2. Dutiyap±r±jika½

Adutiyena jinena ya½ dutiya½ p±r±jika½ pak±sita½, tassa id±ni yasm±sa½vaŗŗan±kkamo patto, tasm± ya½ suvińńeyya½, yańca pubbe pak±sita½, ta½ sabba½ vajjayitv±assa dutiyassa aya½ sa½vaŗŗan± hot²ti sambandho.

Dhaniyavatthuvaŗŗan±

84. R±jagaheti ettha duggajanapadaµµh±navisesasampad±diyogato padh±nabh±vena r±j³hi gahita½pariggahitanti r±jagahanti ±ha “mandh±tu…pe… vuccat²”ti. Tattha mah±govindenamah±sattena pariggahita½ reŗun± pariggahitameva hot²ti mah±govindaggahaŗa½. Mah±govindapa-aggahitat±kittanańhitad± reŗun± magadhar±jena pariggahitabh±v³palakkhaŗa½. Tassa hi so purohito. “Mah±govindotimah±nubh±vo pur±tano eko magadhar±j±”ti keci. Pariggahitatt±ti r±jadh±n²bh±venapariggahitatt±. Gayhat²ti gaho, r±j³na½ gahoti r±jagaha½, nagarasadd±pekkh±ya napu½sakaniddeso.Ańńepettha pak±reti “nagaram±panena rańń± k±ritasabbagahatt± r±jagaha½, gijjhak³µ±d²hiparikkhittatt± pabbatar±jehi parikkhittagehasadisantipi r±jagaha½, sampannabhavanat±yar±jam±na½ gehantipi r±jagaha½, suvihit±rakkhat±ya anatth±vahabh±vena upagat±na½ paµir±j³na½gaha½ gehabh³tantipi r±jagaha½, r±j³hi disv± samm± patiµµh±pitatt± tesa½ gaha½ gehabh³tantipir±jagaha½. ¾r±mar±maŗeyyak±d²hi r±jate, niv±sasukhat±din± sattehi mamattavasenagayhati pariggayhat²ti v± r±jagahan”ti edise pak±re. So padeso µh±navisesabh±venau¼±rasattaparibhogoti ±ha “ta½ panetan”ti-±di. Tattha buddhak±le cakkavattik±lec±ti ida½ yebhuyyavasena vutta½. Tesanti yakkh±na½. Vasanavananti ±p±nabh³mibh³ta½upavana½. Gijjh± ettha sant²ti gijjha½, k³µa½. Ta½ etass±ti gijjhak³µo. Gijjhoviy±ti v± gijjha½, k³µa½. Ta½ etass±ti gijjhak³µo, pabbato. Gijjhasadisak³µotigijjhak³µoti v± majjhepadalop²sam±so yath± “s±kapatthavo”ti, tasmi½ gijjhak³µe.Ten±ha “gijjh±”ti-±di.
Tato para½ saŖghoti tiŗŗa½ jan±na½ upari saŖgho catuvaggakaraŗ²y±dikammappattatt±.Tasmi½ pabbate sannipatitv± sam±pattiy± v²tin±ment²ti yath±ph±sukaµµh±ne piŗ¹±yacaritv± katabhattakicc± ±gantv± cetiyagabbhe yamakamah±dv±ra½ vivarant± viya ta½ pabbata½dvidh± katv± anto pavisitv± rattiµµh±nadiv±µµh±n±ni m±petv± tattha sam±pattiy± v²tin±menti.
