8. R³piyasikkh±padavaººan±

583-584. R³piyasikkh±pade pana satthuvaººoti satthun± sam±navaººo. Satthuno vaººo satthuvaººo, satthuvaººo viya vaººo ass±ti satthuvaººoti majjhapadalop²sam±so daµµhabbo. P±katiko n±ma etarahi pakatikah±paºo. Rukkhaphalab²jamayoti tintiºik±dirukkh±na½ phalab²jena kato. Icceta½ sabbamp²ti yath±vuttabheda½ sabbampi catubbidha½ nissaggiyavatthu hot²ti sambandho. J±tar³pam±sakoti suvaººakah±paºo.
Gaºheyy±ti attano atth±ya d²yam±na½ v± katthaci µhita½ v± nippariggaha½ disv± saya½ gaºheyya. “Ida½ ayyassa hot³”ti eva½ sammukh± v± “asukasmi½ n±ma µh±ne mama hiraññasuvaººa½ atthi, ta½ tuyha½ hot³”ti eva½ parammukh± µhita½ v± kevala½ v±c±ya v± hatthamudd±ya v± “tuyhan”ti vatv± pariccattassa k±yav±c±hi appaµikkhipitv± cittena s±diyana½ upanikkhittas±diyana½ n±ma. “S±diyat²”ti vuttamevattha½ vibh±veti “gaºhituk±mo hot²”ti. “Ida½ guttaµµh±nan”ti ±cikkhitabbanti paccayaparibhoga½yeva sandh±ya ±cikkhitabba½. “Idha nikkhip±h²”ti vutte “uggaºh±peyya v±”ti vuttalakkhaºena nissaggiya½ hot²ti ±ha– “idha nikkhip±h²ti na vattabban”ti. Parato “ima½ gaºh±”ti na vattabbanti etth±pi eseva nayo. Kappiyañca akappiyañca niss±ya µhitameva hot²ti yasm± tato uppannapaccayaparibhogo kappati, tasm± kappiya½ niss±ya µhita½. Yasm± pana dubbic±raº±ya tato uppannapaccayaparibhogopi na kappati, tasm± akappiya½ niss±ya µhitanti veditabba½.
Na tena kiñci kappiyabhaº¹a½ cet±pitanti ettha cet±pita½ ce, natthi paribhogup±yo, tasm± eva½ vutta½. Akappiyañhi nissaggiya½ vatthu½ uggaºhitv± ta½ anissajjitv±va cet±pita½ kappiyabhaº¹a½ saªghassa nissaµµhampi sabbesa½ na kappati. Keci pana “yasm± nissaggiya½ vatthu½ paµiggahetv± cet±pita½ kappiyabhaº¹a½ saªghassa nissajj±m²ti nissaµµha½ vin±va up±ya½ paribhuñjitu½ vaµµati, tasm± ‘na tena kiñci kappiyabhaº¹a½ cet±pitan’ti vuttan”ti vadanti. “¾r±mik±na½ v± pattabh±ganti ida½ gih²na½ hatthagatopi soyeva bh±goti katv± vutta½. Sace pana tena añña½ parivattetv± ±r±mik± denti, paribhuñjitu½ vaµµat²”ti majjhimagaºµhipade c³¼agaºµhipade ca vutta½. Tato haritv±ti aññesa½ pattabh±gato haritv±. Kasiºaparikammanti ±lokakasiºaparikamma½. Mañcap²µh±d²ni v±ti ettha “tato gahitamañcap²µh±d²ni parivattetv± añña½ ce gahita½, vaµµat²”ti vadanti. Ch±y±p²ti bhojanas±l±d²na½ ch±y±pi. Paricched±tikkant±ti gehapariccheda½ atikkant±, ch±y±ya gatagataµµh±na½ geha½ n±ma na hot²ti adhipp±yo. Maggenap²ti ettha “sace añño maggo natthi, magga½ adhiµµhahitv± gantu½ vaµµat²”ti vadanti. K²t±y±ti tena vatthun± k²t±ya. Upanikkhepa½ µhapetv± saªgho paccaye paribhuñjat²ti sace up±sako “atibahu eta½ hirañña½, ida½, bhante, ajjeva na vin±setabban”ti vatv± saya½ upanikkhepa½ µhapeti, aññena v± µhap±peti, eta½ upanikkhepa½ µhapetv± tato udaya½ paribhuñjanto saªgho paccaye paribhuñjati, tena vatthun± gahitatt± “akappiyan”ti vutta½.
