Bh³maµµhakath±vaŗŗan±

94. Phand±peti, sabbattha dukkaµamev±ti ettha “uµµhahiss±m²”ti phand±petv±puna anuµµhahitv± tattheva sayantassapi aŖgapaccaŖga½ aphand±petv± ekapayogena uµµhahantassapidukkaµamev±ti daµµhabba½. Ańńasmi½ v± gamanassa anupak±reti yath±dv±rapidahane kumbhiµµh±nagamanassa anupak±ratt± an±patti, eva½ ańńasmi½ v± gamanassa anupak±rek±yavac²kamme an±patti. V±c±ya v±c±y±ti ekekatthad²pik±ya v±c±ya v±c±ya.Upaladdhoti ń±to. Puńń±ni ca kariss±m±ti ettha “mus±v±da½ katv± puńń±nikariss±m±ti vadantassa dukkaµamev±”ti t²supi gaŗµhipadesu vutta½, ta½ imasmi½yevapadese aµµhakath±vacanena virujjhati. Tath± hi “ya½ ya½ vacana½ mus±, tattha tattha p±cittiyan”tica “na hi adinn±d±nassa pubbapayoge p±cittiyaµµh±ne dukkaµa½ n±ma atth²”ti cavakkhati. Eva½ pana vutte na virujjhati “mus±v±da½ katv± puńń±ni ca kariss±m±tivadantassa p±cittiyena saddhi½ dukkaµan”ti. Tath± hi “akappiyapathavi½ khaŗant±na½ dukkaµehisaddhi½ p±cittiy±n²ti mah±paccariya½ vuttan”ti ca “yath± ca idha, eva½ sabbattha p±cittiyaµµh±nedukkaµ± na muccat²”ti ca vakkhati. Sace pana kusalacitto “puńń±ni kariss±m±”tivadati, an±patti “buddhap³ja½ v± dhammap³ja½ v± saŖghabhatta½ v± kariss±m±ti kusala½upp±deti, kusalacittena gamane an±patt²”ti ca “yath± ca idha, eva½ sabbattha atheyyacittassaan±patt²”ti ca vakkham±natt±.
Pam±dalikhitanti veditabbanti aparabh±ge potthak±ru¼hak±le pamajjitv± likhitantiveditabba½. P±¼iya½ sesa-aµµhakath±su ca “kud±la½ v± piµaka½ v±”ti idameva dvaya½vatv± v±sipharas³na½ avuttatt± tesampi saŖkhepaµµhakath±d²su ±gatabh±va½ dassetu½ “saŖkhepaµµhakath±ya½pana mah±paccariyańc±”ti-±di vutta½. Theyyacittena katatt± “dukkaµehi saddhi½p±cittiy±n²”ti vutta½. Tato para½ sabbakiriy±s³ti b²jaggahaŗato para½ kattabbakiriy±su.Sabba½ purimanayenev±ti y±va piµakapariyos±n± hatthav±rapadav±resu dukkaµa½.
Therehi dassitanti pubbapayogasahapayogadukkaµesu asammohattha½ samodh±netv± dhammasaŖg±hakattherehidassita½. “Sabbesampi dukkaµ±na½ imesuyeva aµµhasu saŖgahetabbabh±vato itarehi sattahidukkaµehi vinimutta½ vinayadukkaµeyeva saŖgahetabban”ti vadanti. Dasavidha½ ratananti“mutt± maŗi ve¼uriyo saŖkho sil± pav±¼a½ rajata½ j±tar³pa½ lohitaŖgo mas±ragallan”tievam±gata½ dasavidha½ ratana½.
“Maŗi mutt± ve¼uriyo ca saŖkho,
sil± pav±¼a½ rajatańca hema½;
salohitaŖgańca mas±ragalla½,
daseti dh²ro ratan±ni jańń±”ti.–

Hi vutta½.

Sattavidha½ dhańńanti s±li v²hi yavo kaŖgu kudr³so varako godhumoti ida½ sattavidha½dhańńa½. ¾vudhabhaŗ¹±dinti ±di-saddena t³riyabhaŗ¹a-itthir³p±di½ saŖgaŗh±ti. An±masitabbevatthumhi dukkaµa½ an±m±sadukkaµa½. Durupaciŗŗadukkaµanti “na kattabban”tiv±ritassa katatt± duµµhu ±ciŗŗa½ caritanti durupaciŗŗa½, tasmi½ dukkaµa½ durupaciŗŗadukkaµa½.Vinaye pańńatta½ dukkaµa½ vinayadukkaµa½. “SaŖghabhed±ya parakkamat²”ti sutv±ta½niv±raŗatth±ya ń±te atthe avadantassa ń±tadukkaµa½. Ek±dasa samanubh±san± n±ma bhikkhup±timokkhecatt±ro y±vatatiyak± saŖgh±dises±, ariµµhasikkh±padanti pańca, bhikkhun²p±timokkheeka½ y±vatatiyaka½ p±r±jika½, catt±ro saŖgh±dises±, caŗ¹ak±¼²sikkh±padanti cha.Vass±v±s±di½ paµissuŗitv± na samp±dentassa paµissavanimitta½ dukkaµa½ paµissavadukkaµa½.
