Catasso yoniyoti ettha yon²ti khandhakoµµh±sassapi k±raºassapi pass±vamaggassapin±ma½. “Catasso n±gayoniyo (sa½. ni. 3.342-343) catasso supaººayoniyo”tiettha hi khandhakoµµh±so yoni n±ma. “Yoni hes± bh³mija phalassa adhigam±y±”ti(ma. ni. 3.226) ettha k±raºa½. “Na c±ha½ br±hmaºa½ br³mi, yonija½ mattisambhavan”ti(ma. ni. 2.457; dha. pa. 396) ettha pass±vamaggo. Idha pana khandhakoµµh±so “yon²”tiadhippeto. Yavanti t±ya satt± amissit±pi sam±naj±tit±ya missit± hont²ti yoni.S± pana atthato aº¹±di-uppattiµµh±navisiµµho khandh±na½ bh±gaso pavattiviseso, s± ca aº¹ajajal±bujasa½sedaja-opap±tikavasenacatubbidh±. Vuttañheta½ “catasso kho im±, s±riputta, yoniyo. Katam± catasso?Aº¹aj± yoni jal±buj± yoni sa½sedaj± yoni opap±tik± yon²”ti (ma. ni.1.152).
Tattha aº¹e j±t± aº¹aj±. Jal±bumhi j±t± jal±buj±. Sa½sedej±t± sa½sedaj±. Vin± etehi k±raºehi uppatitv± viya nibbatt±ti opap±tik±.Ettha ca petaloke tiracch±ne manussesu ca aº¹aj±dayo catassopi yoniyo sambhavanti,manussesu panettha kecideva opap±tik± honti mah±padumakum±r±dayo viya. Aº¹aj±pikontaputt± dvebh±tiyather± viya, sa½sedaj±pi padumagabbhe nibbattapokkharas±tibr±hmaºapadumavat²dev²-±dayoviya kecideva honti, yebhuyyena pana manuss± jal±buj±va. Petesupi nijjh±mataºhikapet±na½niccadukkh±turat±ya k±masevan± natthi, tasm± te gabbhaseyyak± na honti. J±l±vantat±yana t±sa½ kucchiya½ gabbho saºµh±ti, tasm± te opap±tik±yeva sa½sedajat±yapi asambhavato,avasesapet± pana catuyonik±pi honti. Yath± ca te, eva½ yakkh±pi sabbacatuppadapakkhij±tid²ghaj±ti-±dayopisabbe catuyonik±yeva. Sabbe nerayik± ca catumah±r±jikato paµµh±ya uparidev± caopap±tik±yeva, bhummadev± pana catuyonik±va honti. Tattha devamanussesu sa½sedaja-opap±tik±na½aya½ viseso– sa½sedaj± mand± dahar± hutv± nibbattanti, opap±tik± so¼asavassuddesik±hutv±.
Pañca gatiyoti ettha sukatadukkaµakammavasena gantabb± upapajjitabb±ti gatiyo. Yath±hi kammabhavo paramatthato asatipi k±rake paccayas±maggiy± siddho, ta½samaªgin± sant±nalakkhaºenasattena katoti vohar²yati, eva½ upapattibhavalakkhaºagatiyo paramatthato asatipi gamake ta½ta½kammavasenayesa½ t±ni kamm±ni tehi gantabb±ti vohar²yanti. Apica gatigati nibbattigatiajjh±sayagati vibhavagati nipphattigat²ti bahuvidh± gati n±ma. Tattha “ta½ gati½ peccagacch±m²”ti (a. ni. 4.184) ca “yassa gati½ na j±nanti, dev± gandhabbam±nus±”ti(dha. pa. 420; su. ni. 649) ca aya½ gatigati n±ma. “Imesa½ kho pan±ha½ bhikkh³na½s²lavant±na½ neva j±n±mi ±gati½ v± gati½ v±”ti (ma. ni. 1.508) aya½ nibbattigatin±ma. “Evampi kho te aha½ brahme gatiñca paj±n±mi cutiñca paj±n±m²”ti (ma. ni.1.503) aya½ ajjh±sayagati n±ma. “Vibhavo gati dhamm±na½, nibb±na½ arahato gat²”ti (pari. 339) aya½ vibhavagati n±ma. “Dveyeva gatiyo sambhavantianaññ±”ti (d². ni. 1.258; 2.34; 3.200) aya½ nipphattigati n±ma. T±su idhagatigati adhippet±, s± pana nirayatiracch±nayonipettivisayamana-ussadev±na½ vasena pañcavidh±hoti. Vuttañheta½– “pañca kho im±, s±riputta, gatiyo. Katam± pañca? Nirayotiracch±nayoni pettivisayo manuss± dev±”ti (ma. ni. 1.153).