585. Patitok±sa½ asamann±harantena p±tetabbanti ida½ nirapekkhabh±vadassanaparanti veditabba½, tasm± patitaµµh±ne ñ±tepissa g³tha½ cha¹¹entassa viya nirapekkhabh±voyevettha pam±ºanti veditabba½. Asantasambh±van±y±ti attani avijjam±na-uttarimanussadhamm±rocana½ sandh±ya vutta½. Theyyaparibhogo n±ma anarahassa paribhogo. Bhagavat± hi attano s±sane s²lavato paccay± anuññ±t±, na duss²lassa. D±yak±nampi s²lavato eva paricc±go, na duss²lassa attano k±r±na½ mahapphalabh±vassa pacc±s²sanato. Iti satth±r± ananuññ±tatt± d±yakehi ca apariccattatt± duss²lassa paribhogo theyyaparibhogo. Iºavasena paribhogo iºaparibhogo, paµigg±hakato dakkhiº±visuddhiy± abh±vato iºa½ gahetv± paribhogo viy±ti attho. Tasm±ti “s²lavato”ti-±din± vuttamevattha½ k±raºabh±vena pacc±masati. C²vara½ paribhoge paribhogeti k±yato mocetv± mocetv± paribhoge. Purebhatta…pe… pacchimay±mesu paccavekkhitabbanti sambandho. Tath± asakkontena yath±vuttak±lavisesavasena ekasmi½ divase catukkhattu½ tikkhattu½ dvikkhattu½ saki½yeva v± paccavekkhitabba½.
Sacassa apaccavekkhatova aruºo uggacchati, iºaparibhogaµµh±ne tiµµhat²ti ettha “hiyyo ya½ may± c²vara½ paribhutta½, ta½ y±vadeva s²tassa paµigh±t±ya…pe… hirikop²nappaµicch±danattha½, hiyyo yo may± piº¹ap±to paribhutto, so neva dav±y±ti-±din± sace at²taparibhogapaccavekkhaºa½ na kareyya, iºaparibhogaµµh±ne tiµµhat²”ti vadanti, v²ma½sitabba½. Sen±sanampi paribhoge paribhogeti pavese pavese. Eva½ pana asakkontena purebhatt±d²su paccavekkhitabba½. Ta½ heµµh± vuttanayeneva sakk± viññ±tunti idha visu½ na vutta½. Satipaccayat±ti satiy± paccayabh±vo, paµiggahaºassa paribhogassa ca paccavekkhaºasatiy± paccayabh±vo yujjati, paccavekkhitv±va paµiggahetabba½ paribhuñjitabbañc±ti attho. Tenev±ha “sati½ katv±”ti-±di. Eva½ santep²ti yadipi dv²supi µh±nesu paccavekkhaº± yutt±, eva½ santepi. Apare pan±hu “satipaccayat±ti satibhesajjaparibhogassa paccayabh±ve paccayeti attho. Eva½ santep²ti paccaye satip²”ti, ta½ tesa½ matimatta½. Tath± hi paccayasannissitas²la½ paccavekkhaº±ya visujjhati, na paccayasabbh±vamattena.
