¾n±p±nassatisam±dhikath±vaººan±

165. Arahattappattiy±ti arahattappatti-atth±ya. Añña½ pariy±yanti arahatt±dhigamatth±yaaññampi k±raºa½. ¾cikkhantoti pasa½s±pubbaka½ desento, pasa½s± ca tattha abhirucijananenauss±hanatth±. Tañhi sutv± bhikkh³ “bhagav± ima½ sam±dhi½ anekehi ±k±rehi pasa½sati,santo kir±ya½ sam±dhi paº²to ca asecanako ca sukho ca vih±ro, p±padhamme ca µh±nasoantaradh±pet²”ti sañj±t±bhirucino uss±haj±t± sakkacca½ anuyuñjitabba½ paµipajjitabba½maññanti.
Atthayojanakkamanti atthañca yojanakkamañca. Bhagav± attano paccakkhabh³ta½ sam±dhi½ desan±nubh±venatesampi bhikkh³na½ ±sanna½ paccakkhañca karonto sampiº¹anavasena “ayampikho”ti-±dim±ha. Ass±sapass±saparigg±hik±ti d²gharass±divisesehi saddhi½ass±sapass±se paricchijja g±hik±, te ±rabbha pavatt±ti attho.
Id±ni yath±vuttamattha½ p±¼iy± vibh±vento ±ha “vuttañhetan”ti-±di. Tattha nopass±so no ass±soti so soyeva attho paµisedhena visesetv± vutto. Ass±savasen±ti ass±sa½ ±rammaºa½ katv±ti vutta½ hoti. Pass±savasen±ti etth±pi esevanayo. Upaµµh±na½ sat²ti asammussanat±ya tameva ass±sa½ pass±sañca upagantv± µh±na½ satin±m±ti attho. Ett±vat± ±n±p±nesu sati ±n±p±nassat²ti ayamattho vutto hoti.Id±ni sativaseneva puggala½ niddisituk±mena “yo assasati, tassupaµµh±ti, yopassasati, tassupaµµh±t²”ti vutta½. Yo assasati, tassa sati ass±sa½ upagantv± tiµµhati.Yo passasati, tassa sati pass±sa½ upagantv± tiµµhat²ti attho.
Yuttoti sampayutto. ¾n±p±nassatiyanti ±n±p±nassatiya½ paccayabh³t±yanti attho.Purimasmiñhi atthe sam±dhissa satiy± sahaj±t±dipaccayabh±vo vutto sampayuttavacanato, dutiyasmi½pana upanissayabh±vopi. Upac±rajjh±nasahagat± hi sati appan±sam±dhissa upanissayo hot²tiubhayath±pi sahaj±t±d²na½ sattannampi paccay±na½ vasena paccayabh±va½ dasseti. “Puna capara½,ud±yi, akkh±t± may± s±vak±na½ paµipad±, yath±paµipann± me s±vak± catt±ro satipaµµh±nebh±vent²”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 2.247) upp±danava¹¹hanaµµhena bh±van±ti vuccat²ti tadubhayavasenaattha½ dassento “bh±vitoti upp±dito va¹¹hito c±”ti ±ha. Tattha bh±va½ vijjam±nata½ito gatoti bh±vito, upp±dito paµiladdhamattoti attho. Uppanno pana laddh±sevano bh±vito,paguºabh±va½ ±p±dito va¹¹hitoti attho. Bahul²katoti bahula½ pavattito. Tena±vajjan±divas²bh±vappattim±ha. Yo hi vas²bh±va½ ±p±dito, so icchiticchitakkhaºe sam±pajjitabbatopunappuna½ pavattissati. Tena vutta½ “punappuna½ kato”ti. Yath± “idheva,bhikkhave, samaºo (ma. ni. 1.139; a. ni. 4.241) vivicceva k±meh²”ti (d².ni. 1.226; sa½. ni. 2.152) ca evam±d²su paµhamapade vutto eva-saddo utiy±d²supi vuttoyeva hoti, evamidh±p²ti ±ha “ubhayattha eva-saddena niyamo veditabbo”ti.
