Tividhakaly±ºa½ dasalakkhaºasampannanti ettha pana jh±nassa ±dimajjhapariyos±navasena tividhakaly±ºat±,tesa½yeva ±dimajjhapariyos±n±na½ lakkhaºavasena dasalakkhaºasampannat± veditabb±. Vitth±ranaya½panettha sayameva pak±sayissati. Kilesacorehi anabhibhavan²yatt± jh±na½ “cittamañj³san”tivutta½. Niss±y±ti p±daka½ katv±.
Dasalakkhaºavibh±vaneneva tividhakaly±ºat±pi vibh±vit± hot²ti dasalakkhaºa½ t±va dassento“tatrim±n²”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha p±ripanthikato cittavisuddh²ti-±d²na½ pad±na½attho “tatr±ya½ p±¼²”ti-±din± vuttap±¼ivaººan±yameva ±vi bhavissati. Tatr±titasmi½ dasalakkhaºavibh±vane. Paµipad±visuddh²ti paµipajjati jh±na½ et±y±ti paµipad±,gotrabhupariyos±no pubbabh±giyo bh±van±nayo. Paripanthato visujjhana½ visuddhi, paµipad±yavisuddhi paµipad±visuddhi. S± pan±ya½ yasm± jh±nassa upp±dakkhaºe labbhati, tasm± vutta½“paµipad±visuddhi ±d²”ti. Upekkh±nubr³han±ti visodhetabbat±d²na½ abh±vatojh±napariy±pann±ya tatramajjhattupekkh±ya kiccanipphattiy± anubr³han±. S± pan±ya½ yasm±visesato jh±nassa µhitikkhaºe labbhati, tena vutta½ “upekkh±nubr³han± majjhe”ti.Sampaha½san±ti tattha dhamm±na½ anativattan±dis±dhakassa ñ±ºassa kiccanipphattivasena pariyodapan±.S± pana yasm± jh±nassa os±nakkhaºe p±kaµ± hoti, tasm± vutta½ “sampaha½san± pariyos±nan”ti.Im±ni t²ºi lakkhaº±n²ti paripanthato cittassa visujjhan±k±ro, majjhimassa samathanimittassapaµipajjan±k±ro, tattha pakkhandan±k±roti im±ni t²ºi jh±nassa ±dito upp±dakkhaºeappan±ppattilakkhaº±ni. Tehi ±k±rehi vin± appan±ppattiy± abh±vato asati caappan±ya½ tadabh±vato ±dikaly±ºañceva visuddhipaµipadatt± yath±vuttehi lakkhaºehi samann±gatatt±ca tilakkhaºasampannañca. Imin± nayena majjhapariyos±nalakkhaº±nañca yojan± veditabb±.
Keci pana “paµipad±visuddhi n±ma sasambh±riko upac±ro, upekkh±nubr³han±n±ma appan±, sampaha½san± n±ma paccavekkhaº±”ti vaººayanti, ta½ na yutta½. Tath± hisati ajh±nadhammehi jh±nassa guºasa½kittana½ n±ma kata½ hoti. Na hi bh³mantara½ bh³mantarapariy±panna½hoti, p±¼iy± ceta½ virujjhati. “Ekattagata½ citta½ paµipad±visuddhipakkhandañcevahoti upekkh±nubr³hitañca ñ±ºena ca sampaha½sitan”ti (paµi. ma. 1.158) hi p±¼iya½vutta½. Ettha hi ekattagata½ cittanti indriy±na½ ekarasabh±vena ekaggat±yaca sikh±ppattiy± tadanuguºa½ ekattagata½ sasampayutta½ appan±ppatta½ citta½ vutta½,tasseva ca paµipad±visuddhipakkhandat±di anantara½ vuccate. Tasm± p±¼iya½ ekasmi½yevaappan±cittakkhaºe paµipad±visuddhi-±d²na½ vuttatt± anto-appan±yameva parikamm±gamanavasenapaµipad±visuddhi, tatramajjhattupekkh±ya kiccavasena upekkh±nubr³han±, dhamm±na½ anativattan±dibh±vas±dhanenapariyod±pakassa ñ±ºassa kiccanipphattivasena sampaha½san± ca veditabb±.
