“Kinnu santaram±nova, k±su½ khaºasi s±rathi;
puµµho me samma akkh±hi, ki½ k±suy± karissas²”ti. (J±. 2.22.3)–

Ettha hi ±v±µo k±su n±ma.

“Aªg±rak±su½ apare phuºanti, nar± rudant± parida¹¹hagatt±”ti (j±. 2.22.462)–

Ettha r±si. Idha pana ubhayampi adhippetanti ±ha “aªg±rapuººak³pe aªg±rar±simhiv±”ti. Kassati khaº²yat²ti k±su, ±v±µo. Kas²yati c²yat²ti k±su, r±si.Paditt±y±ti dippam±n±ya. Sa½-saddo ettha samantapariy±yoti ±ha “samantato pajjalit±y±”ti.

Ida½ m±tug±massa aªgaj±te aªgaj±tapakkhipana½ nid±na½ k±raºamassa nirayupapajjanass±ti itonid±na½,bh±vanapu½sakañceta½. Paccattavacanassa to-±deso kato, tassa ca sam±sepi alopo.Tattha n±ma tvanti ettha tva½-saddo “sam±pajjissas²”ti imin± sambandhamupagaccham±noatth²ti ±ha “tvanti ta½saddassa vevacanan”ti. “Ya½ tanti pana p±µho yuttar³po”tigaºµhipadesu vutta½. Ya½ tanti n±ya½ uddesaniddeso, yath± loke ya½ v± ta½ v±tiavaññ±tavacana½, eva½ daµµhabbanti ±ha– “ya½ v± ta½ v± h²¼ita½ avaññ±tanti vutta½hot²”ti. N²cajan±nanti nih²naguº±na½ satt±na½. G±madhammanti ettha g±ma-saddenag±mav±sino vutt± abhed³pac±ren±ti ±ha “g±mav±sikamanuss±nan”ti. Kilesapaggharaºaka½dhammanti r±g±dikilesavissandanakadhamma½ Methunadhammo hi r±ga½ paggharati.Methunadhammassa mah±s±vajjat±ya o¼±rikatt± vutta½ “asukhuman”ti. Anipuºantitasseva vevacana½. Udake bhava½ odaka½. Ki½ ta½? Udakakiccanti ±ha– “udakakicca½antika½ avas±na½ ass±”ti. Sam±pajjissat²ti an±gatavacana½ n±ma-saddayogenakatanti ±ha– “sam±pajjissat²ti…pe… n±ma-saddena yojetabban”ti.Loke methunadhammassa ±dikatt± koci paµhamakappiko, na pan±yanti ±ha– “s±sana½sandh±ya vadat²”ti. Bah³nanti puggal±pekkha½, na pana akusal±pekkhanti ±ha “bah³na½puggal±nan”ti.
Ya½ asa½vara½ paµicca dubbharat±dupposat±di hoti, so asa½varo dubbharat±di-saddena vuttok±raºe phal³pac±ren±ti ±ha– “dubbharat±d²na½ vatthubh³tassa asa½varass±”ti.Vatthubh³tass±ti k±raºabh³tassa. Vasati ettha phala½ tad±yattavuttit±y±ti hi k±raºa½vatthu. Att±ti citta½ sar²rañca, cittameva v±. Dubbharatañceva dupposatañca ±pajjat²tiattan± paccayad±yakehi ca dukkhena bharitabbata½ posetabbatañca ±pajjati. Asa½vare µhitohi ekacco attanopi dubbharo hoti dupposo, ekacco upaµµh±k±nampi. Katha½? Yohi ambil±d²ni laddh± anambil±d²ni pariyesati, aññassa ghare laddha½ aññassa ghare cha¹¹entosabba½ g±ma½ caritv± rittapattova vih±ra½ pavisitv± nipajjati, aya½ attano dubbharo.Yo pana s±lima½sodan±d²na½ patte p³retv± dinnepi dummukhabh±va½ anattamanabh±vameva dasseti,tesa½ v± sammukh±va ta½ piº¹ap±ta½ “ki½ tumhehi dinnan”ti apas±dento s±maºeragahaµµh±d²na½deti, aya½ upaµµh±k±na½ dubbharo. Eta½ disv± manuss± d³ratova parivajjenti“dubbharo bhikkhu na sakk± posetun”ti.
