Sikkh±paccakkh±navibhaªgavaººan±

“Appaccakkh±ya appaccakkh±t±y±”ti ubhayath±pi p±µho t²supi gaºµhipadesu vutto.Dubbalye ±vikatep²ti “ya½n³n±ha½ buddha½ paccakkheyyan”ti-±din± dubbalabh±vepak±sitepi. Sikkh±ya pana paccakkh±t±y±ti “buddha½ paccakkh±m²”ti-±din± sikkh±yapaccakkh±t±ya. Yasm± dirattavacane gahite tena purimapacchimapad±ni sa½siliµµh±ni honti,na tasmi½ aggahite, tasm± dirattavacanena byañjanasiliµµhat±mattameva payojananti ±ha “byañjanasiliµµhat±y±”ti.Mukh±ru¼hat±y±ti yasm± evar³pa½ vacana½ lokassa mukham±ru¼ha½, tasm±ti attho.
Byañjana½ samp±det²ti tassa visu½ atth±bh±vato vuttamevattha½ aññapadenad²pento byañjana½ samp±deti. Vuttamevattha½ k±raºena vibh±vento ±ha “pariv±rakapadavirahitañh²”ti-±di.Atthad²paka½ pada½ atthapada½.
Sikkh±paccakkh±nass±ti “buddha½ paccakkh±m²”ti-±disikkh±paccakkh±navacanassa. “Buddha½paccakkh±m²”ti-±d²su “eva½ kho, bhikkhave, dubbaly±vikammañceva hoti sikkh± capaccakkh±t±”ti vuttatt± ubhayampi hot²ti ±ha– “ekacca½ dubbaly±vikamma½attho hot²”ti. Kiñc±pi “buddha½ paccakkh±m²”ti-±disikkh±paccakkh±navacanassa dubbaly±vikammapadatthona hoti, tath±pi “buddha½ paccakkh±m²”ti vutte sikkh±parip³raºe dubbaly±vibh±vassapigamyam±natt± “sikkh±paccakkh±nassa ekacca½ dubbaly±vikamma½ attho hot²”ti vutta½.Na½ sandh±y±ti na½ atthabh³ta½ dubbaly±vikamma½ sandh±ya.
Vises±visesanti ettha yena dubbaly±vikammameva hoti, na sikkh±paccakkh±na½, tatthasikkh±paccakkh±nadubbaly±vikamm±na½ atthi viseso. Yena pana sikkh±paccakkh±nañceva dubbaly±vikammañcahoti, tattha nevatthi visesoti veditabba½. Kaµhakicchaj²vaneti dh±t³su paµhitatt±vutta½ “kicchaj²vikappatto”ti. Ukkaºµhana½ ukkaºµh±, kicchaj²vik±, ta½ito pattoti ukkaºµhito. Itoti ito µh±nato, ito vih±rato v±. Etth±tigantumicchita½ padesa½ vadati. Anabhiratiy± p²¼ito vikkhittacitto hutv± s²sa½ukkhipitv± uddha½mukho ito cito ca olokento ±hiº¹at²ti ±ha “uddha½ kaºµha½katv± viharam±no”ti.
Aµµ²yam±noti ettha aµµamiva att±nam±carati aµµ²yat²ti aµµ²yasaddassa antogadha-upam±nabh³takammatt± upameyyabh³tena attan±va sakammakatta½, na bhikkhubh±ven±ti ±ha “bhikkhubh±vanti bhikkhubh±ven±”ti.Na hi so bhikkhubh±va½ aµµamiva ±carati, kiñcarahi att±na½ tasm± bhikkhubh±vena karaºabh³tenaatt±na½ aµµ²yam±noti evamettha attho daµµhabboti ±ha “karaºatthe upayogavacanan”ti.Kaºµhe ±sattena aµµ²yeyy±ti ettha pana karaºattheyeva karaºavacananti ±ha– “yath±lakkhaºa½karaºavacaneneva vuttan”ti. Kattu-atthe v± upayogavacana½ daµµhabbanti ±ha– “tenav± bhikkhubh±ven±”ti-±di, tena kattubh³tena bhikkhubh±ven±ti attho. Imasmi½ panattheaµµa½ karot²ti aµµ²yat²ti aµµ²ya-sadda½ nipph±detv± tato kammani m±na-saddekate “aµµ²yam±no”ti padasiddhi veditabb±. Tenev±ha– “aµµo kariyam±no p²¼iyam±no”ti.Jiguccham±noti imin± pana sambandhe kariyam±ne bhikkhubh±vanti upayogatthe eva upayogavacananti±ha– “asuci½ viya ta½ jigucchanto”ti, ta½ bhikkhubh±va½ jigucchantoti attho.Sac±hanti sace aha½.
