Vin²tavatthuvaººan±

132. Vin²tavatth³su sandh±vat²ti suµµhu dh±vati. Vidh±vat²ti vividh± n±nappak±renadh±vati. K±yavac²dv±rabheda½ vin±p²ti k±yacopana½ vac²bhedañca vin±. Paµisaªkh±nabalen±titath±vidhacittupp±de ±d²navapaccavekkhaºabalena.
135. Pucch±sabh±gen±ti pucch±nur³pena. Nirutti eva patho niruttipatho, tasmi½niruttipathe. Ten±ha “voh±ravacanamatte”ti.
137. Yath±kamma½ gatoti imin± tassa matabh±va½ dasseti. Abbhuºheti imin±pivuttameva pariy±yantarena vibh±vetu½ “allasar²re”ti vutta½. Visabh±gasar²retiitthisar²re. Visabh±gasar²ratt± acc±sannena na bhavitabbanti ±ha “s²se v±”ti-±di.Vaµµat²ti visabh±gasar²repi attan±va vuttavidhi½ k±tu½ s±µakañca gahetu½ vaµµati.Keci pana “kiñc±pi imin± sikkh±padena an±patti, itthir³pa½ pana ±masantassa dukkaµan”tivadanti.
138. Kusa½ saªk±metv±ti kusa½ parivattetv±. K³µam±nak³µakah±paº±d²h²ti±di-saddena tul±k³µaka½sak³µavañcan±di½ saªgaºh±ti. Tattha k³µam±na½hadayabhedasikh±bhedarajjubhedavasena tividha½ hoti. Tattha hadayanti n±¼i-±dim±nabh±jan±na½abbhantara½, tassa bhedo chiddakaraºa½ hadayabhedo, so sappitel±diminanak±le labbhati.T±ni hi gaºhanto heµµh±chiddena m±nena “saºika½ ±siñc±”ti vatv± antobh±janebahu½ pagghar±petv± gaºh±ti, dadanto chidda½ pidh±ya s²gha½ p³retv± deti. Sikh±bhedotilataº¹ul±diminanak±le labbhati. T±ni hi gaºhanto saºika½ sikha½ uss±petv± gaºh±ti,dento vegena p³retv± sikha½ chindanto deti. Rajjubhedo khettavatthuminanak±lelabbhati. Khett±di½ minant± hi amahantampi mahanta½ katv± minanti, mahantampi amahanta½.K³µakah±paºo p±kaµoyeva.
Tul±k³µa½ pana r³pak³µa½ aªgak³µa½ gahaºak³µa½ paµicchannak³µanti catubbidha½ hoti.Tattha r³pak³µa½ n±ma dve tul± sar³p± katv± gaºhanto mahatiy± gaºh±ti, dadanto khuddik±yadeti. Aªgak³µa½ n±ma gaºhanto pacch±bh±ge hatthena tula½ akkamati, dadanto pubbabh±geakkamati. Gahaºak³µa½ n±ma gaºhanto m³le rajju½ gaºh±ti, dadanto agge.Paµicchannak³µa½ n±ma tula½ susira½ katv± anto ayacuººa½ pakkhipitv± gaºhantota½ pacch±bh±ge karoti, dadanto aggabh±ge.
Ka½so vuccati suvaººap±ti, t±ya vañcana½ ka½sak³µa½. Katha½? Eka½ suvaººap±ti½katv± aññ± dve tisso lohap±tiyo suvaººavaºº± karonti, tato janapada½ gantv±kiñcideva a¹¹ha½ kula½ pavisitv± “suvaººabh±jan±ni kiºath±”ti vatv± agghe pucchitesamagghatara½ d±tuk±m± honti. Tato tehi “katha½ imesa½ suvaººabh±vo j±nitabbo”tivutte “v²ma½sitv± gaºhath±”ti suvaººap±ti½ p±s±ºe gha½sitv± sabbap±tiyo datv±gacchanti.
