3. Tatiyap±r±jika½

T²h²ti k±yavac²manodv±rehi. Vibh±vitanti pak±sita½, desita½ paññattantivutta½ hoti.

Paµhamapaññattinid±navaººan±

162. Tikkhattu½ p±k±raparikkhepava¹¹hanen±ti tikkhattu½ p±k±raparikkhepena nagarabh³miy±va¹¹hanena. Vis±l²bh³tatt±ti g±vutantara½ g±vutantara½ puthubh³tatt±. B±r±ºasiraññokira (ma. ni. aµµha. 1.146; khu. p±. aµµha. 6. ratanasuttavaººan±) aggamahesiy± kucchimhigabbho saºµh±si, s± ñatv± rañño nivedesi, r±j± gabbhaparih±ra½ ad±si.S± samm± parihariyam±n± gabbhaparip±kak±le vij±yanaghara½ p±visi. Puññavant²na½pacc³sasamaye gabbhavuµµh±na½ hoti, s± ca t±sa½ aññatar±, tena pacc³sasamaye alattakapaµalabandhuj²vakapupphasadisa½ma½sapesi½ vij±yi. Tato “aññ± deviyo suvaººabimbasadise putte vij±yanti, aggamahes²ma½sapesinti rañño purato mama avaººo uppajjeyy±”ti cintetv± tena avaººabhayenata½ ma½sapesi½ ekasmi½ bh±jane pakkhipitv± paµikujjitv± r±jamuddik±ya lañchetv±gaªg±ya sote pakkhip±pesi. Manussehi cha¹¹itamatte devat± ±rakkha½ sa½vidahi½su. Suvaººapaµµikañcetthaj±tihiªgulakena “b±r±ºasirañño aggamahesiy± paj±”ti likhitv± bandhi½su. Tatota½ bh±jana½ ³mibhay±d²hi anupadduta½ gaªg±sotena p±y±si.
Tena ca samayena aññataro t±paso gop±lakakula½ niss±ya gaªg±t²re viharati. So p±tovagaªga½ otiººo ta½ bh±jana½ ±gacchanta½ disv± pa½suk³lasaññ±ya aggahesi. Athetthata½ akkharapaµµika½ r±jamuddik±lañchanañca disv± muñcitv± ta½ ma½sapesi½ addasa. Disv±nassaetadahosi “siy± gabbho, tath± hissa duggandhap³tibh±vo natth²”ti. Udakappav±hen±gatassapihi usm± na vigacchati, usm± ca n±ma ²dis±ya saviññ±ºakat±ya bhaveyy±ti “siy±gabbho”ti cintesi. Puññavantat±ya pana duggandha½ n±hosi sa-usumagat±ya p³tibh±vo ca.Eva½ pana cintetv± assama½ netv± na½ suddhe ok±se µhapesi. Atha a¹¹ham±saccayena dvema½sapesiyo ahesu½. T±paso disv± s±dhukatara½ µhapesi. Tato puna a¹¹ham±saccayenaekamekiss± pesiy± hatthap±das²s±namatth±ya pañca pañca pi¼ak± uµµhahi½su. Atha tato a¹¹ham±saccayenaek± ma½sapesi suvaººabimbasadiso d±rako, ek± d±rik± ahosi. Tesu t±pasassaputtasineho uppajji, d±rak±na½ puññupanissayato aªguµµhakato cassa kh²ra½ nibbatti.Tato pabhuti ca kh²rabhatta½ alabhittha. T±paso bhatta½ bhuñjitv± kh²ra½ d±rak±na½ mukhe±siñcati. Tesa½ pana ya½ ya½ udara½ pavisati, ta½ sabba½ maºibh±janagata½ viya dissati.Carimabhave bodhisatte kucchigate bodhisattam±tu viya udaracchaviy± acchavippasannat±yaeva½ te nicchav² ahesu½. Apare ±hu “sibbitv± µhapit± viya nesa½ aññamañña½l²n± chavi ahos²”ti. Eva½ te nicchavit±ya v± l²nacchavit±ya v± “licchav²”tipaññ±yi½su.
