K±mavitakkaby±p±davitakkavihi½s±vitakk±na½ vasena akusalavitakkattaya½. Nekkhammavitakka-aby±p±davitakka-avihi½s±vitakk±na½ vasena kusalavitakkattaya½. Sabbakiles±pacayabh³t±ya vivaµµ±y±tir±g±disabbakiles±na½ apacayahetubh³t±ya nibb±nadh±tuy±. Aµµhav²riy±rambhavatthup±rip³riy±tiaµµhanna½ v²riy±rambhak±raº±na½ p±rip³riy±. Yath± tath± paµhama½ pavatta-abbhussahanañhi upariv²riy±rambhassa k±raºa½ hoti. Anur³papaccavekkhaº±sahit±ni hi abbhussahan±ni tamm³lak±niv± paccavekkhaº±ni aµµha v²riy±rambhavatth³n²ti veditabb±ni. Tath± hi–
“Kamma½ kho me kattabba½ bhavissati, kamma½ kho pana me karontena na sukara½ buddh±na½s±sana½ manasi k±tu½, hand±ha½ v²riya½ ±rabh±mi appattassa pattiy± anadhigatassa adhigam±yaasacchikatassa sacchikiriy±ya. Aha½ kho kamma½ ak±si½, kamma½ kho pan±ha½ karonton±sakkhi½ buddh±na½ s±sana½ manasi k±tu½, hand±ha½ v²riya½ ±rabh±mi…pe…maggo kho me gantabbo bhavissati, magga½ kho pana me gacchantena na sukara½ buddh±na½ s±sana½manasi k±tu½, hand±ha½ v²riya½ ±rabh±mi…pe… aha½ kho magga½ agam±si½, magga½kho pan±ha½ gacchanto n±sakkhi½ buddh±na½ s±sana½ manasi k±tu½, hand±ha½ v²riya½ ±rabh±mi…pe…aha½ kho g±ma½ v± nigama½ v± piº¹±ya caranto n±lattha½ l³khassa v± paº²tassa v± bhojanassay±vadattha½ p±rip³ri½, tassa me k±yo lahuko kammañño, hand±ha½ v²riya½ ±rabh±mi…pe…aha½ kho g±ma½ v± nigama½ v± piº¹±ya caranto alattha½ l³khassa v± paº²tassa v± bhojanassay±vadattha½ p±rip³ri½, tassa me k±yo balav± kammañño, hand±ha½ v²riya½ ±rabh±mi…pe…uppanno kho me aya½ appamattako ±b±dho, µh±na½ kho paneta½ vijjati, ya½ me ±b±dhopava¹¹heyya, hand±ha½ v²riya½ ±rabh±mi…pe… aha½ kho gil±n± vuµµhito aciravuµµhitogelaññ±, µh±na½ kho paneta½ vijjati, ya½ me ±b±dho paccud±vatteyya, hand±ha½ v²riya½±rabh±mi appattassa pattiy± anadhigatassa adhigam±ya asacchikatassa sacchikiriy±y±”ti(d². ni. 3.335; a. ni. 8.80)–

Eva½ pavatta-anur³papaccavekkhaº±sahit±ni abbhussahan±ni tamm³lak±ni v± paccavekkhaº±niaµµha v²riy±rambhavatth³ni n±ma.

Tadanucchavika½ tadanulomikanti ettha ta-saddo vakkham±n±pekkho ca at²t±pekkhoca hot²ti ±ha “ya½ id±ni sikkh±pada½ paññapessat²”ti-±di. Sabban±m±nihi vakkham±navacan±nipi honti pakkantavacan±nipi. Sa½varappah±napaµisa½yuttanti pañcasa½varehiceva pañcapah±nehi ca paµisa½yutta½. Pañcavidho hi sa½varo s²lasa½varo satisa½varoñ±ºasa½varo khantisa½varo v²riyasa½varoti. Pah±nampi pañcavidha½ tadaªgappah±na½ vikkhambhanappah±na½samucchedappah±na½ paµippassaddhippah±na½ nissaraºappah±nanti.
