaµµanissitas²latt±“samas²lasaddh±pańń±nan”ti vutta½. ѱtakapav±ritaµµh±natoti attano tesa½v± ń±takapav±ritaµµh±nato. Gil±nassatth±ya appav±ritaµµh±natopi vińńattiy± anuńń±tatt±kat±pi akat± viy±ti akatavińńatti, “vada, bhante, paccayen±”ti eva½ akatapav±raŗaµµh±neca vińńatti akatavińńatti.
Paµiy±diyat²ti samp±deti. Ak±tu½ na vaµµat²ti ettha dukkaµa½ vadanti. Sahadhammikesuvuttanayenev±ti “imesampi pańcanna½ akatavińńattiy±pi bhesajja½ k±tu½ vaµµat²”tikurundaµµhakath±ya½ vuttatt± kathita½. Y±va ń±tak± passant²ti y±va tassa ń±tak±passanti. Pitu bhagin² pitucch±. M±tu bh±t± m±tulo. Nappahont²tik±tu½ na sakkonti. Sacepi na y±cant²ti “y±citu½ dukkhan”ti adhipp±yenayadi na y±canti. ¾bhoga½ katv±ti ida½ kattabbat±dassanavasena vutta½, “±bhoga½pana akatv±pi d±tu½ vaµµat²”ti t²supi gaŗµhipadesu likhita½. Etedasa ń±take µhapetv±ti tesa½ puttanatt±dayopi tappaµibaddhatt± ń±tak± ev±ti tepi etthevasaŖgahit±. Tena ańńesanti imin± ańń±tak±na½ gahaŗa½ veditabba½. Tenev±ha “etesa½puttaparampar±y±”ti-±di. Kulaparivaµµoti kul±na½ paµip±µi, kulaparampar±tivutta½ hoti. “Mayha½ dassanti karissant²”ti pacc±s±ya karontassapi y±citv±pigahetabbaµµh±nat±ya ń±takesu vejjakamma½ v± kulad³sak±patti v± na hot²ti vadanti.Sabbapadesupi vinicchayo veditabboti c³¼am±tuy±ti-±d²su sabbapadesu “c³¼am±tuy±s±miko”ti-±din± yojetv± heµµh± vuttanayena vinicchayo veditabbo.
Vuttanayena pariyesitv±ti imin± “ń±tis±maŗerehi v±”ti-±din± vuttamattha½ atidissati.Apacc±s²santen±ti “mayha½ dassanti karissant²”ti eva½ attano atth±ya apacc±s²santena.BhikkhusaŖghassa pana upak±rakatta½ pacc±s²santena k±tu½ vaµµati. “Bhesajja½ ±cikkhath±”tivuttepi yath± “ańńamańńa½ pana kath± k±tabb±”ti ida½ pariy±yatt± vaµµati,eva½ heµµh± vuttanayena “idańcidańca gahetv± karont²”ti imin± pariy±yena kathentassapinevatthi dosoti ±cariy±.
Vinayalakkhaŗa½ aj±nantassa an±cariyassa tadanur³pavoh±r±sambhavato ²disassa l±bhassa uppattin±ma natth²ti “±cariyabh±go n±m±yan”ti vutta½, vinaye pakatańńun± ±cariyenalabhitabbabh±go ayanti vutta½ hoti. Pupphap³janatth±ya dinnepi akappiyavoh±rena vidh±nassaayuttatt± “kappiyavasen±”ti vutta½, “puppha½ ±harath±”ti-±din± kappiyavoh±ravasen±tiattho.
Yadi “paritta½ karoth±”ti vutte karonti, gihiveyy±vaccakaraŗaµµh±ne tiµµhat²ti “paritta½karotha, bhanteti vutte na k±tabban”ti vutta½, “bhaŗath±”ti vutte panadhammakath±ya ajjhesanaµµh±ne µhitatt± “k±tabban”ti vutta½. Dhammańhi anajjhiµµhenapikathetu½ vaµµati, pageva ajjhiµµhena. C±letv± sutta½ parimajjitv±ti paritta½ karontenak±tabbavidhi½ dasseti. Vih±rato…pe… dukkaµanti ańń±tak±na½yeva dadato dukkaµa½.No ce j±nant²ti yadi eva½ vattu½ na j±nanti. Udakanti dakkhiŗodaka½. P±desuapan²tesu avamaŖgalasańńino hont²ti ±ha “na p±d± apanetabb±”ti Gantu½ vaµµat²ti “pariv±ratth±ya ±gacchant³”ti vuttepi eva½ sallakkhetv± gantu½ vaµµati.
An±maµµhapiŗ¹ap±toti apabbajitassa hatthato laddho attan± ańńena v± pabbajitena aggahita-aggopiŗ¹ap±to. Th±laketi imin± pattopi gahitoyev±ti daµµhabba½. D±marikacorass±tirajja½ patthayam±nassa p±kaµacorassa. Coran±gavatth³ti ettha “coran±gassa kira ±maµµha½dento kujjhissati, an±maµµha½ na vaµµat²ti thero pattaggahaŗahattheneva agga½ gahetv±patte bhatta½ sabbamad±si, so tena tussi. ‘Ettaka½ mayhan’ti bhattassa ekapasseyevathoka½ µhapetv±pi puna tena saddhi½ sabbampi d±tu½ vaµµat²”ti c³¼agaŗµhipade vutta½.