Tattha yassa uppajjati, ta½ br³hentoyeva uppajjat²ti ayo, sukha½. Natthi ettha ayotinirayo, tato eva ramitabba½ ass±detabba½ tattha natth²ti nirati-atthena nirass±daµµhena canirayoti vuccati. Tiriya½ añcit±ti tiracch±n±, devamanuss±dayo viya uddha½d²gh± ahutv± tiriya½ d²gh±ti attho. Pakaµµhato sukhato ayana½ apagamo peccabh±vo, ta½peccabh±va½ patt±na½ visayoti pettivisayo, petayoni. Manassa ussannat±ya manuss±,satis³rabh±vabrahmacariyayogyat±diguºavasena upacitam±nasat±ya ukkaµµhaguºacittat±ya manuss±tivutta½ hoti, aya½ panattho nippariy±yato jambud²pav±s²vasena veditabbo. Yath±ha–“t²hi, bhikkhave, µh±nehi jambud²pak± manuss± uttarakuruke ca manusse adhiggaºhantideve ca t±vati½se. Katamehi t²hi? S³r± satimanto idha brahmacariyav±so”ti (a.ni. 9.21). Tath± hi buddh± ca bhagavanto paccekabuddh± aggas±vak± mah±s±vak± cakkavattinoaññe ca mah±nubh±v± satt± tattheva uppajjanti, tehi sam±nar³p±dit±ya pana saddhi½ parittad²pav±s²hiitaramah±d²pav±sinopi manuss±tveva paññ±yi½su.
Apare pana bhaºanti “lobh±d²hi alobh±d²hi ca sahitassa manassa ussannat±ya manuss±. Yehi satt± manussaj±tik±, tesu visesato lobh±dayo alobh±dayo ca ussann±. Te lobh±di-ussannat±yaap±yamagga½, alobh±di-ussannat±ya sugatimagga½ nibb±nag±mimaggañca parip³renti, tasm±lobh±d²hi alobh±d²hi ca sahitassa manassa ussannat±ya parittad²pav±s²hi saddhi½ catumah±d²pav±sinosattavises± manuss±ti vuccant²”ti. Lokiy± pana “manuno apaccabh±venamanuss±”ti vadanti. Manu n±ma paµhamakappiko lokamariy±d±ya ±dibh³to satt±na½hit±hitavidh±yako kattabb±kattabbat±vasena pituµµh±niyo, yo s±sane mah±sammatoti vuccatiamh±ka½ bodhisatto, paccakkhato parampar±ya ca tassa ov±d±nus±saniya½ µhit± satt± puttasadisat±ya“manuss±, m±nus±”ti ca vuccanti. Tato eva hi te “m±nav± manuj±”ti cavohar²yanti.
Pañcahi k±maguºehi attano attano dev±nubh±vasaªkh±tehi iddhivisesehi ca dibbantik²¼anti la¼anti jotant²ti dev±. Tattha k±madev± k±maguºehi ceva iddhivisesehica, itare iddhiviseseheva dibbant²ti veditabb±. Saraºanti v± gamiyanti abhitthav²yant²tiv± dev±. Ettha ca nirayagatidevagatimanussagat²hi saddhi½ ok±sena khandh± vutt±.Tiracch±nayonipettivisayaggahaºena khandh±na½ eva gahaºa½ veditabba½ tesa½ t±disassa paricchinnassaok±sassa abh±vato. Yattha yattha v± te araññasamuddapabbatap±d±dike nibaddhav±sa½ vasanti,t±disassa µh±nassa vasena ok±sopi gahetabbo. Satta viññ±ºaµµhitiyo nava satt±v±s±ca heµµh± sa½vaººitanay± eva. Apar±parabh±v±y±ti apar±para½ yoni-±dito yoni-±dibh±v±ya.¾bandhana½ gaºµhikaraºa½, sa½sibbana½ tunnakaraºa½. Taºh±ya nikkhanta½ tattha tass±sabbaso abh±vato, nikkhamanañcassa taºh±ya visa½yogo ev±ti ±ha “visa½yuttan”ti.
