Eva½ paµhamacatukkavasena dassita½ p²tippaµisa½vedana½ ±rammaºato asammohato ca vibh±gaso dassetu½ “±vajjato”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha ±vajjatoti jh±na½ ±vajjentassa.S± p²t²ti s± jh±napariy±pann± p²ti. J±natoti sam±pannakkhaºe ±rammaºamukhenaj±nato. Tassa s± p²ti paµisa½vidit± hot²ti sambandho. Passatoti dassanabh³tena ñ±ºena jh±nato vuµµh±ya passantassa. Paccavekkhatoti jh±na½ paccavekkhantassa.Citta½ adhiµµhahatoti “ettaka½ vela½ jh±nasamaªg² bhaviss±m²”ti jh±nacitta½ adhiµµhahantassa.Eva½ pañcanna½ vas²bh±v±na½ vasena jh±nassa paj±nanamukhena ±rammaºato p²tiy± paµisa½vedan±dassit±.
Id±ni yehi dhammehi jh±na½ vipassan± ca sijjhanti, tesa½ jh±napariy±pann±na½ vipassan±maggapariy±pann±nañcasaddh±d²na½ vasena p²tippaµisa½vedana½ dassetu½ “saddh±ya adhimuccato”ti-±di vutta½.Tattha adhimuccatoti saddahantassa, samathavipassan±vasen±ti adhipp±yo. V²riya½ paggaºhatoti-±d²supieseva nayo. Abhiññeyyanti abhivisiµµh±ya paññ±ya j±nitabba½. Abhij±natotivipassan±paññ±pubbaªgam±ya maggapaññ±ya j±nato. Pariññeyyanti dukkhasacca½ t²raºapariññ±yamaggapaññ±ya ca parij±nato. Pah±tabbanti samudayasacca½ pah±napariññ±ya maggapaññ±yaca pajahato. Bh±vayato sacchikaroto bh±vetabba½ maggasacca½, sacchik±tabba½ nirodhasacca½.Keci panettha p²tiy± eva vasena abhiññeyy±d²ni uddharanti, ta½ ayutta½ jh±n±disamud±ya½uddharitv± tato p²tiy± niddh±raºassa adhippetatt±.
Ettha ca “d²gha½ass±savasen±”ti-±din± paµhamacatukkavasena ±rammaºato p²tippaµisa½vedana½vutta½, tath± “±vajjato”ti-±d²hi pañcahi padehi. “Abhiññeyya½ abhij±nato”ti-±d²hipana asammohato, “saddh±ya adhimuccato”ti-±d²hi ubhayath±pi saªkhepato samathavasena ±rammaºatovipassan±vasena asammohato p²tippaµisa½vedana½ vuttanti daµµhabba½. Kasm± panettha vedan±nupassan±ya½p²tis²sena vedan± gahit±, na sar³pato ev±ti? Bh³mivibh±g±divasena vedana½ bhinditv±catudh± vedan±nupassana½ dassetu½. Apica vedan±kammaµµh±na½ dassento bhagav± p²tiy±o¼±rikatt± ta½sampayuttasukha½ sukhaggahaºattha½ p²tis²sena dasseti.
Eteneva nayena avasesapad±n²ti sukhappaµisa½ved² cittasaªkh±rappaµisa½ved²ti pad±nip²tippaµisa½ved²-pade ±gatanayeneva atthato veditabb±ni. Sakk± hi “dv²h±k±rehisukhappaµisa½vidit± hoti, cittasaªkh±rappaµisa½vidit± hoti ±rammaºato”ti-±din± p²tiµµh±nesukh±dipad±ni pakkhipitv± “sukhasahagat±ni t²ºi jh±n±ni catt±ri v±jh±n±ni sam±pajjat²”ti-±din± attha½ viññ±tu½. Ten±ha “tiººa½ jh±n±na½ vasen±”ti-±di.Vedan±dayoti ±di-saddena saññ± gahit±. Ten±ha “dve khandh±”ti.Vipassan±bh³midassanatthantipakiººakasaªkh±rasammasanavasena vipassan±ya bh³midassanattha½ “sukhanti dve sukh±n²”ti-±divutta½ samathe k±yikasukh±bh±vato. Soti so passambhanapariy±yena vutto nirodho.“Imassa hi bhikkhuno apariggahitak±le”ti-±din± vitth±rato k±yasaªkh±re vutto,tasm± tattha vuttanayeneva veditabbo. Tattha k±yasaªkh±ravasena ±gato, idha cittasaªkh±ravasen±tiayameva viseso.
