Evanti vuttappak±rena sabbak±yappaµisa½vedanavaseneva. Ghaµat²ti ussahati. V±yamat²tiv±y±ma½ karoti, manasik±ra½ pavattet²ti attho. Tath±bh³tass±ti ±n±p±nassati½bh±ventassa. Sa½varoti sati v²riyampi v±. T±ya satiy±ti y± s± ±n±p±ne±rabbha pavatt± sati, t±ya. Tena manasik±ren±ti yo so tattha satipubbaªgamo bh±van±manasik±ro,tena saddhinti adhipp±yo. ¾sevat²ti “tisso sikkh±yo”ti vutte adhikusaladhamme±sevati. Tad±sevanañhettha sikkhananti adhippeta½. Purimanayeti purimasmi½ bh±van±naye,paµhamavatthudvayeti adhipp±yo. Tatth±pi k±ma½ ñ±ºupp±dana½ labbhateva ass±sapass±s±na½y±th±vato d²gharassabh±v±vabodhasabbh±vato, tath±pi ta½ na dukkara½ yath±pavatt±na½ tesa½ gahaºamattabh±vatotitattha vattam±nak±lappayogo kato. Ida½ pana dukkara½ purisassa khuradh±r±ya½ gamanasadisa½,tasm± s±tisayenettha pubb±bhisaªkh±rena bhavitabbanti d²petu½ an±gatak±lappayogo katotiimamattha½ dassetu½ “tattha yasm±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha ñ±ºupp±dan±d²s³ti±di-saddena k±yasaªkh±rapassambhanap²tipaµisa½vedan±di½ saªgaºh±ti. Keci panettha “sa½varasam±d±n±na½saªgaho”ti vadanti.
K±yasaªkh±ranti ass±sapass±sa½. So hi cittasamuµµh±nopi sam±no karajak±yapaµibaddhavuttit±yatena saªkhar²yat²ti k±yasaªkh±roti vuccati. Yo pana “k±yasaªkh±ro vac²saªkh±ro”ti(ma. ni. 1.102) evam±gato k±yasaªkh±ro cetan±lakkhaºo satipi dv±rantaruppattiya½ yebhuyyavuttiy±tabbahulavuttiy± ca k±yadv±rena lakkhito, so idha n±dhippeto. Passambhentoti-±d²supacchima½ pacchima½ pada½ purimassa purimassa atthavacana½. Tasm± passambhana½ n±ma v³pasamana½,tañca tath±payoge asati uppajjan±rahassa o¼±rikassa k±yasaªkh±rassa payogasampattiy± anupp±danantidaµµhabba½ Tatr±ti “o¼±rika½ k±yasaªkh±ra½ passambhento”ti ettha.Apariggahitak±leti kammaµµh±nassa an±raddhak±le, tato eva k±yacitt±nampi apariggahitak±le.“Nis²dati pallaªka½ ±bhujitv± uju½ k±ya½ paºidh±y±”ti hi imin± k±yapariggaho “parimukha½ sati½ upaµµhapetv±”ti imin± cittapariggaho vutto. Tenev±ha– “k±yopicittampi pariggahit± hont²”ti. K±yoti karajak±yo. Sadarath±ti sapari¼±h±.S± ca nesa½ sadarathat± garubh±vena viya o¼±rikat±ya avin±bh±vin²ti ±ha “o¼±rik±”ti.Balavatar±ti sabal± th³l±. Sant± hont²ti citta½ t±va bahiddh± vikkhep±bh±venaekagga½ hutv± kammaµµh±na½ pariggahetv± pavattam±na½ santa½ hoti v³pasanta½, tato evata½samuµµh±n± r³padhamm± lahumudukammaññabh±vappatt±, tadanuguºat±ya sesa½ tisantatir³pantieva½ citte k±ye ca v³pasante pavattam±ne tannissit± ass±sapass±s± santasabh±v± anukkamenasukhumasukhumatarasukhumatam± hutv± pavattanti. Tena vutta½ “yad± panassa k±yop²”ti-±di.Passambhem²ti paµham±vajjan±. ¾bhujana½ ±bhogo, samm± anu anu ±haraºa½ samann±h±ro,tasmi½yeva atthe apar±para½ pavatta-±vajjan± tasseva atthassa manasikaraºa½ citte µhapana½ manasik±ro,v²ma½s± paccavekkhaº±.