T±paso d±rake posento uss³re g±ma½ bhikkh±ya pavisati, atidiv± paµikkamati. Tassata½ by±p±ra½ ñatv± gop±lak± ±ha½su– “bhante, pabbajit±na½ d±rakaposana½ palibodho,amh±ka½ d±rake detha, maya½ posess±ma, tumhe attano kamma½ karoth±”ti. T±paso“s±dh³”ti paµissuºi. Gop±lak± dutiyadivase magga½ sama½ katv± pupphehi okiritv±dhajapaµ±k± uss±petv± t³riyehi vajjam±nehi assama½ ±gat±. T±paso “mah±puññ±d±rak±, appam±deneva va¹¹hetha, va¹¹hetv± aññamañña½ ±v±ha½ karotha, pañcagorasena r±j±na½tosetv± bh³mibh±ga½ gahetv± nagara½ m±petha, tattha kum±ra½ abhisiñcath±”ti vatv±d±rake ad±si. Te “s±dh³”ti paµissuºitv± d±rake netv± posesu½. D±rak±vu¹¹himanv±ya k²¼ant± viv±daµµh±nesu aññe gop±lakad±rake hatthenapi p±denapi paharanti,te rodanti. “Kissa rodath±”ti ca m±t±pit³hi vutt± “ime nimm±t±pitik±t±pasaposit± amhe at²va paharant²”ti vadanti. Tato nesa½ posakam±t±pitaropi “imed±rak± aññe d±rake vihesenti dukkh±penti, na ime saªgahetabb±, vajjetabb± ime”ti±ha½su. Tato pabhuti kira so padeso “vajj²”ti vuccati yojanasataparim±ºena.
Atha ta½ padesa½ gop±lak± r±j±na½ tosetv± aggahesu½. Tattha ca nagara½ m±petv± so¼asavassuddesika½kum±ra½ abhisiñcitv± r±j±na½ aka½su. Rajjasampattid±yakassa kammassa katatt±asambhinne eva r±jakule uppannatt± ca r±jakum±rassa puññ±nubh±vasañcodit± devat±dhiggahit±aka½s³ti keci. D±rakassa d±rik±ya saddhi½ v±reyya½ katv± katika½ aka½su “b±hirato d±rik± na ±netabb±, ito d±rik± na kassaci d±tabb±”ti. Tesa½ paµhamasa½v±senadve d±rak± j±t± dh²t± ca putto ca. Eva½ so¼asakkhattu½ dve dve j±t±. Tato tesa½d±rak±na½ yath±kkama½ va¹¹hant±na½ ±r±muyy±naniv±saµµh±napariv±rasampatti½ gahetu½ appahonta½nagara½ tikkhattu½ g±vutantarena g±vutantarena parikkhipi½su. Tassa punappuna½ vis±l²katatt±“ves±l²”tveva n±ma½ j±ta½. Tena vutta½– “tikkhattu½ p±k±raparikkhepava¹¹hanenavis±l²bh³tatt± ves±l²ti vuccat²”ti.
Idampi ca nagaranti na kevala½ r±jagahas±vatthiyo yev±ti dasseti. Tattha mah±vana½n±m±ti-±di majjhimabh±ºakasa½yuttabh±ºak±na½ sam±naµµhakath±. Majjhimaµµhakath±yañhi(ma. ni. aµµha. 1.146) sa½yuttaµµhakath±yañca (sa½. ni. aµµha. 3.5.984-985) imin±va nayenavutta½. D²ghanik±yaµµhakath±ya½ (d². ni. aµµha. 1.359) pana “mah±vaneti bahinagarehimavantena saddhi½ ek±baddha½ hutv± µhita½ saya½j±ta½ vana½ atthi, ya½ mahantabh±veneva mah±vanantivuccati, tasmi½ mah±vane. K³µ±g±ras±l±yanti tasmi½ vanasaº¹e saªgh±r±ma½ patiµµh±pesu½.Tattha kaººika½ yojetv± thambh±na½ upari k³µ±g±ras±l±saªkhepena devavim±nasadisa½ p±s±da½aka½su, ta½ up±d±ya sakalopi saªgh±r±mo k³µ±g±ras±l±ti paññ±yitth±”ti vutta½.Vanamajjhe katatt± “vana½ niss±y±”ti vutta½. ¾r±meti saªgh±r±me. Ha½savaµµakacchadanen±tiha½savaµµakapaµicchannena, ha½samaº¹al±k±ren±ti attho.