Kad± panete tattha vasi½su? At²te kira anuppanne tath±gate b±r±ŗasi½ upaniss±ya ekasmi½g±make ek± kuladh²t± khetta½ rakkhati, tass± khettakuµiy± v²hayo bhajjantiy± tatthamah±karańjapupphappam±ŗ± mahantamahant± manohar± pańcasatamatt± l±j± j±yi½su. S± te gahetv±mahati paduminipatte µhapesi. Tasmińca samaye eko paccekasambuddho tass± anuggahattha½avid³re khettap±¼iy± gacchati. S± ta½ disv± pasannam±nas± supupphita½ mahanta½ eka½paduma½ gahetv± tattha l±je pakkhipitv± paccekabuddha½ upasaŖkamitv± pańcahi l±jasatehi saddhi½ta½ padumapuppha½ datv± pańcapatiµµhitena vanditv± “imassa, bhante, puńńassa ±nubh±vena±nubh±vasampanne pańcasataputte labheyyan”ti pańca puttasat±ni patthesi. Tasmi½yeva khaŗepańcasat± migaluddak± sambhatasambh±r± paripakkapaccekabodhiń±ŗ± tasseva paccekabuddhassamadhurama½sa½ datv± “etiss± putt± bhaveyy±m±”ti patthayi½su. At²t±su anek±suj±t²su tass± puttabh±vena ±gatatt± tath± tesa½ ahosi. S± y±vat±yuka½ µhatv± devalokenibbatti, tato cut± j±tassare padumagabbhe nibbatti. Tameko t±paso disv± paµijaggi.Tass± padas± vicarantiy± paduddh±re paduddh±re bh³mito padum±ni uµµhahanti. Eko vanacarakodisv± b±r±ŗasirańńo ±rocesi. R±j± ta½ ±netv± aggamahesi½ ak±si, tass±gabbho saŗµh±ti. Mah±padumakum±ro m±tukucchiya½ vasi, ses± bahi nikkhanta½ gabbhamala½niss±ya sa½sedajabh±vena nibbatt±. “Opap±tikabh±ven±”ti keci. Te vayappatt±uyy±ne padumassare k²¼ant± ekekasmi½ padume nis²ditv± khayavaya½ paµµhapetv± paccekabodhiń±ŗa½nibbattayi½su. Aya½ tesa½ by±karaŗag±th± ahosi–
“Saroruha½ padumapal±samatraja½, supupphita½ bhamaragaŗ±nuciŗŗa½;
aniccat±ya½ vayata½ viditv±, eko care khaggavis±ŗakappo”ti.–

Tasmi½ k±le te tattha vasi½su. Tad± cassa pabbatassa “isigil²”ti samańń±udap±di. Ime isayoti ime paccekabuddha-is². Sam± ń±yati et±y±ti samańń±,n±manti attho.

Tiŗacchadan± kuµiyo majjhepadalop²sam±sa½ katv±, ekadese v± samud±yavoh±ravasena “tiŗakuµiyo”tivutt±. “Vassa½ upagacchi½s³”ti vacanato vass³pagaman±rah± sadv±rabandh± eva veditabb±ti±ha “tiŗacchadan± sadv±rabandh± kuµiyo”ti. Vassa½ upagacchanten±tivass±v±sa½ upagacchantena. N±lakapaµipadanti “moneyya½ te upańńissan”ti-±din±(su. ni. 721) satth±r± n±lakattherassa desita½ puthujjanak±lato pabhuti kilesacitta½anupp±detv± paµipajjitabba½ moneyyapaµipada½. Ta½ pana paµipada½ sutv± n±lakattherot²su µh±nesu appiccho ahosi dassane savane pucch±y±ti. So hi desan±pariyos±nepasannacitto bhagavanta½ vanditv± vana½ paviµµho. Puna “aho vat±ha½ bhagavanta½ passeyyan”tilolabh±va½ na janesi, ayamassa dassane appicchat±. Tath± “aho vat±ha½ puna dhammadesana½suŗeyyan”ti lolabh±va½ na janesi, ayamassa savane appicchat±. Tath± “aho vat±ha½puna moneyyapaµipada½ puccheyyan”ti lolabh±va½ na janesi, ayamassa pucch±ya appicchat±.
So eva½ appiccho sam±no pabbatap±da½ pavisitv± ekavanasaŗ¹e dve divas±ni na vasi, ekarukkham³ledve divas±ni na nis²di, ekasmi½ g±me dve divas±ni piŗ¹±ya na p±visi. Itivanato vana½, rukkhato rukkha½, g±mato g±ma½ ±hiŗ¹anto anur³papaµipada½ paµipajjitv±aggaphale patiµµh±si. Ekassa bhagavato k±le ekoyeva na½ p³reti. Imańhi moneyyapaµipada½ukkaµµha½ katv± p³rento bhikkhu satteva m±s±ni j²vati, majjhima½ katv± p³rentosatta vass±ni, muduka½ katv± p³rento so¼asa vass±ni. Aya½ pana thero ukkaµµha½katv± p³resi, tasm± satta m±se µhatv± attano ±yusaŖkh±rassa parikkhaya½ńatv± nah±yitv± niv±setv± k±yabandhana½ bandhitv± diguŗa½ saŖgh±µi½ p±rupitv± dasabal±bhimukhopańcapatiµµhitena ta½ vanditv± ańjali½ paggahetv± hiŖgulakapabbata½ niss±ya µhitakovaanup±dises±ya nibb±nadh±tuy± parinibb±yi. Tassa parinibbutabh±va½ ńatv± bhagav±bhikkhusaŖghena saddhi½ tattha gantv± sar²rakicca½ katv± dh±tuyo g±h±petv± cetiya½ patiµµh±petv±agam±si. Evar³pa½ paµipada½ paµipannenapi vassa½ upagacchantena channe sadv±rabandheyeva µh±ne upagantabba½.Appicchata½ niss±yapi sikkh±padassa anatikkaman²yatta½ dassetu½ “n±lakapaµipada½ paµipannenap²”tivutta½.