Eva½ cittasaªkh±rassa passambhana½ atidesena dassetv± yadañña½ imasmi½ catukke vattabba½,ta½ dassetu½ “apic±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha p²tipadeti “p²tippaµisa½ved²”ti-±din±desitakoµµh±se. P²tis²sena vedan± vutt±ti p²ti-apadesena ta½sampayutt± vedan±vutt±, na p²t²ti adhipp±yo. Tattha k±raºa½ heµµh± vuttameva. Dv²su cittasaªkh±rapades³ti“cittasaªkh±rappaµisa½ved² passambhaya½ cittasaªkh±ran”ti cittasaªkh±rapaµisa½yuttesu dv²supadesu. “Viññ±ºapaccay± n±mar³pan”ti vacanato cittena paµibaddh±ti cittapaµibaddh±.Tato eva k±ma½ cittena saªkhar²yant²ti cittasaªkh±r±, saññ±vedan±dayo, idha pana upalakkhaºamatta½,saññ±vedan±va adhippet±ti ±ha “saññ±sampayutt± vedan±”ti.
Cittappaµisa½ved²ti ettha dv²h±k±rehi cittapaµisa½vidit± hoti ±rammaºato asammohatoca. Katha½ ±rammaºato? Catt±ri jh±n±ni sam±pajjati, tassa sam±pattikkhaºe jh±napaµil±bhen±ti-±din±vuttanay±nus±rena sabba½ suviññeyyanti ±ha– “catunna½ jh±n±na½ vasena cittapaµisa½vidit±veditabb±”ti. Citta½ modentoti jh±nasampayutta½ citta½ sampayutt±ya p²tiy±modayam±no, ta½ v± p²ti½ ±rammaºa½ katv± pavatta½ vipassan±citta½ t±ya eva ±rammaºabh³t±yap²tiy±modayam±no. Pamodentoti-±d²ni pad±ni tasseva vevacan±ni p²tipariy±yabh±vato.
Sampayutt±ya p²tiy± citta½ ±modet²ti jh±nacittasampayutt±ya p²tisambojjhaªgabh³t±yaodagyalakkhaº±ya jh±nap²tiy± tameva jh±nacitta½ sahaj±t±dipaccayavasena cevajh±napaccayavasena ca paribr³hento haµµhappahaµµh±k±ra½ p±pento ±modeti pamodeti ca.¾rammaºa½ katv±ti u¼±ra½ jh±nasampayutta½ p²ti½ ±rammaºa½ katv± pavattam±na½ vipassan±citta½t±ya eva ±rammaºabh³t±ya p²tiy± yog±vacaro haµµhappahaµµh±k±ra½ p±pento “±modetipamodet²”ti vuccati.
Sama½ µhapentoti yath± ²sakampi l²napakkha½ uddhaccapakkhañca anupaggamma anonata½ anunnata½ yath± indriy±na½ samattapaµipattiy± avisama½, sam±dhissa v± ukka½sagamanena ±neñjappattiy±sammadeva µhita½ hoti, eva½ appan±vasena µhapento. Lakkhaºappaµivedhen±ti anicc±dikassalakkhaºassa paµi paµi vijjhanena khaºe khaºe avabodhena. Khaºikacittekaggat±ti khaºamattaµµhitikosam±dhi. Sopi hi ±rammaºe nirantara½ ek±k±rena pavattam±no paµipakkhena anabhibh³toappito viya citta½ niccala½ µhapeti. Tena vutta½ “eva½ uppann±y±”ti-±di.