Anekapariy±yen±ti ettha pariy±ya-saddo k±raºavacanoti ±ha “anekehi k±raºeh²”ti,aya½ k±yo aviññ±ºakopi saviññ±ºakopi evampi asubho evampi asubhoti n±n±vidhehik±raºeh²ti attho. Asubh±k±rasandassanappavattanti kes±divasena tatth±pi vaºº±ditoasubh±k±rassa sabbaso dassanavasena pavatta½. K±yavicchandaniyakathanti attano parassaca karajak±ye vicchandanupp±danakatha½. Mutta½ v±ti-±din± byatirekamukhena k±yassaamanuññata½ dasseti. Tattha ±dito t²hi padehi adassan²yat±ya as±rakat±ya majjhe cat³hiduggandhat±ya, ante ekena lesamattenapi manuññat±bh±vamassa dasseti. Atha khoti-±din±anvayato sar³peneva amanuññat±ya dassana½. Chandoti dubbalar±go. R±goti balavar±go.“Kes± lom±d²”ti saªkhepato vuttamattha½ vibh±gena dassetu½ “yepi h²”ti-±divutta½. Asubh±ti ±gantukena subh±k±rena virahitatt± asubh±. Asucinotiattano sabh±veneva asucino. Paµik³l±ti n±garikassa asucikaµµh±na½ viya jigucchan²yatt±paµik³l±.
Kes± n±mete vaººatopi paµik³l±, saºµh±natopi gandhatopi ±sayatopiok±satopi paµik³l±ti dassento “so ca nesa½…pe… pañcahi k±raºehiveditabbo”ti ±ha. Manuññepi (visuddhi. 1.383; vibha. aµµha. 356) hi y±gupattev± bhattapatte v± kesavaººa½ kiñci disv± “kesamissakamida½, haratha nan”ti jigucchanti,eva½ kes± vaººato paµik³l±. Ratti½ paribhuñjant±pi kesasaºµh±na½ akkav±ka½v± makaciv±ka½ v± chupitv± tatheva jigucchanti, eva½ saºµh±natopi paµik³l±.Telamakkhanapupphadh³p±disaªkh±ravirahit±nañca kes±na½ gandho paramajeguccho hoti, tatojegucchataro aggimhi pakkhitt±na½. Kes± hi vaººasaºµh±nato appaµik³l±pi siyu½,gandhena pana paµik³l±yeva. Yath± hi daharassa kum±rakassa vacca½ vaººato haliddivaººa½,saºµh±natopi haliddipiº¹asaºµh±na½, saªk±raµµh±ne cha¹¹itañca uddhum±takak±¼asunakhasar²ra½ vaººatot±lapakkavaººa½, saºµh±nato vaµµetv± vissaµµhamudiªgasaºµh±na½, d±µh±pissa sumanamaku¼asadis±tiubhayampi vaººasaºµh±nato siy± appaµik³la½, gandhena pana paµik³lameva, eva½ kes±pisiyu½ vaººasaºµh±nato appaµik³l±, gandhena pana paµik³l±yev±ti.
Yath± pana asuciµµh±ne g±manissandena j±t±ni s³peyyapaºº±ni n±garikamanuss±na½ jegucch±nihonti aparibhog±ni, eva½ kes±pi pubbalohitamuttakar²sapittasemh±dinissandena j±tatt±jegucch±ti ida½ tesa½ ±sayato p±µikulya½. Ime ca kes± n±ma g³thar±simhiuµµhitakaººaka½ viya ekati½sakoµµh±sar±simhi j±t±, te sus±nasaªk±raµµh±n±d²su j±tas±ka½viya parikh±d²su j±takamalakuvalay±dipuppha½ viya ca asuciµµh±ne j±tatt± paramajegucch±tiida½ tesa½ ok±sato p±µikulya½. Yath± ca kes±na½, eva½ sabbakoµµh±s±nañca vaººasaºµh±nagandh±sayok±savasenapañcadh± paµik³lat± veditabb±ti ±ha “eva½ lom±d²nan”ti. Pañcapañcappabheden±tiettha b±hiratthasam±so daµµhabbo pañca pañca pabhed± etass±ti pañcapañcappabhedoti.
