D³takath±vaººan±

Eva½ ±º±pentassa ±cariyassa t±va dukkaµanti sace s± ±ºatti yath±dhipp±ya½ na gacchati,±cariyassa ±ºattikkhaºe dukkaµa½. Sace pana s± ±ºatti yath±dhipp±ya½gacchati, ya½ parato thullaccaya½ vutta½, ±ºattikkhaºe tadeva hoti. Atha so ta½ avassa½gh±teti, ya½ parato “sabbesa½ ±patti p±r±jikass±”ti vutta½, tato imassa taªkhaºeyevap±r±jika½ hot²ti evamettha attho gahetabbo. ¾cariyena pana heµµh± adinn±d±nakath±ya½(p±r±. 121) vuttanayeneva ayamattho sakk± viññ±tunti idha na vutto. Vuttañhitattha “±patti dukkaµass±ti eva½ ±º±pentassa ±cariyassa t±va dukkaµa½. Sace panas± ±ºatti yath±dhipp±ya½ gacchati, ya½ parato thullaccaya½ vutta½, ±ºattikkhaºe tadeva hoti.Atha ta½ bhaº¹a½ avassa½ h±riya½ hoti, ya½ parato ‘sabbesa½ ±patti p±r±jikass±’tivutta½, tato imassa taªkhaºeyeva p±r±jika½ hot²ti aya½ yutti sabbattha veditabb±”ti.Tesampi dukkaµanti ±rocanapaccay± dukkaµa½. Paµiggahitamatteti ettha avassa½ce paµiggaºh±ti, tato pubbeva ±cariyassa thullaccaya½, na pana paµiggahiteti daµµhabba½.Kasm± panassa thullaccayanti ±ha “mah±jano hi tena p±pe niyojito”ti.
M³laµµhasseva dukkaµanti ida½ mah±-aµµhakath±ya½ ±gatanayadassanamatta½, na pana ta½ ±cariyassaadhippeta½. Ten±ha “eva½ sante”ti-±di, eva½ mah±-aµµhakath±ya½ vuttanayena atthesat²ti attho. Paµiggahaºe ±pattiyeva na siy±ti vadhakassa “s±dhu suµµh³”tim±raºapaµiggahaºe dukkaµ±patti na siy±, eva½ ano¼±rikavisayepi t±va dukkaµa½ hoti,kimaªga½ pana m±raºapaµiggahaºeti dassanattha½ sañcarittapaµiggahaº±di nidassita½. “Aho vataitthann±mo hato ass±”ti eva½ maraº±bhinandanepi dukkaµe sati pageva m±raºapaµiggahaºetiadhipp±yo. Paµiggaºhantasseveta½ dukkaµanti avadh±raºena visaªketatt± imassa paµiggahaºapaccay±m³laµµhassa nattheva ±patt²ti dasseti. Keci pana “idha vuttadukkaµa½ paµiggaºhantassev±tiettakameva avadh±raºena dassita½, na pana m³laµµhassa mah±-aµµhakath±ya½ vuttadukkaµa½ paµikkhittan”tivadanti. Purimanayeti samanantar±t²te avisakkiyad³taniddese. Etanti dukkaµa½.Yadi eva½ kasm± p±¼iya½ na vuttanti ±ha “ok±s±bh±ven±”ti. Tattha m³laµµhassathullaccayavacanato paµiggaºhantassa dukkaµa½ vattu½ ok±so natth²ti ok±s±bh±venana vutta½, na pana abh±vatoti adhipp±yo.
¾ºattikkhaºe puthujjanoti ettha an±gate voropetabbaj²vitindriyavasenaatthas±dhikacetan±ya pavattatt± arahantagh±tako j±toti daµµhabba½.

D³takath±vaººan± niµµhit±.