Mocentoti vikkhambhanavimuttivasena vivecento visu½ karonto, n²varaº±ni pajahantotiattho. Vipassan±kkhaºeti bhaªg±nupassan±kkhaºe. Bhaªgo hi n±ma aniccat±ya param±koµi, tasm± t±ya bhaªg±nupassako yog±vacaro cittamukhena sabba½ saªkh±ragata½ aniccatopassati, no niccato, aniccassa dukkhatt± dukkhassa ca anattatt± tadeva dukkhato anupassati,no sukhato, anattato anupassati, no attato. Yasm± pana ya½ anicca½ dukkha½ anatt±,na ta½ abhinanditabba½, yañca na abhinanditabba½, na ta½ rañjitabba½, tasm± bhaªgadassan±nus±rena“anicca½ dukkha½ anatt±”ti saªkh±ragate diµµhe tasmi½ nibbindati, no nandati,virajjati, no rajjati, so eva½ nibbindanto virajjanto lokiyeneva t±va ñ±ºena r±ga½nirodheti no samudeti, n±ssa samudaya½ karot²ti attho. Atha v± so eva½ virattoyath± diµµha½ saªkh±ragata½, ta½ tath± diµµha½ attano ñ±ºena nirodheti no samudeti, nirodhamevassamanasi karoti, no samudayanti attho, so eva½ paµipanno paµinissajjati, no ±diyat²tivutta½ hoti. Ayañhi anicc±di-anupassan± saddhi½ khandh±bhisaªkh±rehi kiles±na½ pariccajanatosaªkhatadosadassanena tabbipar²te nibb±ne tanninnat±ya pakkhandanato ca paricc±gapaµinissaggoceva pakkhandanapaµinissaggo ti vuccati. Tasm± t±ya samann±gatoyog±vacaro vuttanayena kilese ca pariccajati, nibb±ne ca pakkhandati. Tena vutta½“so vipassan±kkhaºe anicc±nupassan±ya niccasaññ±to citta½ mocento vimocento…pe…paµinissagg±nupassan±ya ±d±nato citta½ mocento vimocento assasaticeva passasati c±”ti.
Tattha aniccassa, aniccanti v± anupassan± anicc±nupassan±. Tebh³makadhamm±na½ aniccata½gahetv± pavatt±ya vipassan±ya eta½ n±ma½. Niccasaññ±toti saªkhatadhamme “nicc±sassat±”ti pavatt±ya micch±saññ±ya. Saññ±s²sena cittadiµµh²nampi gahaºa½ daµµhabba½. Esanayo sukhasaññ±d²supi. Nibbid±nupassan±y±ti saªkh±resu nibbindan±k±renapavatt±ya anupassan±ya Nanditoti sapp²tikataºh±to. Vir±g±nupassan±y±titath± virajjan±k±rena pavatt±ya anupassan±ya. Tena vutta½ “r±gato mocento”ti.Nirodh±nupassan±y±ti saªkh±r±na½ nirodhassa anupassan±ya. Yath± saªkh±r± nirujjhantiyeva±yati½ punabbhavavasena nuppajjanti, eva½ v± anupassan± nirodh±nupassan±. Muñcitukamyat±hi aya½ balappatt±. Ten±ha “samudayato mocento”ti. Paµinissajjan±k±renapavatt± anupassan± paµinissagg±nupassan±. ¾d±natoti nicc±divasena gahaºato,paµisandhiggahaºato v±ti evamettha attho daµµhabbo.
Aniccanti anupass², aniccassa v± anupassanas²lo anicc±nupass²ti ettha ki½pana ta½ anicca½, katha½ v± anicca½, k± v± anicc±nupassan±, kassa v± anicc±nupassan±ticatukka½ vibh±vetabbanti ta½ dassento “anicca½ veditabban”ti-±dim±ha. Tatthanicca½ n±ma dhuva½ sassata½ yath± ta½ nibb±na½, na niccanti anicca½, udayabbayavanta½,atthato saªkhat± dhamm±ti ±ha aniccanti pañcakkhandh±. Kasm±? Upp±davayaññathattabh±v±ti,upp±davayaññathattasabbh±v±ti attho. Tattha saªkhatadhamm±na½ hetupaccayehi uppajjana½ ahutv±sambhavo attal±bho upp±do, uppann±na½ tesa½ khaºanirodho vin±so vayo, jar±yaaññath±bh±vo aññathatta½. Yath± hi upp±d±vatth±ya bhinn±ya bhaªg±vatth±ya½ vatthubhedo natthi,eva½ µhitisaªkh±t±ya½ bhaªg±bhimukh±vatth±yampi vatthubhedo natthi. Yattha jar±voh±ro, tasm±ekassapi dhammassa jar± yujjati, y± khaºikajar±ti vuccati. Eka½senaca upp±dabhaªg±vatth±su vatthuno abhedo icchitabbo, aññath± “añño uppajjati, añño bhijjat²”ti±pajjeyya. Tayida½ khaºikajara½ sandh±y±ha “aññathattan”ti.
Yassa lakkhaºattayassa bh±v± khandhesu aniccasamaññ±, tasmi½ lakkhaºattaye aniccat± samaññ±ti“aniccat±ti tesa½yeva upp±davayaññathattan”ti vatv± visesato dhamm±na½ khaºikanirodheaniccat±voh±roti dassento “hutv± abh±vo v±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha upp±dapubbakatt±abh±vassa hutv±-gahaºa½. Tena p±kaµabh±vapubbakatta½ vin±sabh±vassa dasseti. Tenev±k±ren±tinibbattan±k±rena. Khaºabhaªgen±ti khaºikanirodhena. Tass± aniccat±y±ti khaºikabhaªgasaªkh±t±yaaniccat±ya. T±ya anupassan±y±ti yath±vutt±ya anicc±nupassan±ya. Samann±gatotisamaªgibh³to yog±vacaro.
