4. Vassikas±µikasikkh±padavaŗŗan±

627. Catutthe sibbanarajanakappapariyos±nena niµµh±petv±ti s³cikammaniµµh±nena sakimpi vaŗŗabhedamattarajanena kappabindukaraŗena ca niµµh±petv±. Samayeti vass±nasamaye.
628. Kucchisamayoti antosamayo. “Ayameko a¹¹ham±so pariyesanakkhettańceva karaŗakkhettańca. Etasmińhi antare vassikas±µika½ aladdha½ pariyesitu½ laddha½ k±tuńca vaµµati, niv±setu½ adhiµµh±tuńca na vaµµat²”ti potthakesu p±µho dissati, so ap±µho. Eva½ panettha p±µhena bhavitabba½ “ayameko a¹¹ham±so pariyesanakkhetta½. Etasmińhi antare vassikas±µika½ aladdha½ pariyesitu½ vaµµati, laddha½ k±tu½ niv±setu½ adhiµµh±tuńca na vaµµat²”ti. Na hi gimh±na½ pacchimam±sassa paµhamo a¹¹ham±so karaŗakkhetta½ hoti. “A¹¹ham±so seso gimh±nanti katv± niv±setabban”ti vacanato pana gimh±na½ pacchimam±sassa pacchimo a¹¹ham±so karaŗakkhettańceva niv±sanakkhettańca hoti. Teneva m±tik±µµhakath±ya½ (kaŖkh±. aµµha. vahisakas±µikasikkh±padavaŗŗan±) “gimh±na½ pacchimo m±so pariyesanakkhetta½, pacchimo a¹¹ham±so karaŗaniv±sanakkhettamp²”ti vutta½. Tasm± p±¼iy± m±tik±µµhakath±ya ca avirodha½ icchantena vuttanayeneva p±µho gahetabbo.
“Vińńatti½ katv± nipph±dentassa ańń±takavińńattisikkh±padena an±patt²”ti vadantena “piµµhisamayatt± imin± sikkh±padena ±patt²”ti d²pit± hoti. Na hi ń±takapav±ritaµµh±nato piµµhisamaye satupp±dakaraŗamattenapi sambhavant² ±patti tato garukatar±ya vińńattiy± na hot²ti sakk± vattu½. Teneva bhadantabuddhadatt±cariyena vutta½–
“Katv± pana satupp±da½, vassikas±µic²vara½;
nipph±dentassa bhikkhussa, samaye piµµhisammate.
“Hoti nissaggiy±patti, ń±tak±ń±tak±dino;
tesuyeva ca vińńatti½, katv± nipph±dane tath±”ti.
Kenassa hoti ±patt²ti assa m±tara½ c²vara½ y±cantassa kena sikkh±padena ±patt²ti pucchati. “Pariŗata½ vińń±pentassa pariŗ±manasikkh±padena ±patt²”ti codan±bh±va½ dasseti no ca saŖghe pariŗatanti. Atha ańń±takavińńattisikkh±paden±ti ce, etampi natth²ti ±ha “an±patti ca ń±take”ti. “ѱtake vińń±pentass±”ti p±µhaseso. Imamattha½ sandh±y±ti piµµhisamaye vassikas±µikattha½ ń±takapav±ritaµµh±ne satupp±dakaraŗena ±patti½, ańń±takavińńattisikkh±padena an±pattińca sandh±ya.
Ańń±taka-appav±ritaµµh±nato…pe… dukkaµanti ida½ vassikas±µika½ adinnapubbe sandh±ya vutta½. Tenevettha vattabhede dukkaµa½ vutta½, dinnapubbesu pana vattabhedo natthi. Tenev±ha– “ye manuss±…pe… vattabhedo natth²”ti. Idanti yath±vuttanissaggiyap±cittiya½. Vińńatti½ katv± nipph±dentass±ti ańń±taka-appav±ritaµµh±nato vińńatti½ katv± nipph±dentassa. Pakatiy± vassikas±µikad±yak± n±ma saŖghavasena v± puggalavasena v± apav±retv± anusa½vacchara½ vassikas±µik±na½ d±yak±. Ańń±takavińńattisikkh±padena an±patt²ti ettha imin±pi sikkh±padena an±patt²ti veditabba½. Kucchisamaye hi attano ń±takapav±ritaµµh±nato “detha me vassikas±µikan”ti-±din± vińń±pentassapi an±patti. Tenev±ha– “na vattabb± detha meti idańhi pariyesanak±le ańń±taka-appav±rite eva sandh±ya vuttan”ti. M±tik±µµhakath±yańhi (kaŖkh±. aµµha. vassikas±µikasikkh±padavaŗŗan±) vutta½ “attano ń±takapav±ritaµµh±nato pana ‘detha me vassikas±µikac²varan’ti-±dik±ya vińńattiy±pi pariyesitabban”ti.
