Paccantasannissite pana manuss± buddh±d²su appasann± honti.
Rajjas²masannissite r±jabhaya½ hoti. Tańhi padesa½ eko r±j± “namayha½ vase vattat²”ti paharati, itaropi “na mayha½ vase vattat²”ti. Tatr±ya½ bhikkhukad±ci imassa rańńo vijite vicarati, kad±ci etassa, atha na½ “carapuriso ayan”timańńam±n± anayabyasana½ p±penti.
Asapp±yat±ti visabh±gar³p±di-±rammaŗasamosaraŗena v± amanussapariggahitat±ya v± asapp±yat±.Tatrida½ vatthu– eko kira thero arańńe vasati. Athassa ek± yakkhin² paŗŗas±ladv±reµhatv± g±yi. So nikkhamitv± dv±re aµµh±si, s± gantv± caŖkamanas²se g±yi. Thero caŖkamanas²sa½agam±si, s± sataporise pap±te µhatv± g±yi. Thero paµinivatti, atha na½ s± vegenagantv± gahetv± “may±, bhante, na eko, na dve tumh±dis± kh±dit±”ti ±ha.
Yattha na sakk± hoti ±cariya½ v± ±cariyasama½ v± upajjh±ya½ v± upajjh±yasama½ v± kaly±ŗamitta½laddhu½, tattha so kaly±ŗamitt±na½ al±bho mah±dosoyeva. Tasm± imesa½ aµµh±rasanna½dos±na½ ańńatarena samann±gata½ sen±sana½ bh±van±ya ananur³panti veditabba½. Vuttampiceta½ aµµhakath±su–
“Mah±v±sa½ nav±v±sa½, jar±v±sańca panthani½;
soŗ¹i½ paŗŗańca pupphańca, phala½ patthitameva ca.
“Nagara½ d±run± khetta½, visabh±gena paµµana½;
paccantas²m±sapp±ya½, yattha mitto na labbhati.
“Aµµh±raset±ni µh±n±ni, iti vińń±ya paŗ¹ito;
±rak± parivajjeyya, magga½ sappaµibhaya½ yath±”ti. (Visuddhi. 1.52).
Pańcasen±sanaŖgasamann±gatanti g±mato n±tid³ran±cc±sannat±d²hi pańcahi sen±sanaŖgehisamann±gata½. Vuttańheta½ bhagavat±–
“Kathańca, bhikkhave, sen±sana½ pańcaŖgasamann±gata½ hoti? Idha, bhikkhave, sen±sana½n±tid³ra½ hoti n±cc±sanna½ gaman±gamanasampanna½, div± app±kiŗŗa½ ratti½ appasadda½appanigghosa½, appa¹a½samakasav±t±tapasar²sapasamphassa½, tasmi½ kho pana sen±sane viharantassa appakasirena uppajjanti c²varapiŗ¹ap±tasen±sanagil±napaccayabhesajjaparikkh±r±,tasmi½ kho pana sen±sane ther± bhikkh³ viharanti bahussut± ±gat±gam± dhammadhar± vinayadhar±m±tik±dhar±, te k±lena k±la½ upasaŖkamitv± paripucchati paripańhati ‘ida½, bhante,katha½, imassa ko attho’ti. Tassa te ±yasmanto avivaµańceva vivaranti, anutt±n²katańcautt±ni½ karonti, anekavihitesu ca kaŖkh±µh±niyesu dhammesu kaŖkha½ paµivinodenti.Eva½ kho, bhikkhave, sen±sana½ pańcaŖgasamann±gata½ hot²”ti (a. ni. 10.11).
Ettha ca n±tid³ra½ n±cc±sanna½ gaman±gamanasampannanti eka½ aŖga½, div± app±kiŗŗa½ratti½ appasadda½ appanigghosanti eka½, appa¹a½samakasav±t±tapasar²sapasamphassanti eka½,tasmi½ kho pana sen±sane viharantassa…pe… parikkh±r±ti eka½, tasmi½ kho pana sen±sanether±…pe… kaŖkha½ paµivinodent²ti eka½. Eva½ pańcaŖg±ni veditabb±ni.