Nanu ca “paribhoge karontassa an±patt²”ti imin± p±timokkhasa½varas²la½ vutta½, tasm± paccayasannissitas²lassa p±timokkhasa½varas²lassa ca ko visesoti? Vuccate– purimesu t±va t²su paccayesu viseso p±kaµoyeva, gil±napaccaye pana yath± vati½ katv± rukkham³le gopite tassa phal±nipi rakkhit±niyeva honti, evameva paccavekkhaº±ya paccayasannissitas²le rakkhite tappaµibaddha½ p±timokkhasa½varas²lampi nipphanna½ n±ma hoti. Gil±napaccaya½ apaccavekkhitv± paribhuñjantassa s²la½ bhijjam±na½ p±timokkhasa½varas²lameva bhijjati, paccayasannissitas²la½ pana pacch±bhattapurimay±m±d²su y±va aruºuggaman± apaccavekkhantasseva bhijjati. Purebhattañhi apaccavekkhitv±pi gil±napaccaya½ paribhuñjantassa an±patti, idametesa½ n±n±karaºa½.
Eva½ paccayasannissitas²lassa visuddhi½ dassetv± teneva pasaªgena sabb±pi suddhiyo dassetu½ “catubbidh± hi suddh²”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha sujjhati et±y±ti suddhi, yath±dhamma½ desan±va suddhi desan±suddhi. Vuµµh±nassapi cettha desan±ya eva saªgaho daµµhabbo. Chinnam³l±patt²na½ pana abhikkhut±paµiññ±va desan±. Adhiµµh±navisiµµho sa½varova suddhi sa½varasuddhi. Dhammena samena paccay±na½ pariyeµµhi eva suddhi pariyeµµhisuddhi. Cat³su paccayesu vuttavidhin± paccavekkhaº±va suddhi paccavekkhaºasuddhi. Esa t±va suddh²su sam±sanayo. Suddhimantesu s²lesu desan± suddhi etass±ti desan±suddhi. Sesesupi eseva nayo. Na puna eva½ kariss±m²ti ettha evanti sa½varabheda½ sandh±y±ha. Pah±y±ti vajjetv±, akatv±ti attho. D±tabbaµµhena d±ya½, ta½ ±diyant²ti d±y±d±, ananuññ±tesu sabbena sabba½ paribhog±bh±vato anuññ±tesuyeva ca paribhogasabbh±vabh±vato bhikkh³hi paribhuñjitabbapaccay± bhagavato santak±. Dhammad±y±dasuttañcettha s±dhakanti–
“Dhammad±y±d± me, bhikkhave, bhavatha, m± ±misad±y±d±. Atthi me tumhesu anukamp±, ‘kinti me s±vak± dhammad±y±d± bhaveyyu½, no ±misad±y±d±”’ti (ma. ni. 1.29)–

Eva½ pavatta½ dhammad±y±dasuttañca ettha etasmi½ atthe s±dhaka½.

Av²tar±g±na½ taºh±paravasat±ya paccayaparibhoge s±mibh±vo natthi, tadabh±vena v²tar±g±na½ tattha s±mibh±vo yath±ruci paribhogasabbh±vato. Tath± hi te paµik³lampi appaµik³l±k±rena appaµik³lampi paµik³l±k±rena tadubhayampi vajjetv± ajjhupekkhan±k±rena paccaye paribhuñjanti, d±yak±nañca manoratha½ parip³renti. Ten±ha– “te hi taºh±ya d±sabya½ at²tatt± s±mino hutv± paribhuñjant²”ti. Yo pan±ya½ s²lavato paccavekkhitaparibhogo, so iºaparibhogassa paccan²katt± ±ºaºyaparibhogo n±ma hoti. Yath± hi iº±yiko attano ruciy± icchitadesa½ gantu½ na labhati, eva½ iºaparibhogayutto lokato nissaritu½ na labhat²ti tappaµipakkhatt± s²lavato paccavekkhitaparibhogo ±ºaºyaparibhogoti vuccati, tasm± nippariy±yato catuparibhogavinimutto visu½yev±ya½ paribhogoti veditabbo. So idha visu½ na vutto, d±yajjaparibhogeyeva v± saªgaha½ gacchat²ti. S²lav±pi hi im±ya sikkh±ya samann±gatatt± sekkhotveva vuccati. Sabbesanti ariy±na½ puthujjan±nañca.