629. “¾k±sato patita-udakenev±ti vacanato chadanakoµiy± patita-udakena nah±yantassa an±patt²”ti t²supi gaŗµhipadesu vutta½.
630. Cha m±se parih±ra½ labhat²ti etena antovassepi y±va vass±nassa pacchimadivas± akat± parih±ra½ labhat²ti d²pita½ hoti. Yasm± m³lac²vara½ karontena hemantassa pacchimuposathadivaseyeva k±tabba½, tasm± gimh±nato ek³nati½sadivase parih±ra½ labhati, eva½ santepi appaka½ ³namadhika½ v± gaŗan³paga½ na hot²ti katv± “tato parampi…pe… ekam±san”ti vutta½. Ek±hadv²h±divasena…pe… laddh± ceva niµµhit± c±ti imin± ek±h±n±gat±ya vass³pan±yik±ya laddh± ceva niµµhit± ca, dv²h±n±gat±ya…pe… das±h±n±gat±ya vass³pan±yik±ya laddh± ceva niµµhit± ca, antovasse v± laddh± ceva niµµhit± c±ti ayamattho dassito. Tattha ±s±¼him±sassa juŗhapakkhapuŗŗamiya½ laddh± ceva niµµhit± ca vassikas±µik± “ek±h±n±gat±ya vass³pan±yik±ya laddh± ceva niµµhit± c±”ti vuccati. Eteneva nayena juŗhapakkhassa chaµµhiya½ laddh± ceva niµµhit± ca “das±h±n±gat±ya vass³pan±yik±ya laddh± ceva niµµhit± c±”ti vuccati. Y±va paµhamakattikatem±sapuŗŗam², t±va antotem±se laddh± ceva niµµhit± ca “antovasse laddh± ceva niµµhit± c±”ti vuccati. Paµhamakattikatem±sapuŗŗamito parańhi laddh± ceva niµµhit± ca y±va c²varak±lo n±tikkamati, t±va anadhiµµhahitv± µhapetu½ vaµµat²ti na tatr±ya½ vic±raŗ± sambhavati.
Tasmi½yeva antodas±he adhiµµh±tabb±ti avisesena vuttepi vass±nato pubbe ek±hadv²h±divasena an±gat±ya vass³pan±yik±ya laddh± tehi divasehi saddhi½ das±ha½ anatikkamantena vass³pan±yikadivasato paµµh±ya adhiµµh±nakkhetta½ sampatt±yeva adhiµµh±tabb±, na tato pubbe adhiµµh±nassa akhettatt±. Antovasse pana laddh± tasmi½yeva antovasse laddhadivasato paµµh±ya das±ha½ anatikk±metv± adhiµµh±tabb±.
Nanu ca vass±nato pubbe anadhiµµhahitv± das±ha½ atikk±metu½ vaµµatiyeva, tasm± adhiµµh±nassa akhettabh³tepi divase gahetv± “antodas±he adhiµµh±tabban”ti kasm± vutta½? Yath± “antovasse laddh±pi y±va na niµµh±ti, t±va anadhiµµhahitv± das±ha½ atikk±metu½ vaµµat²”ti akat±ya anadhiµµh±nakkhettasadis±pi atikkantadivas± das±ha½ atikk±metv± niµµhit±ya gaŗan³pag± hont²ti niµµhitadivaseyeva adhiµµh±tabb±, evamidh±pi vass±nato pubbe anadhiµµh±nakkhettabh³t±pi divas± laddhadivasato paµµh±ya gaŗan³pag± hont²ti dassanattha½ vutta½. Yadi eva½ “tasmi½yeva antodas±he”ti avisesena vuttatt± das±h±n±gat±ya vass³pan±yik±ya chaµµhiya½ laddh± puŗŗamiya½ adhiµµh±tabb±ti ±pajjat²ti? N±pajjati “c±tum±sa½ adhiµµh±tun”ti vacaneneva paµikkhittatt±. Eva½ sante “das±h±n±gat±y±”ti imin± ki½ payojananti ce? Vass±nato pubbeyeva das±he atikkante vass³pan±yikadivase niµµhit± tadaheva adhiµµh±tabb±ti dassanattha½ vuttanti idamettha payojana½. Tenev±ha– “das±h±tikkame niµµhit± tadaheva adhiµµh±tabb±”ti.