S±raddheti sadarathe sapari¼±he. Adhimattanti balava½ o¼±rika½, liªgavipall±senavutta½. K±yasaªkh±ro hi adhippeto. “Adhimatta½ hutv± pavattat²”ti kiriy±visesana½v± eta½. Sukhumanti etth±pi eseva nayo. K±yamh²ti ettha citte c±ti ±netv±sambandhitabba½.
Paµhamajjh±nato vuµµh±ya kariyam±na½ dutiyajjh±nassa n±n±vajjana½ parikamma½ paµhamajjh±na½ viyad³rasamuss±ritapaµipakkhanti katv± ta½samuµµh±no k±yasaªkh±ro paµhamajjh±ne ca dutiyajjh±n³pac±reca o¼±rikoti sadiso vutto. Esa nayo sesupac±radvayepi. Atha v± dutiyajjh±n±d²na½adhigam±ya paµipajjato dukkh±paµipad±divasena kilamato yogino k±yakilamathacittupagh±t±divasenavitakk±disaªkhobhena saparipphandat±ya ca cittappavattiy± dutiyajjh±n±di-upac±resu k±yasaªkh±rassao¼±rikat± veditabb±. Atisukhumoti aññattha labbham±no k±yasaªkh±ro catutthajjh±neatikkantasukhumo. Sukhumabh±vopissa tattha natthi kuto o¼±rikat±appavattanato. Ten±ha “appavattimeva p±puº±t²”ti.
L±bhissa sato anupubbasam±pattisam±pajjanavela½ ek±saneneva v± sabbesa½ jh±n±na½ paµil±bha½sandh±ya majjhimabh±ºak± heµµhimaheµµhimajjh±nato upar³parijh±n³pac±repi sukhumatara½ icchanti.Tattha hi sopac±r±na½ jh±n±na½ upar³pari visesavantat± santat± ca sambhaveyya, ek±vajjan³pac±ra½v± sandh±ya eva½ vutta½. Evañhi heµµh± vuttav±dena imassa v±dassa avirodho siddhobhinnavisayatt±. Sabbesa½yev±ti ubhayesampi. Yasm± te sabbepi vuccam±nena vidhin±passaddhimicchantiyeva Apariggahitak±le pavattak±yasaªkh±ro pariggahitak±le paµippassambhat²tiida½ sadisasant±nat±ya vutta½. Na hi te eva o¼±rik± ass±s±dayo sukhum± honti.Passambhan±k±ro pana tesa½ heµµh± vuttoyeva.
Mah±bh³tapariggahe sukhumoti catudh±tumukhena vipassan±bhinivesa½ sandh±ya vutta½. Sakalar³papariggahesukhumo bh±van±ya upar³pari paº²tabh±vato. Tenev±ha “r³p±r³papariggahe sukhumo”ti.Lakkhaº±rammaºikavipassan±y±ti kal±pasammasanam±ha. Nibbid±nupassan±to paµµh±yabalavavipassan±, tato ora½ dubbalavipassan±. Pubbe vuttanayen±ti “apariggahitak±le”ti-±din±samathanaye vuttanayena. “Apariggahe pavatto k±yasaªkh±ro mah±bh³tapariggahe paµippassambhat²”ti-±din±vipassan±nayepi paµippassaddhi yojetabb±ti vutta½ hoti.