Mahicchatanti ettha mahant±ni vatth³ni icchati, mahat² v± panassa icch±ti mahiccho, tassabh±vo mahicchat±, santaguºavibh±vanat± paµiggahaºe amattaññut± ca. Mahiccho hi icch±c±reµhatv± attani vijjam±nas²ladhutadhamm±diguºe vibh±veti, t±disassa paµiggahaºe amattaññut±pihoti. Ya½ sandh±ya vadanti “santaguºasambh±vanat± paµiggahaºe ca amattaññut±, eta½ mahicchat±lakkhaºan”ti.S± panes± mahicchat± “idhekacco saddho sam±no ‘saddhoti ma½ jano j±n±t³’ti icchati,s²lav± sam±no ‘s²lav±ti ma½ jano j±n±t³’ti” imin± nayena ±gat±yeva, t±ya samann±gatopuggalo dussantappiyo hoti, vij±tam±t±pissa citta½ gahetu½ na sakkoti. Teneta½vuccati–
“Aggikkhandho samuddo ca, mahiccho c±pi puggalo;
sakaµena paccaya½ dentu, tayopete atappiy±”ti. (Ma. ni. aµµha. 1.252; a. ni.aµµha. 1.1.63; vibha. aµµha. 850; ud±. aµµha. 31; mah±ni. aµµha. 85).
Sattehi kilesehi ca saªgaºana½ samodh±na½ saªgaºik±ti ±ha– “gaºasaªgaºik±yaceva kilesasaªgaºik±ya c±”ti. Kosajj±nugato ca hot²ti kus²tabh±vena anugatohoti, kus²tassa bh±vo kosajja½. Aµµhakus²tavatthup±rip³riy±ti ettha kucchita½s²dat²ti kus²to da-k±rassa ta-k±ra½ katv±. Yassa dhammassa vasena puggalo “kus²to”tivuccati, so kus²tabh±vo idha kus²ta-saddena vutto. Vin±pi hi bh±vajotanasadda½ bh±vatthoviññ±yati yath± “paµassa sukkan”ti, tasm± kus²tabh±vavatth³n²ti attho, kosajjak±raº±n²tivutta½ hoti. Tath± hi–
“Kamma½ kho me kattabba½ bhavissati, kamma½ kho pana me karontassa k±yo kilamissati,hand±ha½ nipajj±m²ti so nipajjati, na v²riya½ ±rabhati appattassa pattiy± anadhigatassaadhigam±ya asacchikatassa sacchikiriy±ya, ida½ paµhama½ kus²tavatthu. Aha½ kho kamma½ak±si½, kamma½ kho pana me karontassa k±yo kilanto, hand±ha½ nipajj±mi…pe…maggo kho me gantabbo bhavissati, magga½ kho pana me gacchantassa k±yo kilamissati,hand±ha½ nipajj±mi…pe… aha½ kho magga½ agam±si½, magga½ kho pana me gacchantassa k±yokilanto, hand±ha½ nipajj±mi…pe… aha½ kho g±ma½ v± nigama½ v± piº¹±ya caranton±lattha½ l³khassa v± paº²tassa v± bhojanassa y±vadattha½ p±rip³ri½, tassa me k±yo kilantoakammañño, hand±ha½ nipajj±mi…pe… aha½ kho g±ma½ v± nigama½ v± piº¹±ya carantoalattha½ l³khassa v± paº²tassa v± bhojanassa y±vadattha½ p±rip³ri½, tassa me k±yo garukoakammañño m±s±cita½ maññe, hand±ha½ nipajj±mi…pe… uppanno kho me aya½ appamattako±b±dho, atthi kappo nipajjitu½, hand±ha½ nipajj±mi…pe… aha½ kho gil±n±vuµµhito aciravuµµhito gelaññ±, tassa me k±yo dubbalo akammañño, hand±ha½ nipajj±m²tiso nipajjati, na v²riya½ ±rabhati appattassa pattiy± anadhigatassa adhigam±ya asacchikatassasacchikiriy±ya. Ida½ aµµhama½ kus²tavatthun”ti (d². ni. 3.334; a. ni. 8.80)–

Evam±gat±ni “hand±ha½ nipajj±m²”ti eva½ pavatta-os²dan±ni upar³parikosajjak±raºatt± aµµha kus²tavatth³ni n±ma, tesa½ p±rip³riy± sa½vattat²ti attho.