Vañcana½ n±ma tehi tehi up±yehi paresa½ vañcana½. Tatridameka½ vatthu– eko kiraluddako migañca migapotakañca gahetv± ±gacchati. Tameko dhutto “ki½, bho, migoagghati, ki½ migapotako”ti ±ha. “Migo dve kah±paºe, migapotako ekan”tica vutte eka½ kah±paºa½ datv± migapotaka½ gahetv± thoka½ gantv± nivatto “na me,bho, migapotakena attho, miga½ me deh²”ti ±ha. Tena hi dve kah±paºe deh²ti.So ±ha– “nanu, bho, may± paµhama½ eko kah±paºo dinno”ti?“¾ma dinno”ti. “Ima½ migapotaka½ gaºha, eva½ so ca kah±paºo, ayañca kah±paºagghanakomigapotakoti dve kah±paº± bhavissant²”ti. So “k±raºa½ vadat²”ti sallakkhetv±migapotaka½ gahetv± miga½ ad±s²ti.
Balas±ti balena. Panthagh±ta-ggahaºena himavipar±mosagumbavipar±mos±pi saªgahit±.Tattha ya½ himap±tasamaye himena paµicchann± hutv± maggappaµipanna½ jana½ m³santi, aya½himavipar±moso. Ya½ gumm±d²hi paµicchann± jana½ m³santi, aya½ gumbavipar±moso.
Uddh±reyeva p±r±jikanti “sace s±µako bhavissati, gaºhiss±m²”ti parikappassapavattatt± s±µakassa ca tattha sabbh±vato. Padav±rena k±retabboti bh³miya½ anikkhipitv±vav²ma½sitatt± vutta½. Pariyuµµhitoti anubaddho. Disv± haµatt± parikapp±vah±rona dissat²ti imin± parikapp±vah±rassa asambhava½ dassento mah±paccari-±d²su vuttassaayuttabh±va½ vibh±veti. Mah±-aµµhakath±yanti-±din± pana parikapp±vah±rasambhava½ p±¼iy±sa½sandanabh±vañca vibh±vento mah±-aµµhakath±ya½ vuttameva suvuttanti d²peti. Tenevam±tik±µµhakath±yampi mah±-aµµhakath±nayova dassito.
Kec²ti mah±-aµµhakath±yameva ekacce ±cariy±. Mah±paccariya½ pan±ti pana-saddokeciv±dato mah±paccariv±dassa visesasandassanattho. Tena keciv±do mah±paccariv±denapina samet²ti dasseti. Mah±-aµµhakath±nayo eva ca mah±paccariv±denapi sa½sandanato yuttatarotivibh±veti.
Alaªk±rabhaº¹anti aªgulimuddik±di alaªk±rabhaº¹a½. Kusa½ p±tetv±ti vil²vamaya½v± t±lapaººamaya½ v± katasaññ±ºa½ ya½ kiñci kusa½ p±tetv±. Samagghataranti appagghatara½.Parakoµµh±sato kuse uddhaµepi na t±va kusassa parivattana½ j±tanti vutta½ “uddh±rerakkhat²”ti. Siveyyakanti siviraµµhe j±ta½.
139. Jant±gharavatthusmi½ yasm± ±nandatthero tattha an±pattibh±va½ j±n±ti, tasm± “tassakukkucca½ ahos²”ti na vutta½. Yasm± ca saya½ bhagavato n±rocesi, tasm± “±roces²”tiekavacana½ na vutta½.
140. Vigh±santi kh±dit±vasesa½ ucchiµµha½ v±. Kappiya½ k±r±petv±tipac±petv±. Attaguttatth±y±ti ta½nimitta-upaddavato att±na½ rakkhaºatth±ya. Jighacch±bhibh³t±hi s²h±dayo attan± kh±diyam±na½ gaºhant±na½ anatthampi kareyyu½. Par±nuddayat±y±tis²h±d²su parasattesu anukamp±ya. Jighacch±vinodanatthañhi tehi kh±diyam±na½ te pal±petv±gaºhato tesu anukamp± n±ma na bhavissati.