175. Saya½ saªghattheratt± “upaµµh±nak±le”ti vutta½. V±c±ya v±c±ya dukkaµanti“yo koci mama vacana½ sutv± ima½ dh±ret³”ti imin± adhipp±yena avatv± kevala½maraº±bhinandanavaseneva vuttatt± “cor±pi n±ma ta½ na hanant²”ti-±div±c±supi dukkaµamevavutta½. Ayamattho etena vuttoti yath± so j±n±t²ti sambandho. V±kyabhedantivac²bheda½. Dvinna½ uddiss±ti dve uddissa, dvinna½ v± maraºa½ uddissa. Ubho uddissamaraºa½ sa½vaººentassa cetan±ya ekattepi “dve p±º±tip±t±”ti vattabbabh±vato balavabh±va½±pajjitv± paµisandhivip±kasamanantara½ pavattiya½ anek±supi j±t²su apar±pariyacetan±vasenadukkhupp±danato mah±vip±katt± “akusalar±s²”ti vutta½. Bah³ uddissa maraºasa½vaººanepieseva nayo.
Evanti “s²sa½ v± chinditv± pap±te v± papatitv±”ti-±din±. ¾rocitamattetivuttamatte. Yath± ariyamaggakkhaºe catt±ro satipaµµh±n± catt±ro sammappadh±n± cakiccavasena ijjhanti, eva½ cetan±ya ekattepi kiccavasena anek± p±º±tip±t± ijjhant²ti±ha “tattak± p±º±tip±t±”ti. Yath± hi att±na½ sata½ katv± dassetuk±massa“sata½ homi sata½ hom²”ti kataparikammavasena laddhapaccuppannaparitt±rammaºa½ abhiññ±citta½satantogadh±na½ vaººesu ekassa vaººa½ ±rammaºa½ katv±pi sata½ nipph±deti, yath± caekassa maraºe pavattam±n±pi vadhakacetan± sakalasar²re uppajjam±na½ nirujjham±nañca sakalampij²vitindriya½ ekappah±reneva ±lambitumasakkuºeyyatt± µh±nappatta½ ekadesappavatta½j²vitindriya½ ±rammaºa½ katv± ±rammaºabh³ta½ sakalampi j²vitindriya½ vin±seti,evameva paccuppannaparitt±rammaº±ya vadhakacetan±ya m±retuk±mat±ya pariggahitasattesu ekassevaj²vitindriye ±rammaºe katepi kiccanipphattivasena sabbepi m±rit±va honti.
176. Yesa½ hatthatoti yesa½ ñ±takapav±rit±na½ hatthato. Tesa½m³la½ datv± muccat²ti ida½ tena katapayogassa puna p±katikabh±v±p±dana½ avas±na½p±petv± dassetu½ vutta½. “M³lena k²ta½ pana potthaka½ potthakas±mik±na½ datv±muccatiyev±”ti t²supi gaºµhipadesu vutta½. Kenaci pana “sace potthaka½s±mik±na½ datv± m³la½ na gaºh±ti, na muccati attaniyabh±vato amocitatt±”ti vatv±bahudh± papañcita½, na ta½ s±rato paccetabba½. Potthakas±mik±nañhi potthake dinneaññena kata½ paµilabhitv± attan± katapayogassa n±sitatt± katha½ so na mucceyya, na capariccattassa attaniyabh±vo diµµhoti. Gaºµhipade pana “sace m³lena k²to hoti, potthakas±mik±na½potthaka½, yesa½ hatthato m³la½ gahita½, tesa½ m³la½ datv± muccat²ti kasm± vutta½.Potthakanimitta½ m³lassa gahitatt± akappiyameta½. Yadi hi potthakas±mikassa potthaka½datv± sayameva m³la½ gaºheyya, akappiyameva ta½. Ath±pi potthakas±mikassa santik±m³la½ aggahetv± sayameva ta½ potthaka½ jh±peyya, tath±pi aññ± yena saddh±deyyavinip±tane±patti, tasm± evam±h±”ti vutta½, tampi na s±rato paccetabba½. Tasm± gaºµhipadesuvuttanayovettha s±rato daµµhabbo. “Maraºavaººa½ likhiss±m±”ti ekajjh±say± hutv±tiida½ tath± karonte sandh±ya vutta½, eva½ pana asa½vidahitv±pi maraº±dhipp±yena tasmi½potthake vuttavidhi½ karontassa p±r±jikameva.