Katha½? Yasmi½ (paµi. ma. aµµha. 2.1.158; visuddhi. 1.175) v±re appan± uppajjati tasmi½ yo n²varaºasaªkh±to kilesagaºo tassa jh±nassa paripantho, tato citta½ visujjhati,visuddhatt± ±varaºavirahita½ hutv± majjhima½ samathanimitta½ paµipajjati. Majjhima½ samathanimitta½n±ma samappavatto appan±sam±dhiyeva, l²nuddhaccasaªkh±t±na½ ubhinna½ ant±na½ anupagamanena majjhimo,savisesa½ paccan²kadhamm±na½ v³pasamanato samatho, yogino sukhavises±na½ k±raºabh±vatonimittanti katv±. Tassa pana appan±cittassa anantarapaccayabh³ta½ gotrabhucitta½ satipiparittamahaggatabh±vabhede paccayapaccayuppannabh±vabhede ca ekiss±yeva santatiy± pariº±m³pagamanatoekasantatipariº±manayena tathatta½ appan±sam±dhivasena sam±hitabh±va½ upagaccham±na½ majjhima½samathanimitta½ paµipajjati n±ma. Eva½ paµipannatt± tathattupagamanena tattha pakkhandatin±ma. Yasmiñhi khaºe tathatta½ majjhima½ samathanimitta½ paµipajjati, tasmi½yeva khaºe tathattupagamanenaappan±sam±dhin± sam±hitabh±v³pagamanena tattha pakkhandati n±ma. Eva½ t±va purimasmi½gotrabhucitte vijjam±n± paripanthavisuddhimajjhimasamathappaµipattipakkhandan±k±r± ±gamanavasenanipphajjam±n± paµhamassa jh±nassa upp±dakkhaºeyeva paµipad±visuddh²ti veditabb±. Teyevahi ±k±r± paccayavisesato jh±nakkhaºe nipphajjam±n± paµipad±visuddh²ti vutt±.
Eva½ visuddhassa pana tassa cittassa puna sodhetabb±bh±vato visodhane by±p±ra½akaronto visuddha½ citta½ ajjhupekkhati n±ma. Samathabh±v³pagamanena samathappaµipannassapuna sam±dh±ne by±p±ra½ akaronto samathappaµipanna½ ajjhupekkhati n±ma. Samathappaµipannabh±vatoeva cassa kilesasa½sagga½ pah±ya ekattena upaµµhitassa puna ekattupaµµh±ne by±p±ra½akaronto ekattupaµµh±na½ ajjhupekkhati n±ma. Eva½ tatramajjhattupekkh±ya kiccavasena upekkh±nubr³han±veditabb±.
Ye panete eva½ upekkh±nubr³hite tasmi½ jh±nacitte j±t± sam±dhipaññ±saªkh±t± yuganaddhadhamm±aññamañña½ anativattam±n± hutv± pavatt±, y±ni ca saddh±d²ni indriy±ni n±n±kilesehivimuttatt± vimuttirasena ekaras±ni hutv± pavatt±ni, yañcesa tadupaga½ tesa½ anativattana-ekarasasabh±v±na½anucchavika½ v²riya½ v±hayati, y± cassa tasmi½ khaºe pavatt± ±sevan±, sabbepite ±k±r± yasm± ñ±ºena sa½kilesavod±nesu ta½ ta½ ±d²navañca ±nisa½sañca disv±tath± tath± sampaha½sitatt± visodhitatt± pariyod±pitatt± nipphann±, tasm± dhamm±na½ anativattan±dibh±vas±dhanenapariyod±pakassa ñ±ºassa kiccanipphattivasena sampaha½san± veditabb±ti vutta½.
