Makkaµivatthukath±vaººan±

40. Anutt±napadavaººan±ti utt±na½ vuccati p±kaµa½, tappaµipakkhena anutt±na½ ap±kaµa½appacura½ duviññeyyañca, anutt±n±na½ pad±na½ vaººan± anutt±napadavaººan±. Utt±napadavaººan±yapayojan±bh±vato anutt±naggahaºa½. Pacurapaµisevano hot²ti bahulapaµisevano hoti,divase divase nirantara½ paµisevat²ti attho. Pacuratthe hi vattam±navacananti sabbad±paµisevan±bh±vepi “iha mall± yujjhant²”ti-±d²su viya b±hullavutti½ up±d±yavattam±navacana½. ¾hiº¹ant±ti vicarant±. Aññesup²ti aññesupi bhikkh³su.
41. Saho¹¹haggahitoti saha bhaº¹ena gahito. Attano micch±g±hena lesa-o¹¹anena v± paripuººatthampipaµhamapaññatti½ aññath± karonto “tañca kho manussitthiy±, no tiracch±nagat±y±”ti±ha. Dassananti s±nur±gadassana½. Gahaºanti anur±gavaseneva hatthena gahaºa½.¾masana½ attano sar²rena tass± sar²rassa upari ±masanamatta½, phusana½ tato da¼hatara½katv± sa½phusana½, ghaµµana½ tatopi da¼hatara½ katv± sar²rena sar²rassa ghaµµana½. Ta½sabbamp²ti dassan±di sabbampi.
42. Da¼hatara½ sikkh±padamak±s²ti imasmi½ adhik±re anupaññattiy± sikkh±padassada¼h²karaºa½ sithilakaraºañca pasaªgato ±panna½ vibhajitv± dassetuk±mo “duvidhañhi sikkh±padan”ti-±dim±ha.Tattha yassa sacittakassa sikkh±padassa citta½ akusalameva hoti, ta½ lokavajja½. Yassasacittak±cittakapakkhasahitassa acittakassa ca sacittakapakkhe citta½ akusalameva hoti, tampi sur±p±n±di lokavajjanti imamattha½ sampiº¹etv± dassetu½“yassa sacittakapakkhe citta½ akusalameva hoti, ta½ lokavajja½ n±m±”ti vutta½.“Sacittakapakkhe”ti hi ida½ vacana½ acittaka½ sandh±ya vutta½. Na hi eka½satosacittakassa “sacittakapakkhe”ti visesane payojana½ atthi. Sacittakapakkheti ca vatthuv²tikkamavij±nanacittena“sacittakapakkhe”ti gahetabba½, na paººattivij±nanacittena. Yadi hi “na vaµµat²”tipaººattivij±nanacittenapi yassa sikkh±padassa sacittakapakkhe citta½ akusalameva, tampilokavajjanti vadeyya, sabbesa½ paººattivajjasikkh±pad±nampi lokavajjat± ±pajjeyyapaººattivajj±nampi “na vaµµat²”ti j±nitv± v²tikkame akusalacittasseva sambhavato.Na hi bhagavato ±ºa½ j±nitv± maddantassa kusalacitta½ uppajjati an±dariyavasena paµighacittassevauppajjanato.