Das±he appahonte c²varak±la½ n±tikkametabb±ti tem±sabbhantare das±he appahonte laddh± ceva niµµhit± ca c²varak±la½ n±tikkametabb±ti attho. Ida½ vutta½ hoti “paµhamakattikatem±sapuŗŗamito pubbe sattamito paµµh±ya laddh± ceva niµµhit± ca vassikas±µik± das±he anatikkanteyeva c²varak±la½ otiŗŗatt± tattha anadhiµµhahitv±pi µhapetu½ vaµµat²”ti. Imin± ca ima½ d²peti– akat± ce vassikas±µik±, vass±na½ c±tum±sa½ akatatt±yeva parih±ra½ labhati, kat±ya pana das±haparamasikkh±pada½ avikopetv± parih±ro vattabboti.
Yad± v± tad± v± adhiµµh±tu½ vaµµat²ti c±tum±sabbhantare das±he atikkantepi natthi dosoti adhipp±yo. “Kad± adhiµµh±tabb±…pe… yadi nappahoti, y±va kattikapuŗŗam± parih±ra½ labhat²”ti imin±pi kurundivacanena akat±ya vassikas±µik±ya c±tum±sa½ parih±ro, kat±ya das±hameva parih±roti ayamattho d²pitoyev±ti ±ha “apic±”ti-±di.
P±¼iya½ acchinnac²varassa naµµhac²varass±ti-±din± nissaggiyena an±patti vutt±, ud±hu naggassa nah±yato dukkaµena an±patti vutt±ti? Kimettha pucchitabba½. Sabbasikkh±padesu hi yattha yattha m³lasikkh±padena ±pattippasaŖgo, tattha tattha an±pattidassanattha½ an±pattiv±ro ±rabh²yat²ti idh±pi nissaggiyena an±pattidassanatthanti yutta½ vattu½. Na hi m³l±pattiy± an±patti½ adassetv± antar± vutt±ya eva ±pattiy± an±pattidassanattha½ an±pattiv±ro ±rabh²yat²ti. Teneva t²supi gaŗµhipadesu ida½ vutta½ “acchinnac²varassa naµµhac²varassa c±ti ettha acchinnasesac²varassa naµµhasesac²varassa ca asamaye niv±sentassa pariyesantassa ca an±patti ¾pad±s³ti ettha anivattha½ cor± harant²ti asamaye niv±sentassa an±patt²”ti. M±tik±µµhakath±yampi (kaŖkh±. aµµha. vassikas±µikasikkh±padavaŗŗan±) vutta½ “acchinnac²varassa v± naµµhac²varassa v± anivattha½ cor± harant²ti eva½ ±pad±su v± niv±sayato ummattak±d²nańca an±patt²”ti. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana naggassa nah±yato dukkaµeneva an±patti½ sandh±ya “acchinnac²varass±ti eta½ vassikas±µikameva sandh±ya vutta½. Tesańhi nagg±na½ k±yovass±pane an±patti. Ettha ca mahagghavassikas±µika½ niv±setv± nah±yantassa corupaddavo ±pad± n±m±”ti ya½ vutta½, tattha k±raŗa½ pariyesitabba½.
Atha ubhayenapi an±pattidassanattha½ “acchinnac²varass±”ti-±di ±raddhanti evamadhipp±yo siy±, evampi “acchinnac²varass±ti eta½ vassikas±µikameva sandh±ya vuttan”ti-±din± visesetv± na vattabba½. Evańhi vattabba½ siy± “acchinnasesac²varassa naµµhasesac²varassa v± asamaye niv±sentassa pariyesantassa ca nissaggiyena an±patti, acchinnavassikas±µikassa naµµhavassikas±µikassa v± naggassa nah±yato dukkaµena an±patti, ±pad±su anivattha½ cor± harant²ti asamaye niv±sayato nissaggiyena an±patti, mahagghavassikas±µika½ niv±setv± nah±yantassa cor± haranti, naggassa nah±yato dukkaµena an±patt²”ti. Sesamettha utt±nameva.
AŖgesu pana vassikas±µik±ya attuddesikat±, asamaye pariyesanat±, t±ya ca paµil±bhoti im±ni t±va pariyesan±pattiy± t²ŗi aŖg±ni. Sac²varat±, ±pad±bh±vo, vassikas±µik±ya sakabh±vo, asamaye niv±sananti im±ni niv±san±pattiy± catt±ri aŖg±ni.

Vassikas±µikasikkh±padavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.