Tattha “imin± p±timokkhasa½varena upeto hoti samupeto”ti (vibha. 511) evam±gatop±timokkhasa½varo s²lasa½varo n±ma, so ca atthato k±yikav±casikoav²tikkamo. “Rakkhati cakkhundriya½, cakkhundriye sa½vara½ ±pajjat²”ti (d². ni.1.213; ma. ni. 1.295; sa½. ni. 4.239; a. ni. 3.16) evam±gat± indriy±rakkh±satisa½varo, s± ca atthato tath±pavatt± sati eva. “Sot±na½ sa½vara½ br³mi, paññ±yetepidh²yare”ti (su. ni. 1041; netti. 11) evam±gato ñ±ºasa½varo. Ettha hi“sot±na½ sa½vara½ br³m²”ti vatv± “paññ±yete pidh²yare”ti vacanato sotasaªkh±t±na½taºh±diµµhiduccarita-avijj±dikiles±na½ samucchedakañ±ºa½ pidahanaµµhena sa½varoti vutta½.“Khamo hoti s²tassa uºhass±”ti-evam±gat± (ma. ni. 1.24; ma. ni. 3.159; a.ni. 4.114) adhiv±san± khantisa½varo, s± ca atthato tath±pavatt± khandh± adoso v±.Paññ±ti eke, ta½ na gahetabba½. “Uppanna½ k±mavitakka½ n±dhiv±set²”ti (ma.ni. 1.26) evam±gata½ k±mavitakk±d²na½ vinodanavasena pavatta½ v²riyameva v²riyasa½varo.Sabbo c±ya½ sa½varo yath±saka½ sa½varitabb±na½ duss²lyasaªkh±t±na½ k±yavac²duccarit±na½muµµhassaccasaªkh±tassa pam±dassa abhijjh±d²na½ v± akkhanti aññ±ºakosajj±nañca sa½varaºato pidahanatoch±danato “sa½varo”ti vuccati. Sa½varat²ti sa½varo, pidahati niv±reti pavattitu½na det²ti attho. Paccayasamav±ye uppajjan±rah±na½ k±yaduccarit±d²na½ tath± tath± anupp±danamevahi idha sa½varaºa½ n±ma. Eva½ t±va pañcavidho sa½varo veditabbo.
Tena tena guºaªgena tassa tassa aguºaªgassa pah±na½ tadaªgappah±na½. N±mar³paparicched±d²suhi vipassan±ñ±ºesu paµipakkhabh±vato d²p±lokeneva tamassa n±mar³pavavatth±nena sakk±yadiµµhiy±,paccayapariggahena ahetuvisamahetudiµµh²na½, tasseva aparabh±ge uppannena kaªkh±vitaraºenakatha½kath²bh±vassa, kal±pasammasanena “aha½ mam±”ti g±hassa, magg±maggavavatth±nena amaggemaggasaññ±ya, udayadassanena ucchedadiµµhiy±, vayadassanena sassatadiµµhiy±, bhayadassanena sabhayeabhayasaññ±y±ti-±din± nayena tena tena vipassan±ñ±ºena tassa tassa aguºaªgassa pah±na½ tadaªgappah±nantiveditabba½. Ya½ pana upac±rappan±bhedena sam±dhin± pavattiniv±raºato ghaµappah±reneva udakapiµµhesev±lassa tesa½ tesa½ n²varaº±didhamm±na½ pah±na½, eta½ vikkhambhanappah±na½ n±ma.Vikkhambhanameva pah±na½ vikkhambhanappah±na½. Ya½ catunna½ ariyamagg±na½ bh±vitatt± ta½ta½maggavato attano sant±ne “diµµhigat±na½ pah±n±y±”ti-±din± (dha. sa. 277) nayenavuttassa samudayapakkhiyassa kilesagaºassa accanta½ appavattibh±vena pah±na½, ida½ samucchedappah±na½n±ma. Ya½ pana phalakkhaºe paµippassaddhatta½ v³pasantat± kiles±na½, eta½ paµippassaddhippah±na½n±ma. Ya½ sabbasaªkhatanissaµatt± pah²nasabbasaªkhata½ nibb±na½, eta½ nissaraºappah±na½ n±ma.Sabbampi ceta½ c±gaµµhena pah±nanti vuccati. Evamimehi yath±vuttasa½varehi ceva pah±nehica paµisa½yutt± dhammadesan± “sa½varappah±napaµisa½yutt±”ti veditabb±.