Pubbasahapayoge ca, an±m±sadurupaciŗŗe;
vinaye ceva ń±te ca, ńattiy± ca paµissave;
aµµhete dukkaµ± vutt±, vinaye vinayańńun±.
Sahapayogato paµµh±ya cettha purim± purim± ±pattiyo paµippassambhant²ti ±ha “atha dhuranikkhepa½akatv±”ti-±di. Tattha “dhuranikkhepa½ akatv±”ti vuttatt± dhuranikkhepa½katv± khaŗantassa purim±pattiyo na paµippassambhant²ti daµµhabba½. Viy³hanadukkaµa½ paµippassambhati,uddharaŗadukkaµe patiµµh±t²ti ida½ p±¼iya½ ±gat±nukkamena dassetu½ vutta½.Yadi pana pa½su½ uddharitv± sa-uss±hova puna khaŗati, uddharaŗadukkaµa½ paµippassambhati, khaŗanadukkaµepatiµµh±ti.
Kata½ karaŗa½ kiriy±ti atthato ekanti ±ha “vir³p± s± kiriy±”ti. Id±nivuttamevattha½ pariv±rap±¼iy± nidassento “vuttampi cetan”ti-±dim±ha. Tatthaaparaddha½ viraddha½ khalitanti sabbameta½ yańca dukkaµanti ettha vuttassa dukkaµassapariy±yavacana½. Yańhi duµµhu kata½, vir³pa½ v± kata½ ta½ dukkaµa½.Ta½ paneta½ yath± satth±r± vutta½, eva½ akatatt± aparaddha½, kusala½ virajjhitv± pavattatt±viraddha½, ariyava½sappaµipada½ an±ru¼hatt± khalita½. Ya½ manusso kareti ida½panettha opammanidassana½. Tassattho– yath± ya½ loke manusso ±vi v± yadi v± rahop±pa½ karoti, ta½ dukkaµanti pavedenti, evamidampi buddhapaµikuµµhena l±makabh±venap±pa½, tasm± dukkaµanti veditabbanti.
Yath± dukkh±, kucchit± v± gati dugat²ti vattabbe “duggat²”ti vutta½, yath± cakaµuka½ phalametass±ti kaµukaphalanti vattabbe “kaµukapphalan”ti vutta½, evamidh±pith³latt± accayatt± ca th³laccayanti vattabbe “thullaccayan”ti vuttanti dassetu½ “sampar±yeca duggat²”ti-±dim±ha. Sa½yoge pana kate sa½yogaparassa rassatta½ siddhamev±ti manasikatv± “sa½yogabh±vo veditabbo”ti ettakameva vutta½. Ekassa m³letiekassa santike. Accayo tena samo natth²ti desan±g±m²su accayesu tena samoth³lo accayo natthi. Teneta½ iti vuccat²ti th³latt± accayassa eta½ thullaccayantivuccat²ti attho.
“Sabbatth±pi ±masane dukkaµa½ phand±pane thullaccayańca visu½ visu½ theyyacittena ±masanaphand±panapayoga½karontasseva hoti, ekapayogena gaŗhantassa pana uddh±re p±r±jikameva, na dukkaµathullaccay±n²”tivadanti. Sahapayoga½ pana akatv±ti ettha “pubbapayoge ±pann±patt²na½ paµippassaddhiy±abh±vato sahapayoga½ katv±pi lajjidhamma½ okkantena pubbapayoge ±pann±pattiyo desetabb±”tit²supi gaŗµhipadesu vutta½. Aµµhakath±vacana½ pana kate sahapayoge pubbapayoge ±pann±patt²nampipaµippassaddhi½ d²peti, ańńath± “sahapayoga½ pana akatv±”ti ida½ visesanameva niratthaka½siy±. Yańca heµµh± vutta½ “sace panassa tatthaj±take tiŗarukkhalat±dimhi chinnepi lajjidhammookkamati, sa½varo uppajjati, chedanapaccay± dukkaµa½ desetv± muccat²”ti, tampisahapayoge kate pubbapayoge ±pann±patt²na½ paµippassaddhimeva d²peti sahapayoge chedanapaccay±±pannadukkaµasseva desan±ya vuttatt±. Sahapayogato paµµh±yev±ti ca ida½ sahapayoga½pattassa tato pubbe ±pann±na½ pubbapayog±patt²nampi paµippassaddhi½ d²peti. Tenahi ayamattho vińń±yati “y±va sahapayoga½ na p±puŗ±ti, t±va pubbe ±pann±patt²na½ paµippassaddhina hoti, sahapayoga½ pattak±lato pana paµµh±ya t±sampi paµippassaddhi hot²”ti,tasm± suµµhu upaparikkhitv± yuttatara½ gahetabba½.