141. Tekaµulay±guvatthumhi viy±ti mus±v±das±maññato vutta½. ¾ºatteh²tisammatena ±ºattehi. ¾ºatten±ti s±mikehi ±ºattena. Aparassa bh±ga½ deh²tiasanta½ puggala½ dassetv± gahitatt± “bhaº¹adeyyan”ti vutta½. Aññen±ti yath±vuttehisammat±d²hi cat³hi aññena. “Aparampi bh±ga½ deh²”ti vuttepi saªghasantakatt± am³lakamevagahitanti “uddh±reyeva bhaº¹agghena k±retabbo”ti vutta½. Itarehi d²yam±nantisammatena, tena ±ºattena v± d²yam±na½. Eva½ gaºhatoti “aparampi bh±ga½ deh²”tivatv± v± k³µavass±ni gaºetv± v± gaºhato. Sudinnanti heµµh± s±mikena, tena ±ºattenav± d²yam±na½ gihisantaka½ “aparassa bh±ga½ deh²”ti vatv± gaºhato aparassa abh±vato s±misantakamevahot²ti bhaº¹adeyya½ j±ta½. Idha pana tehi eva½ d²yam±na½ “aparampi bh±ga½ deh²tivatv± v± k³µavass±ni gaºetv± v± gaºhato deh²”ti vuttatt± aññ±takaviññattimatta½µhapetv± neva p±r±jika½ na bhaº¹adeyyanti sudinnameva hoti.
142-3. Parikkh±ravatth³su vuttaparikkh±rassa heµµh± vuttabhaº¹assa ca ko viseso? Ya½paribhogayogga½ ±bharaº±dir³pa½ akatv± yath±sabh±vato µhapita½, ta½ bhaº¹a½. Ya½ pana tath±katv± paribhuñjitu½ anucchavik±k±rena µhapita½ ±bharaº±dika½, ta½ parikkh±rantiveditabba½.
144-146. Saªk±metv±ti µhitaµµh±nato apanetv±. Thavikanti up±hanatthavik±di ya½kiñcithavika½. ¾har±pentesu bhaº¹adeyyanti “gahite attamano hot²”ti (mah±va. 356)vacanato anattamanassa santaka½ gahitampi puna d±tabbamev±ti vutta½.“Sammukh²bh³tehi bh±jetabban”ti (mah±va. 379) vacanato bh±jan²yabhaº¹a½ upac±ras²maµµh±na½yevap±puº±t²ti ±ha “upac±ras²m±ya½ µhitasseva gahetu½ vaµµat²”ti.
148-9. “Bhaº¹adeyyanti ubhinna½ s±layabh±ve sati corassa v± s±mikassa v± sampattassakassaci d±tu½ vaµµat²”ti vadanti. Eseva nayoti pa½suk³lasaññ±ya gahite bhaº¹adeyya½,theyyacittena p±r±jikanti attho. G±mes³ti g±mikesu manussesu. G±ma-ggahaºenahettha g±maµµh± vutt±. Vuµµhahantes³ti g±ma½ cha¹¹etv± pal±yantesu. Puna ±vasantejanapadeti j±napadikesu puna ±gantv± vasantesu.
Avisesena vuttanti “sa-uss±h± v± niruss±h± v±”ti visesa½ apar±masitv± s±maññatovutta½. Na hi katipay±na½ anuss±he sati saªghika½ asaªghika½ hot²ti ayamettha adhipp±yo.Sa-uss±hamattameva pam±ºanti s±mik±na½ paricchinnabh±vato vutta½. Tatoti gaºasantakatopuggalasantakato v±. Sen±sanatth±ya niyamitanti ida½ nidassanamatta½, cat³su paccayesu yassa kassaci atth±ya niyamitepi vuttanayameva. Issaravat±y±ti para½ ±pucchitv±v± an±pucchitv± v± d±tabbakicca½ natthi, ayamevettha pam±ºanti eva½ attano issarabh±vena.Agghena k±retabboti aggh±nur³pa½ dukkaµena thullaccayena v± k±retabbo. Issaravat±yaparibhuñjato g²v±ti na kevala½ ettheva g²v±, heµµh± kulasaªgahatth±ya issaravat±yav± dinnepi g²v±yeva. Sukh±ditamev±ti antovih±re nis²ditv± ghaºµippaharaº±divuttavidh±nassakatatt± sukh±dita½. Saªghikañhi vebhaªgiyabhaº¹a½ antovih±re v± bahis²m±ya v±hotu, bahis²m±ya½ µhitehi apaloketv± bh±jetu½ na vaµµati, ubhayattha µhitampi pana antos²m±ya½µhitehi apaloketv± bh±jetu½ vaµµatiyeva. Teneva t²supi gaºµhipadesu vutta½“vih±reyeva nis²ditv± eva½ katatt± sukh±ditanti ±h±”ti. Ayañca attho vass³pan±yikakkhandhakaµµhakath±ya½±vi bhavissati.