K±m±na½ pah±nanti ettha k±maggahaºena k±m²yat²ti k±mo, k±met²ti k±motiduvidhassapi k±massa saªgaho katoti ±ha “vatthuk±m±na½ kilesak±m±nañca pah±nan”ti.Vatthuk±mappah±nañcettha tesu chandar±gappah±nen±ti veditabba½. K±masaññ±nantik±mesu, k±masahagat±na½ v± saññ±na½. Pariññ±ti tividh±pi pariññ± idh±dhippet±ti±ha “ñ±tat²raºapah±navasena tividh± pariññ±”ti. Tattha katam± ñ±tapariññ±? Sabba½tebh³maka½ n±mar³pa½ “ida½ r³pa½, ettaka½ r³pa½, na ito bhiyyo, ida½ n±ma½, ettaka½n±ma½, na ito bhiyyo”ti bh³tup±d±yabheda½ r³pa½ phass±dibheda½ n±mañca lakkhaºarasapaccupaµµh±napadaµµh±natovavatthapeti, kamm±vijj±dikañcassa paccaya½ pariggaºh±ti, aya½ ñ±tapariññ±.
Katam± t²raºapariññ±? Eva½ ñ±ta½ katv± ta½ sabba½ t²reti aniccatodukkhato rogatoti dv±catt±l²s±ya ±k±rehi, aya½ t²raºapariññ± n±ma. Katam±pah±napariññ±? Eva½ t²rayitv± aggamaggena sabbasmi½ chandar±ga½ pajahati, aya½ pah±napariññ±.Diµµhivisuddhikaªkh±vitaraºavisuddhiyo v± ñ±tapariññ±, magg±maggapaµipad±ñ±ºadassanavisuddhi-±dayo,kal±pasammasan±di-anulomapariyos±n± v± paññ± t²raºapariññ±, ariyamagge ñ±ºa½ nippariy±yenapah±napariññ±. Idha pana k±masaññ±na½ sabh±valakkhaºapaµivedhavasena anicc±dis±maññalakkhaºavasenaca pavattam±n±na½ ñ±tat²raºapariññ±nampi kiccanipphattiy± maggeneva ijjhanato maggakkhaºa½yevasandh±ya tividh±pi pariññ± vutt±. Teneva “imesu pañcasu µh±nesu kilesakkhayakarolokuttaramaggova kathito”ti vutta½.
K±mesu, k±me v± p±tumicch± k±mapip±s±ti ±ha– “k±mesu p±tabyat±na½,k±me v± p±tumicch±nan”ti. Imesu pañcasu µh±nes³ti “k±m±na½ pah±na½ akkh±tan”ti-±din±vuttesu pañcasu µh±nesu. T²su µh±nes³ti “vir±g±ya dhammo desito, no sar±g±ya,visa½yog±ya dhammo desito, no sa½yog±ya, anup±d±n±ya dhammo desito, no sa-up±d±n±y±”tieva½ vuttesu µh±nesu. Vippaµis±ra½ karot²ti eva½ ta½ p±pa½ vippaµis±ra½ upp±deti.K²disa½ vippaµis±ra½ karot²ti ±ha “²disepi n±m±”ti-±di.
39. Neva piyakamyat±y±ti attani satthu neva piyabh±vak±mat±ya. Na bhedapurekkh±rat±y±tina satthu tena bhikkhun± bhedan±dhipp±yapurekkh±rat±ya. Na kalis±san±ropanatth±y±tina dos±ropanatth±ya. Kal²ti kodhasseta½ adhivacana½, tassa s±sana½ kalis±sana½,kodhavasena vuccam±no garahadoso. Velanti sikkh±padavela½. Mariy±danti tassevavevacana½. Sikkh±padañhi anatikkaman²yaµµhena “vel±, mariy±d±”ti ca vuccati.
