Vin²tavatthuvaººan±

Ida½ kinti kathetukamyat±ya pucchati. Vin²t±ni vinicchit±ni vatth³ni vin²tavatth³ni.T±ni hi “±patti½ tva½ bhikkhu ±panno p±r±jika½. An±patti bhikkhu p±r±jikassa, ±patti saªgh±disesassa. An±patti bhikkhu as±diyantass±”ti-±din± bhagavat±yeva vinicchit±ni Ten±ha “bhagavat± saya½ vinicchit±nan”ti. Udd±nag±th±ti uddesag±th±, saªgahag±th±tivutta½ hoti. Vatthug±th±ti “tena kho pana samayena aññataro bhikkh³”ti-±dik± nid±navatthud²pik±vin²tavatthup±¼iyeva tesa½ tesa½ vatth³na½ ganthanato “vatthug±th±”ti vutt±, na chandovicitilakkhaºena.G±th±na½ vatthu vatthug±th±ti eva½ v± ettha attho daµµhabbo. Etth±ti vin²tavatth³su.Dutiy±d²nanti dutiyap±r±jik±d²na½. Dutiy±d²ni vinicchinitabb±n²ti yojetabba½.Sippik±nanti cittak±r±disippik±na½. Ya½ passitv± passitv± cittak±r±dayocittakamm±d²ni uggaºhant± karonti, ta½ “paµicchannakar³pan”ti vuccati.
67. Purim±ni dve vatth³n²ti makkaµivatthu½ vajjiputtakavatthuñca. T±ni panakiñc±pi anupaññattiya½ ±gat±neva, tath±pi bhagavat± saya½ vinicchitavatthubh±vato adinn±d±n±d²suanupaññattiya½ ±gat±ni rajak±divatth³ni viya puna vin²tavatth³su pakkhitt±ni.Yadi eva½ “tassa kukkucca½ ahos²”ti ida½ virujjheyya, anupaññattiyañhi aññebhikkh³ disv± ta½ bhikkhu½ codesunti? Saccameta½, tehi pana bhikkh³hi anupaññattiya½vuttanayena codetv± “nanu, ±vuso, tatheva ta½ hot²”ti vutte tassa kukkucca½ahos²ti gahetabba½. “Bhagavato etamattha½ ±roces²”ti idañca tehi bhikkh³hi anupaññattiya½vuttanayena bhagavato ±rocite “sacca½ kira tva½ bhikkhu makkaµiy± methuna½ dhamma½paµisev²”ti bhagavat± puµµho sam±no “sacca½ bhagav±”ti bhagavato etamattha½±roces²ti gahetabba½.
Vajjiputtakavatthumhi pana sikkha½ appaccakkh±ya dubbalya½ an±vikatv± methuna½ dhamma½ paµisevitv±vibbhamitv± ye ±nandatthera½ upasaªkamitv± puna pabbajja½ upasampadañca y±ci½su, te sandh±ya“aµµh±nameta½, ±nanda, anavak±so, ya½ tath±gato vajj²na½ v± vajjiputtak±na½ v±k±raº± s±vak±na½ p±r±jika½ sikkh±pada½ paññatta½ sam³haneyy±”ti-±di anupaññattiya½vutta½. Ye pana avibbhamitv± saliªge µhit±yeva uppannakukkucc± bhagavato etamattha½±rocesu½, te sandh±ya “±patti½ tumhe, bhikkhave, ±pann± p±r±jikan”ti idhavutta½. Keci pana ima½ adhipp±ya½ aj±nant±va “aññameva makkaµivatthu vajjiputtakavatthuca vin²tavatth³su ±gatan”ti vadanti.
Kuse ganthetv±ti kusatiº±ni ganthetv±. Keseh²ti manussakesehi.Ta½ r±ganti k±yasa½saggar±ga½. Ñatv±ti sayameva j±nitv±. Yadi k±yasa½saggar±genakata½, k±yasa½saggar±gasikkh±padassa vin²tavatth³su avatv± idha kasm± vuttanti?Vuccate– kiñc±pi ta½ k±yasa½saggar±gena kata½, tassa pana bhikkhuno p±r±jikakkhettekatupakkamatt± “p±r±jika½ nu kho aha½ ±panno”ti p±r±jikavisaya½ kukkucca½ahos²ti idha vutta½. Tenev±ha– “an±patti bhikkhu p±r±jikassa, ±patti saªgh±disesass±”ti.
68. Atidassan²y±ti divasampi passant±na½ atittikaraºato ativiya dassanayogg±.Vaººapokkharat±y±ti ettha pokkharat± vuccati sundarabh±vo, vaººassa pokkharat± vaººapokkharat±,t±ya vaººapokkharat±ya, vaººasampattiy±ti attho. Por±º± pana pokkharanti sar²ra½ vadanti,vaººa½ vaººameva. Tesa½ matena vaººañca pokkharañca vaººapokkhar±ni, tesa½ bh±vo vaººapokkharat±,tasm± vaººapokkharat±y±ti parisuddhena vaººena ceva sar²rasaºµh±nasampattiy± c±ti attho.Atha v± vaººasampanna½ pokkhara½ vaººapokkharanti uttarapadalopo pubbapadassa daµµhabbo, tassa bh±vovaººapokkharat±, t±ya vaººapokkharat±ya, vaººasampannasar²rat±y±ti attho. Padha½ses²tiabhibhav²ti attho. Katha½ pana as±diyant² nis²d²ti ±ha– “asaddhamm±dhipp±yena…pe…kh±ºuk± viy±”ti.