Apicettha “sacittakapakkhe citta½ akusalamev±”ti vacanato acittakassa vatthu-aj±nanavasenaacittakapakkhe citta½ akusalamev±ti aya½ niyamo natth²ti viññ±yati. Yadi hiacittakassa acittakapakkhepi citta½ akusalameva siy±, “sacittakapakkhe”ti ida½visesana½ niratthaka½ siy±. “Yassa citta½ akusalameva hoti, ta½ lokavajjan”tiettake vutte sur±ti aj±nitv± pivantassa gandhavaººak±dibh±va½ aj±nitv± t±ni limpant²na½ bhikkhun²nañca vin±pi akusalacittena ±pattisambhavato ekant±kusala½ sacittakasikkh±pada½µhapetv± sur±p±n±di-acittakasikkh±pad±na½ lokavajjat± na siy±ti tesampi saªgaºhattha½“yassa sacittakapakkhe citta½ akusalameva hoti, ta½ lokavajjan”ti vutta½. Tenevac³¼agaºµhipade majjhimagaºµhipade ca vutta½ “eta½ satta½ m±ress±m²ti tasmi½yevapadese nipanna½ añña½ m±rentassa p±ºas±maññassa atthit±ya yath± p±º±tip±to hoti,eva½ eta½ majja½ piviss±m²ti añña½ majja½ pivantassa majjas±maññassa atthit±ya akusalamevahoti. Yath± pana kaµµhasaññ±ya sappa½ gh±tentassa p±º±tip±to na hoti, eva½ n±¼ikerap±nasaññ±yamajja½ pivantassa akusala½ na hot²”ti.
Keci pana vadanti “s±maºerassa sur±ti aj±nitv± pivantassa p±r±jiko natthi, akusala½pana hot²”ti, ta½ tesa½ matimatta½. “Bhikkhuno aj±nitv±pi b²jato paµµh±ya majja½pivantassa p±cittiya½, s±maºero j±nitv± pivanto s²labheda½ ±pajjati,na aj±nitv±”ti ettakameva hi aµµhakath±ya½ vutta½, “akusala½ pana hot²”ti navuttanti. Aparampi vadanti “aj±nitv± pivantassapi sot±pannassa mukha½ sur± na pavisatikammapathappatta-akusalacitteneva p±tabbato”ti, tampi na sundara½. Bodhisatte kucchigatebodhisattam±tu s²la½ viya hi idampi ariyas±vak±na½ dhammat±siddhanti veditabba½. Tenevad²ghanik±ye k³µadantasuttaµµhakath±ya½ (d². ni. aµµha. 1.352) vutta½–
“Bhavantarepi hi ariyas±vako j²vitahetupi neva p±ºa½ hanati, na sura½ pivati.Sacepissa surañca kh²rañca missetv± mukhe pakkhipanti, kh²rameva pavisati, na sur±.Yath± ki½? Yath± koñcasakuº±na½ kh²ramissake udake kh²rameva pavisati, na udaka½.Ida½ yonisiddhanti ce? Idampi dhammat±siddhanti veditabban”ti.
Yadi eva½ sur±p±nasikkh±padaµµhakath±ya½ (p±ci. aµµha. 329) “vatthu-aj±nanat±ya cettha acittakat±veditabb±, akusaleneva p±tabbat±ya lokavajjat±”ti kasm± vutta½? N±ya½ doso.Ayañhettha adhipp±yo– sacittakapakkhe akusalacitteneva p±tabbat±ya lokavajjat±ti. Imin±yevahi adhipp±yena aññesupi lokavajjesu acittakasikkh±padesu akusalacittat±yeva vutt±,na pana sacittakat±. Teneva bhikkhun²vibhaªgaµµhakath±ya½ (p±ci. aµµha. 1227) vutta½–
“Giraggasamajja½ citt±g±rasikkh±pada½ saªgh±ºi itth±laªk±ro gandhakavaººako v±sitakapiññ±ko bhikkhun²-±d²hi ummaddanaparimaddan±ti im±ni dasa sikkh±pad±ni acittak±ni lokavajj±niakusalacitt±n²”ti,

Aya½ panettha adhipp±yo– vin±pi cittena ±pajjitabbatt± acittak±ni, citte panasati akusaleneva ±pajjitabbatt± lokavajj±ni ceva akusalacitt±ni c±ti. Tasm±bhikkhuvibhaªge ±gat±ni sur±p±na-uyyutta-uyyodhikasikkh±pad±ni t²ºi, bhikkhun²vibhaªge±gat±ni giraggasamajj±d²ni das±ti imesa½ terasanna½ acittakasikkh±pad±na½ lokavajjat±dassanattha½“sacittakapakkhe”ti ida½ visesana½ katanti niµµhamettha gantabba½. Yasm± ana paººattivajjassa vatthuv²tikkamavij±nanacittena sacittakapakkhe citta½ siy± kusala½,siy± akusala½, siy± aby±kata½, tasm± tassa sacittakapakkhe citta½ akusalamev±tiaya½ niyamo natth²ti sesa½ paººattivajjanti vutta½.

