10. R±jasikkh±padavaººan±

537-539. R±jasikkh±pade pana “ajjaºho”ti p±µhe “ajjuºho”tipi paµhanti. Bhogoti bhuñjitabbo. Ya½ vutta½ m±tik±µµhakath±ya½ “imin± c²varacet±pannena c²vara½ cet±petv± itthann±ma½ bhikkhu½ c²varena acch±deh²ti ida½ ±gamanasuddhi½ dassetu½ vutta½. Sace hi ‘ida½ itthann±massa bhikkhuno deh²’ti peseyya, ±gamanassa asuddhatt± akappiyavatthu½ ±rabbha bhikkhun± kappiyak±rakopi niddisitabbo na bhaveyy±”ti, tattha ±gamanassa suddhiy± v± asuddhiy± v± visesappayojana½ na dissati. Satipi hi ±gamanassa asuddhabh±ve d³to attano kusalat±ya kappiyavoh±rena vadati, “kappiyak±rako na niddisitabbo”ti ida½ natthi, na ca d³tena kappiyavoh±ravasena vutte d±yakena ida½ katha½ pesitanti ²dis² vic±raº± upalabbhati, avic±retv± ca ta½ na sakk± j±nitu½, yadi pana ±gamanassa asuddhatt± kappiyak±rako niddisitabbo na bhaveyya, c²var±na½ atth±ya d³tassa hatthe akappiyavatthusmi½ pesite sabbattha d±yakena katha½ pesitanti pucchitv±va kappiyak±rako niddisitabbo bhaveyya. Tasm± asatipi ±gamanasuddhiya½ sace so d³to attano kusalat±ya kappiyavoh±ravasena vadati, d³tasseva vacana½ gahetabba½. Yadi hi ±gamanasuddhiyevettha pam±ºa½, m³las±mikena kappiyavoh±ravasena pesitassa d³tassa akappiyavoh±ravasena vadatopi kappiyak±rako niddisitabbo bhaveyya, tasm± sabbattha d³tavacanameva pam±ºanti gahetabba½.
Imin± c²varacet±pannen±ti-±din± pana imamattha½ dasseti– kappiya vasena ±gatampi c²varam³la½ ²disena d³tavacanena akappiya½ hoti, tasm± ta½ paµikkhipitabbanti. Tenev±ha– “tena bhikkhun± so d³to evamassa vacan²yo”ti-±di. Suvaººa½, rajata½, kah±paºo, m±sakoti im±ni hi catt±ri nissaggiyavatth³ni, mutt±, maºi, ve¼uriyo, saªkho, sil±, pav±¼a½, lohitaªko, mas±ragalla½, satta dhaññ±ni, d±sid±sa½, khetta½, vatthu, pupph±r±maphal±r±m±dayoti im±ni dukkaµavatth³ni ca attano v± cetiyasaªghagaºapuggal±na½ v± atth±ya sampaµicchitu½ na vaµµanti, tasm± ta½ s±ditu½ na vaµµat²ti dassanattha½ “na kho maya½, ±vuso, c²varacet±panna½ paµiggaºh±m±”ti vutta½, “c²varañca kho maya½ paµiggaºh±m±”ti ida½ pana att±na½ uddissa ±bhatatt± vattu½ vaµµati, tasm± vutta½. “Veyy±vaccakaro niddisitabbo”ti ida½ “atthi pan±yasmato koci veyy±vaccakaro”ti kappiyavacanena vuttatt± anuññ±ta½. Sace pana d³to “ko ima½ gaºh±t²”ti v± “kassa dem²”ti v± vadati, na niddisitabbo. “¾r±miko v± up±sako v±”ti ida½ s±ruppat±ya vutta½, µhapetv± pana pañca sahadhammike yo koci kappiyak±rako vaµµati. “Eso kho, ±vuso, bhikkh³na½ veyy±vaccakaro”ti ida½ bhikkhussa kappiyavacanadassanattha½ vutta½. Evameva hi vattabba½, “etassa deh²”ti-±di na vattabba½. So v± cet±pessati v±ti ettha eko -saddo padap³raºo, “saññatto so may±”ti-±di pana d³tena eva½ ±rociteyeva ta½ codetu½ vaµµati, nev±ssa hatthe datv± gatamattak±raºen±ti dassanattha½ vutta½.