Atha kasm± sampaha½san±va “pariyos±nan”ti vutt±, na upekkh±nubr³han±ti? Yasm±tasmi½ bh±van±citte upekkh±vasena ñ±ºa½ p±kaµa½ hoti, tasm± ñ±ºakiccabh³t± sampaha½san±“pariyos±nan”ti vutt±. Tath± hi appan±k±le bh±van±ya samappavattiy± paµipakkhassaca suppah±nato paggah±d²su by±p±rassa ak±tabbato ajjhupekkhan±va hoti. Ya½ sandh±yavutta½ “samaye cittassa ajjhupekkhan± visuddha½ citta½ ajjhupekkhat²”ti ca ±di.S± pan±ya½ ajjhupekkhan± ñ±ºassa kiccasiddhiy± hoti visesato ñ±ºas±dhanatt± appan±by±p±rassa,tasm± ñ±ºakiccabh³t± sampaha½san± “pariyos±nan”ti vutt±. Eva½ tividh±ya paµipad±visuddhiy±laddhavises±ya tividh±ya upekkh±nubr³han±ya s±tisaya½ paññindriyassa adhimattabh±vena catubbidh±pisampaha½san± sijjhat²ti ±gamanupekkh±ñ±ºakiccavasena dasapi ±k±r± jh±ne eva veditabb±.
Eva½ tividhattagata½ cittanti-±d²ni tasseva cittassa thomanavacan±ni.Tattha eva½ tividhattagatanti eva½ yath±vuttena vidhin± paµipad±visuddhipakkhandana-upekkh±nubr³hanañ±ºasampaha½san±vasenatividhabh±va½ gata½. Vitakkasampannanti kilesakkhobhavirahitatt± vitakkena sundarabh±vamupagata½.Cittassa adhiµµh±nasampannanti tasmi½yeva ±rammaºe cittassa nirantarappavattisaªkh±tenaadhiµµh±nena sampanna½ an³na½. Yath± adhiµµh±navasiya½ adhiµµh±nanti jh±nappavatti, tath± idh±picittassa adhiµµh±nanti cittekaggat±pi yujjati. Tena hi ekasmi½yeva ±rammaºe citta½adhiµµh±ti, na ettha vikkhipat²ti. Sam±dhisampannanti visu½ vuttatt± pana vuttanayenevagahetabbo. Atha v± sam±dhisseva jh±naªgasaªgahitatt± “cittassa adhiµµh±nasampannan”ti jh±naªgapañcakavasenavutta½. Sam±dhisampannanti indriyasaªgahitatt± indriyapañcakavasena.
Asubhasaññ±pariciten±ti sakala½ k±ya½ asubhanti pavatt±ya saññ±ya sahagatatt± jh±na½asubhasaññ±, tena paricitena paribh±vitena. Cetas±ti cittena. Bahulanti abhiºha½.Viharatoti viharantassa, asubhasam±pattibahulass±ti attho. Methunadhammasam±pattiy±timethunadhammena samaªgibh±vato. Paµil²yat²ti ekapassena nil²yati nil²na½ viya hoti.Paµikuµat²ti saªkucati. Paµivattat²ti nivattati. Na sampas±r²yat²tina visarati, abhirativasena na pakkhandat²ti attho. Atha v± paµil²yat²ti saªkucatitattha paµik³lat±ya saºµhitatt±. Paµikuµat²ti apasakkati na upasakkati. Paµivattat²tinivattati, tato eva na sampas±r²yat²ti. Nh±rudaddulanti nh±rukhaº¹a½ nh±ruvilekhana½v±.
Addham±santi accantasa½yoge upayogavacana½. Paµisall²yitunti yath±vuttak±la½ paµipaµi divase divase sam±pattiya½ dhammacint±ya citta½ nil²yitu½. Payuttav±cantipaccayapaµisa½yuttav±ca½, buddh± imesu divasesu piº¹±ya na caranti, vih±reyeva nis²danti,tesa½ dinna½ mahapphala½ hot²ti ±divacana½.