Paccakkh±n±k±rena vutt±n²ti “paccakkheyya½ paccakkheyyan”ti vuttatt± paccakkh±n±k±rasambandhenavutt±ni. Bh±vavikapp±k±ren±ti “assa½ assan”ti ±gatatt± ya½ ya½ bhavituk±mo,tassa tassa bh±vassa vikapp±k±rena, bhikkhubh±vato aññabh±vavikapp±k±ren±ti adhipp±yo.
50. Na ussah±m²ti attano tattha tattha ussah±bh±va½ dasseti. Na visah±m²ti ekabhatt±d²na½asayhabh±va½ dasseti. Na ram±m²ti “pabbajj±m³laka½ natthi me sukhan”ti dasseti.N±bhiram±m²ti pabbajj±ya attano santos±bh±va½ dasseti.
Id±ni sikkh±paccakkh±nav±re µhatv± aya½ vinicchayo veditabbo– tattha “s±maññ± cavituk±mo”ti-±d²hipadehi cittaniyama½ dasseti. “Buddha½ dhamman”ti-±d²hi padehi khettaniyama½ dasseti.Yath± hi loke sass±na½ ruhanaµµh±na½ “khettan”ti vuccati, evamidampi sikkh±paccakkh±nassaruhanaµµh±natt± “khettan”ti vuccati. “Paccakkh±mi dh±reh²”ti etena k±laniyama½dasseti. “Vadat²”ti imin± payoganiyama½ dasseti. “Ala½ me buddhena, kinnume buddhena, na mamattho buddhena, sumutt±ha½ buddhen±”ti-±d²hi an±maµµhak±lavasenapi paccakkh±na½hot²ti dasseti. “Viññ±pet²”ti imin± vij±nananiyama½ dasseti. “Ummattakosikkha½ paccakkh±ti, ummattakassa santike sikkha½ paccakkh±t²”ti-±d²hi puggalaniyama½dasseti. “Ariyakena milakkhassa santike sikkha½ paccakkh±ti, so ca nappaµivij±n±ti,appaccakkh±t± hoti sikkh±”ti-±d²hi puggal±diniyame satipi vij±nananiyam±sambhava½dasseti “Dav±ya sikkha½ paccakkh±ti, appaccakkh±t± hoti sikkh±”ti-±d²hi khett±diniyamesatipi cittaniyam±bh±vena na ruhat²ti dasseti. “S±vetuk±mo na s±veti, apaccakkh±t±hoti sikkh±”ti imin± cittaniyamepi sati payoganiyam±bh±vena na ruhat²ti asseti. “Aviññussa s±veti, viññussa na s±vet²”ti etehi cittakhettak±lapayogapuggalavij±nananiyamepisati ya½ puggala½ uddissa s±veti, tasseva savanena ruhati, na aññass±ti dasseti.“Sabbaso v± pana na s±veti, appaccakkh±t± hoti sikkh±”ti ida½ pana citt±diniyamenevasikkh± paccakkh±t± hoti, na aññath±ti dassanattha½ vutta½. Tasm± cittakhettak±lapayogapuggalavij±nananiyamavasenasikkh±ya paccakkh±na½ ñatv± tadabh±vena appaccakkh±na½ veditabba½.
