Padabh±jan²yavaººan±

172. Ussukkavacananti pubbak±lakiriy±vacana½. Ayañhi sam±nakattukesu pubb±parak±lakiriy±vacanesupubbak±lakiriy±vacanassa niruttivoh±ro. Sañcicc±ti imassa padassa “j±nitv±sañj±nitv± cecca abhivitaritv±”ti eva½ pubbak±lakiriy±vasena byañjan±nur³pa½katv± padabh±jane vattabbe tath± avatv± “j±nanto sañj±nanto”ti puggal±dhiµµh±na½ katv±“cecca abhivitaritv± v²tikkamo”ti j²vit± voropanassa ca tadatthavasena niddiµµhatt±vutta½ “byañjane ±dara½ akatv±”ti. “J±nanto”ti avisesena vuttepi “sañciccamanussaviggaha½ j²vit± voropeyy±”ti vuttatt± p±ºavisayamettha j±nananti ±ha “p±ºotij±nanto”ti, satto ayanti j±nantoti attho. P±ºoti hi voh±rato satto,paramatthato j²vitindriya½ vuccati. “Manussaviggahoti j±nanto”ti avatv± “p±ºotij±nanto”ti vacana½ “manusso ayan”ti aj±nitv± kevala½ sattasaññ±ya gh±tentassapip±r±jikabh±vadassanattha½ vutta½. Teneva e¼akacatukke (p±r±. aµµha. 2.174) e¼akasaññ±yamanussap±ºa½ vadhantassa p±r±jik±patti dassit±. Tasm± “manussaviggaho”ti avatv±“p±ºoti j±nanto”ti avisesena vutta½.
Sañj±nantoti ettha saha-saddena sam±nattho sa½-saddoti ±ha– “teneva p±ºaj±nan±k±renasaddhi½ j±nanto”ti, teneva p±ºaj±nan±k±rena saddhi½ j²vit± voropem²tij±nantoti attho. Yadipi ekasseva cittassa ubhay±rammaºabh±v±sambhavato p±ºoti j±nanenasaddhi½ j²vit± voropem²ti j±nana½ ekakkhaºe na sambhavati, p±ºotisañña½ pana avijahitv±m±rem²ti j±nana½ sandh±ya “teneva…pe… saddhi½ j±nanto”ti vutta½. Tasm± saddhintiavijahitv±ti vutta½ hoti. Keci pana “ñ±tapariññ±ya diµµhasabh±vesu dhammesut²raºapariññ±ya tilakkhaºa½ ±ropetv± ‘r³pa½ aniccan’ti-±din± sabh±vena saddhi½ ekakkhaºeanicc±dilakkhaºaj±nana½ viya ‘ima½ p±ºa½ m±rem²’ti attano kiriy±ya saddhi½yeva j±n±t²”tivadanti. Apare pana ±cariy± tatth±pi eva½ na kathenti.
Vadhakacetan±vasena cetetv±ti “ima½ m±rem²”ti vadhakacetan±ya cintetv±. Pakappetv±ti“vadh±mi nan”ti eva½ cittena paricchinditv±. Abhivitaritv±ti sanniµµh±na½katv±. Tenev±ha “nir±saªkacitta½ pesetv±”ti. Upakkamavasen±ti s±hatthik±di-upakkamavasena.Eva½ pavattass±ti eva½ yath±vuttavidhin± pavattassa. Kiñc±pi “sañcicc±”tiimassa vippakatavacanatt± “j²vit± voropeyy±”ti imin±va aparak±lakiriy±vacanenasabbath± pariniµµhitav²tikkamo vutto, tath±pi “sañcicc±”ti imin± vuccam±na½apariyositav²tikkamampi avas±na½ p±petv± dassetu½ “v²tikkamo”ti padabh±jana½vutta½. Tenev±ha “aya½ sañciccasaddassa sikh±ppatto atthoti vutta½ hot²”ti.
¾dito paµµh±y±ti paµisandhiviññ±ºena saddhi½ uppannakalalar³pato paµµh±ya. Sayantietth±ti seyy±, m±tukucchisaªkh±to gabbho seyy± etesanti gabbhaseyyak±, aº¹aj±jal±buj± ca. Tesa½ gabbhaseyyak±na½ vasena sabbasukhumattabh±vadassanattha½ “ya½ m±tukucchismin”ti-±divutta½, na p±r±jikavatthuniyamanattha½. Opap±tikasa½sedaj±pi hi manuss± p±r±jikavatthumeva.Na cevima½ sabbapaµhama½ manussaviggaha½ j²vit± voropetu½ sakk±. Paµisandhicittenahi saddhi½ ti½sa kammajar³p±ni nibbattanti, tesu pana µhitesuyeva so¼asa bhavaªgacitt±niuppajjitv± nirujjhanti. Etasmi½ antare gahitapaµisandhikassa d±rakassa v± m±tuy±v± panassa antar±yo natthi. Ayañhi maraºassa anok±so n±ma. Ekasmiñhi so¼asacittakkhaºek±le d±rakassa maraºa½ natthi tad± cuticittassa asambhavato, m±tuy±pi attaka½ k±la½ anatikkamitv± tadanantareyeva cavanadhamm±ya gabbhaggahaºasseva asambhavato.Cittaggahaºeneva avin±bh±vato sesa-ar³padhamm±nampi gahitatt± r³pak±yupatthambhitasseva can±mak±yassa pañcavok±re pavattisabbh±vato vutta½ “sakal±pi pañcavok±rapaµisandhi dassit±hot²”ti. Tattha sakal±pi pañcavok±rapaµisandh²ti paripuºº± an³n± r³p±dipañcakkhandh±na½ paµisandh²ti evamattho gahetabbo, na pana sakal±pi pañcavok±rabhave paµisandh²ti. Tenev±ha“tasm± tañca paµhama½ citta½…pe… kalalar³panti aya½ sabbapaµhamo manussaviggaho”ti.“Tadahuj±tassa e¼akassa loma½ j±ti-uºº±”ti keci. “Himavantappadese j±timanta-e¼akaloma½j±ti-uºº±”ti apare. Sukhumaj±tilom± eva kira keci e¼ak± himavante vijjanti.“Gabbha½ ph±letv± gahita-e¼akaloma½ j±ti-uºº±”ti aññe.