Asuttantavinibaddhanti suttantesu anibaddha½, p±¼i-an±ru¼hanti attho. Pakiººakadhammadesan±hi saªgaha½ na ±rohati. Vuttamevattha½ pak±sento ±ha “p±¼ivinimuttan”ti.Atha v± asuttantavinibaddhanti sutt±bhidhammap±¼i½ an±ru¼habh±va½ sandh±ya vutta½,p±¼ivinimuttanti vinayap±¼i½ an±ru¼habh±va½ sandh±ya. Okkantikadhammadesan±n±ma ñ±ºena anupavisitv± antar± kathiyam±n± dhammadesan±, paµikkhipan±dhipp±y±bhadd±littherasadis±. Samparetabbato pecca gantabbato sampar±yo, paraloko. Tattha bhava½sampar±yika½. Vaµµabhayena tajjentoti “eva½ duss²l± niray±d²su dukkha½p±puºant²”ti tajjento. D²ghanik±yappam±ºampi majjhimanik±yappam±ºampi dhammadesana½karot²ti “tena khaºena tena muhuttena katha½ bhagav± t±vamahanta½ dhammadesana½ karot²”tina vattabba½. Y±vat± hi lokiyamah±jan± eka½ pada½ kathenti, t±va ±nandatthero aµµhapad±ni katheti. ¾nandatthere pana eka½ pada½ kathenteyeva bhagav± so¼asa pad±ni katheti.Imin± nayena lokiyajanassa ekapaducc±raºakkhaºe bhagav± aµµhav²sasata½ pad±ni katheti.Kasm±? Bhagavato hi jivh± mudu, dant±varaºa½ suphusita½, vacana½ aga¼ita½, bhavaªgapariv±solahuko, tasm± sace eko bhikkhu k±y±nupassana½ pucchati, añño vedan±nupassana½,añño citt±nupassana½, añño dhamm±nupassana½, “imin± puµµhe aha½ pucchiss±m²”tieko eka½ na oloketi, eva½ santepi tesa½ bhikkh³na½ “aya½ paµhama½ pucchi, aya½dutiyan”ti-±din± pucchanav±ro t±disassa paññavato paññ±yati sukhumassa antarassa labbhanato.Buddh±na½ pana desan±v±ro aññesa½ na paññ±yateva acchar±saªgh±tamatte khaºeanekakoµisahassacittappavattisambhavato. Da¼hadhammena dhanuggahena khittasarassa vidatthicaturaªgula½t±lacch±ya½ atikkamanato puretara½yeva bhagav± cuddasavidhena k±y±nupassana½, navavidhenavedan±nupassana½, so¼asavidhena citt±nupassana½, pañcavidhena dhamm±nupassana½ katheti.Tiµµhantu v± ete catt±ro, sace hi aññe catt±ro sammappadh±nesu, aññe iddhip±desu,aññe pañcindriyesu, aññe pañcabalesu, aññe sattabojjhaªgesu, aññe aµµhamaggaªgesupañhe puccheyyu½, tampi bhagav± katheyya. Tiµµhantu v± ete aµµha, sace aññe sattati½sajan± bodhipakkhiyesu pañhe puccheyyu½, tampi bhagav± t±vadeva katheyya.