150. Vuttav±dakavatth³su p±¼iya½ yugas±µakanti s±µakayuga½. Tulanti palasata½.Doºanti so¼asan±¼imatta½. Pariccheda½ pana katv±ti yattaka½ cchita½, tattaka½ agghavasena v± c²var±dipaccayavasena v± pariccheda½ katv±. Up±rambh±ti“bhadant± apariccheda½ katv± vadant²”ti eva½ dos±ropanato.
153. Ch±tajjhattanti jighacch±dukkhena p²¼ita-attasant±na½. Dhanukanti khuddakadhanuka½.Baddho hot²ti tiriya½ baddho hoti. Sunakhadaµµhanti s±mikehi vissajjitasunakhena gahita½.Yaµµhiy± saha p±tet²ti s³karassa ±gamanato puretarameva tattha abajjhanatth±ya p±teti.Maddanto gacchati, bhaº¹adeyyanti ekas³karagghanaka½ bhaº¹a½ d±tabba½. Na hi tena maggenagacchant± sabbeva s³kar± tena p±sena bajjhanti, ekoyeva paµhamatara½ gacchanto bajjhati,tasm± ekas³karagghanaka½ bhaº¹a½ d±tabba½. Pacch± gacchat²ti tena katapayogena agantv±pacch± sayameva gacchati. Heµµh± vuttesupi ²disesu µh±nesu eseva nayo. Uddharitv±cha¹¹et²ti puretarameva uddharitv± cha¹¹eti. Vih±rabh³miyanti vih±ras±mant± araññappadese.Rakkha½ y±citv±ti r±jar±jamah±matt±d²na½ santika½ gantv± anuddissa rakkha½ y±citv±.
Kum²namukhanti kum²nassa anto macch±na½ pavisanamukha½. Gumbe khipati, bhaº¹adeyyamev±tikum²nassa anto pavisitabb±na½ macch±na½ agghena bhaº¹adeyya½.
156. V²sati½s±divasena paricchinn± bhikkh³ etth±ti paricchinnabhikkhuka½. Ther±nanti±gantukatther±na½ Tesamp²ti ±v±sikabhikkh³nampi. Paribhogatth±y±ti saªghikaparibhogavasena paribhuñjanatth±ya. Gahaºeti p±µhaseso daµµhabbo. Yatth±ti yasmi½ ±v±se. Aññesa½atthibh±vanti aññesa½ ±gantukabhikkh³na½ atthibh±va½. Tatth±ti t±dise ±v±se.Bh±jetv± kh±dant²ti ±gantuk±nampi sampatt±na½ bh±jetv± kh±dant²ti adhipp±yo.Cat³su paccayesu samm± upanent²ti ambaphal±d²ni vikkiºitv± c²var±d²su cat³supaccayesu samm± upanenti. C²varatth±ya niyametv± dinn±ti “imesa½ rukkh±na½ phal±nivikkiºitv± c²varesuyeva upanetabb±ni, na bh±jetv± kh±ditabb±n²”ti eva½ niyametv±dinn±. Tesupi ±gantuk± anissar±ti paccayaparibhogatth±yaniyametv± dinnatt± bh±jetv± kh±ditu½ anissar±.