Ekena a½sun±ti khuddakabh±ºak±na½ matena vutta½. Tath± hi “gabbhaseyyakasatt±na½paµisandhikkhaºe pañcakkhandh± apacch± apure ekato p±tubhavanti. Tasmi½ khaºe p±tubh³t±kalalasaªkh±t± r³pasantati paritt± hoti khuddakamakkhik±ya ekav±y±mena p±tabbamatt±”ti vatv±puna “atibahu½ eta½, saºhas³ciy± tele pakkhipitv± ukkhitt±ya paggharitv± aggeµhitabindumattan”ti vutta½. Tampi paµikkhipitv± “ekakese telato uddharitv± gahitetassa paggharitv± agge µhitabindumattan”ti vutta½. Tampi paµikkhipitv± “imasmi½janapade manuss±na½ kese aµµhadh± ph±lite tato ekakoµµh±sappam±ºo uttarakuruk±na½keso, tassa pasannatilatelato uddhaµassa agge µhitabindumattan”ti vutta½. Tampi paµikkhipitv±“j±ti-uºº± n±ma sukhum±, tass± eka-a½suno pasannatilatele pakkhipitv± uddhaµassa paggharitv±agge µhitabindumattan”ti (vibha. aµµha. 26) khuddakabh±ºakehi vutta½. Sa½yuttabh±ºak±pana “t²hi j±ti-uººa½s³hi katasuttagge saºµhitatelabinduppam±ºa½ kalala½ hot²”ti(sa½. ni. aµµha. 1.1.235) vadanti. “Acchan”ti vuttamattha½ pariy±yantarena vibh±veti“vippasannan”ti.
Sappimaº¹oti pasannasappi. Yath±ti ida½ ±netv± etth±pi sambandhitabba½, sappimaº¹opivuttabinduppam±ºova idha adhippeto. Eva½vaººappaµibh±ganti vuttappam±ºasaºµh±naparicchinna½ Atha v± eva½vaººappaµibh±ganti eva½vaººa½ eva½saºµh±nañca. Paµibhajana½v± paµibh±go, sadisat±bhajana½ sadisat±patt²ti attho. Eva½vidho vaººappaµibh±go r³patosaºµh±nato ca sadisat±patti etass±ti eva½vaººappaµibh±ga½. Kalalanti pavuccat²tibh³tup±d±r³pasaªkh±to sant±navasena pavattam±no attabh±vo kalala½ n±m±ti kath²yati. V²savassasat±yukass±tinidassanamatta½ tato ³n±dhik±yukamanuss±nampi sabbh±vato.
Kalalak±lep²ti paµhamasatt±habbhantare ya½ santativasena pavattam±na½ kalalasaªkh±ta½ attabh±va½j²vit± voropetu½ sakk±, ta½ sandh±ya vadati. Tato v± uddhanti dutiyasatt±h±d²suabbud±dibh±vappatta½ sandh±ya vutta½. Nanu ca uppann±na½ dhamm±na½ sarasanirodheneva nirujjhanatoantar± upacchedo na sakk± k±tu½, “tasm±…pe… j²vitindriya½ upacchindatiuparodhet²”ti kasm± vuttanti ±ha– “j²vitindriyassa paveº²ghaµana½…pe…uparodhet²ti vuccat²”ti. Kathañc±yamattho viññ±yat²ti ±ha “sv±yamattho”ti-±di.