Pańcanna½ chadan±nanti tiŗapaŗŗa-iµµhakasil±sudh±saŖkh±t±na½ pańcanna½ chadan±na½. “Na,bhikkhave, asen±sanikena vassa½ upagantabbanti (mah±va. 204) vac²bheda½ katv±vass³pagamana½ sandh±yeva paµikkhepo, na ±layakaraŗavasena upagamana½ sandh±y±”ti vadanti.P±¼iya½ pana avisesatt± aµµhakath±yańca “n±lakapaµipada½ paµipannenap²”ti-±din± avisesenevada¼ha½ katv± vuttatt± asen±sanikassa n±v±di½ vin± ańńattha ±layo na vaµµat²ti amh±ka½khanti. N±v±satthavajesuyeva hi “anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, n±v±ya½ vassa½ upagantun”ti-±din±(mah±va. 203) sati asati v± sen±sane vass³pagamanassa visu½ anuńń±tatt± “na, bhikkhave,asen±sanikena vassa½ upagantabban”ti aya½ paµikkhepo tattha na labbhat²ti asati sen±sane±layavasenapi n±v±d²su upagamana½ vutta½. Anudhammat±ti vatta½. Rattiµµh±nadiv±µµh±n±d²n²ti±di-saddena vaccakuµipass±vaµµh±n±di½ saŖgaŗh±ti.
Katikavatt±ni ca khandhakavatt±ni ca adhiµµh±y±ti pariyattidhammo n±ma tividhampi saddhamma½patiµµh±peti, tasm± sakkacca½ uddisatha uddis±petha, sajjh±ya½ karotha, padh±naghare vasant±na½saŖghaµµana½ akatv± antovih±re nis²ditv± uddisatha uddis±petha, sajjh±ya½ karotha, dhammassavana½samiddha½ karotha, pabb±jent± sodhetv± pabb±jetha, sodhetv± upasamp±detha, sodhetv±nissaya½ detha. Ekopi hi kulaputto pabbajjańca upasampadańca labhitv± sakala½ s±sana½patiµµh±peti. Attano th±mena yattak±ni sakkotha, tattak±ni dhutaŖg±ni sam±diyatha, antovassa½n±meta½ sakaladivasa½ rattiy± ca paµhamapacchimay±mesu appamattehi bhavitabba½, v²riya½ ±rabhitabba½ Por±ŗakamaha-±ther±pi sabbapalibodhe chinditv± antovasse ekacariyavatta½p³rayi½su. Bhasse matta½ j±nitv± dasavatthukakatha½ dasa-asubhadas±nussati-aµµhati½s±rammaŗakatha½k±tu½ vaµµati. ¾gantuk±na½ vatta½ k±tu½, satt±hakaraŗ²yena gat±na½ apaloketv±d±tu½ vaµµati. Vigg±hikapisuŗapharusavacan±ni m± vadatha, divase divase s²l±ni ±vajjent±catur±rakkha½ ah±pent± manasik±rabahul± viharatha, cetiya½ v± bodhi½ v± vandantenagandham±la½ v± p³jentena patta½ v± thavik±ya pakkhipantena na kathetabba½, antog±memanussehi saddhi½ paccayasa½yuttakath± v± visabh±gakath± v± na kathetabb±, rakkhitindriyehibhavitabba½, khandhakavattańca sekhiyavattańca p³retabbanti evam±din± katikavatt±ni khandhakavatt±nica adhiµµhahitv±.
“Anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, vassa½vuµµh±na½ t²hi µh±nehi pav±retun”ti (mah±va. 209)vuµµhavass±na½ pav±raŗ±ya anuńń±tatt± imassa suttassa vasena pav±raŗ±divasassa aruŗuggamanatopaµµh±ya appav±rit±pi “vuµµhavass±”ti vuccanti. Kińc±pi “ima½ tem±sa½ vassa½upem²”ti (mah±va. aµµha. 184) vacanato pav±raŗ±divasassa tem±santogadhatt± ta½ divasa½y±va na pav±renti t±va vassa½ vasant± n±ma honti, tath±pi ekadesena avuµµhampi ta½divasa½ vuµµhabh±g±pekkh±ya vuµµhameva hot²ti katv± eva½ vutta½ kat±katabh±g±pekkh±ya samud±yepavattakat±katavoh±ro viya. Vippakatańhi ya½ kińci “kat±katan”ti vuccati.“Anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, vassa½vuµµh±na½ kathina½ attharitun”ti (mah±va. 306) imassapana suttassa vasena nippariy±yato mah±pav±raŗ±ya pav±rit± p±µipadadivasato paµµh±ya “vuµµhavass±”tivuccant²ti dassetu½ “mah±pav±raŗ±ya pav±rit±”ti-±di vutta½. P±µipadadivasatopaµµh±ya hi vass±nassa pacchime m±se kathinatth±ro anuńń±to pariv±re “kathinassaatth±ram±so j±nitabboti vass±nassa pacchimo m±so j±nitabbo”ti (pari. 412) vuttatt±.“Mah±pav±raŗ±ya pav±rit±”ti idańca purimik±ya vass³pagat±na½ sabh±vadassanamatta½, kenaciantar±yena appav±rit±pi “vuµµhavass±”icceva vuccanti.
“¾pucchitabb±”ti vatv± id±ni ±pucchanavidhi½ dassento “sace ima½ kuµin”ti-±dim±ha.Paµijagganaka½ v± na labhat²ti vih±rapaccante kate paµijagganaka½ nalabhati. Te pana bhikkh³ janapadac±rika½ pakkami½s³ti sambandho. Addh±nagamane c±rik±voh±ros±sane niru¼ho. Kińc±pi aya½ c±rik± n±ma mah±janasaŖgahattha½ buddh±na½yeva labbhati,buddhe up±d±ya pana ru¼h²saddavasena s±vak±nampi vuccati kilańj±d²hi katab²jan²nampit±lavaŗµavoh±ro viya. SaŖgopetv±ti ekasmi½ padese r±si½ katv±. Id±ni tamevasaŖgopanavidhi½ dassento “yath± ca µhapitan”ti-±dim±ha. Na ovass²yat²ti anovassaka½,kammani aka-saddo daµµhabbo. Yath± ca µhapita½ na ovass²yati na tem²yat²ti attho.
Anavayoti ettha vayoti h±ni “±yavayo”ti-±d²su viya. Natthi etassa attanosippe vayo ³nat±ti avayoti ±ha “an³no paripuŗŗasippo”ti. ¾cariyassakamma½ ±cariyakanti ±ha “±cariyakamme”ti. PiµµhasaŖgh±µo dv±rab±h±, kaµµhakamma½thambh±di. Telatambamattik±y±ti telamissatambamattik±ya.