Khayoti saªkh±r±na½ vin±so. Virajjana½ tesa½yeva vilujjana½ vir±go, khayo evavir±go khayavir±go, khaºikanirodho. Accantamettha etasmi½ adhigate saªkh±r± virajjantinirujjhant²ti accantavir±go, nibb±na½. Ten±ha “khayavir±goti saªkh±r±na½khaºabhaªgo. Accantavir±goti nibb±nan”ti. Tadubhayadassanavasena pavatt±tikhayavir±g±nupassan±vasena vipassan±ya, accantavir±g±nupassan±vasena maggassa pavatti yojetabb±.¾rammaºato v± vipassan±ya khayavir±g±nupassan±vasena pavatti, tanninnabh±vato accantavir±g±nupassan±vasena,maggassa pana asammohato khayavir±g±nupassan±vasena, ±rammaºato accantavir±g±nupassan±vasenapavatti veditabb±. Eseva nayoti imin± yasm± vir±g±nupass²pade vuttanay±nus±rena“dve nirodh± khayanirodho ca accantanirodho c±”ti evam±di-atthavaººana½ atidissati,tasm± vir±gaµµh±ne nirodhapada½ pakkhipitv± “khayo saªkh±r±na½ vin±so”ti-±din± idhavuttanayena tassa atthavaººan± veditabb±.
Paµinissajjana½ pah±tabbassa tadaªgavasena v± samucchedavasena v± pariccajana½ paricc±gapaµinissaggo.Tath± sabbupadh²na½ paµinissaggabh³te visaªkh±re attano nissajjana½ tanninnat±ya v± tad±rammaºat±yav± tattha pakkhandana½ pakkhandanapaµinissaggo. Tadaªgavasen±ti ettha anicc±nupassan±t±va tadaªgappah±navasena niccasañña½ pariccajati, pariccajant² ca tass± tath± appavattiya½ ye “niccan”ti gahaºavasena kiles± tamm³lak± ca abhisaªkh±r± tadubhayam³lak±ca vip±kakkhandh± an±gate uppajjeyyu½, te sabbepi appavattikaraºavasena pariccajati,tath± dukkhasaññ±dayo. Ten±ha– “vipassan± hi tadaªgavasena saddhi½ khandh±bhisaªkh±rehikilese pariccajat²”ti. Saªkhatadosadassanen±ti saªkhate tebh³makasaªkh±ragate aniccat±didosadassanena.Nicc±dibh±vena tabbipar²te. Tanninnat±y±ti tadadhimuttat±ya. Pakkhandat²ti anupavisatianupavisanta½ viya hoti. Saddhi½ khandh±bhisaªkh±rehi kilese pariccajat²ti maggenakilesesu pariccattesu avip±kadhammat±p±danena abhisaªkh±r± tamm³lak± ca khandh± anuppattirahabh±venapariccatt± n±ma hont²ti sabbepi te maggo pariccajat²ti vutta½. Ubhayanti vipassan±ñ±ºa½maggañ±ºañca. Maggañ±ºampi hi gotrabhuñ±ºassa anu pacch± nibb±nadassanato anupassan±tivuccati.
Idañca catutthacatukka½ suddhavipassan±vaseneva vutta½, purim±ni pana t²ºi samathavipassan±vasena.Eva½ catunna½ catukk±na½ vasena so¼asavatthuk±ya ±n±p±nassatiy± bh±van± veditabb±.Eva½ so¼asavatthuvasena ca aya½ ±n±p±nassati bh±vit± mahapphal± hoti mah±nisa½s±tiveditabb±. “Eva½ bh±vito kho, bhikkhave, ±n±p±nassatisam±dh²”ti-±din± pana santabh±v±divasenamah±nisa½sat± dassit±. Vitakkupacchedasamatthat±yapi cassa mah±nisa½sat± daµµhabb±. Ayañhisantapaº²ta-asecanakasukhavih±ratt± sam±dhi-antar±yakar±na½ vitakk±na½ vasena ito cito cacittassa vidh±vana½ upacchinditv± ±n±p±n±rammaº±bhimukhameva citta½ karoti. Tenevavutta½– “±n±p±nassati bh±vetabb± vitakkupacched±y±”ti (a. ni. 9.1; ud±.31). Vijj±vimuttip±rip³riy± m³labh±venapi cass± mah±nisa½sat± veditabb±. Vuttañheta½bhagavat±–
“¾n±p±nassati, bhikkhave, bh±vit± bahul²kat± catt±ro satipaµµh±ne parip³reti,catt±ro satipaµµh±n± bh±vit± bahul²kat± satta bojjhaªge parip³renti, satta bojjhaªg±bh±vit± bahul²kat± vijj±vimutti½ parip³rent²”ti (ma. ni. 3.147).