Rundhant²ti v²tikkama½ rundhant². Dv±ra½ pidahant²ti v²tikkamalesassa dv±ra½ pidahant².Sota½ pacchindam±n±ti upar³pari v²tikkamasota½ pacchindam±n±. Atha v± rundhant²tian±pattilesa½ rundhant². Dv±ra½ pidahant²ti an±pattilesassa dv±ra½ pidahant². Sota½pacchindam±n±ti an±pattisota½ pacchindam±n±, ±pattimeva kurum±n±ti vutta½hoti. Nanu ca lokavajje k±ci anupaññatti uppajjam±n± sithila½ karont² uppajjati,tasm± “lokavajje anupaññatti uppajjam±n±…pe… g±¼hatara½ karont² uppajjat²”tiida½ kasm± vuttanti ±ha “aññatra adhim±n± aññatra supinant±”ti-±di. “Aññatraadhim±n±”ti imiss± anupaññattiy± “v²tikkam±bh±v±”ti k±raºa½ vutta½, “aññatrasupinant±”ti imiss± “abboh±rikatt±”ti k±raºa½ vutta½. Tattha v²tikkam±bh±v±tip±piccho icch±pakatoti-±div²tikkam±bh±v±. Uttarimanussadhamme hi “p±picchoicch±pakato uttarimanussadhamma½ ullapat²”ti (mah±va. 129) vacanato visa½v±dan±dhipp±yenamus± bhaºanto p±r±jiko hoti. Aya½ pana adhim±nena adhigatasaññ² hutv± ullapati, nasikkh±pada½ v²tikkamituk±mo, tasm± “aññatra adhim±n±”ti aya½ anupaññatti uppajjam±n±v²tikkam±bh±v± an±pattikar± j±t±. Abboh±rikatt±ti supinante vijjam±n±yapicetan±ya v²tikkamicch±ya ca abboh±rikatt±. Kiñc±pi hi supinante mocanass±dacetan±sa½vijjati, kad±ci upakkamanampi hoti, tath±pi thinamiddhena abhibh³tatt± ta½ citta½abboh±rika½, cittassa abboh±rikatt± upakkamakiriy±sa½vattanik±pi cetan± abboh±rik±.Teneva “atthes± bhikkhave cetan±, s± ca kho abboh±rik±”ti (p±r±. 235) bhagavat±vutt±, tasm± “aññatra supinant±”ti aya½ anupaññatti abboh±rikatt± an±pattikar±j±t±.
Akate v²tikkameti “kukkucc±yant± na bhuñji½s³”ti-±d²su viya v²tikkameakate. Sithila½ karont²ti paµhama½ s±maññato baddhasikkh±pada½ mocetv± ttano attano visaye an±pattikaraºavasena sithila½ karont². Dv±ra½ dadam±n±ti an±pattiy±dv±ra½ dadam±n±. Tenev±ha “apar±parampi an±patti½ kurum±n±”ti. Nanu casañcarittasikkh±pade “antamaso taªkhaºik±yap²”ti anupaññatti uppajjam±n± ±pattimevakaront² uppann±, atha kasm± “an±patti½ kurum±n± uppajjat²”ti vuttanti ±ha“antamaso taªkhaºik±yap²”ti-±di. Ud±yin± bhikkhun± taªkhaºik±ya sañcaritta½ ±pannavatthusmi½paññattatt± “kate v²tikkame”ti vutta½. Paññattigatik±va hot²ti m³lapaññattiya½yevaantogadh± hoti.

Makkaµivatthukath±vaººan± niµµhit±.