M³la½ nissayo patiµµh±ti pacchima½ pacchima½ paµhamassa paµhamassa vevacananti daµµhabba½. Tatthapatiµµh±ti sampayogavasena upanissayavasena ca ok±sabh±vo. Sikkh±saªkh±t±nañhi avasesakusaladhamm±na½methunaviratisampayogavasena v± patiµµh± siy± upanissayabh±vena v±. Tenev±ha “methunasa½varoh²”ti-±di. Vuttatthavasen±ti patiµµh±-adhigam³p±yavasena. Sikkh±padavibhaªgeniddiµµhaviraticetan± ta½sampayuttadhamm± ca sikkh±padanti dassetuk±mo ±ha– “ayañcaattho sikkh±padavibhaªge vuttanayena veditabbo”ti. Sikkh±padavibhaªge hi virati-±dayodhamm± nippariy±yato pariy±yato ca “sikkh±padan”ti vutt±. Vuttañheta½–
“Tattha katama½ k±mesumicch±c±r± veramaº² sikkh±pada½? Yasmi½ samaye k±m±vacara½kusala½ citta½ uppanna½ hoti somanassasahagata½ ñ±ºasampayutta½ k±mesumicch±c±r±viramantassa, y± tasmi½ samaye k±mesumicch±c±r± ±rati virati paµivirati veramaº²akiriy± akaraºa½ anajjh±patti vel±natikkamo setugh±to, ida½ vuccati k±mesumicch±c±r±veramaº² sikkh±pada½. Avases± dhamm± veramaºiy± sampayutt±.
“Tattha katama½ k±mesumicch±c±r± veramaº² sikkh±pada½? Yasmi½ samaye k±m±vacara½kusala½ citta½ uppanna½ hoti somanassasahagata½ ñ±ºasampayutta½ k±mesumicch±c±r±viramantassa, y± tasmi½ samaye cetan± sañcetan± cetayitatta½, ida½ vuccatik±mesumicch±c±r± veramaº² sikkh±pada½. Avases± dhamm± cetan±ya sampayutt±.
“Tattha katama½ k±mesumicch±c±r± veramaº² sikkh±pada½? Yasmi½ samaye k±m±vacara½kusala½ citta½ uppanna½ hoti somanassasahagata½ ñ±ºasampayutta½ k±mesumicch±c±r±viramantassa, yo tasmi½ samaye phasso…pe… pagg±ho avikkhepo, ida½ vuccatik±mesumicch±c±r± veramaº² sikkh±padan”ti (vibha. 706).
Ettha hi yasm± na kevala½ viratiyeva sikkh±pada½, cetan±pi sikkh±padameva, tasm±ta½ dassetu½ dutiyanayo vutto. Yasm± ca na kevala½ eteyeva dve dhamm± sikkh±pada½,cetan±sampayutt± pana paropaºº±sa dhamm±pi sikkhitabbakoµµh±sato sikkh±padameva, tasm±tatiyanayo dassito. Duvidhañhi sikkh±pada½ nippariy±yasikkh±pada½ pariy±yasikkh±padanti.Tattha virati nippariy±yasikkh±pada½. S± hi “p±º±tip±t± veramaº²”ti p±¼iya½±gat±, no cetan±. Viramanto ca t±ya eva tato tato viramati, na cetan±ya, cetanampipana ±haritv± dasseti, tath± sesacetan±sampayuttadhamme. Tasm± cetan± ceva avasesasampayuttadhamm±ca pariy±yasikkh±padanti veditabba½.
Id±ni na kevala½ idha virati-±dayo dhamm±va sikkh±pada½, atha kho tadatthajotik± paññattip²tidassento ±ha “apic±”ti-±di. “Yo tattha n±mak±yo padak±yoti ida½mah±-aµµhakath±ya½ vuttan”ti vadanti. N±mak±yoti n±masam³ho n±mapaººattiyeva.Padaniruttibyañjan±ni n±mavevacan±neva “n±ma½ n±makamma½ n±manirutt²”ti-±d²su(dha. sa. 1313-1315) viya. Sikkh±koµµh±soti virati-±dayova vutt±, tadatthajotaka½vacanampi sikkh±padanti idampi ettha labbhateva.