Padabh±jan²yavaººan±

92. “Abhinavaniviµµho ekakuµik±dig±mo y±va manuss± pavisitv± v±sa½ na kappenti,t±va g±masaªkhya½ na gacchat²”ti vadanti, tasm± tattha g±mappavesan±pucch±dikiccampi natthi.Yakkhapariggahabh³toti sa-upaddavavasena vutta½, yakkhanagar±di½ v± saªgaºh±ti. Yakkhanagarampi±paº±d²su dissam±nesu g±masaªkhya½ gacchati, adissam±nesu na gacchati,tasm± yakkhanagarampi pavisantena ±paº±d²su dissam±nesu sabba½ g±mappavesanavatta½ k±tabba½,adissam±nesu na k±tabbanti vadanti. Punapi ±gantuk±m±ti imin± tesa½ tatthas±pekkhabh±va½ dasseti. Yato pana nirapekkh±va hutv± pakkamanti, so g±masaªkhya½ na gacchati,tasm± tattha g±mappavesan±pucch±dikiccampi natthi.
Nanu ca “g±m± v± araññ± v±”ti ettakameva m±tik±ya½ vutta½, tasm± g±malakkhaºa½dassetv± araññameva dassetabba½ siy±, g±m³pac±ro n±m±ti-±di pana kasm± vuttanti±ha– “g±m³pac±roti-±di araññaparicchedadassanattha½ vuttan”ti. G±m³pac±rehi dassite µhapetv± g±mañca g±m³pac±rañca avasesa½ arañña½ n±m±ti araññaparicchedosakk± dassetu½, idañca g±mag±m³pac±re asaªkarato dassetu½ vutta½. M±tik±ya½ panag±maggahaºeneva g±m³pac±ropi saªgahitoti daµµhabba½. G±m³pac±ro hi loke g±masaªkhyamevagacchati. Evañca katv± m±tik±ya anavasesa-avaharaºaµµh±napariggaho siddho hoti. Indakh²letiumm±re. Araññasaªkhepa½ gacchat²ti “nikkhamitv± bahi indakh²l± sabbameta½ araññan”ti(vibha. 529) abhidhamme vuttatt±. Vemajjhameva indakh²loti vuccat²ti indakh²laµµh±niyatt±asatipi indakh²le vemajjhameva tath± vuccati. Yattha pana dv±rab±h±pi natthi, tattha ubhosupassesu vatiy± v± p±k±rassa v± koµivemajjhameva indakh²laµµh±niyatt± “indakh²lo”tigahetabba½. U¹¹±pentoti pal±pento. Luµhitv±ti parivattetv±.
Majjhimassa purisass±ti th±mamajjhimassa purisassa. Imin± pana vacanena suppamusalap±topibaladassanavaseneva katoti daµµhabba½. Kurundaµµhakath±ya½ mah±paccariyañca ghar³pac±ro g±motiadhipp±yena “ghar³pac±re µhitassa le¹¹up±to g±m³pac±ro”ti vutta½. Dv±retinibbakosassa udakapatanaµµh±nato abbhantara½ sandh±ya vutta½. Antogeheti ca pamukhassaabbhantarameva sandh±ya vutta½. Kataparikkhepoti imin±va gharassa samantato tattakoparicchedo ghar³pac±ro n±m±ti vutta½ hoti. Yassa pana gharassa samantato gor³p±na½pavesananiv±raºattha½ p±k±ravati-±d²hi parikkhepo kato hoti, tattha sova parikkhepo ghar³pac±ro,suppap±t±diparicchedo pana aparikkhittaghara½ sandh±ya vuttoti daµµhabba½ Idamettha pam±ºanti vik±lag±mappavesan±d²su g±mag±m³pac±r±na½ asaªkarato vinicchayassaveditabbatt±. Kurund²±d²su vuttanayena hi ghar³pac±rassa g±moti ±pannatt± gharaghar³pac±rag±mag±m³pac±r±na½saªkaro siy±. Eva½ sabbatth±ti imin± ito pubbepi pacchimasseva v±dassa pam±ºabh±va½dasseti Keci pana “ito paµµh±ya vakkham±nav±da½ sandh±ya vuttan”ti vadanti, ta½ nagahetabba½.