Ass±ti imassa “passambhaya½ k±yasaªkh±ran”ti padassa. Codan±sodhan±h²ti anuyogaparih±rehi.Evanti id±ni vuccam±n±k±rena. Kathanti ya½ ida½ “passambhaya½…pe… sikkhat²”tivutta½, ta½ katha½ kena pak±rena k±yasaªkh±rassa passambhana½ yogino ca sikkhana½ hot²tikathetuk±mat±ya pucchitv± k±yasaªkh±re sar³pato o¼±rikasukhumato v³pasamato anuyogaparih±ratoca dassetu½ “katame k±yasaªkh±r±”ti-±di ±raddha½. Tattha k±yik±ti r³pak±yebhav±. K±yappaµibaddh±ti k±yasannissit±. K±ye sati honti, asati na honti,tato eva te ak±yasamuµµh±n±pi k±yena saªkhar²yant²ti k±yasaªkh±r±. Passambhentotio¼±riko¼±rika½ passambhento.
Sesapadadvaya½ tasseva vevacana½. O¼±rikañhi k±yasaªkh±ra½ av³pasantasabh±va½sannis²d±pento “passambhento”ti vuccati, anupp±danirodha½ p±pento “nirodhento”ti,suµµhu santasabh±va½ nayanto “v³pasamento”ti.
Yath±r³peh²ti y±disehi. K±yasaªkh±reh²ti o¼±rikehi k±yasaªkh±rehi. ¾naman±tiabhimukhena k±yassa naman±. Vinaman±ti visu½ visu½ passato naman±. Sannaman±tisabbato, suµµhu v± naman±. Paºaman±ti pacchato naman±. Iñjan±d²ni ±naman±d²na½vevacan±ni, adhimatt±ni v± abhimukhacalan±d²ni ±naman±dayo, mand±ni iñjan±dayo.Passambhaya½ k±yasaªkh±ranti tath±r³pa½ ±naman±d²na½ k±raºabh³ta½ o¼±rika½ k±yasaªkh±ra½paµippassambhento. Tasmiñhi passambhite ±naman±dayopi passambhit± eva honti.
Santa½ sukhumanti yath±r³pehi k±yasaªkh±rehi k±yassa aparipphandanahet³hi ±naman±dayona honti, tath±r³pa½ darath±bh±vato santa½, ano¼±rikat±ya sukhuma½. Passambhaya½ k±yasaªkh±rantis±maññato eka½ katv± vadati. Atha v± pubbe o¼±riko¼±rika½ k±yasaªkh±ra½ paµippassambhentoanukkamena k±yassa aparipphandanahetubh³te sukhumasukhumatare upp±detv± tepi paµippassambhetv±paramasukhumat±ya koµippatta½ ya½ k±yasaªkh±ra½ paµippassambheti, ta½ sandh±ya vutta½“santa½ sukhuma½ passambhaya½ k±yasaªkh±ran”ti.
It²ti-±di codakavacana½. Tattha it²ti pak±ratthe nip±to, kir±ti arucis³cane,evañceti attho. Ayañhettha adhipp±yo “vuttappak±rena yadi atisukhumampi k±yasaªkh±ra½passambhet²”ti. Eva½ santeti eva½ sati tay± vutt±k±re labbham±ne. V±t³paladdhiy±tiv±tassa upaladdhiy±. Ca-saddo samuccayattho, ass±s±div±t±rammaºassa cittassa pabh±van±upp±dan± pavattan± na hoti, te ca tena passambhetabb±ti adhipp±yo. Ass±sapass±s±nañcapabh±van±ti o¼±rike ass±sapass±se bh±van±ya paµippassambhetv± sukhum±na½ tesa½pabh±van± ca na hoti ubhayesa½ tesa½ tena paµippassambhetabbato. ¾n±p±nassatiy±ti±n±p±n±rammaº±ya satiy± ca pavattana½ na hoti ±n±p±n±na½ abh±vato.Tato eva ta½sampayuttassa ±n±p±nassatisam±dhissa ca pabh±van± upp±dan±pi na hoti.Na hi kad±ci ±rammaºena vin± s±rammaº± dhamm± sambhavanti. Na ca na½ tanti etthananti nip±tamatta½. Ta½ vuttavidh±na½ sam±patti½ paº¹it± paññavanto na ceva sam±pajjantipitato na vuµµhahantip²ti yojan±. Eva½ codako sabbena sabba½ abh±v³panayana½ passambhanantiadhipp±yena codeti.