85. Kuµik±ya karaŗabh±vanti kuµiy± katabh±va½. Saddasatthavid³hi ki½-saddayogean±gatavacanassa icchitatt± vutta½ “tassa lakkhaŗa½ saddasatthato pariyesitabban”ti.Mett±pubbabh±ganti mett±jh±nassa pubbabh±gabh³ta½ sabbasattesu hitapharaŗamatta½. Kasm±paneta½ vutta½, nanu anudday±-saddo karuŗ±ya pavattat²ti? Saccameta½, aya½ pana anudday±saddoanurakkhaŗamattha½ anton²ta½ katv± pavattam±no mett±ya karuŗ±ya ca pavattat²ti idha mett±yapavattam±no vutto, tasm± suvuttameta½ “etena mett±pubbabh±ga½ dasset²”ti. Karuŗ±pubbabh±gantikaruŗ±jh±nassa pubbabh±gabh³ta½ sattesu anukampamatta½. Cikkhalla½ mattik±, tassa maddana½udaka½ ±sińcitv± hatth±d²hi parimaddana½. Mett±karuŗ±nanti appan±ppattamett±karuŗ±na½.Kińc±pi therena sańcicca khudd±nukhuddak± p±ŗ± maraŗ±dhipp±yena na by±b±dhit±, tath±pikaruŗ±ya abh±vena “eva½ kate ime p±ŗ± vinassissant²”ti anupaparikkhitv± katatt±thera½ vigarahi. Jan±na½ sam³ho janat±ti ±ha “pacchimo janasam³ho”ti. P±tabyabh±vantivin±setabbata½. P±ŗ±tip±ta½ karont±nanti therena akatepi p±ŗ±tip±teparehi sallakkhaŗ±k±ra½ dasseti. Imassa diµµh±nugatinti imassa diµµhiy± anugamana½.Gha½sitabbeti ghaµµayitabbe, vin±sitabbeti attho. Eva½ mańń²ti yath± therenakata½, eva½ m± mańńi. “M± pacchim± janat± p±ŗesu p±tabyata½ ±pajj²”tivacanato yo bhikkhu iµµhakapacanapattapacanakuµikaraŗavih±rak±r±panavih±rasammajjanapaµaggid±nak³papokkharaŗ²khaŗ±pan±d²suyattha “khudd±nukhuddak±na½ p±ŗ±na½ vihi½s± bhavissat²”ti j±n±ti, tena t±dise padesekappiyavacana½ vatv±pi na ta½ kamma½ k±retabbanti dasseti.
Tattha tattha vuttameva ±pattinti pathav²khaŗanabh³tag±map±tabyat±d²su vuttap±cittiy±di-±patti½.¾dikammikatt± an±patt²ti kuµikaraŗapaccay± an±patti. Sikkh±pada½ atikkamitv±ti“na ca, bhikkhave, sabbamattik±may± kuµik± k±tabb±, yo kareyya, ±patti dukkaµass±”tivuttasikkh±pada½ atikkamitv±. Yadi ańńena kata½ labhitv± vasantassa an±patti siy±,na bhagav± ta½ kuµika½ bhind±peyy±ti ±ha– “kata½ labhitv± tattha vasant±nampidukkaµamev±”ti. Yath± v± tath± v± miss± hot³ti heµµh± mattik± upari dabbasambh±r±ti-±din±yena kenaci ±k±rena miss± hotu. Gińjak±vasathasaŖkhepen±ti ettha gińjak±vuccanti iµµhak±, gińjak±hi eva kato ±vasatho gińjak±vasatho. Iµµhak±mayassa ±vasathasseta½adhivacana½. Ta½ kira ±vasatha½ yath± sudh±parikammena payojana½ natthi, eva½ iµµhak±hieva cinitv± ch±detv± karonti, tul±daŗ¹akav±µaphalak±ni pana d±rumay±neva. Vikirant±ticuŗŗavicuŗŗa½ karont±.
Kiss±ti kena k±raŗena. Vayakammampi atth²ti dv±rakav±µ±di-abhisaŖkharaŗ±d²su katavayakammampiatthi. Bhikkh³na½ akappiyatt± eva titthiyavat±nur³patt± titthiyadhajo. Mah±-aµµhakath±ya½vuttak±raŗesu attano adhippetak±raŗadvaya½ patiµµh±petv± apar±nipi tattha vuttak±raŗ±nidassento ±ha– “aµµhakath±ya½ pana ańń±nipi k±raŗ±ni vutt±n²”ti-±di. Tattha satt±nudday±y±ti t±dis±ya kuµik±ya karaŗapaccay± vinassam±nasattesu anudday±ya.Yasm± sabbamattik±may± kuµi sukar± bhinditu½, tasm± tattha µhapita½ pattac²var±diagutta½ hoti, cor±d²hi avaharitu½ sakk±. Tena vutta½ “pattac²varaguttatth±y±”ti.Sen±sanab±hullapaµisedhanatth±y±ti sen±san±na½ bahubh±vanisedhanatth±ya, t±disassa v±sen±sanassa abhisaŖkharaŗe bhikkh³na½ uddesaparipucch±d²ni sesakamm±ni pariccajitv± niccaby±vaµat±nisedhanattha½.Anupavajjoti dosa½ ±ropetv± na vattabbo.