Bahuk±pi ±pattiyo hontu, ekameva desetv± muccat²ti etth±yamadhipp±yo– sacekhaŗanaviy³hanuddharaŗesu dasa dasa katv± ±pattiyo ±pann±, t±su uddharaŗe dasa ±pattiyodesetv± muccati visabh±gakiriya½ patv± purim±purim±patt²na½ paµippassaddhatt±ti.J±tivasena pana sam±nakiriy±ya ±pann±pattiyo ekattena gahetv± “ekameva desetv±”tivutta½, tasm± imin±pi kurundaµµhakath±vacanena paµhama½ mah±-aµµhakath±ya½ vuttapurim±pattipaµippassaddhimevasamatthayati, na pana ubhinna½ aµµhakath±na½ atthato n±n±karaŗa½ atthi. Aparampettha pak±ra½vaŗŗayanti “sam±nakiriy±supi purimapurimakhaŗanapaccay± ±pann±pattiyo pacchimapacchimakhaŗana½patv± paµippassambhant²ti imin± adhipp±yena ‘pa½sukhaŗan±d²su ca lajjidhamme uppannebahuk±pi ±pattiyo hontu, ekameva desetv± muccat²ti kurundaµµhakath±ya½ vutta”n’ti.“Evańca sati ‘bahuk±pi ±pattiyo hont³’ti na vattabba½ bhaveyya, vuttańca, tasm±visabh±gakiriyameva patv± purim±patt²na½ paµippassaddhi½ icchanteneva bahuk±supi ±patt²suekameva desetv± muccat²ti imasmi½ µh±ne visu½yeveko desan±kkamo dassito”tipivadanti. Ayametesa½ adhipp±yo– yath± idha purim±patt²na½ paµippassaddhi aµµhakath±cariyappam±ŗenagahit±, eva½ bahuk±supi ±patt²su ekameva desetv± muccat²ti idampi idha aµµhakath±cariyappam±ŗatoyevaveditabba½. Yath± ca p±¼iya½ p±cittiyaµµh±nepi dukkaµameva hot²ti idha ±veŗika½katv± ±pattiviseso dassito, eva½ purim±patt²na½ paµippassaddhiviseso ca desan±visesoca aµµhakath±cariyehi dassitoti.
Heµµhato os²dentoti “s±mikesu ±gantv± apassitv± gatesu gaŗhiss±m²”titheyyacittena heµµh±bh³miya½ os²dento. Bunden±ti kumbhiy± heµµhimatalena.Eva½ ekaµµh±ne µhit±ya kumbhiy± µh±n±c±vana½ chahi ±k±rehi veditabbanti sambandho.Valaya½ n²harati, p±r±jikanti ±k±sagata½ akatv± gha½sitv± n²harantassa chinnakoµiton²haµamatte p±r±jika½. Ito cito ca s±ret²ti gha½santoyeva ±k±sagata½ akatv±s±reti.
Chinnamatte p±r±jikanti avassa½ ce patati, chinnamatte p±r±jika½.Paricchedoti “pańcam±saka½ v± atirekapańcam±saka½ v±”ti vuttagaŗanaparicchedo.Apaby³hantoti “heµµh± µhita½ gaŗhiss±m²”ti hatthena dvidh± karonto. Upa¹¹hakumbhiyantiupa¹¹hapuŗŗ±ya kumbhiy±. Nanu ca aµµhakath±cariyappam±ŗena saŖkhepaµµhakath±d²su vuttampikasm± na gahetabbanti ±ha– “vinayavinicchaye hi ±gate garuke µh±tabban”ti.Vinayadhammat±ti vinayagaruk±na½ dhammat±. Vinayagaruk± hi vinayavinicchaye ±gategaruke tiµµhanti. Vinayagarukat±by±panatthańhi vinayagarukoyevettha vinaya-saddena vutto,vinayassa v± es± dhammat± tesa½ garug±ravaµµh±nassa vinayavisayatt±.