Et±ni hi vacan±ni…pe… na vattabboti ettha “eva½ vadanto paµikkhittassa katatt± vattabhede dukkaµa½ ±pajjati, codan± pana hotiyev±”ti mah±gaºµhipade majjhimagaºµhipade ca vutta½. Uddiµµhacodan±pariccheda½ dassetv±ti “dutiyampi vattabbo”ti-±din± dassetv±. Pucchiyam±noti ettha pucchiyam±nen±ti attho gahetabboti ±ha “karaºatthe paccattavacanan”ti. ¾gatak±raºa½ bhañjat²ti ±gatak±raºa½ vin±seti.
Ettha keci vadanti “±gatak±raºa½ n±ma c²varaggahaºa½, ta½ bhañjat²ti vuttatt± puna ta½ c²vara½ yena kenaci ±k±rena gahetu½ na vaµµat²”ti. Keci pana “±gatak±raºa½ n±ma k±yav±c±hi codan±, ta½ bhañjat²ti vuttatt± puna ta½ yena kenaci ±k±rena codetu½ na labhati. Sace sayameva deti, m³las±miko v± d±peti, gahetu½ vaµµat²”ti vadanti. Apare pana “±gatak±raºa½ n±ma µh±na½, ta½ bhañjat²ti vuttatt± yath± ‘attho me, ±vuso, c²varen±’ti ek±ya codan±ya dve µh±n±ni bhañjati, evamidh±pi sace ±sane nis²dati, ek±ya nisajj±ya dve µh±n±ni bhañjati. ¾misa½ ce paµiggaºh±ti, ekena paµiggahaºena dve µh±n±ni bhañjati. Dhamma½ ce bh±sati, dhammadesan±sikkh±pade vuttaparicched±ya ek±ya v±c±ya dve µh±n±ni bhañjat²”ti vadanti. Imesa½ pana sabbesampi v±da½ “ayuttan”ti paµikkhipitv± t²supi gaºµhipadesu ida½ vutta½ “±gatak±raºa½ n±ma µh±nameva, tasm± ‘na kattabban’ti v±ritassa katatt± nisajj±d²su katesu chasu µh±nesu eka½ µh±na½ bhañjat²”ti.
Tatra tatra µh±ne tiµµhat²ti ida½ codakassa µhitaµµh±nato apakkamma tatra tatra uddissa µh±na½yeva sandh±ya vutta½. “S±ma½ v± gantabba½, d³to v± p±hetabbo”ti ida½ sabh±vato codetu½ anicchantenapi k±tabbamev±ti vadanti. Mukha½ vivaritv± sayameva kappiyak±rakatta½ upagatoti mukhavevaµikakappiyak±rako. Avic±retuk±mat±y±ti imasmi½ pakkhe “natthamh±ka½ kappiyak±rako”ti ida½ “t±disa½ karonto kappiyak±rako natth²”ti imin± adhipp±yena vutta½.