Subharo hoti suposoti attano upaµµh±kehi ca sukhena bharitabbo posetabboti attho.Sa½vare µhito hi ekacco attanopi subharo hoti suposo, ekacco upaµµh±k±nampi.Katha½? Yo hi ya½ kiñci l³kha½ v± paº²ta½ v± laddh± tuµµhacittova bhuñjitv± vih±ra½gantv± attano kamma½ karoti, aya½ attano subharo. Yo pana paresampi appa½ v± bahu½v± l³kha½ v± paº²ta½ v± d±na½ ah²¼etv± attamano vippasannamukho hutv± etesa½ sammukh±vaparibhuñjitv± y±ti, aya½ upaµµh±k±na½ subharo. Eta½ disv± manuss± ativiyavissatth± honti, “amh±ka½ bhadanto subharo, thokathokenapi tussati, mayameva na½posess±m±”ti paµiñña½ katv± posenti. Appicchatanti icch±virahitatta½. Etthahi byañjana½ s±vasesa½ viya, attho pana niravaseso. Appa-saddo hettha abh±vatthoti sakk±viññ±tu½ “app±b±dhatañca sañj±n±m²”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 1.225) viya. Tenev±ha“nittaºhabh±van”ti.
Tippabhed±ya santuµµhiy±ti yath±l±bh±disantosas±maññena vutta½, cat³su pana paccayesutayo tayo santos±ti dv±dasavidho hoti santoso. Katha½? C²vare yath±l±bhasantoso yath±balasantosoyath±s±ruppasantosoti tividho hoti santoso. Eva½ piº¹ap±t±d²su. Tass±ya½ pabhedasa½vaººan±(ma. ni. aµµha. 1.252; sa½. ni. aµµha. 2.2.144; a. ni. aµµha. 1.1.65)– idha bhikkhuc²vara½ labhati sundara½ v± asundara½ v±, so teneva y±peti añña½ na pattheti, labhantopina gaºh±ti. Ayamassa c²vare yath±l±bhasantoso. Atha pana pakatidubbalo v± hoti±b±dhajar±bhibh³to v±, garuc²vara½ p±rupanto kilamati, so sabh±gena bhikkhun± saddhi½ta½ parivattetv± lahukena y±pentopi santuµµhoyeva hoti. Ayamassa c²vare yath±balasantoso.Pakatidubbal±d²nañhi garuc²var±ni na ph±subh±v±vah±ni sar²rakhed±vah±ni ca hont²tipayojanavasena anatricchat±divasena t±ni parivattetv± lahukac²varaparibhogo na santosavirodh²ti.Aparo paº²tapaccayal±bh² hoti, so paµµac²var±d²na½ aññatara½ mahagghac²vara½bah³ni v± pana c²var±ni labhitv± “ida½ ther±na½ cirapabbajit±na½, ida½ bahussut±na½anur³pa½, ida½ gil±n±na½, ida½ appal±bh±na½ hot³”ti datv± tesa½ pur±ºac²vara½v± saªk±rak³µ±dito v± nantak±ni uccinitv± tehi saªgh±µi½ katv± dh±rentopi santuµµhovahoti. Ayamassa c²vare yath±s±ruppasantoso. Mahagghañhi c²vara½ bah³ni v± c²var±nilabhitv±pi t±ni vissajjetv± tadaññassa gahaºa½ yath±s±ruppanaye µhitatt± na santosavirodh²ti.