Na tesu…pe… µh±tabbanti ettha ±gantukehi heµµh± vuttanayena bh±jetv± kh±ditabbantiadhipp±yo. Tesa½ katik±ya µh±tabbanti “bh±jetv± na kh±ditabban”ti v±“ettakesu rukkhesu phal±ni gaºhiss±m±”ti v± “ettak±ni phal±ni gaºhiss±m±”tiv± “ettak±na½ divas±na½ abbhantare gaºhiss±m±”ti v± “na kiñci gaºhiss±m±”tiv± eva½ kat±ya ±v±sik±na½ katik±ya ±gantukehi µh±tabba½. Mah±-aµµhakath±ya½“anissar±”ti vacanena d²pitoyeva attho mah±paccariya½ “catunna½ paccay±nan”ti-±din±vitth±retv± dassito. Paribhogavasenev±ti ettha eva-saddo aµµh±nappayutto. Paribhogavasenatameva bh±jetv±ti yojetabba½. Etth±ti etasmi½ vih±re raµµhe v±. Sen±sanapaccayantisen±sanañca tadatth±ya niyametv± µhapitañca.
L±makakoµiy±ti l±maka½ ±di½ katv±, l±makasen±sanato paµµh±y±ti vutta½ hoti.Sen±sanepi tiº±d²ni l±makakoµiy±va vissajjetabb±ni, sen±sanaparikkh±r±pi l±makakoµiy±vavissajjetabb±. M³lavatthuccheda½ pana katv± na upanetabbanti imin± ki½ vutta½ hot²ti?T²supi gaºµhipadesu t±va ida½ vutta½ “sabb±ni sen±san±ni na vissajjetabb±n²tivutta½ hot²”ti. L±makakoµiy± vissajjentehipi sen±sanabh³miyo na vissajjetabb±tiayamattho vutto hot²ti no khanti, v²ma½sitv± ya½ ruccati, ta½ gahetabba½.
Dhammasantakena buddhap³ja½ k±tu½, buddhasantakena v± dhammap³ja½ k±tu½ vaµµati, na vaµµat²ti?“Tath±gatassa kho eta½ v±seµµha adhivacana½ dhammak±yo itip²ti ca yo kho, vakkali, dhamma½passati, so ma½ passat²”ti (sa½. ni. 3.87) ca vacanato vaµµat²ti vadanti. Kecipana “eva½ sante ‘yo, bhikkhave, ma½ upaµµhaheyya, so gil±na½ upaµµhaheyy±’ti vacanatobuddhasantakena gil±nassapi bhesajja½ k±tu½ yuttanti ±pajjeyya, tasm± na vaµµat²”tivadanti, ta½ ak±raºa½. Na hi “yo, bhikkhave, ma½ upaµµhaheyya, so gil±na½ upaµµhaheyy±”tiimin± attano ca gil±nassa ca ekasadisat± tadupaµµh±nassa v± samaphalat±vutt±. Ayañhettha attho “yo ma½ ov±d±nus±san²karaºena upaµµhaheyya, so gil±na½ upaµµhaheyya,mama ov±dakaraºena gil±no upaµµh±tabbo”ti. Bhagavato ca gil±nassa ca upaµµh±na½ ekasadisantieva½ panettha attho na gahetabbo. Tasm± “yo vo, ±nanda, may± dhammo ca vinayo cadesito paññatto, so vo mamaccayena satth±”ti vacanato “ahañca panid±ni eko ovad±mianus±s±mi, mayi parinibbute im±ni catur±s²ti buddhasahass±ni tumhe ovadissantianus±sissant²”ti vuttatt± ca bahussuta½ bhikkhu½ pasa½santena ca “yo bahussuto,na so tumh±ka½ s±vako n±ma, buddho n±ma esa cund±”ti vuttatt± dhammagarukatt±ca tath±gatassa pubbanayo eva pasatthataroti amh±ka½ khanti.
Paººa½ ±ropetv±ti “ettakeheva rukkhehi ettakameva gahetabban”ti paººa½±ropetv±, likhitv±ti vutta½ hoti. Nimittasañña½ katv±ti saªketa½ katv±.D±rak±ti tesa½ puttanatt±dayo d±rak±. Aññepi ye keci gopak± honti, tesabbepi vutt±. Sabbatth±pi gih²na½ gopakad±ne yattaka½ gopak± denti, tattaka½gahetabba½. Saªghike pana yath±paricchedameva gahetabbanti d²pitatt± “atthato ekan”tivutta½.