Pam±ºeti attan± sallakkhite pam±ºe. Tacchetv±ti unnatappadesa½ tacchetv±. Pa½supacchintisabbantima½ pa½supacchi½. “Ettaka½ alan”ti niµµh±petuk±mat±ya sabbantimapayogas±dhik±cetan± sanniµµh±pakacetan± Suttantikatther±ti vinaye apakataññuno suttantabh±ºak±.Mah±-aµµhakath±cariyatthereyeva sandh±ya “vinaya½ te na j±nant²ti upah±savasena suttantikatther±tivuttan”tipi vadanti. Ettha ca mah±-aµµhakath±ya½ “±v±µe niµµhite patitv± marantu,aniµµhite m± marant³”ti imin± adhipp±yena karonta½ sandh±ya sabbantim± sanniµµh±pakacetan±vutt±, mah±paccarisaªkhepaµµhakath±su pana paµhamappah±rato paµµh±ya “imasmi½ ±v±µe patitv±marant³”ti imin± adhipp±yena karontassa yasmi½ yasmi½ payoge kate tattha patit±maranti, ta½ta½payogas±dhika½ sanniµµh±pakacetana½ sandh±ya “ekasmimpikud±lappah±re dinne”ti-±di vuttanti t²supi gaºµhipadesu vutta½. Tasm± tenatena pariy±yena aµµhakath±v±d±na½ aññamaññ±virodho yutto. Atha v± mah±-aµµhakath±ya½ekasmi½yeva divase av³pasanteneva payogena khaºitv± niµµh±penta½ sandh±ya sabbantim± sanniµµh±pakacetan±vutt±, itar±su pana “imasmi½ patitv± marant³”ti adhipp±yena ekasmi½ divasekiñci khaºitv± aparasmimpi divase tatheva kiñci kiñci khaºitv± niµµh±penta½ sandh±yavuttanti. Evampi aµµhakath±na½ aññamaññ±virodho yuttoti amh±ka½ khanti.
Attano dhammat±y±ti aj±nitv± pakkhalitv± v±. Arahant±pi saªgaha½ gacchant²tiaññehi p±tiyam±n±na½ amarituk±m±nampi arahant±na½ maraºa½ sambhavat²ti vutta½. Purimanayeti“marituk±m± idha marissant²”ti vuttanaye. Tattha patita½ bahi n²haritv±ti ettha“imasmi½ ±v±µeyeva marant³ti niyam±bh±vato bahi n²haritv± m±ritepi p±r±jika½vutta½. ¾v±µe patitv± thoka½ cir±yitv± gacchanta½ gahetv± m±rite ±v±µasmi½yevaaggahitatt± p±r±jika½ na hot²”ti vadanti, ta½ pana aµµhakath±ya½ “patitappayogenagahitatt±”ti vuttahetussa idh±pi sambhavato v²ma½sitv± gahetabba½. Amarituk±m±v±tipi adhipp±yassa sambhavato opap±tike uttaritu½ asakkuºitv± matepi p±r±jika½vutta½. Nibbattitv±ti vuttatt± patana½ na dissat²ti ce? Opap±tikassa tatthanibbattiyeva patananti natthi virodho. Yasm± m±tuy± patitv± parivattitaliªg±ya mat±yaso m±tugh±tako hoti, na kevala½ manussapurisagh±tako, tasm± patitasseva vasena±patt²ti adhipp±yena “patanar³pa½ pam±ºan”ti vutta½. Ida½ pana ak±raºa½. “Manussabh³ta½m±tara½ v± pitara½ v± api parivattaliªga½ j²vit± voropentassa kamma½ ±nantariya½hot²”ti ettakameva hi aµµhakath±ya½ vutta½.