Idha pana bhikkhu piº¹ap±ta½ labhati l³kha½ v± paº²ta½ v±, so teneva y±peti añña½ napattheti, labhantopi na gaºh±ti. Ayamassa piº¹ap±te yath±l±bhasantoso. Yo pana attanopakativiruddha½ v± by±dhiviruddha½ v± piº¹ap±ta½ labhati, yenassa paribhuttena aph±suhoti, so sabh±gassa bhikkhuno ta½ datv± tassa hatthato sapp±yabhojana½ bhuñjitv± samaºadhamma½karontopi santuµµhova hoti. Ayamassa piº¹ap±te yath±balasantoso. Aparo bahu½ paº²ta½piº¹ap±ta½ labhati, so ta½ c²vara½ viya cirapabbajitabahussuta-appal±bhagil±n±na½ datv±tesa½ v± sesaka½ piº¹±ya v± caritv± missak±h±ra½ bhuñjantopi santuµµhova hoti.Ayamassa piº¹ap±te yath±s±ruppasantoso.
Idha pana bhikkhu sen±sana½ labhati man±pa½ v± aman±pa½ v±, so tena neva somanassa½, napaµigha½ upp±deti, antamaso tiºasantharakenapi yath±laddheneva tussati. Ayamassa sen±saneyath±l±bhasantoso. Yo pana attano pakativiruddha½ v± by±dhiviruddha½ v± sen±sana½ labhati,yatthassa vasato aph±su hoti, so ta½ sabh±gassa bhikkhuno datv± tassa santake sapp±yasen±sanevasantopi santuµµhova hoti. Ayamassa sen±sane yath±balasantoso. Aparo mah±puññoleºamaº¹apak³µ±g±r±d²ni bah³ni paº²tasen±san±ni labhati, so t±ni c²var±d²ni viyacirapabbajitabahussuta-appal±bhagil±n±na½ datv± yattha katthaci vasantopi santuµµhova hoti.Ayamassa sen±sane yath±s±ruppasantoso. Yopi “uttamasen±sana½ n±ma pam±daµµh±na½,tattha nisinnassa thinamiddha½ okkamati, nidd±bhibh³tassa puna paµibujjhato p±pavitakk±p±tubhavant²”ti paµisañcikkhitv± t±disa½ sen±sana½ pattampi na sampaµicchati,so ta½ paµikkhipitv± abbhok±sarukkham³l±d²su vasantopi santuµµhova hoti. Ayampissasen±sane yath±s±ruppasantoso.
Idha pana bhikkhu bhesajja½ labhati l³kha½ v± paº²ta½ v±, so ya½ labhati, teneva tussatiañña½ na pattheti, labhantopi na gaºh±ti. Ayamassa gil±napaccaye yath±l±bhasantoso.Yo pana telena atthiko ph±ºita½ labhati, so ta½ sabh±gassa bhikkhuno datv± tassa hatthatotela½ gahetv± aññadeva v± pariyesitv± bhesajja½ karontopi santuµµhova hoti. Ayamassagil±napaccaye yath±balasantoso. Aparo mah±puñño bahu½ telamadhuph±ºit±dipaº²tabhesajja½ labhati, so ta½ c²vara½ viya cirapabbajitabahussuta-appal±bhagil±n±na½ datv± tesa½ ±bhatenayena kenaci y±pentopi santuµµhova hoti. Yo pana ekasmi½ bh±jane muttahar²taka½µhapetv± ekasmi½ catumadhura½ “gaºha, bhante, yadicchas²”ti vuccam±no sacassa tesuaññatarenapi rogo v³pasammati, atha “muttahar²taka½ n±ma buddh±d²hi vaººitan”ti catumadhura½paµikkhipitv± muttahar²takeneva bhesajja½ karonto paramasantuµµhova hoti. Ayamassa gil±napaccayeyath±s±ruppasantoso. Eva½ yath±l±bh±divasena tippabhedo santoso catunna½ paccay±na½vasena dv±dasavidho hot²ti veditabbo.