Upanetabboti opaneyyiko. Aya½ panettha vinicchayo– upanayana½ upanayo, ±ditta½cela½ v± s²sa½ v± ajjhupekkhitv±pi bh±van±vasena attano citte upanayana½ upp±dana½arahat²ti opaneyyiko. Ida½ saªkhate lokuttaradhamme yujjati, asaªkhato pana attanocitte ±rammaºabh±vena upanayana½ arahat²ti opaneyyiko, sacchikiriy±vasena all²yana½arahat²ti attho Atha v± nibb±na½ upaneti ariyapuggalanti ariyamaggo upaneyyo,sacchik±tabbata½ upanetabboti phalanibb±nadhammo upaneyyo, upaneyyo eva opaneyyiko.
Sabbehi ugghaµitaññ³-±d²hi viññ³hi “bh±vito me maggo, adhigata½ phala½, sacchikatonirodho”ti attani attani veditabboti paccatta½ veditabbo viññ³hi. Na hiupajjh±yena bh±vitena maggena saddhivih±rikassa kiles± pah²yanti, na so tassa phalasam±pattiy±ph±su viharati, na tena sacchikata½ nibb±na½ sacchikaroti, tasm± na esa parassa s²se±bharaºa½ viya daµµhabbo, attano pana citteyeva daµµhabbo, anubhavitabbo viññ³h²ti vutta½hoti.
Asaªkhatanti saªgamma sam±gamma paccayasamodh±nalakkhaºena saªgamena sannipatitv±anur³pehi paccayehi akata½ anibbattitanti asaªkhata½. Natthi ettha matanti amata½,etasmi½ v± adhigate natthi puggalassa mata½ maraºanti amata½. Kiñc±pi ettha “sv±kkh±ta½dhamma½ paccakkh±m²”ti-±din± sabbattha dhamma-saddappayogo dassito, tath±pi dhamma-saddenaayojetv± vutte vevacane na paccakkh±na½ n±ma na hot²ti “sv±kkh±ta½ paccakkh±m²”ti-±din±vuttepi sikkh±paccakkh±na½ hotiyev±ti daµµhabba½. “Sv±kkh±ta½ dhamman”ti-±din± panadhamma-saddappayogo sv±kkh±t±-disadd±na½ dhamma-visesanabh±vadassanattha½ katoti veditabba½.Ekadhammakkhandhassapi n±manti ettha “paµhamadhammakkhandha½ dutiyadhammakkhandha½ pucch±dhammakkhandha½vissajjan±dhammakkhandhan”ti-±din± dhammakkhandhan±m±ni veditabb±ni.
Suppaµipannanti sv±kkh±te dhammavinaye yath±nusiµµha½ paµipannatt± suppaµipanna½. Majjhim±yapaµipad±ya antadvaya½ anupagamma paµipannatt± k±yavac²manovaªkakuµilajimhadosappah±n±ya paµipannatt±ca ujuppaµipanna½. ѱyo vuccati nibb±na½ ariyamagg±d²hi ñ±yati paµivijjh²yatisacchikar²yat²ti katv±, tadatth±ya paµipannatt± ñ±yappaµipanna½. Yath± paµipann± guºasambh±van±yaparehi kariyam±na½ paccuµµh±n±dis±m²cikamma½ arahanti, tath± paµipannatt± s±m²cippaµipanna½.
Yuga¼avasena paµhamamaggaµµho phalaµµhoti idameka½ yuga¼anti eva½ catt±ri purisayug±nihonti. Ettha pana “catupurisayuga½ saªghan”ti vattabbe “catt±r²”ti vibhattilopa½akatv± niddeso katoti daµµhabba½. Catt±ri purisayug±ni etth±ti catupurisayugotihi saªgho vuccati. Aµµhapurisapuggalanti purisapuggalavasena eko paµhamamaggaµµho, ekophalaµµhoti imin± nayena aµµheva purisapuggal± honti. Aµµha purisapuggal± etth±tiaµµhapurisapuggalo, saªgho. Ettha ca purisoti v± puggaloti v± ekatth±net±nipad±ni, veneyyavasena paneta½ vutta½.