Tattha ca liªge parivattepi so eva ekakammanibbatto bhavaªgappabandho j²vitindriyappabandho ca,na aññoti “api parivattaliªgan”ti vutta½. Yo hi liªge aparivatte tasmi½ attabh±vebhavaªgaj²vitindriyappabandho so eva parivattepi liªge ta½yeva ca up±d±ya ekaj±tisamaññ±.Na cettha bh±vakal±pagataj²vitindriyassa vasena codan± k±tabb± tadaññasseva adhippetatt±.Tañhi tattha avicchedavuttiy± pabandhavoh±ra½ labhati, itarampi v± bh±v±nup±lat±s±maññen±tianok±s±va codan±. Tasm± parivattepi liªge tasseva ekakammanibbattassa sant±nassaj²vit± voropanato voh±rabhedato so itthigh±tako v± hotu purisagh±tako v±, ±nantariyakammatona muccat²ti ettakameva tattha vattabba½. Idha pana ya½ya½j±tik± satt± honti, temaraºasamaye attano attano j±tir³peneva maranti, n±ññar³pena, j±tivaseneva ca p±cittiyathullaccayap±r±jikehibhavitabba½. Tasm± n±go v± supaººo v± yakkhar³pena v± petar³pena v± patitv± attanotiracch±nar³pena marati, tattha p±cittiyameva yutta½, na thullaccaya½ tiracch±nagatasseva matatt±.Teneva dutiyattherav±de maraºar³pa½ pam±ºa½, tasm± p±cittiyanti vutta½. Ayameva cav±do yuttataro, teneva so pacch± vutto.
Imin±va nayena manussaviggahe n±gasupaººasadise tiracch±nagate patitv± attano r³pena matep±cittiyena bhavitabba½. Eva½ sante p±¼iya½ “yakkho v± peto v± tiracch±nagatamanussaviggahov± tasmi½ patati, ±patti dukkaµassa. Patite dukkh± vedan± uppajjati, ±pattidukkaµassa. Marati, ±patti thullaccayass±”ti kasm± vuttanti ce? Tattha kecivadanti– yakkho v± peto v±ti paµhama½ sakar³peneva µhite yakkhapete dassetv± punaaññar³penapi µhite teyeva yakkhapete dassetu½ “tiracch±nagatamanussaviggaho v±”ti vutta½,na pana t±disa½ tiracch±nagata½ visu½ dassetu½. Tasm± tiracch±nagataviggaho v± manussaviggahov± yakkho v± peto v±ti evamettha yojan± k±tabb±ti. Gaºµhipadesu pana t²supi“p±¼iya½ manussaviggahena µhitatiracch±nagat±na½ ±veºika½ katv± thullaccaya½ vutta½viya dissat²”ti kathita½. Yakkhar³papetar³pena matepi eseva nayoti imin± maraºar³passevapam±ºatt± thullaccaya½ atidissati.
Mudh±ti am³lena, kiñci m³la½ aggahetv±ti vutta½ hoti. So niddosotitena tattha katapayogassa abh±vato. Yadi pana sopi tattha kiñci kiñci karoti, namuccatiyev±ti dassento ±ha “eva½ patit±”ti-±di. Tattha evanti eva½ may±kateti attho. Na nassissant²ti adassana½ na gamissanti, na pal±yissant²ti adhipp±yo.Vippaµis±re uppanneti m³laµµha½ sandh±ya vutta½. Yadi pana pacchimopi labhitv± tatthavuttappak±ra½ kiñci katv± puna vippaµis±re uppanne eva½ karoti, tassapi esevanayo. Pa½sumhi patitv± marat²ti abhinavap³rite pa½sumhi p±depavesetv± uddharitu½ asakkonto tattheva patitv± marati. J±tapathav² j±t±ti ida½sabbath± matthakappatta½ thirabh±va½ dassetu½ vutta½. Pa½sun± p³rentena pana p±dadaº¹±d²himaddanat±¼an±din± suµµhutara½ thirabh±va½ ±p±detv± pakatipathaviy± nibbisese kate j±tapathav²lakkhaºa½appattepi muccatiyeva. Op±ta½ harat²ti ettha pokkharaº²sadisatt± muccati.
Hatth± muttamatteti o¹¹etv± hatthato muttamatte. Vati½ katv±ti ettha yadi so p±sevuttappak±ra½ kañci visesa½ na karoti, attan± katavatiy± viddha½sit±ya muccati.Thaddhatara½ v± p±sayaµµhi½ µhapet²ti thirabh±vattha½ apar±ya p±sayaµµhiy± saddhi½ bandhitv± v±tameva v± sithilabh³ta½ thaddhatara½ bandhitv± µhapeti. Da¼hatara½ v± thiratara½ v±ti etth±pieseva nayo. Kh±ºukanti p±sayaµµhibandhanakh±ºuka½. Sabbattheva m±raºatth±ya katappayogatt±na muccati. Vippaµis±re uppanneti m³laµµhasseva vippaµis±re uppanne.