Upacchinnakhuddakapalibodhen±ti ettha pana khuddakapalibodhe upacchindantena d²gh±ni kesanakhalom±nichinditabb±ni, jiŗŗac²varesu agga¼a-anuv±taparibhaŗ¹ad±n±din± da¼h²kamma½ v± tantucched±d²sutunnakamma½ v± k±tabba½, kiliµµh±ni v± rajitabb±ni. Sace patte mala½ hoti, pattopacitabbo, mańcap²µh±d²ni sodhetabb±ni. Bhattasammada½ paµivinodetv±ti bhojananimitta½parissama½ vinodetv±. ¾h±re hi ±saya½ paviµµhamatte tassa ±gantukat±ya yebhuyyenasiy± sar²rassa koci parissamo, ta½ v³pasametv±. Tasmińhi av³pasante sar²rakhedenacitta½ ekaggata½ na labheyy±ti. Uggahetabbato uggaho, sabbopi kammaµµh±navidhi, napubbe vutta-uggahamatta½. ¾cariyato uggaho ±cariyuggaho, tato. Ekapadamp²tiekakoµµh±sampi.
Anubandhan±ti ass±sapass±s±na½ anugamanavasena satiy± nirantara½ anupavattan±. Phusan±tiass±sapass±se gaŗentassa gaŗana½ paµisa½haritv± te satiy± anubandhantassa yath± appan±hoti, tath± citta½ µhapentassa ca n±sikagg±diµµh±nassa nesa½ phusan±. Yasm± panagaŗan±divasena viya phusan±divasena visu½ manasik±ro natthi, phuµµhaphuµµhaµµh±neyeva aŗan± k±tabb±ti dassetu½ idha phusan±gahaŗanti d²pento “phusan±ti phuµµhaµµh±nan”ti±ha. Żhapan±ti sam±dh±na½. Tańhi sammadeva ±rammaŗe cittassa ±dh±na½ µhapana½ hoti.Tath± hi sam±dhi “cittassa µhiti saŗµhit²”ti niddiµµho. Sam±dhippadh±n± pana appan±ti±ha “µhapan±ti appan±”ti. Aniccat±d²na½ sa½lakkhaŗato sallakkhaŗ± vipassan±.Pavattato nimittato ca vinivaµµanato vinivaµµan± maggo. Sakalasa½kilesapaµippassaddhibh±vatosabbaso suddh²ti p±risuddhi phala½. Tesanti vivaµµan±p±risuddh²na½. Paµipassan±tipati pati dassana½ pekkhana½. Ten±ha “paccavekkhaŗ±”ti.
Khaŗ¹anti eka½ t²ŗi pańc±ti eva½ gaŗan±ya khaŗ¹ana½. Ok±seti gaŗan±vidhi½sandh±y±ha, gaŗan±nissitova na kammaµµh±nanissito. Sikh±ppatta½ nu khoti ida½ ciratara½gaŗan±ya manasikarontassa vasena vutta½. So hi tath± laddha½ avikkhepamatta½ niss±ya eva½mańńeyya. Ass±sapass±sesu yo upaµµh±ti, ta½ gahetv±ti ida½ ass±sapass±sesuyassa ekova paµhama½ upaµµh±ti, ta½ sandh±ya vutta½. Yassa pana ubhopi upaµµhahanti, tena ubhayampigahetv± gaŗetabba½ Yo upaµµh±t²ti imin± ca dv²su n±s±puµav±tesu yo p±kaµataroupaµµh±ti, so gahetabboti ayampi attho d²pitoti daµµhabba½. Pavattam±na½ pavattam±nanti±me¹itavacanena nirantara½ ass±sapass±s±na½ upalakkhaŗa½ dasseti. Evanti vuttappak±renaupalakkhetv±v±ti attho. Paµhama½ ekekasmi½ upaµµhitepi upalakkhetv±va gaŗentassa kamenaubhopi p±kaµ± hont²ti ±ha– “ass±sapass±s± p±kaµ± hont²”ti. Tena“upalakkhetv±va gaŗetabban”ti imassa “tasseva½ gaŗayato…pe… p±kaµ± hont²”tiida½ k±raŗavacana½ daµµhabba½. Tattha p±kaµ± hont²ti gaŗan±vasena bahiddh± vikkhep±bh±vatovibh³t± honti.