¾huneyyanti-±d²su (visuddhi. 1.156) ±netv± hunitabbanti ±huna½, d³ratopi±netv± s²lavantesu d±tabb±na½ catunna½ paccay±nameta½ adhivacana½. Ta½ ±huna½ paµiggahetu½yutto tassa mahapphalabh±vakaraºatoti ±huneyyo, saªgho. Atha v± d³ratopi ±gantv±sabbas±pateyyampi ettha hunitabbanti ±havan²yo, sakk±d²nampi v± ±havana½arahat²ti ±havan²yo. Yo c±ya½ br±hmaº±na½ ±havan²yo aggi, yattha huta½ mahapphalantitesa½ laddhi. Sace hutassa mahapphalat±ya ±havan²yo, saªghova ±havan²yo. Saªghe hutañhimahapphala½ hoti. Yath±ha–
“Yo ca vassasata½ jantu, aggi½ paricare vane;
ekañca bh±vitatt±na½, muhuttamapi p³jaye;
s±yeva p³jan± seyyo, yañce vassasata½ hutan”ti. (Dha. pa. 107).
Tadeta½ nik±yantare “±havan²yo”ti pada½ idha “±huneyyo”ti imin± padenaatthato eka½, byañjanato panettha kiñcimattameva n±na½.
P±huneyyanti ettha pana p±huna½ vuccati dis±vidisato ±gat±na½ piyaman±p±na½ ñ±timitt±na½atth±ya sakk±rena paµiyatta½ ±gantukad±na½. Tampi µhapetv± te tath±r³pe piyamitt±dikep±hunake saªghasseva d±tu½ yutta½, saªghova ta½ paµiggahetu½ yutto. Saªghasadiso hip±hunako natthi. Tath± hesa ekabuddhantare v²tivatteyeva dissati, abbokiººañca piyaman±pattakarehis²l±didhammehi samann±gatoti eva½ p±hunamassa d±tu½ yutta½, p±hunañca paµiggahetu½yuttoti p±huneyyo.
Dakkhanti et±ya satt± yath±dhippet±hi sampatt²hi va¹¹hant²ti dakkhiº±, paraloka½ saddahitv±d±tabbad±na½. Ta½ dakkhiºa½ arahati, dakkhiº±ya v± hito yasm± na½ mahapphalakarat±ya visodhet²tidakkhiºeyyo. Ubho hatthe sirasi patiµµh±petv± sabbalokena kariyam±na½ añjalikamma½arahat²ti añjalikaraº²yo. Anuttara½ puññakkhettanti sabbalokassa asadisa½puññaviruhanaµµh±na½ Yath± hi rañño v± amaccassa v± s±l²na½ v± yav±na½ v± viruhanaµµh±na½rañño s±likkhetta½ yavakkhettanti vuccati, eva½ saªgho sabbalokassa puññ±na½ viruhanaµµh±na½.Saªgha½ niss±ya hi lokassa n±nappak±rahitasukhasa½vattanik±ni puññ±ni viruhanti,tasm± saªgho anuttara½ puññakkhetta½ lokassa. Etth±pi “suppaµipanna½ saªghan”ti-±din±sabbattha saªgha-saddappayogo suppaµipann±-disadd±na½ saªghavisesanabh±vadassanattha½ kato, tasm±“suppaµipanna½ paccakkh±m²”ti-±din± vuttepi sikkh±paccakkh±na½ hotiyev±ti daµµhabba½.