Katha½? Upasampannabh±vato cavituk±mat±citteneva hi sikkh±paccakkh±na½ hoti, na dav± v±rav± v± bhaºantassa. Eva½ cittavasena sikkh±paccakkh±na½ hoti, na tadabh±vena.
Tath± “buddha½ paccakkh±mi, dhamma½ paccakkh±mi, saªgha½ paccakkh±mi, sikkha½, vinaya½, p±timokkha½,uddesa½, upajjh±ya½, ±cariya½, saddhivih±rika½, antev±sika½, sam±nupajjh±yaka½,sam±n±cariyaka½, sabrahmac±ri½ paccakkh±m²”ti eva½ vutt±na½ buddh±d²na½ catuddasanna½,“gih²ti ma½ dh±rehi, up±sako, ±r±miko, s±maºero, titthiyo, titthiyas±vako,assamaºo, asakyaputtiyoti ma½ dh±reh²”ti eva½ vutt±na½ gihi-±d²na½ aµµhannañc±tiimesa½ dv±v²satiy± khettapad±na½ yassa kassaci savevacanassa vasena tesu ca ya½kiñcivattuk±massa ya½kiñci vadatopi sikkh±paccakkh±na½ hoti, na rukkh±d²na½ aññatarassa n±ma½gahetv± sikkha½ paccakkhantassa. Eva½ khettavasena sikkh±paccakkh±na½ hoti, na tadabh±vena.
Tattha yadeta½ “paccakkh±m²”ti ca “ma½ dh±reh²”ti ca vutta½ vattam±nak±lavacana½, y±nica “ala½ me buddhena, kinnu me buddhena, na mamattho buddhena, sumutt±ha½ buddhen±”ti-±din±nayena ±khy±tavasena k±la½ an±masitv± purimehi cuddasahi padehi saddhi½ yojetv±vutt±ni “ala½ me”ti-±d²ni catt±ri pad±ni, tesa½yeva ca savevacan±na½ vasenapaccakkh±na½ hoti, na “paccakkh±sin”ti v± “paccakkhissan”ti v± “ma½ dh±res²”tiv± “dh±ressas²”ti v± “yan³n±ha½ paccakkheyyan”ti v±ti-±d²ni at²t±n±gataparikappavacan±nibhaºantassa. Eva½ vattam±nak±lavasena ceva an±maµµhak±lavasena ca paccakkh±na½ hoti,na tadabh±vena.
Payogo pana duvidho k±yiko v±casiko. Tattha “buddha½ paccakkh±m²”ti-±din±nayena y±ya k±yaci bh±s±ya vac²bheda½ katv± v±casikapayogeneva paccakkh±na½ hoti,na akkharalikhana½ v± hatthamudd±didassana½ v± k±yapayoga½ karontassa. Eva½ v±casikapayogenevapaccakkh±na½ hoti, na tadabh±vena.
Puggalo pana duvidho yo ca paccakkh±ti, yassa ca paccakkh±ti. Tattha yo paccakkh±ti,so sace ummattakakhittacittavedan±µµ±na½ aññataro na hoti. Yassa pana paccakkh±ti, sosace manussaj±tiko hoti, na ca ummattak±d²na½ aññataro, sammukh²bh³to ca sikkh±paccakkh±na½hoti. Na hi asammukh²bh³tassa d³tena v± paººena v± ±rocana½ ruhati. Eva½ yath±vuttapuggalavasenapaccakkh±na½ hoti, na tadabh±vena.