Sesamp²ti g±m³pac±ralakkhaºa½ sandh±ya vadati. Tatr±ti tasmi½ g±m³pac±raggahaºe.Tassa g±maparicchedadassanatthanti tassa aparicchedassa g±massa g±mapariccheda½ dassetuntiattho. Yadi eva½ “g±mo n±m±”ti pada½ uddharitv± “aparikkhittassa g±massa ghar³pac±reµhitassa majjhimassa purisassa le¹¹up±to”ti kasm± na vuttanti? “G±mo n±m±tiidha avuttampi adhik±ravasena labbhatiyev±”ti vadanti. Apare pana bhaºanti “g±m³pac±ron±m±ti imin±va g±massa ca g±m³pac±rassa ca saªgaho daµµhabbo. Katha½? ‘G±massa upac±rog±m³pac±ro’ti eva½ viggahe kariyam±ne ‘parikkhittassa g±massa indakh²le µhitassamajjhimassa purisassa le¹¹up±to’ti imin± parikkhittassa g±massa g±m³pac±ralakkhaºa½ dassita½hoti, ‘g±masaªkh±to upac±ro g±m³pac±ro’ti eva½ pana gayham±ne ‘aparikkhittassa g±massaghar³pac±re µhitassa majjhimassa purisassa le¹¹up±to’ti imin± aparikkhittassa g±massa g±maparicchedodassitoti sakk± viññ±tun”ti. “Ghar³pac±re µhitassa majjhimassa purisassa le¹¹up±to”tiimin± parikkhittassapi g±massa sace le¹¹up±tato d³re parikkhepo hoti, le¹¹up±toyevag±maparicchedoti gahetabbanti vadanti. Pubbe vuttanayenev±ti parikkhittag±mevuttanayeneva.
Saªkar²yat²ti miss²yati. Etth±ti gharaghar³pac±rag±mag±m³pac±resu. “Vik±le g±mappavesaneparikkhittassa g±massa parikkhepa½ atikkamantassa ±patti p±cittiyassa, aparikkhittassag±massa upac±ra½ okkamantassa ±patti p±cittiyass±”ti (p±ci. 513) vuttatt± g±mag±m³pac±r±na½asaªkarat± icchitabb±ti ±ha– “asaªkarato cettha vinicchayo veditabbo vik±le g±mappavesan±d²s³”ti.Ettha ca “parikkhittassa g±massa parikkhepa½, aparikkhittassa parikkhep±rahaµµh±na½atikkamantassa vik±lag±mappavesan±patti hot²”ti keci vadanti, ta½ na gahetabba½padabh±janiya½ pana “parikkhittassa g±massa parikkhepa½ atikkamantassa ±patti p±cittiyassa,aparikkhittassa g±massa upac±ra½ okkamantassa ±patti p±cittiyass±”ti (p±ci. 513)vuttatt±. Aparikkhittassa g±massa ghar³pac±rato paµµh±ya dutiyale¹¹up±tasaªkh±tassa g±m³pac±rassaokkamane ±patti veditabb±. Teneva vik±lag±mappavesanasikkh±padaµµhakath±ya½ (p±ci.aµµha. 512) “aparikkhittassa g±massa upac±ro adinn±d±ne vuttanayeneva veditabbo”tivutta½. M±tik±µµhakath±yampi (kaªkh±. aµµha. dutiyap±r±jikavaººan±) vutta½ “yv±ya½aparikkhittassa g±massa upac±ro dassito, tassa vasena vik±lag±mappavesan±d²su ±pattiparicchinditabb±”ti. Yadi eva½ “vik±le g±ma½ paviseyy±”ti imin± virujjhat²ti?Na virujjhati g±m³pac±rassapi g±maggahaºena gahitatt±. Tasm± parikkhittassa g±massa parikkhepa½atikkamantassa, aparikkhittassa upac±ra½ okkamantassa vik±lag±mappavesan±patti hot²tiniµµhamettha gantabba½. Vik±le g±mappavesan±d²s³ti ±di-saddena gharaghar³pac±r±d²suµhit±na½ uppannal±bhabh±jan±di½ saªgaºh±ti.