Sikkh±vevacanesu pana sikkh±-sadda½ vin± kevala½ bhikkhu-saddo bhikkhun²-saddoca sikkh±ya adhivacana½ na hot²ti “bhikkhusikkha½ bhikkhun²sikkhan”ti vutteyevas²sa½ eti, adhis²l±dayo pana sikkh± ev±ti “adhis²la½ paccakkh±m²”ti-±din± vuttepis²sa½ eti. Paµhama½ p±r±jikanti-±din± sikkh±pad±na½yeva gahaºa½ veditabba½, na±patt²na½.
Upajjh±yavevacanesu upajjh±yo hutv± yo pabb±jesi ceva upasamp±desi ca, ta½ sandh±ya “yoma½ pabb±jes²”ti-±di vutta½. Yassa m³len±ti yassa padh±nabh±vena k±raºabh±venav±. Yassa m³la½ padh±nabh±vo k±raºabh±vo v± etiss±ti yassam³lik±, pabbajj± upasampad±ca. M³la-saddassa s±pekkhabh±vepi niccas±pekkhat±ya gamakatt± taddhitavutti daµµhabb±.
¾cariyavevacanesu pana yo upajjha½ adatv± ±cariyova hutv± pabb±jesi, kammav±c±cariyohutv± upasamp±desi ca, ta½ sandh±ya “yo ma½ pabb±jesi, yo ma½ anus±ves²”tivutta½. Imehi dv²hi vacanehi pabbajj±cariyo ca upasampad±cariyo ca dassito. Y±ha½niss±ya vas±m²ti nissay±cariya½ dasseti. Y±ha½ uddis±pem²ti-±din± pana dhamm±cariyovutto. Tattha uddis±pem²ti p±µha½ uddis±pemi. Paripucch±m²ti uggahitap±µhassaattha½ paripucch±mi. Saddhivih±rikavevacan±d²su ca vutt±nus±reneva attho veditabbo.Tassa m³leti ettha pana tassa santiketi attho daµµhabbo.
Okallakoti khuppip±s±didukkhaparet±na½ kh²ºasukh±na½ nah±n±disar²rapaµijagganarahit±na½kapaºamanuss±nameta½ adhivacana½. Mo¼ibaddhoti sikh±baddho omukkamakuµo v±. Kiñc±pidvev±ciko up±sako paµhamabodhiya½yeva sambhavati, tath±pi tad± labbham±nan±ma½ gahetv±vuttepi sikkh±paccakkh±na½ hotiyev±ti dassanattha½ “dvev±ciko up±sako”ti vutta½.“Dvev±ciko”ti idameva panettha vevacananti daµµhabba½, tasm± “dvev±cikoti ma½dh±reh²”ti ettakepi vutte s²sa½ eti. Eva½ sesesupi.
Kum±rakoti kum±r±vattho ativiya daharas±maºero. Cellakotitato mahantataro khuddakas±maºero. Ceµakoti majjhimo. Mo¼igalloti mah±s±maºero.Samaºuddesoti pana avisesato s±maºer±dhivacana½. Nigaºµhupaµµh±koti-±d²nipi titthiyas±vakavevacan±n²tidaµµhabba½.
Duss²loti niss²lo s²lavirahito. P±padhammoti duss²latt± eva h²najjh±sayat±yal±makasabh±vo. Asucisaªkassarasam±c±roti aparisuddhak±yakamm±dit±ya asuci hutv±saªk±ya saritabbasam±c±ro. Duss²lo hi kiñcideva as±ruppa½ disv± “ida½ asukenakata½ bhavissat²”ti paresa½ ±saªkan²yo hoti. Kenacideva karaº²yena mantayante bhikkh³disv± “kacci nu kho ime may± katakamma½ j±nitv± mantent²”ti attanoyeva saªk±yasaritabbasam±c±ro. Paµicchannakammantoti lajjitabbat±ya paµicch±detabbakammanto.Assamaºoti na samaºo. Sal±kaggahaº±d²su “ahampi samaºo”ti micch±paµiññ±yasamaºapaµiñño, aseµµhac±rit±ya abrahmac±r², uposath±d²su “ahampi brahmac±r²”timicch±paµiññ±ya brahmac±ripaµiñño, p³tin± kammena s²lavipattiy± anto anupaviµµhatt±antop³ti, chahi dv±rehi r±g±dikiles±nussavanena tintatt± avassuto, sañj±tar±g±dikacavaratt±s²lavantehi cha¹¹etabbatt± ca kasambuj±to. Koºµhoti duss²l±dhivacanameta½.