Id±ni saŖkhepaµµhakath±d²su vutta½ p±¼iy±pi na samet²ti dassento ±ha “apic±”ti-±di.Bh±jananti patt±dibh±jana½. Patt±di½ ap³retv± gaŗhantassa anuddhaµepi mukhavaµµiparicchedohoti, p³retv± gaŗhantassa pana uddharaŗak±le hot²ti ±ha “mukhavaµµiparicchedena v±uddh±rena v±”ti. Yad± pana telakumbh²-±d²su tel±d²na½ abahubh±vato bh±jana½ nimujj±petv±gaŗhitu½ na sakk± hoti, tad± mukhavaµµiparicchedeneva hoti. Cikkananti thaddha½.¾ka¹¹hanavika¹¹hanayogganti ettha abhimukha½ ka¹¹hana½ ±ka¹¹hana½, parato ka¹¹hana½ vika¹¹hana½.Paµin²haritunti attano bh±janato paµin²haritu½. Hatthato muttamatte p±r±jikantitheyyacittena parasantakaggahaŗapayogassa katatt±. Mah±-aµµhakath±yameva “sacepi mariy±da½dubbala½ katv± sukkhata¼±kassa udakanibbahanaµµh±na½ udakaniddhamanatumba½ v± pidahati,ańńato ca gamanamagge v± p±¼i½ bandhati, sukkham±tika½ v± uju½ karoti, pacch± devevuµµhe udaka½ ±gantv± mariy±da½ bhindati, sabbattha bhaŗ¹adeyyan”ti vuttatt± “ta½pana tattheva sukkhata¼±ke sukkham±tik±ya ujukaraŗavinicchayena virujjhat²”ti vutta½.
Avah±ralakkhaŗanti pańcav²satiy± avah±resu ekampi avah±ralakkhaŗa½, µh±n±c±vanapayogoeva v±. Uddh±reti kumbhiy± phuµµhaµµh±nato kesaggamattepi uddhaµe. Yuttanti µh±n±c±vanapayogasabbh±vatoyutta½. SaŖgopanatth±y±ti imin± suddhacittata½ dasseti. Palibujjhissat²ti niv±ressati.Vuttanayeneva p±r±jikanti hatthato muttamatteyeva p±r±jika½. Suddhacittova uddharat²ti kumbhiya½ telassa ±kiraŗato puretarameva suddhacitto nikkhipitv±pacch± suddhacittova uddharati. Neva avah±roti theyyacittena avaharaŗapayogassa akatatt±.Attano bh±janatt± pana “na g²v±”ti vutta½, an±pattimattameva vutta½, na panaeva½ vic±ritanti adhipp±yo. Atha v± an±pattimattameva vuttanti imin±pi tattha “g²v±”tivacan±bh±vato “na g²v±”ti pubbe vuttamah±-aµµhakath±v±dameva patiµµh±peti, pacch± dassitenakurundiv±denapi mah±-aµµhakath±v±dova samatthito. Attano bhaŗ¹anti tel±kiraŗatopuretarameva attano kumbhiya½ suddhacittena µhapita½ p²tatela½ attano parikkh±ra½. Sammohaµµh±nanti±pattivinicchayavasena sammohaµµh±na½.
Bahigata½ n±ma hot²ti tato paµµh±ya telassa aµµh±nabh±vato adhomukhabh±vato ca bahigata½ n±mahoti. Anto paµµh±ya chidde kariyam±ne telassa nikkhamitv± gatagataµµh±na½ bh±janasaŖkhyamevagacchat²ti ±ha– “b±hirantato p±dagghanake ga¼ite p±r±jikan”ti. Yath±tath± v± katass±ti b±hirantato abbhantarato v± paµµh±ya katassa. Majjhe µhapetv± katachiddetimajjhe thoka½ kap±la½ µhapetv± pacch± ta½ chindantena katachidde. “Mariy±dacchedaneanto µhatv± bahimukho chindanto bahi antena k±retabbo, bahi µhatv± antomukho chindantoanto antena k±retabbo, anto ca bahi ca chinditv± majjhe µhapetv± ta½ chindanto majjhenak±retabbo”ti (p±r±. aµµha. 1.108) vuttatt± “ta¼±kassa ca mariy±dabhedenasamet²”ti vutta½. Idamettha yuttanti anto ca bahi ca paµµh±ya katachidde majjhenak±retabbo. Anto paµµh±ya kate pana b±hirantena, bahi paµµh±ya kate abbhantarena k±retabbotiaya½ tippak±ropi ettha vemaµµhachidde yutto. Udake katapayogassa abh±vato “µh±n±c±vanapayogassaabh±v±”ti vutta½.