Kaly±º³panissayavasen±ti pabbajj±ya upanissayavasena. Pare kir±ti kira-saddoarucis³canattho. Ten±ha “ida½ pana icch±mattan”ti, pavatti-aj±nana½ ±rocayit±bh±voñ±te niv±raºañc±ti ida½ tesa½ icch±matta½ na pana k±raºanti attho.Apare pana vadanti “etasmi½ kira a¹¹ham±se na koci buddhaveneyyo ahosi, atha satth±ima½ a¹¹ham±sa½ phalasam±pattisukhena v²tin±mess±mi, iti mayhañceva sukhavih±ro bhavissati,an±gate ca pacchim± janat± ‘satth±pi gaºa½ pah±ya ekako vih±si, kimaªga½ pana mayan’tidiµµh±nugati½ ±pajjissati, tadassa bhavissati d²gharatta½ hit±ya sukh±y±ti imin± k±raºenaevam±h±”ti. Neva koci bhagavanta½ upasaªkamat²ti µhapetv± piº¹ap±tan²h±raka½añño koci neva bhagavanta½ upasaªkamati, bhikkhusaªgho pana satthu vacana½ sampaµicchitv± eka½bhikkhu½ ad±si. So p±tova gandhakuµipariveºasammajjanamukhodakadantakaµµhad±n±d²ni sabbakicc±nitasmi½ tasmi½ khaºe katv± apagacchati.
Anekak±raºasammissoti ettha k±yassa asuciduggandhajegucchapaµik³lat±va anekak±raºa½.Maº¹anakapakatikoti alaªk±rakasabh±vo. Koci taruºopi yuv± na hoti, kociyuv±pi maº¹anakaj±tiko na hoti yath± upasantasabh±vo ±lasiyabyasan±d²hi v± abhibh³to,idha pana daharo ceva yuv± ca maº¹anakaj±tiko ca adhippeto. Paµhamayobbana½ n±ma pannarasavassatoy±va dvatti½sa sa½vacchar±ni, so¼asavassato v± y±va tetti½sa vass±ni. Kuºapantimataka¼evara½, ahissa kuºapa½ ahikuºapa½. Eva½ itar±nipi. Atipaµik³lajigucchan²yasabh±vatocettha im±neva t²ºi vutt±n²ti veditabb±ni. Aññesañhi sasas³kar±d²na½ kuºapa½manuss± kaµukabhaº¹±d²hi abhisaªkharitv± paribhuñjantipi, imesa½ pana kuºapa½ abhinavampijigucchantiyeva, ko pana v±do k±l±tikkamena p³tibh³te. Atipaµik³lajigucchan²yat±ca nesa½ ativiya duggandhat±ya, s± ca ah²na½ tikhiºakopat±ya kukkuramanuss±na½ odanakumm±s³pacayat±yaca sar²rassa hot²ti vadanti.
Samaºakuttakoti samaºakiccako, k±s±vaniv±san±divasena samaºakiccak±r²ti vutta½hoti Ten±ha “samaºavesadh±rako”ti. Sabbamaka½s³ti puthujjan± s±vajjepitattha anavajjasaññino hutv± karaºak±r±panasamanuññat±dibheda½ sabbamaka½su. Lohitakantiettha “lohitagatan”tipi paµhanti. Vagg³ti mat± vaggumat±. Puññasammat±tipujjabhavaphalanibbattanena satt±na½ punanena visodhanena puññanti sammat±.Pav±hess±m²ti gamayiss±mi, visodhess±m²ti attho.