Vij±nanampi niyamit±niyamitavasena duvidha½. Tattha yassa yesa½ v± niyametv± “imassaimesa½ v± ±rocem²”ti vadati, sace te yath± pakatiy± loke manuss± vacana½ sutv±±vajjanasamaye j±nanti, eva½ tassa vacan±nantarameva tassa “aya½ ukkaºµhito”ti v±“gihibh±va½ patthayat²”ti v± yena kenaci ±k±rena sikkh±paccakkh±nabh±va½ j±nanti,paccakkh±t± hoti sikkh±. Atha aparabh±ge “ki½ imin± vuttan”ti cintetv± j±nanti,aññe v± j±nanti, appaccakkh±t±va hoti sikkh±. Aniyametv± ±rocentassa panasace vuttanayena yo koci manussaj±tiko vacanattha½ j±n±ti, paccakkh±t±va hoti sikkh±.Eva½ vij±nanavasena paccakkh±na½ hoti, na tadabh±vena. Iti imesa½ vuttappak±r±na½citt±d²na½ vaseneva sikkh±paccakkh±na½ hoti, na aññath±ti daµµhabba½.
51. “Vadat²”ti vac²bhedappayoga½ dassetv± tadanantara½ “viññ±pet²”ti vuttatt±teneva vac²bhedena adhipp±yaviññ±pana½ idh±dhippeta½, na yena kenaci up±yen±ti±ha “teneva vac²bheden±”ti. Padapacc±bhaµµha½ katv±ti padavipar±vutti½ katv±.Idañca padappayogassa aniyamitatt± vutta½. Yath± hi loke “±hara patta½, patta½ ±har±”tianiyamitena padappayogena tadatthaviññ±pana½ diµµha½, evamidh±pi “buddha½ paccakkh±mi, paccakkh±mibuddhan”ti aniyamitena padappayogena tadatthaviññ±pana½ hotiyev±ti adhipp±yo. Buddha½paccakkh±m²ti atthappadh±no aya½ niddeso, na saddappadh±noti ±ha “milakkhabh±s±suv± aññatarabh±s±ya tamattha½ vadeyy±”ti. M±gadhabh±sato avasiµµh± sabb±pi andhadami¼±dibh±s±milakkhabh±s±ti veditabb±. Khettapadesu eka½ vattuk±mo sacepi añña½ vadeyya,khettapadantogadhatt± paccakkh±t±va hoti sikkh±ti dassento ±ha “buddha½ paccakkh±m²tivattuk±mo”ti-±di. Yadipi “buddha½ paccakkh±m²”ti vattu½ anicchanto cittenata½ paµikkhipitv± añña½ vattuk±mo puna virajjhitv± tameva vadeyya, tath±pi s±sanatocavituk±mat±citte sati khettapadasseva vuttatt± aªgap±rip³risambhavato hotveva sikkh±paccakkh±nantiveditabba½. Khettameva otiººanti sikkh±paccakkh±nassa ruhanaµµh±nabh³ta½ khettameva otiººa½.
“Paccakkh±mi dh±reh²”ti vattam±nak±lassa padh±nabh±vena vattumicchitatt± at²t±n±gataparikappavacanehinevatthi sikkh±paccakkh±nanti dassento ±ha “sace pana buddha½ paccakkhinti v±”ti-±di.Vadati viññ±pet²ti ettha vadat²ti imin± payogassa niyamitatt± ekassa santikeattano vac²bhedappayogeneva sikkh±paccakkh±na½ hoti, na d³tas±san±dippayogen±ti dassento±ha “d³ta½ v± pahiº±t²”ti-±di. Tattha “mama sikkh±paccakkh±nabh±va½ katheh²”timukhas±sanavasena “d³ta½ v± pahiº±t²”ti vutta½. Paººe likhitv± pahiºanavasena “s±sana½v± peset²”ti vutta½. Rukkh±d²su akkhar±ni likhitv± dassanavasena “akkhara½v± chindat²”ti vutta½. Hatthamudd±ya v± tamattha½ ±rocet²ti hatthena adhipp±yaviññ±pana½sandh±ya vutta½. Adhipp±yaviññ±pako hi hatthavik±ro hatthamudd±. Hattha-saddo cetthatadekadesesu aªgul²su daµµhabbo “na sabba½ hattha½ mukhe pakkhipiss±m²”ti-±d²su (p±ci.618) viya. Tasm± adhipp±yaviññ±pakena aªgulisaªkoc±din± hatthavik±rena tamattha½ ±rocet²tievamettha attho daµµhabbo.