Ubhayapadaniyamena laddhaguºa½ dassetu½ “aya½ h²”ti-±di vutta½. Asubhakammaµµh±nantiasubh±rammaºa½ jh±nam±ha. Tañhi asubhesu yogakammabh±vato yogino sukhavises±na½ k±raºabh±vatoca “asubhakammaµµh±nan”ti vuccati. Kevalanti imin± ±rammaºa½ nivatteti.Paµivedhavasen±ti jh±napaµivedhavasena. Jh±nañhi bh±van±visesena ijjhanta½ attano visaya½paµivijjhantameva pavattati yath±sabh±vato paµivijjh²yati c±ti paµivedhoti vuccati. O¼±rik±rammaºatt±tib²bhacch±rammaºatt±. Paµik³l±rammaºatt±ti jigucchitabb±rammaºatt±. Pariy±yen±ti k±raºena lesantarena v±. ¾rammaºasantat±yap²ti anukkamena vicetabbata½ patt±rammaºassaparamasukhumata½ sandh±y±ha. Sante hi sannisinne ±rammaºe pavattam±no dhammo sayampisannisinnova hoti. Ten±ha– “santo v³pasanto nibbuto”ti, nibbutasabbapari¼±hotiattho. ¾rammaºasantat±ya tad±rammaº±na½ dhamm±na½ santat± lokuttaradhamm±rammaº±hi paccavekkhaº±hid²petabb±.
N±ssa santapaº²tabh±v±vaha½ kiñci secananti asecanako, asecanakatt± an±sittako,an±sittakatt± eva abbokiººo asammisso parikamm±din±, tatoyeva p±µiyekko,visu½yeveko ±veºiko as±dh±raºo. Sabbameta½ sarasato eva santabh±va½ dassetu½vutta½, parikamma½ v± santabh±vanimitta½. Parikammanti ca kasiºakaraº±dinimittupp±dapariyos±na½,t±disa½ idha natth²ti adhipp±yo. Tad± hi kammaµµh±na½ nirass±datt± asanta½ appaº²ta½siy±. Upac±rena v± natthi ettha santat±ti yojan±. Yath± upac±rakkhaºe n²varaºavigamenaaªgap±tubh±vena ca paresa½ santat± hoti, na evamimassa. Aya½ pana ±dimanasi…pe…paº²to c±ti yojan±. Kec²ti uttaravih±rav±sike sandh±y±ha. An±sittakotiupasecanena an±sittako. Ten±ha “ojavanto”ti, ojavantasadisoti attho.Madhuroti iµµho. Cetasikasukhappaµil±bhasa½vattana½ tikacatukkajjh±navasena upekkh±yav± santabh±vena sukhagatikatt± sabbesampi vasena veditabba½. Jh±nasamuµµh±napaº²tar³paphuµasar²rat±vasenapana k±yikasukhappaµil±bhasa½vattana½ daµµhabba½, tañca kho jh±nato vuµµhitak±le.Imasmi½ pakkhe appitappitakkhaºeti ida½ hetumhi bhummavacana½ daµµhabba½.
Avikkhambhiteti jh±nena sakasant±nato an²haµe appah²ne. Akosallasambh³tetiakosalla½ vuccati avijj±, tato sambh³te. Avijj±pubbaªgam± hi sabbe p±padhamm±.Khaºenev±ti attano pavattikkhaºeneva. Antaradh±pet²ti ettha antaradh±pana½ vin±sana½.Ta½ pana jh±nakattukassa idh±dhippetatt± pariyuµµh±nappah±na½ hot²ti ±ha “vikkhambhet²”ti.V³pasamet²ti visesena upasameti. Visesena upasamana½ pana sammadeva upasamana½ hot²ti±ha “suµµhu upasamet²”ti.