Ajjh±c±rav²tikkamoti methunavasena pavatta-ajjh±c±rasaªkh±to v²tikkamo. Pakaraºetiettha pa-saddo ±rambhavacanoti ±ha “kattu½ ±rabhat²”ti. Katthaci upasaggodh±tu-atthameva vadati, na visesatthajotakoti ±ha “karotiyeva v±”ti. J±tiy±tikhattiy±dij±tiy±. Gotten±ti gotamakassap±digottena. Kolaputtiyen±tikhattiy±dij±t²suyeva sakkakulasotthiyakul±divisiµµhakul±na½ puttabh±vena. Yasass²timah±pariv±ro. Pesalanti piyas²la½. Avikampam±nen±ti paµigh±nunayehiakampam±nena. Yassa tasmi½ attabh±ve uppajjan±rah±na½ maggaphal±na½ upanissayo natthi,ta½ buddh± “moghapuris±”ti vadanti ariµµhal±¼ud±y²-±dike viya. Upanissaye satipitasmi½ khaºe magge v± phale v± asati “moghapuris±”ti vadantiyeva dhaniya-upasenatther±dikeviya. Sudinnassa pana tasmi½ attabh±ve maggaphal±na½ upanissayo samucchinnoyeva, tenana½ “moghapuris±”ti ±ha.
Samaºakaraº±na½ dhamm±nanti hirottapp±d²na½. Maggaphalanibb±naggahaºena paµivedhas±sanassagahitatt± s±san±nanti paµipattipariyattis±san±na½ gahaºa½ veditabba½. Chavintitesa½ pabhassarakaraºa½ chavi½. Ki½ tanti ±ha “ch±yan”ti, tesa½ pak±saka½obh±santi attho. Ki½ tanti ±ha “sundarabh±van”ti. Chavimanugata½ anucchavika½.Patir³panti-±d²supi “tesan”ti ±netv± sambandhitabba½. Samaº±na½ kamma½ s±maºaka½,na s±maºaka½ ass±maºaka½. Katha½-saddayogena “na sakkhissas²”ti an±gatavacana½ kata½.“N±ma-saddayogen±”ti ca vadanti.
Day±luken±ti anukamp±ya sahitena. Paribh±santoti garahanto. Niruttinayena±s²visa-saddassa attha½ dassento ±ha “±su s²ghan”ti-±di. Etass±ti ±s²visassa.¾gacchat²ti yo tena daµµho, ta½ pati-±gacchati. ¾sittavisotipi ±s²viso, sakalak±ye±siñcitv± viya µhapitaviso parassa ca sar²re ±siñcanavisoti attho. Asitavisotipi±s²viso. Ya½ yañhi etena asita½ hoti paribhutta½, ta½ visameva sampajjati, tasm±asita½ visa½ etass±ti asitavisoti vattabbe “±s²viso”ti niruttinayena vutta½.Asisadisavisotipi ±s²viso, asi viya tikhiºa½ parassa mammacchedanasamattha½ visa½etass±ti ±s²visoti vutta½ hoti. ¾s²ti v± d±µh± vuccati, tattha sannihitavisoti±s²viso. Sesasappehi kaºhasappassa mah±visatt± ±s²visass±nantara½ kaºhasappovutto. Sappamukhampi aªg±rak±su viya bhay±vahatt± akusaluppattiy±µh±na½ na hot²ti akusalakammato niv±raº±dhipp±yena s²labhedatopi suddhas²le µhitassamaraºameva varataranti dassetu½ “±s²visassa kaºhasappassa mukhe aªgaj±ta½ pakkhitta½varan”ti vutta½. Pabbajitena hi katap±pakamma½ bhagavato ±º±tikkamanato vatthumahantat±yamah±s±vajja½. K±sunti ±v±µopi vuccati r±sipi.