¾misassa dhammassa ca al±bhena attano parassa ca antare sambhavantassa chiddassa vivarassa bhedassapaµisantharaŗa½ pidahana½ gaŗhana½ paµisanth±ro. Ayańhi lokasanniv±so alabbham±nena ±misenaca dhammena c±ti dv²hi chiddo, tassa ta½ chidda½ yath± na pańń±yati, eva½ p²µhassa viya paccattharaŗena±misena ca dhammena ca paµisantharaŗa½ ±misapaµisanth±ro dhammapaµisanth±ro c±ti vuccati.Tattha dhammapaµisanth±ro kassaci na k±tabbo natthi. Yassa kassaci hi gahaµµhassa v± pabbajitassav± dhammena saŖgaho k±tabboyeva. “Paµisanth±ro pana kassa k±tabbo, kassa na k±tabbo”tiida½ pana ±misapaµisanth±ra½ sandh±ya vutta½. Ubb±setv±ti samantato tiyojana½vilumpanto manusse pal±petv± ańńesa½ av±sa½ katv±. SaŖghassatth±ya ±haµ±tip±kavaµµato ta½divasassatth±ya ±haµ±. Varapotthacittattharaŗanti anekappak±ra-uttamar³pavicittattharaŗa½.
187. Sattarasavaggiyesu pubbe ekassa aŖgulipatodena m±ritatt± sesaso¼asajanesu udara½±ruhitv± nisinnameka½ µhapetv± “ses±pi pannarasa jan±”ti vutta½. Ad³halap±s±ŗ±viy±ti ad³hale ±ropitap±s±ŗ± viya. Kamm±dhipp±y±ti tajjan²y±dikammakaraŗ±dhipp±y±.¾v±hetv±ti ±vis±petv±. V±¼avih±ranti caŗ¹asattehi adhiµµhitavih±ra½.
189. Yo rukkhena otthatopi na marat²ti-±d²su ya½ vattabba½, ta½bh³tag±masikkh±padaµµhakath±ya½ sayameva vakkhati. Evańhi tattha vutta½ (p±ci. aµµha. 92)–
“Manussaviggahap±r±jikavaŗŗan±ya½ pana sabba-aµµhakath±su ‘sace bhikkhu rukkhena v±ajjhotthato hoti op±te v± patito, sakk± ca hoti ekena passena rukkha½ chinditv±bh³mi½ v± khaŗitv± nikkhamitu½, j²vitahetupi attan± na k±tabba½, ańńena pana bhikkhun±bh³mi½ v± khaŗitv± rukkha½ v± chinditv± allarukkhato v± daŗ¹aka½ chinditv± ta½ rukkha½pavaµµetv± nikkham±petu½ vaµµati, an±patt²’ti vutta½. Tattha k±raŗa½ na dissati, ‘anuj±n±mi,bhikkhave, dava¹±he ¹ayham±ne paµaggi½ d±tu½ paritta½ k±tun’ti (c³¼ava. 283) ida½pana ekameva sutta½ dissati. Sace etassa anuloma½, attano na vaµµati, ańńassa vaµµat²tiida½ n±n±karaŗa½ na sakk± laddhu½. Attano atth±ya karonto attasinehena akusalacittenevakaroti, paro pana k±ruńńena. Tasm± an±patt²ti ce, etampi ak±raŗa½. Kusalacittenapihi ima½ ±patti½ ±pajjati, sabbaµµhakath±su pana vuttatt± na sakk± paµisedhetu½, gavesitabb±ettha yutti, aµµhakath±cariy±na½ v± saddh±ya gantabban”ti.
Tasm± ya½ ettha ito ańńath± kenaci papańcita½, gaŗµhipadesu ca k±raŗa½ vutta½, ta½na s±rato paccetabba½.
190. Alla…pe… p±cittiyanti sukkhaµµh±nepi aggi½ p±tetv± imin± adhipp±yena±limpentassa p±cittiyameva. Dukkaµanti sukkhaµµh±ne v± sukkha½ “asukkhan”tiavavatthapetv± v± aggi½ p±tentassa dukkaµa½. K²¼±dhipp±yepi eseva nayo.K²¼±dhipp±yo ca paµapaµ±yam±nasaddass±davaseneva veditabbo. Paµipakkhabh³to aggi paµaggi.Parittakaraŗanti ±rakkhakaraŗa½. Saya½ v± uµµhitanti v±terit±na½ ve¼u-±d²na½ańńamańńasaŖghaµµanena samuµµhita½. Nirup±d±noti indhanarahito.
191-192. Khettameva otiŗŗatt± p±r±jikanti “dv²h²”ti vutte dv²hipi pah±rehimaraŗassa pacc±s²sanato ekena vin± dvinna½ abh±vato ca p±r±jika½. “Dv²hiyev±tiniyamite pana ekena pah±rena m±rite natthi p±r±jikan”ti vadanti. Paµhama½ ±hitabalavegassapubb±nuciŗŗavasena dhamm±na½ desantaruppattiy± gamanamatta½ µhapetv± j²vitindriyassa tatthaavijjam±natt± “s²sacchedakass±”ti vutta½. Imassa vatthuss±ti ±gh±tanavatthussa.“P±naparibhogen±ti vuttatt± loŗasov²raka½ y±mak±likan”ti vadanti.

Vin²tavatthuvaŗŗan± niµµhit±.

Iti samantap±s±dik±ya vinayaµµhakath±ya s±ratthad²paniya½

Tatiyap±r±jikavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.