163. M±radheyya½ vuccati tebh³mak± dhamm±. Vacanatthato pana m±rassa dheyya½ m±radheyya½.Dheyyanti µh±na½ vatthu niv±so gocaro. M±ro v± ettha dhiyati tiµµhati pavattat²tim±radheyya½, m±roti cettha kilesam±ro adhippeto, kilesam±ravaseneva ca devaputtam±rassak±mabhave ±dhipaccanti. M±ravisaya½ n±tikkamissat²ti cintetv±ti evamaya½ sa½vega½paµilabhitv± m±ravisaya½ atikkameyy±pi, may± pana eva½ vutte uppanna½ sa½vega½ paµippassambhetv±m±ravisaya½ n±tikkamissat²ti eva½ cintetv±. Dvivacananti dvikkhattu½ vacana½, ±me¹itavacanantivutta½ hoti. Niyojent²ti ettha aya½ andhab±l± devat± eva½ uppannasa½vegam³laka½samaºadhamma½ katv± “aya½ m±ravisaya½ atikkameyy±p²”ti cintetv± attano aññ±ºat±ya“mat± sa½s±rato muccant²”ti eva½laddhik±pi sam±n± attano laddhivasena mat± bhikkh³sa½s±rato muccant²ti imamattha½ anupaparikkhitv± ta½ tattha niyojes²ti veditabba½.
Kiñc±pi asubhakatha½ kathentena bhagavat± yath± tesa½ bhikkh³na½ maraºabhaya½ na bhavissati, tath±desitatt± bhikkh³nañca ta½ dhammakatha½ sutv± asubhabh±van±nuyogena k±ye vigatachandar±gat±yamaraºassa abhipatthitabh±vato bhaya½ natthi, ta½ pana asihattha½ tath± vicaranta½ disv± tadaññesa½bhikkh³na½ uppajjanakabhaya½ sandh±ya “hotiyeva bhayan”ti-±di vuttanti vadanti. “Attan±piatt±na½ j²vit± voropenti, aññamaññampi j²vit± voropent²”ti vuttatt± “sabb±nipit±ni pañca bhikkhusat±ni j²vit± voropes²”ti ida½ yebhuyyavasena vuttanti gahetabba½.Appakañhi ³namadhika½ v± gaºan³paga½ na hot²ti “pañcasat±n²”ti vutta½. Tasm± yeca attan±va att±na½ aññamaññañca j²vit± voropesu½, te µhapetv± avasese puthujjanabhikkh³sabbe ca ariye aya½ j²vit± voropes²ti veditabba½.
164. Paµisall±n± vuµµhitoti ettha paµisall±nanti tehi tehi sattasaªkh±rehi paµinivattitv±apasakkitv± sall±na½ nil²yana½ vivecana½, k±yacittehi tato vivittat± ek²bh±votivutta½ hoti. Ten±ha “ek²bh±vato”ti pavivekatoti attho.Ek²bh±voti hi k±yacittaviveko vutto. Vuµµhitoti tato duvidhavivekatobhavaªguppattiy± r³p±rammaº±disaªkh±rasam±yogena gahaµµhapabbajit±disattasam±gamena ca apeto.Uddesa½ paripuccha½ gaºhant²ti attano attano ±cariy±na½ santike gaºhanti.K±ma½ das±nussatiggahaºeneva ±n±p±nassatipi gahit±, s± pana tattha sannipatitabhikkh³subah³na½ sapp±y± s±tthik± ca, tasm± puna gahit±. Tath± hi bhagav± tameva kammaµµh±na½tesa½ bhikkh³na½ kathesi. ¾h±re paµik³lasaññ± asubhakammaµµh±nasadis±, catt±ropana ±rupp± ±dikammik±na½ ananur³p±ti tesa½ idha aggahaºa½ daµµhabba½.
Ves±li½ upaniss±y±ti ves±l²nagara½ gocarag±ma½ katv±. Upaµµh±nas±l±yantidhammasabh±ya½. Muhuttenev±ti satthari saddhamme ca g±ravena upagatabhikkh³na½ vacanasamanantaramevauµµhahi½s³ti katv± vutta½. Buddhak±le kira bhikkh³ bhagavato sandesa½ siras± sampaµicchitu½ohitasot± viharanti. Yass±ti yassa kattabbassa. K±lanti desan±k±la½ sandh±yavadati.

Paµhamapaññattinid±navaººan± niµµhit±.