3. Pattavaggo

1. Pattasikkh±padavaººan±

598-602. Pattavaggassa paµhame bhaº¹anti vikketabbabhaº¹a½. Yasm± vaººasaddo saºµh±naj±tir³p±yatanak±raºapam±ºaguºapasa½s±d²su dissati. “Mahanta½ sappar±javaººa½ abhinimminitv±”ti-±d²su (sa½. ni. 1.142) hi saºµh±na½ vuccati. “Br±hmaºova seµµho vaººo, h²no añño vaººo”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 2.402) j±ti. “Param±ya vaººapokkharat±ya samann±gato”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 1.303) r³p±yatana½.
“Na har±mi na bhañj±mi, ±r± siªgh±mi v±rija½;
atha kena nu vaººena, gandhatthenoti vuccat²”ti. (Sa½. ni. 1.234; j±. 1.6.116)–

¾d²su k±raºa½. “Tayo pattassa vaºº±”ti-±d²su (p±r±. 602) pam±ºa½. “Kad± saññu¼h± pana te gahapati ime samaºassa gotamassa vaºº±”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 2.77) guºo. “Vaºº±rahassa vaººa½ bh±sat²”ti-±d²su (a. ni. 4.3) pasa½s±. Tasm± vutta½ “tayo pattassa vaºº±ti t²ºi pattassa pam±º±n²”ti.

A¹¹haterasapal± hot²ti ettha “m±s±na½ a¹¹haterasapal±ni gaºh±t²”ti vadanti. “Magadhan±¼i n±ma chapasat± n±¼²”ti keci. “Aµµhapasat±”ti apare. Tattha purim±na½ matena tipasat±ya n±¼iy± dve n±¼iyo ek± magadhan±¼i hoti, pacchim±na½ catupasat±ya n±¼iy± dve n±¼iyo ek± magadhan±¼i. ¾cariyadhammap±lattherena pana “pakatiy± catumuµµhika½ ku¹uva½, catuku¹uva½ n±¼ika½, t±ya n±¼iy± so¼asa n±¼iyo doºa½, ta½ pana magadhan±¼iy± dv±dasa n±¼iyo hont²”ti vutta½, tasm± tena nayena “magadhan±¼i n±ma pañca ku¹uv±ni ekañca muµµhi½ ek±ya muµµhiy± tatiyañca bh±ga½ gaºh±t²”ti veditabba½.
Sabbasambh±rasaªkhatoti j²rak±disabbasambh±rehi saªkhato. ¾lopassa ±lopassa anur³panti ettha “byañjanassa matt± n±ma odanacatuttho bh±go”ti brahm±yusuttassa aµµhakath±ya½ (ma. ni. aµµha. 2.387) vuttatt± ±lopassa catutthabh±gappam±ºa½ byañjana½ ±lopassa anur³panti gahetabba½. Idha pana s³passeva odanacatutthabh±gappam±ºata½ dassetv± etassa lakkhaºe dassite itarassapi dassitameva hot²ti byañjanassa tath± visesetv± pam±ºa½ na dassita½.
Magadhan±¼iy± upa¹¹happam±ºo idha patthoti ±ha “patthodananti magadhan±¼iy± upa¹¹han±¼ikodanan”ti. Imin± ca “patthadvaya½ magadhan±¼²”ti dassita½ hoti. Pattho ca “catupalo ku¹uvo, catuku¹uvo pattho”ti imin± lokiyavoh±rena veditabbo. Bh±janaparibhogen±ti udak±haraº±din± bh±janaparibhogena.
607. Dhoteti paribhog±vas±nadassanattha½ vutta½, na pana dhoteyeva dukkaµa½ ±pajjati tato puretara½ paribhogak±leyeva ±pajjanato.
608. Pañcahi dv²h²ti ida½ “ett±vat± k±¼avaººat± sampajjat²”ti dassanattha½ vutta½. “Yadi pana ekenapi p±kena k±¼avaººo hoti, adhiµµh±nupagoyev±”ti vadanti. Hatth±n±gatassapi adhiµµh±tabbabh±vadassanattha½ “yadih²”ti-±di vutta½. Imin± ca d³re µhitampi adhiµµh±tu½ vikappetuñca labhati, µhapitaµµh±nasallakkhaºañca na pam±ºanti veditabba½. Sutv± v±ti pattak±rakena pesitabhikkhun± an±ºatto kevala½ tassa kathentassa vacanamatta½ sutv±. Na pam±ºanti tena apesitatt±. S±mantavih±reti ida½ upac±ramatta½, tato d³re µhitampi adhiµµh±tu½ vaµµatiyeva. Ýhapitaµµh±na½ sallakkhetv±ti idampi upac±ramatta½, pattasallakkhaºamevettha pam±ºa½. Patte v± chidda½ hot²ti mukhavaµµito heµµh± dvaªgulamattok±sato paµµh±ya yattha katthaci chidda½ hoti. Sesamettha paµhamakathine vuttanayameva.

Pattasikkh±padavaººan± niµµhit±.