“Meº¹akasikkh±pade vuttanayena paµipajjitabban”ti vatv± id±ni ta½ meº¹akasikkh±pada½ dassento “vuttañhetan”ti-±dim±ha. Idameva hi “santi, bhikkhave, saddh± pasann±”ti-±divacana½ bhesajjakkhandhake meº¹akavatthusmi½ (mah±va. 299) vuttatt± “meº¹akasikkh±padan”ti vutta½. Tattha hi meº¹akena n±ma seµµhin±–
“Santi bhante, magg± kant±r± appodak± appabhakkh±, na sukar± ap±theyyena gantu½, s±dhu, bhante, bhagav± bhikkh³na½ p±theyya½ anuj±n±t³”ti–

Y±citena bhagavat±–

“Anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, p±theyya½ pariyesitu½. Taº¹ulo taº¹ulatthikena, muggo muggatthikena, m±so m±satthikena, loºa½ loºatthikena, gu¼o gu¼atthikena, tela½ telatthikena, sappi sappitthiken±”ti–

Vatv± ida½ vutta½–

“Santi, bhikkhave, manuss± saddh± pasann±, te kappiyak±rak±na½ hatthe hirañña½ upanikkhipanti ‘imin± ayyassa ya½ kappiya½, ta½ deth±’ti. Anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, ya½ tato kappiya½, ta½ s±ditu½, na tvev±ha½ bhikkhave kenaci pariy±yena j±tar³parajata½ s±ditabba½ pariyesitabbanti vad±m²”ti.
Hirañña½ upanikkhipant²ti etth±pi bhikkhussa ±rocana½ atthiyev±ti gahetabba½. Aññath± aniddiµµhakappiyak±rakatta½ bhajat²ti na codetabbo siy±. Yadi m³la½ sandh±ya codeti, ta½ s±ditameva siy±ti ±ha “m³la½ as±diyanten±”ti.
“Aññ±taka-appav±ritesu viya paµipajjitabbanti ida½ attan± codan±µh±nañca na k±tabbanti dassanattha½ vutta½. Añña½ pana kappiyak±raka½ pesetv± lokac±rittavasena anuyuñjitv±pi kappiyavatthu½ ±har±petu½ vaµµati att±na½ uddissa nikkhittassa attano santakatt±”ti keci vadanti, ta½ aµµhakath±ya½ “aññ±taka-appav±ritesu viya paµipajjitabba½. Sace sayameva c²vara½ ±netv± denti, gahetabba½. No ce, kiñci na vattabb±”ti da¼ha½ katv± vuttatt± na gahetabbanti amh±ka½ khanti. Na hi aññ±taka-appav±rita½ saya½ aviññ±petv± aññena viññ±petu½ vaµµati, na ca yattha añña½ pesetv± ±har±petu½ vaµµati, tattha saya½ gantv± na ±har±petabbanti sakk± vatthu½. Yadi cettha aññena ±har±petu½ vaµµati, “aññ±taka-appav±ritesu viya paµipajjitabban”ti-±divacanameva niratthaka½ siy±. “D³ten±”ti imassa byabhic±ra½ dasseti “saya½ ±haritv±p²”ti. Dadantes³ti imin± sambandho Piº¹ap±t±d²na½ atth±y±ti imin± pana “c²varacet±pannan”ti imassa byabhic±ra½ dasseti. “Eseva nayo”ti vuttatt± piº¹ap±t±d²na½ atth±ya dinnepi µh±nacodan±di sabba½ heµµh± vuttanayeneva k±tabba½.
Paµiggahaºepi paribhogepi ±patt²ti paµiggahaºe p±cittiya½, paribhoge dukkaµa½. Sveva s±pattikoti dukkaµ±patti½ sandh±ya vadati. Idañca aµµhakath±pam±ºeneva gahetabba½. “Parassa niddosabh±vadassanattha½ sveva s±pattiko sadosoti vutta½ hot²”tipi vadanti. “Codet²ti vuttatt± pana ±pattiy± codet²ti katv± sveva s±pattikoti ida½ dukkaµa½yeva sandh±ya vattu½ yuttan”ti t²supi gaºµhipadesu vutta½. Paµiggahaºepi paribhogepi ±pattiyev±ti dukkaµameva sandh±ya vutta½. Ta¼±kassapi khettasaªgahitatt± tassa paµiggahaºepi ±patti vutt±. Catt±ro paccaye saªgho paribhuñjat³ti det²ti ettha “bhikkhusaªgho catt±ro paccaye paribhuñcatu, ta¼±ka½ damm²”ti v± “catupaccayaparibhogattha½ ta¼±ka½ damm²”ti v± vadati, vaµµatiyeva. “Ito ta¼±kato uppanne catt±ro paccaye damm²”ti vutte pana vattabbameva natthi.