Puna iti kir±ti-±di yath±vutt±ya codan±ya vissajjan±. Tattha kir±ti yad²tietassa atthe nip±to. Iti kira sikkhati, may± vutt±k±rena yadi sikkhat²ti attho.Eva½ santeti eva½ passambhane sati. Pabh±van± hot²ti yadipi o¼±rik± k±yasaªkh±r±paµippassambhanti, sukhum± pana atthev±ti anukkamena paramasukhumabh±vappattassa vasena nimittuppattiy±±n±p±nassatiy± ±n±p±nassatisam±dhissa ca pabh±van± ijjhatev±ti adhipp±yo.
Yath± katha½ viy±ti yath±vuttavidh±na½ ta½ katha½ viya daµµhabba½, atthi kiñci tadatthasampaµip±dane opammanti adhipp±yo. Id±ni opamma½ dassetu½ “seyyath±p²”ti-±di vutta½.Tattha seyyath±p²ti opammatthe nip±to. Ka½seti ka½sabh±jane. Nimittantinimittassa, tesa½ sadd±na½ pavatt±k±rass±ti attho. S±mi-atthe hi ida½ upayogavacana½.Suggahitatt±ti suµµhu gahitatt±. Sumanasikatatt±ti suµµhu citte µhapitatt±.S³padh±ritatt±ti sammadeva upadh±ritatt± sallakkhitatt±. Sukhumak± sadd±ti anurave±ha, ye appak±. Appattho hi aya½ ka-saddo. Sukhumasaddanimitt±rammaºat±p²tisukhumo saddova nimitta½ sukhumasaddanimitta½, tad±rammaºat±yap²ti vutta½ hoti. K±ma½tad± sukhum±pi sadd± niruddh±, saddanimittassa pana suggahitatt± sukhumatarasaddanimitt±rammaºabh±venapicitta½ pavattati. ¾dito paµµh±ya hi tassa tassa niruddhassa saddassa nimitta½ avikkhittenacittena upadh±rentassa anukkamena pariyos±ne atisukhumasaddanimittampi ±rammaºa½katv± citta½ pavattateva. Citta½ na vikkhepa½ gacchati tasmi½ yath±-upaµµhite nimittesam±dh±nasabbh±vato.
Eva½ santeti-±di vuttassevatthassa nigamanavasena vutta½. Tattha yassa suttapadassa saddhi½codan±sodhan±hi attho vutto, ta½ uddharitv± k±y±nupassan±satipaµµh±n±ni vibh±gatodassetu½ “passambhayan”ti-±di vutta½ Tattha passambhaya½ k±yasaªkh±rantivutta-ass±sapass±s± k±yoti yojan± veditabb±. Atha v± passambhaya½ k±yasaªkh±rantiettha ass±sapass±s± k±yoti evamattho daµµhabbo. Mah±satipaµµh±nasutte (d². ni.2.372 ±dayo; ma. ni. 1.105 ±dayo) k±y±nupassana½ kathentena paµhamacatukkassevavuttatt±, ±n±p±nassatisuttepi “yasmi½ samaye, bhikkhave, bhikkhu d²gha½ v± assasantod²gha½ assas±m²ti paj±n±ti…pe… passambhaya½ k±yasaªkh±ra½ passasiss±m²ti sikkhati.K±ye k±y±nupass², bhikkhave, tasmi½ samaye bhikkhu viharat²”ti (ma. ni. 2.149)vuttatt± ca “k±y±nupassan±vasena vuttassa paµhamacatukkass±”ti vutta½.