Paligh±ya parivattanaka½ yattha nikkhipanti, so palighatthambho. Tiy±marattinti accantasa½yogeupayogavacana½. Purimanayen±ti s²ghagaŗan±ya, gop±lakagaŗan±y±ti attho. Eko dvet²ŗi catt±ri pańc±ti gaŗan±vidhidassana½. Tasm± aµµh±ti-±d²supi ekato paµµh±yevapacceka½ aµµh±d²ni p±petabb±ni. “S²gha½ s²gha½ gaŗetabbamev±”ti vatv± tattha k±raŗa½ nidassanańca dasseti “gaŗan±paµibaddhe h²”ti-±din±. Tatthaar²yati tena n±v±ti aritta½, p±janadaŗ¹o. Arittena upatthambhana½ arittupatthambhana½,tassa vasena.
Nippariy±yato nirantarappavatti n±ma µhapan±yamev±ti ±ha “nirantarappavatta½ viy±”ti.Anto pavisanta½ manasikaronto anto citta½ paveseti n±ma. Bahi cittan²haraŗepieseva nayo. V±tabbh±hatanti abbhantaragatav±ta½ bahula½ manasikarontassa v±tena ta½ µh±na½abbh±hata½ viya medena p³rita½ viya ca hoti, tath± upaµµh±ti. N²haratoti phuµµhok±sa½muńcitv± n²harato. Tath± pana n²harato v±tassa gatisamanvesanamukhena n±n±rammaŗesu citta½vidh±vat²ti ±ha “puthutt±rammaŗe citta½ vikkhipat²”ti.
Etanti eta½ ass±sapass±saj±ta½. Anugamananti pavattapavatt±na½ ass±sapass±s±na½ ±rammaŗakaraŗavasenasatiy± anu anu pavattana½ anugacchana½. Tenev±ha– “tańca kho ±dimajjhapariyos±n±nugamanavasen±”ti.N±bhi ±di tattha paµhama½ uppajjanato. Paµhamuppattivasena hi idha ±dicint±, na uppattimattavasena.Tath± hi te n±bhito paµµh±ya y±va n±sikagg± sabbattha uppajjanteva. Yattha yattha ca uppajjanti,tattha tattheva bhijjanti dhamm±na½ gaman±bh±vato. Yath±paccaya½ pana desantarappattiya½ gatisamańń±.Hadaya½ majjhanti hadayasam²pa½ tassa uparibh±go majjha½. N±sikagga½ pariyos±nantin±sikaµµh±na½ tassa pariyos±na½ ass±sapass±s±na½ samańń±ya tadavadhibh±vato. Tath± hetecittasamuµµh±n± vutt±, na ca bahiddh± cittasamuµµh±n±na½ sambhavo atthi. Ten±ha “abbhantarapavisanav±tassa n±sikagga½ ±d²”ti. Pavisananikkhamanapariy±yo pana ta½sadisavaseneva vuttoti veditabbo. Vikkhepagatanti vikkhepa½ upagata½, vikkhitta½ asam±hitanti attho. S±raddh±y±tisadarathabh±v±ya. Ińjan±y±ti kammaµµh±namanasik±rassa calan±ya. Vikkhepagatena citten±tihetumhi karaŗavacana½, itthambh³talakkhaŗe v±. S±raddh±ti sadarath±. Ińjit±ti ińjanak±calanak±, tath± phandit±.