Katha½ puthujjan±na½ ime paribhog± sambhavant²ti? Upac±ravasena. Yo hi puthujjanassapi sallekhappaµipattiya½ µhitassa paccayagedha½ pah±ya tattha anupalittena cittena paribhogo, so s±miparibhogo viya hoti. S²lavato pana paccavekkhitaparibhogo d±yajjaparibhogo viya hoti d±yak±na½ manorathassa avir±dhanato. Teneva vutta½ “d±yajjaparibhogeyeva v± saªgaha½ gacchat²”ti. Kaly±ºaputhujjanassa paribhoge vattabbameva natthi tassa sekkhasaªgahato. Sekkhasuttañhetassa atthassa s±dhaka½.
Lajjin± saddhi½ paribhogo n±ma lajjissa santaka½ gahetv± paribhogo. Alajjin± saddhinti etth±pi eseva nayo. ¾dito paµµh±ya hi alajj² n±ma natth²ti imin± diµµhadiµµhesuyeva ±saªk± na k±tabb±ti dasseti. Attano bh±rabh³t± saddhivih±rik±dayo. Sopi niv±retabboti yo passati, tena niv±retabbo. Yasm± alajj²paribhogo n±ma lajjino vuccati, tasm± ±patti n±ma natthi ubhinnampi alajj²bh±vato, “alajj²paribhogo”ti ida½ n±mamattameva na labbhat²ti vutta½ hoti. “¾patti pana atthiyev±ti vadant²”ti t²supi gaºµhipadesu vutta½.
Adhammiyoti anesan±d²hi uppanno. Dhammiyoti bhikkh±cariy±d²hi uppanno. Saªghasseva det²ti bhatta½ aggahetv± attan± laddhasal±ka½yeva deti. Sace pana lajj² alajji½ paggaºh±ti…pe… antaradh±pet²ti ettha kevala½ paggaºhituk±mat±ya eva½ k±tu½ na vaµµati, dhammassa pana s±sanassa sot³nañca anuggahatth±ya vaµµat²ti veditabba½. Purimanayena “so ±pattiy± k±retabbo”ti vuttatt± imassa ±pattiyev±ti vadanti. Uddesaggahaº±din± dhammassa paribhogo dhammaparibhogo. Dhamm±nuggahena gaºhantassa ±pattiy± abh±vepi thero tassa alajjibh±va½yeva sandh±ya “p±po kir±yan”ti-±dim±ha. Tassa pana santiketi mah±rakkhitattherassa santike.
586. R±jorodh±dayoti-±di “ida½ gaºhiss±m²”ti cetan±mattasambhavato vutta½. Assatiy± dinnanti ettha assatiy± dinna½ n±ma apariccatta½ hoti, tasm± dasante baddhakah±paº±di assatiy± dinna½ bhikkhun± vatthasaññ±ya paµiggahitañca, tato neva r³piya½ dinna½, n±pi paµiggahitañca hot²ti ettha ±pattidesan±kicca½ natthi, ta½ pana d±yak±nameva paµid±tabba½. Tena akappiyavatthun± te ce d±yak± sappi-±d²ni kiºitv±na saªghassa tassa ca bhikkhuno denti, sabbesa½ kappati d±yak±na½yeva santakatt±. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana puññak±mehi pariccajitv± dinnameva sandh±ya “puññak±m±…pe… r³piye ar³piyasaññ² r³piya½ paµiggaºh±t²ti veditabbo”ti vutta½, tasm± pariccajitv± dinna½ vatthasaññ±ya gaºhatopi nissaggiyameva. Tena yadi te d±yak± no ±gantv± gaºhanti, d±yake pucchitv± attano atth±ya ce pariccatta½, saªghe nissajjitv± ±patti desetabb±. Tava co¼aka½ pass±h²hi imin± gihisantakepi “ida½ gaºhath±”ti-±di-akappiyavoh±rena vidh±na½ bhikkhuno na kappat²ti d²peti. Ekaparicched±n²ti kiriy±kiriyabh±vato ekaparicched±ni. J±tar³parajatabh±vo, attuddesikat±, kah±paº±d²su aññatarabh±voti im±nettha t²ºi aªg±ni.

R³piyasikkh±padavaººan± niµµhit±.