Aµµhakath±ya½ t±va vuttanti mah±-aµµhakath±ya½ vutta½. Patthinnassa kh±dana½ itarassa p±nańcasappi-±d²na½ paribhogoti ±ha– “akh±ditabba½ v± ap±tabba½ v± karot²”ti.Katha½ pana tath± karot²ti ±ha “ucc±ra½ v± pass±va½ v±”ti-±di. Kasm± panetthadukkaµa½ vuttanti ±ha “µh±n±c±vanassa natthit±ya dukkaµan”ti. Purimadvayantibhedana½ cha¹¹anańca. Kasm± na samet²ti ±ha “tańh²”ti-±di. Kumbhijajjarakaraŗen±tipuŗŗakumbhiy± jajjarakaraŗena. M±tik±-uja-ukaraŗen±ti udakapuŗŗ±ya m±tik±yaujukaraŗena. Ekalakkhaŗanti bhedana½ kumbhijajjarakaraŗena cha¹¹ana½ m±tik±ya ujukaraŗenasaddhi½ ekasabh±va½ µh±n±c±vanapayogasabbh±vato. Pacchima½ pana dvayanti jh±pana½ aparibhogakaraŗańca.
Ettha eva½ vinicchaya½ vadant²ti ettha mah±-aµµhakath±ya½ vutte eke ±cariy± eva½ vinicchaya½vadanti. Pacchimadvaya½ sandh±ya vuttanti ettha purimadvaye vinicchayo heµµh± vutt±nus±renasakk± vińń±tunti tattha kińci avatv± pacchimadvaya½ sandh±ya µh±n±c±vanassa natthit±yadukkaµanti ida½ vuttanti adhipp±yo. Theyyacitten±ti attano v± parassa v± k±tuk±mat±vasenauppannatheyyacittena. Vin±setuk±mat±y±ti hatthap±d±di½ chindanto viya kevala½ vin±setuk±mat±ya.Purimadvaye ki½ hoti, ki½ adhipp±yena na kińci vuttanti ±ha– “purimadvayepana…pe… p±r±jikan”ti. Tattha vuttanayena bhindantassa v± cha¹¹entassa v±timuggarena pothetv± bhindantassa udaka½ v± v±lika½ v± ±kiritv± uttar±pentass±tiattho. Ayuttanti ceti p±¼iya½ purimapadadvayepi dukkaµasseva vuttatt± “purimadvaye…pe…p±r±jikanti ida½ ayuttan”ti yadi tumh±ka½ siy±ti attho. ti ayuttabh±vappasaŖga½nisedhetv± tattha k±raŗam±ha “ańńath± gahetabbatthato”ti. Katha½ panettha attho gahetabboti±ha “p±¼iya½ h²”ti-±di. N±setuk±mat±pakkhe heµµh± vuttanayeneva atthassa avirujjhanato“theyyacittapakkhe”ti vutta½. “Eva½ vinicchaya½ vadant²”ti ito paµµh±ya vuttassasabbassapi ekasseva vacanatt± “evameke vadant²”ti nigamanavasena vutta½.
Id±ni yath±vuttavasena p±¼iy± atthe gayham±ne mah±-aµµhakath±ya½ catunnampi s±mańńato vuttassapacchimadvaya½ sandh±ya vuttanti vacane vises±bh±vato p±¼iya½ vuttesu cat³su padesu “cha¹¹eti v± aparibhoga½ v± karot²”ti imesa½ pad±na½ vises±bh±vappasaŖgato ca saya½ ańńath±p±¼i½ aµµhakathańca sa½sanditv± attha½ dassetuk±mo “aya½ panettha s±ro”ti-±dim±ha.Vin²tavatthumhi “saŖghassa puńjakita½ tiŗa½ theyyacitto jh±pes²”si (p±r±. 156)vuttatt± vin²tavatthumhi tiŗajjh±pako viy±ti imin±va µh±n± ac±vetuk±mov±tietth±pi theyyacittena µh±n± ac±vetuk±moti ida½ vuttameva hot²ti daµµhabba½. Acha¹¹etuk±moyev±tietth±pi theyyacitten±ti sambandhitabba½. Idańhi theyyacittapakkha½ sandh±ya vutta½ n±setuk±mat±pakkhassavakkham±natt±. Tenev±ha “n±setuk±mat±pakkhe pan±”ti-±di. Itarath±pi yujjat²titheyyacitt±bh±v± µh±n± c±vetuk±massapi dukkaµa½ yujjat²ti vutta½ hoti.

Bh³maµµhakath±vaŗŗan± niµµhit±.