Tatoti yath±vutta-uposath±g±r±dikaraºatth±ya µhapitad±rusambh±rato. ¾pucchitv±tik±rakasaªgha½ ±pucchitv±. Ta½ sabbampi ±haritv±ti an±pucchitv±pi t±vak±lika½±haritv±. ¾har±pentoti ettha an±har±pentepi d±tabbameva. Ayameva bhikkhuissaroti ekassa bhikkhuno p±puºanaµµh±na½, tatoyeva sen±sanato tassa d±tabba½, naca so tato uµµh±petabboti vutta½ hoti.
“Udakap³janti cetiyaµµh±nesu siñcanan”ti gaºµhipadesu vutta½. Vattas²sen±tikevala½ saddh±ya, na vetan±di-atth±ya. Savatthukanti saha bh³miy±. Tiºamatta½ panad±tabbanti kasm± vutta½, ki½ ta½ garubhaº¹a½ na hot²ti? Na hoti. Arakkhita-agopitaµµh±nehi vinassakabh±vena µhita½ garubhaº¹a½ na hoti, tasm± t±disa½ sandh±ya “tiºamatta½ panad±tabban”ti vutta½. Jaggitv±ti sa½vacchare sa½vacchare jaggitv±.
Kuµµanti gehabhitti½. P±k±ranti parikkhepap±k±ra½. Tatoticha¹¹itavih±rato. Tato ±haritv± sen±sana½ kata½ hot²ti s±mantag±mav±s²hi bhikkh³hicha¹¹itavih±rato d±rusambh±r±di½ ±haritv± sen±sana½ kata½ hoti.
157. Catubh±ga-udakasambhinneti catutthabh±gena udakena sambhinne. Odanabh±jan²yavatthusminti“dehi aparassa bh±gan”ti ±gatavatthusmi½.
159. Ayy± attan± k±tu½ yuttampi na karonti, ativiya thaddh±ti pas±da½ bhinditv±cittena kuppanti, tasm± “pas±d±nurakkhaºatth±y±”ti vutta½. Iddhi½ paµisa½har²tiiddhi½ vissajjesi. Sakaµµh±neyeva aµµh±s²ti iddhiy± vissajjitatt± eva “p±s±dopuna ±gacchat³”ti anadhiµµhitepi sayameva ±gantv± sakaµµh±neyeva aµµh±si. “Y±va d±rak±p±s±da½ ±rohanti, t±va p±s±do tesa½ santike hot³”ti pubbe adhiµµhitatt± evaca k±lapariccheda½ katv± adhiµµhitena tato para½ iddhi vissajjit± n±ma hot²ti katv±vutta½ “thero iddhi½ paµisa½har²”ti. Yasm± te d±rak± eva½ gahetv± gat±na½ santak±na honti, yasm± ca ²disena payogena therena te ±n²t± n±ma na honti, tasm± theroevamak±s²ti daµµhabba½. Tenev±ha “voh±ravasen±”ti-±di. Attano pakativaººa½ avijahitv±bahiddh± hatthi-±didassana½ “ekopi hutv± bahudh± hot²”ti (d². ni. 1.238; ma.ni. 1.147; sa½. ni. 5.842) ±gatañca adhiµµh±navasena nipphannatt± adhiµµh±niddhin±ma. “So pakativaººa½ vijahitv± kum±rakavaººa½ v± dasseti n±gavaººa½ v±…pe…vividhampi sen±by³ha½ dasset²”ti (paµi. ma. 3.13) eva½ ±gat± iddhi pakativaººavijahanavik±ravasenapavattatt± vikubbaniddhi n±ma. Att±na½ adassetv± bahiddh± hatthi-±didassanampi etthevasaªgahitanti daµµhabba½. Pakativaººavijahanañhi n±ma attano pakatir³passa aññesa½ adassana½,na sabbena sabba½ tassa nirodhana½. Evañca katv± “att±na½ adassetv± bahiddh± hatthi-±didassanampiettheva saªgahitan”ti ida½ “pakativaººa½ vijahitv±”ti vuttam³lapadena na virujjhati.

Vin²tavatthuvaººan± niµµhit±.

Iti samantap±s±dik±ya vinayaµµhakath±ya s±ratthad²paniya½

Dutiyap±r±jikavaººan± samatt±.