Na limpat²ti na all²yati. K±mes³ti vatthuk±makilesak±mesu.Ida½ vutta½ hoti– yath± paduminipaººe udakabindu na saºµh±ti, yath± ca s³cimukhes±sapo na santiµµhati, evameva yo abbhantare duvidhenapi k±mena na limpati, tasmi½k±mo na saºµh±ti, tamaha½ br±hmaºa½ vad±m²ti.
69. Purisasaºµh±na½ antarahita½, itthisaºµh±na½ uppannanti phalassa vin±supp±dadassanenak±raºassapi vin±supp±d± vutt±ti daµµhabba½. Purisindriye hi naµµhe purisasaºµh±na½antaradh±yati, itthindriye samuppanne itthisaºµh±na½ p±tubhavati. Tath± hi “yassa itthindriya½uppajjati, tassa purisindriya½ uppajjat²ti? No. Yassa v± pana purisindriya½ uppajjati,tassa itthindriya½ uppajjat²ti? No”ti yamakapakaraºe (yama. 3. indriyayamaka.188)vuttatt± indriyadvayassa ekasmi½ sant±ne sahapavattiy± asambhavato yasmi½ khaºe itthindriya½p±tubhavati, tato pubbe sattarasamacittato paµµh±ya purisindriya½ nuppajjati. Tato pubbeuppannesu ca purisindriyesu sahajar³pehi saddhi½ kamena niruddhesu tasmi½ sant±ne itthindriya½uppajjati. Tato purisasaºµh±n±k±rena pavattesu kammajar³pesu sesar³pesu ca kañcik±la½ pavattitv± niruddhesu itthisaºµh±n±k±rena ca catujar³pasantatiy± pavatt±ya purisasaºµh±na½antarahita½, itthisaºµh±na½ p±tubh³tanti vuccati. Itthiy± purisaliªgap±tubh±vepi ayamevanayo veditabbo.
Purisaliªga½ uttama½, itthiliªga½ h²nanti imin± ca purisindriyassa uttamabh±vo,itthindriyassa ca h²nabh±vo vuttoti daµµhabba½. Na hi indriyassa h²nukkaµµhabh±va½ vin±tannissayassa liªgassa h²nukkaµµhat± sambhavati. Purisaliªga½ balava-akusalena antaradh±yat²ti-±din±piindriyasseva vin±supp±d± vutt±ti daµµhabba½. Indriye hi vinaµµhe uppanne ca tannissayassaliªgassapi antaradh±na½ patiµµh±nañca sambhavati. Katha½ panettha purisaliªga½ balava-aka-usalenaantaradh±yati, itthiliªga½ dubbalakusalena patiµµh±t²ti? Vuccate– paµisandhiya½ t±vapurisindriyupp±daka½ anupahatas±matthiya½ balavakusalakamma½ y±vat±yuka½ purisindriyamevaupp±deti, antar± pana kenaci laddhapaccayena p±rad±rikatt±din± balava-akusalakammenaupahatas±matthiya½ tadeva paµisandhid±yaka½ kusalakamma½ dubbal²bh³ta½ purisindriya½ anupp±detv±attano s±matthiy±nur³pa½ itthindriya½ pavatte upp±deti. Yad± pana paµisandhid±nak±leyevakenaci laddhapaccayena p±rad±rikatt±din± balava-akusalakammena purisindriyupp±danas±matthiya½upahata½ hoti, tad± dubbal²bh³ta½ kusalakamma½ purisindriya½ anupp±detv± paµisandhiya½yevaitthindriya½ upp±deti. Tasm± “purisaliªga½ balava-akusalena antaradh±yati, itthiliªga½dubbalakusalena patiµµh±t²”ti vuccati.