Nanu ca aññopi sam±dhi attano pavattikkhaºeneva paµipakkhadhamme antaradh±peti v³pasameti,atha kasm± ayameva sam±dhi eva½ visesetv± vuttoti? Pubbabh±gato paµµh±ya n±n±vitakkav³pasamanasabbh±vato.Vuttañheta½ “±n±p±nassati bh±vetabb± vitakkupacched±y±”ti (a. ni. 9.1;ud±. 31). Apica tikkhapaññassa ñ±ºuttarasseta½ kammaµµh±na½, ñ±ºuttarassa ca kilesappah±na½itarehi s±tisaya½ yath± saddh±dhimuttehi diµµhippattassa, tasm± ima½ visesa½ sandh±ya “µh±nasoantaradh±peti v³pasamet²”ti vutta½. Atha v± nimittap±tubh±ve sati khaºeneva aªgap±tubh±vasabbh±vatoayameva sam±dhi “µh±naso antaradh±peti v³pasamet²”ti vutto yath± ta½ mahato ak±lameghassauµµhitassa dh±r±nip±te khaºeneva pathaviya½ rajojallassa v³pasamo. Tenev±ha “seyyath±pi,bhikkhave, mah± ak±lamegho uµµhito”ti-±di. S±sanikassa jh±nabh±van± yebhuyyenanibbedhabh±giy±va hot²ti ±ha “nibbedhabh±giyatt±”ti. Buddh±na½ pana eka½sena nibbedhabh±giy±vahoti. Imameva hi kammaµµh±na½ bh±vetv± sabbepi samm±sambuddh± samm±sambodhi½ adhigacchanti,ariyamaggassa p±dakabh³to aya½ sam±dhi anukkamena va¹¹hitv± ariyamaggabh±va½ upagato viyahot²ti ±ha “anupubbena ariyamaggavu¹¹hippatto”ti. Aya½ panattho vir±ganirodhapaµinissagg±nupassan±na½vasena sammadeva yujjati.
Kathanti ida½ pucchan±k±ravibh±vanapada½, pucch± cettha kathetukamyat±vasenaaññesa½ asambhavato, s± ca upari desana½ ±ru¼h±na½ sabbesa½ pak±ravises±na½ ±masanavasen±tiimamattha½ dassento “kathanti…pe… vitth±retukamyat±pucch±”ti ±ha.Katha½ bahul²katoti etth±pi ±n±p±nassatisam±dh²ti pada½ ±netv± sambandhitabba½.Tattha kathanti ±n±p±nassatisam±dhibahul²k±ra½ n±nappak±rato vitth±retukamyat±pucch±.Bahul²kato ±n±p±nassatisam±dh²ti tath± puµµhadhammanidassananti imamattha½ “esevanayo”ti imin±yeva atidissati. Heµµh± papañcavasena vuttamattha½ sukhaggahaºattha½ saªgahetv±dassento “aya½ panettha saªkhepattho”ti ±ha, piº¹atthoti vutta½ hoti.
Tamatthanti ta½ “katha½ bh±vito”ti-±din± pucch±vasena saªkhepato vuttamattha½. “Idhatath±gato loke uppajjat²”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 1.291; a. ni. 3.61) idha-saddoloka½ up±d±ya vutto. “Idheva tiµµham±nass±”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 2.369) ok±sa½.“Idh±ha½, bhikkhave, bhutt±v² assa½ pav±rito”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 1.30) padap³raºamatta½.“Idha bhikkhu dhamma½ pariy±puº±t²”ti-±d²su (a. ni. 5.73) pana s±sana½. “Idha,bhikkhave, bhikkh³”ti idh±pi s±sanamev±ti dassento “bhikkhave, imasmi½ s±sanebhikkh³”ti vatv± tamevattha½ p±kaµa½ katv± dassetu½ “aya½ h²”ti-±dim±ha.Tattha sabbappak±ra-±n±p±nassatisam±dhinibbattakass±ti sabbappak±raggahaºa½ so¼asa pak±resandh±ya. Te hi imasmi½yeva s±sane. B±hirak± hi j±nant± ±dito catuppak±ramevaj±nanti. Ten±ha “aññas±sanassa tath±bh±vappaµisedhano”ti, yath±vuttassa puggalassanissayabh±vappaµisedhanoti attho. Etena “idha, bhikkhave”ti ida½ antogadha-eva-saddanti dasseti.Santi hi ekapad±nipi avadh±raº±ni yath± v±yubhakkhoti. Tenev±ha “idheva, bhikkhave,samaºo”ti-±di. Paripuººasamaºakaraºadhammo hi yo, so sabbappak±ra-±n±p±nassatisam±dhinibbattako.Parappav±d±ti paresa½ aññatitthiy±na½ n±nappak±rav±d± titth±yatan±ni.