Tena al±tena…pe… na muccat²ti ettha “pubbe katappayoga½ vin±setv± pacch±kusalacittena payoge katepi na muccat²ti ida½ sandh±ya gantabban”ti t²supi gaºµhipadesuvutta½. Aya½ panettha adhipp±yo yutto siy±– ±ditoyeva m±raºatth±ya katappayogatt±katapariyosit±ya p±sayaµµhiy± tappaccay± ye ye satt± marissanti, tesa½ tesa½ vasena paµhamatara½yevap±º±tip±takammasiddhito pacch± kusalacittena aññath± katepi na muccat²ti. Rajjuketikhuddakarajjuke. Saya½ vaµµitanti bahurajjuke ekato katv± attan± vaµµita½. Ubbaµµetv±tite rajjuke visu½ visu½ katv±. Garukatara½ karot²ti atibh±riya½ karoti.Pariyesitv± katanti arañña½ gantv± rukkha½ chinditv± tacchetv± kata½.
177. ¾lambanarukkho v±ti tatthaj±taka½ sandh±ya vutta½. Tadatthamev±ti m±raºatthameva.Visamaº¹alanti mañcap²µh±d²su ±litta½ visamaº¹ala½. Vatv± asi½ upanikkhipat²tiettha mukhena avatv± vuttappak±ra½ manas± cintetv± upanikkhipanepi eseva nayo. Purimanayen±ti“yesa½ hatthato m³la½ gahitan”ti-±din±. Sar²rassa vir³pabh±vakaraºato kuµµh±di visabh±garogon±ma, j²vitappavattiy± v± asabh±gatt± ananuk³latt± gaº¹api¼ak±di yo koci j²vitappavattipaccan²kovisabh±garogo.
178. Para½ v± aman±par³panti ettha aman±pa½ r³pa½ etass±ti aman±par³poti b±hiratthasam±so daµµhabbo. Man±piyepi eseva nayoti etena man±pika½ r³pa½ upasa½harat²ti ettha para½ v± man±par³pa½ tassa sam²pe µhapeti, attan± v± man±piyena r³pena samann±gatotiµµhat²ti-±di yojetabbanti dasseti. Teneva aññatarasmi½ gaºµhipade vutta½–
“Mam±l±bhena esitth², marat³ti sam²pago;
duµµhacitto sace y±ti, hoti so itthim±rako.
“Bhikkhatth±ya sace y±ti, j±nantopi na m±rako;
anatthiko hi so tass±, maraºena upekkhako”ti.
Aparampi tattheva vutta½–
“Viyogena ca me j±y±, janan² ca na j²vati;
iti j±na½ viyuñjanto, tadatth² hoti m±rako.
“Pabbajj±dinimittañce, y±ti j±na½ na m±rako;
anatthiko hi so tesa½, maraºena upekkhako”ti.
Alaªkaritv± upasa½harat²ti “al±bhakena sussitv± marat³”ti imin± adhipp±yenaupasa½harati. Teneva “sace uttasitv± marati, visaªketo”ti vutta½. Al±bhakenasussitv± marat²ti ettha ca p±r±jikanti p±µhaseso daµµhabbo. Kuºapagandh± c±tiahi-±dikuºap±na½ gandh±. Ha½sapupphanti ha½s±d²na½ pakkhaloma½ sandh±ya vadati.
179. Asañcicc±ti ida½ maraºasa½vattanika-upakkamassa asallakkhaºa½ sandh±ya vuttanti±ha “imin± upakkamen±”ti-±di. Aj±nantass±ti ida½ pana maraºasa½vattanika-upakkamakaraºassaaj±nana½ sandh±ya vuttanti ±ha “imin± aya½ marissat²”ti-±di. Namaraº±dhipp±yass±tiida½ upakkama½ j±nantassapi maraº±dhipp±yassa abh±va½ sandh±ya vuttanti ±ha “maraºa½anicchantass±”ti-±di.

Padabh±jan²yavaººan± niµµhit±.