Dubbala-akusalena antaradh±yat²ti p±rad±rikatt±dibalava-akusalakammassa purisindriyupp±danavibandhakassadubbalabh±ve sati antaradh±yanta½ itthiliªga½ dubbala-akusalena antaradh±yat²ti vutta½.Tath± hi p±rad±rikatt±din± balava-akusalakammena b±hitatt± purisindriyupp±dane asamattha½paµisandhiya½ itthiy± itthindriyupp±daka½ dubbalakusalakamma½ yad± pavattiya½ brahmacariyav±samicch±c±rapaµivirativasenapurisattapatthan±vasena v± katupacitabalavakusalakammena ±hitas±matthiya½ purisindriyupp±danesamattha½ itthindriya½ anupp±detv± attano s±matthiy±nur³pa½ purisindriya½ upp±deti,tad± purisindriyupp±danavibandhakassa balava-akusalakammassa dubbalabh±ve sati ta½ itthindriya½antarahitanti “itthiliªga½ antaradh±yanta½ dubbala-akusalena antaradh±yat²”ti vuccati.Yath±vuttanayeneva balavat± kusalakammena purisindriyassa upp±ditatt± “purisaliªga½balavakusalena patiµµh±t²”ti vuccati. Pubbe itthibh³tassa paµisandhiya½ purisindriyupp±depiaya½ nayo veditabbo. Ubhayampi akusalena antaradh±yati, kusalena paµilabbhat²ti ida½sugatibhava½ sandh±ya vutta½, duggatiya½ pana ubhinna½ uppatti vin±so ca akusalakammenev±tidaµµhabba½.
Ubhinnampi sahaseyy±patti hot²ti “yo pana bhikkhu m±tug±mena sahaseyya½ kappeyya,p±cittiya½. Y± pana bhikkhun² purisena sahaseyya½ kappeyya, p±cittiyan”ti vuttatt±ubhinnampi sahaseyyavasena p±cittiy±patti hoti. Dukkh²ti cetodukkhasamaªgit±ya dukkh².Dummanoti dosena duµµhamano, vir³pamano v± domanass±bhibh³tat±ya. “Samass±setabbo”tivatv± samass±setabbavidhi½ dassento “hotu m± cintayitth±”ti-±dim±ha. An±vaµotiav±rito. Dhammoti pariyattipaµipattipaµivedhasaªkh±to tividhopi saddhammo. Saggoca maggo ca saggamaggo, saggassa v± maggo saggamaggo, sagg³papattis±dhik±paµipatti. Bhikkhuniy± saddhi½ sa½vidh±ya addh±nagamane ±patti pariharitabb±ti dassento“sa½vidahana½ parimocetv±”ti ±ha. “Maya½ asuka½ n±ma µh±na½ gacch±m±”tivatv± “ehi saddhi½ gamiss±m±”ti-±din± asa½vidahitatt± an±patti.
Bahig±meti attano vasanag±mato bahi. G±mantaranad²p±rarattivippav±sagaºa-oh²yan±patt²hian±patt²ti “dutiyik± bhikkhun² pakkant± v± hot²”ti-±din± (p±ci. 693)vutta-an±pattilakkhaºehi sa½sandanato vutta½. ¾r±dhik±ti citt±r±dhane samatth±.T± kopetv±ti t± pariccajitv±. Lajjiniyo…pe… labbhat²ti “saªgahe asatiukkaºµhitv± vibbhameyy±p²”ti saªgahavaseneva vutta½. Alajjiniyo…pe… labbhat²tialajjibh±vato asantapakkha½ bhajant²ti vutta½. Aññ±tik±…pe… vaµµat²ti ida½pana imiss± ±veºika½ katv± aµµhakath±ya½ anuññ±tanti vadanti. Bhikkhubh±vep²tibhikkhuk±lepi. Paris±vacaroti upajjh±yo ca ±cariyo ca hutv± parisupaµµh±ko.Aññassa santike nissayo gahetabboti tassa santike upasampannehi saddhivih±rikehiaññassa ±cariyassa santike nissayo gahetabbo. Ta½ niss±ya vasantehip²ti antev±sikesandh±ya vadati. Upajjh± gahetabb±ti upasampadattha½ upajjh± gahetabb±, aññassa santikeupasampajjitabbanti vutta½ hoti.
Vinayakammanti vikappana½ sandh±ya vutta½. Puna k±tabbanti puna vikappetabba½.Puna paµiggahetv± satt±ha½ vaµµat²ti “anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, bhikkhun²na½ sannidhibhikkh³hi, bhikkh³na½ sannidhi bhikkhun²hi paµigg±h±petv± paribhuñjitun”ti (c³¼ava.421) vacanato puna paµiggahita½ tadahu s±misampi vaµµat²ti dassanattha½ vutta½. Sattamedivaseti ida½ tañca nissaggiya½ an±pajjitv±va punapi satt±ha½ paribhuñjitu½ vaµµat²tidassanattha½ vutta½. Yasm± pana bhikkhuniy± nissaggiya½ bhikkhussa vaµµati, bhikkhussa nissaggiya½bhikkhuniy± vaµµati, tasm± aµµhamepi divase liªgaparivatte sati anissajjitv±va antosatt±he paribhuñjitu½ vaµµat²ti vadanti. Ta½ pakatatto rakkhat²ti aparivattaliªgo ta½ paµiggahaºavijahanatorakkhati, avibhattat±ya paµiggahaºa½ na vijahat²ti adhipp±yo. S±ma½ gahetv±na nikkhipeyy±tipaµiggahetv± saya½ nikkhipeyya. Paribhuñjantassa ±patt²ti liªgaparivattesati paµiggahaºavijahanato puna paµiggahetv± paribhuñjantassa ±patti.