Nikkhamitv± bahi indakh²l±ti indakh²lato bahi nikkhamitv±ti attho. Ettha ca vinayapariy±yenat±va “µhapetv± g±mañca g±m³pac±rañca avasesa½ araññan”ti (p±r±. 92) ±gata½,suttantapariy±yena ±raññika½ bhikkhu½ sandh±ya “±raññaka½ n±ma sen±sana½ pañcadhanusatika½pacchiman”ti (p±r±. 654) ±gata½. Vinayasuttant± ubhopi pariy±yadesan± n±ma, abhidhammopana nippariy±yadesan±. Nippariy±yato ca g±mavinimutta½ µh±na½ araññameva hot²ti abhidhammapariy±yenaarañña½ dassetu½ “nikkhamitv± bahi indakh²l±”ti (vibha. 529) vutta½. “¾cariyadhanun±ma pakatihatthena navavidatthippam±ºa½, jiy±ya pana ±ropit±ya catuhatthappam±ºan”tivadanti. Lesok±sanisedhanatthanti “may± neva g±me, na araññe haµa½, ghare v± ghar³pac±resuv± g±m³pac±resu v± aññatarasmin”ti vattu½ m± labhat³ti vutta½ hoti.
Kappiyanti anur³pavasena vutta½. Akappiyampi pana appaµiggahitañce, adinnasaªkhyamevagacchati. Paricc±g±dimhi akate “ida½ mayha½ santakan”ti aviditampi parapariggahitameva m±t±pit³na½ accayena mand±na½ utt±naseyyak±na½ d±rak±na½ santakamiva.
Yassa vasena puriso thenoti vuccati, ta½ theyyanti ±ha “avaharaºacittasseta½ adhivacanan”ti.Saªkh±-saddo ñ±ºakoµµh±sapaññattigaºan±d²su dissati. “Saªkh±yeka½ paµisevat²”ti-±d²su(ma. ni. 2.168) hi ñ±ºe dissati. “Papañcasaññ±saªkh± samud±carant²”ti-±d²su(ma. ni. 1.204) koµµh±se. “Tesa½ tesa½ dhamm±na½ saªkh± samaññ±”ti-±d²su (dha.sa. 1313) paññattiya½. “Na sukara½ saªkh±tun”ti-±d²su (dha. pa. 196; apa. thera.1.10.2) gaºan±ya½. Tattha koµµh±savacana½ saªkh±-sadda½ sandh±y±ha “saªkh±saªkh±tanti atthato ekan”ti.Ten±ha “koµµh±sasseta½ adhivacanan”ti. Papañcasaªkh±ti taºh±m±nadiµµhisaªkh±t± papañcakoµµh±s±.“Eko cittakoµµh±soti yañca pubbabh±ge avahariss±m²ti pavatta½ citta½, yañcagaman±dis±dhaka½ par±masan±dis±dhaka½ v± majjhe pavatta½, yañca µh±n±c±vanappayogas±dhaka½,tesu ayameveko pacchimo cittakoµµh±so idh±dhippeto”ti keci vadanti. C³¼agaºµhipadepana “³nam±sakam±saka-³napañcam±sakapañcam±sak±vaharaºacittesu eko cittakoµµh±so”tivutta½. “Anekappabhedatt± cittassa eko cittakoµµh±soti vuttan”ti mah±gaºµhipademajjhimagaºµhipade ca vutta½. Idamevettha sundaratara½ “theyyacittasaªkh±to ekocittakoµµh±so”ti vuttatt±. Theyyasaªkh±ten±ti theyyacittakoµµh±sena karaºabh³tena,na viss±sat±vak±lik±dig±havasappavattacittakoµµh±sen±ti vutta½ hoti.
Abhiyogavasen±ti a¹¹akaraºavasena. Abhiyuñjat²ti codeti, a¹¹a½ karot²ti attho.Parikappitaµµh±nanti ok±saparikappanavasena parikappitappadesa½. Suªkagh±tanti etthar±j³na½ deyyabh±gassa eta½ adhivacana½ suªkoti, so ettha haññati adatv± gacchanteh²tisuªkagh±to. “Ettha paviµµhehi suªko d±tabbo”ti rukkhapabbat±disaññ±ºena niyamitappadesasseta½adhivacana½.