Etth±ha (s±rattha. µ². 1.5; itivu. aµµha. 74)– khaºe khaºe nirujjhanasabh±vesu saªkh±resuko hanti, ko v± haññati, yadi cittacetasikasant±no, so ar³pat±ya na chedanabhedan±divasenavikopanasamattho, napi vikopan²yo. Atha r³pasant±no, so acetanat±ya kaµµhakaliªgar³pamotina tattha chedan±din± p±º±tip±to labbhati yath± matasar²re. Payogopi p±º±tip±tassa yath±vuttopaharaºappah±r±diko at²tesu v± saªkh±resu bhaveyya an±gatesu v± paccuppannesu v±, tatthana t±va at²t±n±gatesu sambhavati tesa½ abh±vato, paccuppannesu ca saªkh±r±na½ khaºikatt±saraseneva nirujjhanasabh±vat±ya vin±s±bhimukhesu nippayojano payogo siy±, vin±sassaca k±raºarahitatt± na paharaºappah±r±dippayogahetuka½ maraºa½, nir²hakat±ya ca saªkh±r±na½kassa so payogo, khaºikatt± vadh±dhipp±yasamak±labhijjanakassa kiriy±pariyos±naka-±l±navaµµh±natokassa v± p±º±tip±takammabaddhoti?
Vuccate vadhakacetan±sahito saªkh±r±na½ puñjo sattasaªkh±to hanti. Tenapavattitavadhappayoganimitta½ apagatusm±viññ±ºaj²vitindriyo matavoh±rappavattinibandhano yath±vuttavadhappayog±karaºeuppajjan±raho r³p±r³padhammasam³ho haññati, kevalo v± cittacetasikasant±no vadhappayog±visayabh±vepitassa pañcavok±rabhave r³pasant±n±dh²navuttit±ya r³pasant±ne parena payojitaj²vitindriyupacchedakapayogavasenatannibbattivinibandhakavisadisar³puppattiy± vihate vicchedo hot²ti na p±º±tip±tassaasambhavo, napi ahetuko p±º±tip±to, na ca payogo nippayojano paccuppannesu saªkh±resukatappayogavasena tadanantara½ uppajjan±rahassa saªkh±rakal±passa tath± anuppattito. Khaºik±na½saªkh±r±na½ khaºikamaraºassa idha maraºabh±vena anadhippetatt± santatimaraºassa ca yath±vuttanayenasahetukabh±vato na ahetuka½ maraºa½, na ca katturahito p±º±tip±tappayogo nir²hakesupisaªkh±resu sannihitat±mattena upak±rakesu attano attano anur³paphalupp±dane niyatesuk±raºesu kattuvoh±rasiddhito yath± “pad²po pak±seti, nis±karo candim±”ti.Na ca kevalassa vadh±dhipp±yasahabhuno cittacetasikakal±passa p±º±tip±to icchito sant±navasena avaµµhitasseva paµij±nanato, sant±navasena pavattam±n±nañca pad²p±d²na½ atthakiriy±siddhidissat²ti attheva p±º±tip±tena kammun± baddho. Ayañca vic±ro adinn±d±n±d²supiyath±sambhava½ vibh±vetabbo.
Voropetu½ na sakk±ti upakkamena voropetu½ na sakk±. Sattaµµhajavanav±ramattantikhuddakabh±ºak±na½ matena vutta½. Sa½yuttabh±ºak± pana “r³pasantati ar³pasantat²”tidve santatiyo vatv± “udaka½ akkamitv± gatassa y±va t²re akkanta-udakalekh± na vippas²dati,addh±nato ±gatassa y±va k±ye usumabh±vo na v³pasammati, ±tap± ±gantv± gabbha½ paviµµhassay±va andhak±rabh±vo na vigacchati, antogabbhe kammaµµh±na½ manasi karitv± div± v±tap±na½vivaritv± olokentassa y±va akkh²na½ phandanabh±vo na v³pasammati, aya½ r³pasantati n±ma.Dve tayo javanav±r± ar³pasantati n±m±”ti vatv± “tadubhayampi santatipaccuppanna½ n±m±”tivadanti Majjhimabh±ºak± pana vadanti “ekadvesantativ±rapariy±panna½santatipaccuppanna½. Tattha andhak±re nis²ditv± ±lokaµµh±na½ gatassa na ca t±va ±rammaºa½p±kaµa½ hoti. Y±va pana ta½ p±kaµa½ hoti, etthantare pavatt± r³pasantati ar³pasantativ± ekadvesantativ±r± n±m±ti veditabb±. ¾lokaµµh±ne caritv± ovaraka½ paviµµhassapina t±va sahas± r³pa½ p±kaµa½ hoti. Y±va pana ta½ p±kaµa½ hoti, etthantare pavatt± r³pasantatiar³pasantati v± ekadvesantativ±r± veditabb±. D³re µhatv± pana rajak±na½ hatthavik±ra½ghaºµibheri-±koµanavik±rañca disv±pi na t±va sadda½ suº±ti. Y±va pana ta½ suº±ti,etasmimpi antare ekadvesantativ±r± veditabb±”ti. Ettha ca ±lokaµµh±nato ovaraka½paviµµhassa pageva tattha nisinnassa y±va r³pagata½ p±kaµa½ hoti, tattha upa¹¹havel± avibh³tapp±y±,upa¹¹havel± vibh³tapp±y± tadubhaya½ gahetv± “dvesantativ±r±”ti vutta½, tayida½ na sabbas±dh±raºa½,ekaccassa s²ghampi p±kaµa½ hot²ti “ekadvesantativ±r±”ti ekaggahaºampi kata½.