Araññ±dikasseva bh±van±nur³pasen±sanata½ dassetu½ “imassa h²”ti-±divutta½. Duddamo damatha½ anupagato goºo k³µagoºo. Yath± thanehi sabbaso kh²ra½na paggharati, eva½ dohapaµibandhin² k³µadhenu. Ass±ti gopassa. R³pasadd±dikepaµicca uppajjanaka-ass±do r³p±rammaº±diraso. Pubbe ±ciºº±rammaºanti pabbajitatopubbe, an±dimati v± sa½s±re paricit±rammaºa½. Upac±ravasena upanis²dati, appan±vasenaupanipajjat²ti yojetabba½.
Idh±ti imasmi½ s±sane. Nibandheyy±ti bandheyya. Satiy±ti sammadeva kammaµµh±nasallakkhaºavasappavatt±yasatiy±. ¾rammaºeti kammaµµh±n±rammaºe. Da¼hanti thira½, yath± satok±rissaupac±rappan±bhedo sam±dhi ijjhati, tath± th±magata½ katv±ti attho.
Muddhabh³tanti santat±divisesaguºavantat±ya buddh±d²hi ariyehi sam±sevitabh±vato ca muddhasadisa½,uttamanti attho. Vises±dhigamadiµµhadhammasukhavih±rapadaµµh±nanti sabbesa½ buddh±na½ ekacc±na½paccekabuddh±na½ buddhas±vak±nañca vises±dhigamassa ceva aññakammaµµh±nena adhigatavises±na½diµµhadhammasukhavih±rassa ca padaµµh±nabh³ta½. Vatthuvijj±cariyo viya bhagav± yog²na½ anur³paniv±saµµh±nupadissanato.Bhikkhu d²pisadiso araññe ekako viharitv± paµipakkhanimmathanena icchitatthas±dhanato.Phalamuttamanti s±maññaphalam±ha. Parakkamajavayoggabh³minti bh±vanuss±hajavassayoggakaraºabh³mibh³ta½.
Eva½ vuttalakkhaºes³ti abhidhammapariy±yena suttantapariy±yena vuttalakkhaºesu. Rukkhasam²panti“y±vat± majjhanhike k±le samant± ch±y± pharati, niv±te paºº±ni patanti, ett±vat±rukkham³lanti vuccat²”ti eva½ vutta½ rukkhassa sam²paµµh±na½. Avasesasattavidhasen±sanantipabbata½ kandara½ giriguha½ sus±na½ vanappattha½ abbhok±sa½ pal±lapuñjanti eva½ vutta½.Ututtay±nuk³la½ dh±tucariy±nuk³lanti gimh±di-ututtayassa semh±didh±tuttayassamoh±dicaritattayassa ca anuk³la½. Tath± hi gimhak±le arañña½ anuk³la½ sommas²talabh±vato,hemante rukkham³la½ himap±taniv±raºato, vassak±le suññ±g±ra½ vassaniv±raºagehasambhavato.Semhadh±tukassa semhapakatikassa arañña½ anuk³la½ d³ra½ gantv± bhikkh±caraºena semhassav³pasamanato, pittadh±tukassa rukkham³la½ anuk³la½ s²tav±tasamphassasambhavato v±tadh±tukassa suññ±g±ra½ anuk³la½ v±taniv±raºato. Mohacaritassa arañña½ anuk³la½.Mah±-araññe hi citta½ na saªkucati vivaµaªgaºabh±vato, dosacaritassa rukkham³la½ anuk³la½pas±dan²yabh±vato, r±gacaritassa suññ±g±ra½ anuk³la½ visabh±g±rammaº±na½ pavesaniv±raºato.Al²n±nuddhaccapakkhikanti asaªkoc±vikkhepapakkhika½. Sayanañhi kosajjapakkhika½,µh±nacaªkaman±ni uddhaccapakkhik±ni, na eva½ nisajj±. Tato eva tass± santat±. Nisajj±yada¼habh±va½ pallaªk±bhujanena, ass±sapass±s±na½ pavattanasukhata½ uparimak±yassa ujukaµµhapanena,±rammaºapariggah³p±ya½ parimukha½ satiy± µhapanena dassento.