Apica carimak±na½ ass±sapass±s±na½ viditabh±vakaraºatopiss± mah±nisa½sat± veditabb±.Vuttañheta½ bhagavat±–
“Eva½ bh±vit±ya, r±hula, ±n±p±nassatiy± eva½ bahul²kat±ya yepite carimak± ass±sapass±s±, tepi vidit±va nirujjhanti, no avidit±”ti (ma.ni. 2.121).
Tattha nirodhavasena tayo carimak± bhavacarimak± jh±nacarimak± cuticarimak±ti. Bhavesuhi k±mabhave ass±sapass±s± pavattanti, r³p±r³pabhavesu na pavattanti, tasm± te bhavacarimak±.Jh±nesu purime jh±nattaye pavattanti, catutthe nappavattanti, tasm± te jh±nacarimak±.Ye pana cuticittassa purato so¼asamena cittena saddhi½ uppajjitv± cuticittena saha nirujjhanti,ime cuticarimak± n±ma. Ime idha carimak±ti adhippet±.
Ime kira ima½ kammaµµh±namanuyuttassa bhikkhuno p±kaµ± honti ±n±p±n±rammaºassa suµµhupariggahitatt±. Cuticittassa hi purato so¼asamacittassa upp±dakkhaºe upp±da½ ±vajjayatoupp±dopi nesa½ p±kaµo hoti, µhiti½ ±vajjayato µhitipi nesa½ p±kaµ± hoti, bhaªga½±vajjayato bhaªgopi nesa½ p±kaµo hoti. Ito añña½ kammaµµh±na½ bh±vetv± arahattappattassabhikkhuno hi ±yu-antara½ paricchinna½ v± hoti aparicchinna½ v±, ima½ pana so¼asavatthuka½±n±p±nassati½ bh±vetv± arahattappattassa ±yu-antara½ paricchinnameva hoti. So “ettaka½d±ni me ±yusaªkh±r± pavattissanti, na ito paran”ti ñatv± attano dhammat±ya eva sar²rapaµijaggananiv±sanap±rupan±d²ni sabbakicc±ni katv± akkh²ni nim²leti koµapabbatavih±rav±sitissatthero viya, mah±karañjiyavih±rav±simah±tissattheroviya, devaputtaraµµhe piº¹ap±tikatthero viya, cittalapabbatavih±rav±sino dvebh±tikatther±viya ca.
Tatrida½ ekavatthuparid²pana½– dvebh±tikatther±na½ kireko puººamuposathadivase p±timokkha½os±retv± bhikkhusaªghaparivuto attano vasanaµµh±na½ gantv± caªkame µhito juºhapakkhe padosavel±ya½cand±lokena samantato ±siñcam±nakh²radh±ra½ viya gaganatala½ rajatapaµµasadisa½ v±lik±santhatañcabh³mibh±ga½ disv± “ramaº²yo vat±ya½ k±lo, deso ca mama ajjh±sayasadiso, k²va cira½nu kho aya½ dukkhabh±ro vahitabbo”ti attano ±yusaªkh±re upadh±retv±bhikkhusaªgha½ ±ha– “tumhehi katha½ parinibb±yant± bhikkh³ diµµhapubb±”ti. Tatrakeci ±ha½su– “amhehi ±sane nisinnak±va parinibb±yant± diµµhapubb±”ti.Keci “amhehi ±k±se pallaªka½ ±bhujitv± nisinnak±”ti. Thero ±ha– “aha½d±ni vo caªkamantameva parinibb±yam±na½ dassayiss±m²”ti. Tato caªkame tiriya½ lekha½katv± “aha½ ito caªkamakoµito parakoµi½ gantv± nivattam±no ima½ lekha½ patv± parinibb±yiss±m²”tivatv± caªkama½ oruyha parabh±ga½ gantv± nivattam±no ekena p±dena lekha½ akkantakkhaºeyevaparinibb±y²ti.

¾n±p±nassatisam±dhikath±vaººan± niµµhit±.