Sa½vaººentoti vitth±rento. Asubh±y±ti asubham±tik±ya. Ph±tikammantibahul²k±ro. Pañcaªgavippah²na½ pañcaªgasamann±gatanti ettha k±macchando by±p±dothinamiddha½ uddhaccakukkucca½ vicikicch±ti imesa½ pañcanna½ n²varaº±na½ ah±navasena pañcaªgavippah²nat± veditabb±. Na hi etesu appah²nesu jh±na½ uppajjati,tenasset±ni pah±naªg±n²ti vuccanti. Kiñc±pi hi jh±nakkhaºe aññepi akusal±dhamm± pah²yanti, tath±pi et±neva visesena jh±nantar±yakar±ni. K±macchandena hi n±n±visayapalobhita½citta½ na ekatt±rammaºe sam±dhiyati, k±macchand±bhibh³ta½ v± citta½ na k±madh±tuppah±n±yapaµipada½ paµipajjati, by±p±dena ca ±rammaºe paµihaññam±na½ na nirantara½ pavattati, thinamiddh±bhibh³ta½akammañña½ hoti, uddhaccakukkuccapareta½ av³pasantameva hutv± paribbhamati, vicikicch±yaupahata½ jh±n±dhigamas±dhika½ paµipada½ n±rohati. Iti visesena jh±nantar±yakaratt±et±neva pah±naªg±n²ti vutt±ni.
Yasm± pana vitakko ±rammaºe citta½ abhiniropeti, vic±ro anuppabandhati, tehi avikkhep±yasamp±ditapayogassa cetaso payogasampattisambhav± p²ti p²nana½, sukhañca upabr³hana½ karoti,atha na½ sasampayuttadhamma½ etehi abhiniropan±nubandhanap²nana-upabr³hanehi anuggahit± ekaggat±ekatt±rammaºe sama½ samm± ±dhiyati, tasm± vitakko vic±ro p²ti sukha½ cittekaggat±tiimesa½ pañcanna½ uppattivasena pañcaªgasamann±gatat± veditabb±. Uppannesu hi etesu pañcasujh±na½ uppanna½ n±ma hoti, tenassa et±ni pañca samann±gataªg±n²ti vuccanti. Tasm±na etehi samann±gata½ aññadeva jh±na½ n±ma atth²ti gahetabba½. Yath± pana aªgamattavasenevacaturaªgin² sen±, pañcaªgika½ t³riya½ aµµhaªgiko ca maggoti vuccati, evamidampiaªgamattavaseneva “pañcaªgikan”ti v± “pañcaªgasamann±gatan”ti v± vuccat²ti veditabba½.
Et±ni ca pañcaªg±ni kiñc±pi upac±rakkhaºepi atthi, atha kho upac±re pakaticittato balavatar±ni,idha pana upac±ratopi balavatar±ni r³p±vacarakkhaºappatt±ni. Ettha hi vitakko suvisadena±k±rena ±rammaºe citta½ abhiniropayam±no uppajjati, vic±ro ativiya ±rammaºa½anumajjam±no, p²tisukha½ sabb±vantampi k±ya½ pharam±na½. Teneva vutta½ “n±ssakiñci sabb±vato k±yassa vivekajena p²tisukhena apphuµa½ hot²”ti. Cittekaggat±piheµµhimamhi samuggapaµale uparima½ samuggapaµala½ viya ±rammaºe suphusit± hutv± uppajjati.Ayametesa½ itarehi viseso, tasm± “pañcaªgasamann±gatan”ti appan±jh±namevavisesetv± vutta½.