¾dimajjhapariyos±navasen±ti-±dimajjhapariyos±n±nugamanavasena na manasi k±tabbanti sambandho.“Anubandhan±ya manasikarontena phusan±vasena µhapan±vasena ca manasi k±tabban”tiyena adhipp±yena vutta½, ta½ vivaritu½ “gaŗan±nubandhan±vasena viy±”ti-±dim±ha.Tattha visu½ manasik±ro natth²ti gaŗan±ya anubandhan±ya ca vin± yath±kkama½ kevala½phusan±vasena µhapan±vasena ca kammaµµh±namanasik±ro natthi. Nanu phusan±ya vin± µhapan±yaviya phusan±ya vin± gaŗan±yapi manasik±ro natthiyev±ti? Yadipi natthi, gaŗan± panayath± kammaµµh±namanasik±rassa m³labh±vato padh±nabh±vena gahetabb±, eva½ anubandhan± µhapan±yat±ya vin± µhapan±ya asambhavato. Tasm± satipi phusan±ya n±nantarikabh±ve gaŗan±nubandhan±eva m³labh±vato padh±nabh±vena gahetv± itar±sa½ tadabh±va½ dassento ±ha– “gaŗan±nubandhan±vasenaviya hi phusan±µhapan±vasena visu½ manasik±ro natth²”ti. Yadi eva½ t± kasm±uddese visu½ gahit±ti ±ha “phuµµhaphuµµhaµµh±neyev±”ti-±di. Tattha phuµµhaphuµµhaµµh±neyevagaŗentoti imin± gaŗan±ya phusan± aŖganti dasseti. Ten±ha– “gaŗan±ya ca phusan±yaca manasi karot²”ti. Tatthev±ti phuµµhaphuµµhaµµh±neyeva. Teti ass±sapass±se.Satiy± anubandhantoti gaŗan±vidhi½ anugantv± satiy± nibandhanto, phuµµhok±seyevate nirantara½ upadh±rentoti attho. Appan±vasena citta½ µhapentoti yath± appan±hoti, eva½ yath±-upaµµhite nimitte citta½ µhapento sam±dahanto. Anubandhan±ya c±ti-±d²suanubandhan±ya ca phusan±ya ca µhapan±ya ca manasi karot²ti vuccat²ti yojan±. Sv±yamatthotiyv±ya½ “phuµµhaphuµµhaµµh±neyeva gaŗento tattheva gaŗana½ paµisa½haritv± te satiy± anubandhanto”tivutto, so ayamattho. Y± accant±ya na minoti na vinicchinati, s± m±nassa sam²petiupam± yath± goŗo viya gavayoti.
PaŖgu¼oti p²µhasapp². Dol±ti peŖkholo. K²¼atanti k²¼ant±na½. M±t±putt±nantiattano bhariy±ya puttassa ca. Ubho koµiyoti ±gacchantassa purimakoµi½, gacchantassapacchimakoµinti dvepi koµiyo. Majjhańc±ti dol±phalakasseva majjha½. Upanibandhanatthambhoviy±ti upanibandhanatthambho, n±sikagga½ mukhanimitta½ v±, tassa m³le sam²pe µhatv±.Katha½ µhatv± Satiy± vasena. Satińhi tattha s³paµµhita½ karonto yog±vacaro tattha µhiton±ma hoti avayavadhammena samud±yassa apadisitabbato Nimitteti n±sikagg±dinimitte.Satiy± nisinnoti sativasena nis²danto. “Satińhi tatth±”ti-±din± µh±neviya vattabba½. Tatth±ti phuµµhaµµh±ne. Teti nagarassa anto bahi ca gat± manuss± tesa½saŖgah± ca hatthagat±. ¾dito pabhut²ti upameyyatthadassanato paµµh±ya.