“Y±ni v± panaññ±nipi atthi buddhavevacan±ni v±”ti-±din± ya½-saddapar±maµµh±na½ buddh±divevacan±na½yevata½-saddena par±masana½ hot²ti ±ha– “tehi ±k±rehi…pe… buddh±d²na½ vevacaneh²”ti.Katha½ pana t±ni ±k±r±disaddehi vohar²yant²ti ±ha “vevacan±ni h²”ti-±di.Saºµh±navant±na½ buddh±d²na½ saºµh±nad²pana½ t±va hotu, saºµh±narahit±na½ pana dhammasikkh±d²na½kathanti ±ha “sikkh±paccakkh±nasaºµh±natt± eva v±”ti. Sikkh±paccakkh±nar³p±ni hivevacan±ni “sikkh±paccakkh±nasaºµh±n±n²”ti vuccanti. Eva½ khoti ettha khotiavadh±raºatthe nip±toti ±ha “evamev±”ti.
54. Mucch±paretoti mucch±ya abhibh³to. Vacanatthavij±nanasamattha½ tiracch±nagata½dassetu½ “n±gam±ºavakass±”ti-±di vutta½. Tihetukapaµisandhik±ti yebhuyyavasenavutta½. Na hi sabb±pi devat± tihetukapaµisandhik±va honti dvihetuk±nampi sambhavato.Atikhippa½ j±nant²ti devat±na½ bhavaªgapariv±sassa manuss±na½ viya adandhabh±vato vutta½.
Sabh±gass±ti purisassa. Visabh±gass±ti m±tug±massa. Anariyakoti m±gadhavoh±ratoañño. Dav±ti sahas±. Rav±ti virajjhitv±. Añña½ bhaºiss±m²ti añña½bhaºanto buddha½ paccakkh±m²ti bhaºat²ti yojetabba½. Akkharasamay±nabhiññat±ya v± karaºasampattiy±abh±vato v± kathetabba½ kathetu½ asakkonto hutv± añña½ kathento rav± bhaºati n±ma.Ubhayath±pi añña½ bhaºituk±massa aññabhaºana½ sam±nanti ±ha “purimena ko viseso”ti.
V±cet²ti p±¼i½ kathento añña½ uggaºh±pento v± v±ceti. Paripucchat²ti p±¼iy±attha½ paripucchanto p±¼i½ paripucchati. Uggaºh±t²ti aññassa santike p±¼i½uggaºh±ti. Sajjh±ya½ karot²ti uggahitap±¼i½ sajjh±yati. Vaººet²ti p±¼iy±attha½ sa½vaººento p±¼i½ vaººeti. Mahallakassa kiñci aj±nanato aviditindriyat±yav± “potthakar³pasadisass±”ti vutta½, mattik±ya katar³pasadisass±ti attho. Garumedhass±ti±rammaºesu lahuppavattiy± abh±vato dandhagatikat±ya garupaññassa, mandapaññass±ti vutta½hoti. Sabbaso v±ti imin± “ida½ pada½ s±vess±mi ‘sikkha½ paccakkh±m²”’tieva½ pavattacittupp±dassa abh±va½ dasseti. Yasm± pana asati evar³pe cittupp±de kenacipariy±yena tath±vidha½ vac²bheda½ katv± s±vana½ n±ma neva sambhavati, tasm± vutta½“buddha½ paccakkh±m²ti-±d²su…pe… vac²bheda½ katv± na s±vet²”ti.

Sikkh±paccakkh±navibhaªgavaººan± niµµhit±.