Amh±ka½ eka½ kappiyak±raka½ µhapeth±ti vutteti ida½ ²disa½yeva sandh±ya vutta½. Kappiyakkamena sampaµicchitesu khettata¼±k±d²su pana avuttepi kappiyak±raka½ µhapetu½ labbhatiyeva. Yasm± parasantaka½ n±setu½ bhikkh³na½ na vaµµati, tasm± “na sassak±le”ti vutta½. “Janapadassa s±mikoti imin±va yo ta½ janapada½ vic±reti, tenapi acchinditv± dinna½ vaµµatiyev±”ti vadanti. Udakav±hakanti udakam±tika½. Kappiyavoh±rep²ti ettha “vidh±na½ vakkh±m±”ti p±µhaseso. Udakavasen±ti udakaparibhogattha½. Suddhacitt±nanti kevala½ udakaparibhogatthamev±ti adhipp±yo. Alajjin± k±r±pite vattabbameva natth²ti ±ha “lajj²bhikkhun±”ti. Pakatibh±go n±ma imasmi½ raµµhe catu-ambaºamatta½. Akaµµhapubba½ navasassa½ n±ma. Aparicchinnabh±geti “ettake bh³mibh±ge ettako bh±go d±tabbo”ti eva½ aparicchinnabh±ge.
Rajjuy± v± daº¹ena v±ti ettha “p±dehipi minitu½ na vaµµat²”ti vadanti. Khale v± µhatv± rakkhat²ti ettha pana thenetv± gaºhante disv± “m± gaºhath±”ti niv±rento rakkhati n±ma. Sace pana avic±retv± kevala½ tuºh²bh³tova rakkhaºatth±ya olokento tiµµhati, vaµµati. Sacepi tasmi½ tuºh²bh³te corik±ya haranti, “maya½ bhikkhusaªghassa ±rocess±m±”ti eva½ vattu½ vaµµat²ti vadanti. N²har±peti paµis±met²ti etth±pi “sace pariy±yena vadati, vaµµat²”ti vadanti. Apubbassa anupp±ditatt± aññesa½ vaµµat²ti ±ha “tasseva ta½ akappiyan”ti.
Nanu ca dubbic±ritamattena tasseva ta½ akappiya½, na sabbesa½ r³piyasa½voh±re catutthapatto viya. Vuttañhi tattha (p±r±. aµµha. 2.589) “yo pana r³piya½ asampaµicchitv± ‘therassa patta½ kiºitv± deh²’ti pahitakappiyak±rakena saddhi½ kamm±rakula½ gantv± patta½ disv± ‘ime kah±paºe gahetv± ima½ deh²’ti kah±paºe d±petv± gahito, aya½ patto etasseva bhikkhuno na vaµµati dubbic±ritatt±, aññesa½ pana vaµµati m³lassa asampaµicchitatt±”ti. Tasm± ya½ te ±haranti, sabbesa½ akappiya½. Kasm±? Kah±paº±na½ vic±ritatt±ti ida½ kasm± vuttanti? Ettha keci vadanti “kah±paºe s±diyitv± vic±rita½ sandh±ya eva½ vuttan”ti. Saªghikatt± ca nissajjitu½ na sakk±, tasm± sabbesa½ na kappat²ti tesa½ adhipp±yo. Keci pana “as±diyitv±pi kah±paº±na½ vic±ritatt± r³piyasa½voh±ro kato hoti, saªghikatt± ca nissajjitu½ na sakk±, tasm± sabbesa½ na kappat²”ti vadanti. Gaºµhipadesu pana t²supi ida½ vutta½ “catutthapatto gihisantak±na½yeva kah±paº±na½ vic±ritatt± aññesa½ kappati, idha pana saªghik±na½ vic±ritatt± sabbesa½ na kappat²”ti. Sabbesampi v±do tena tena pariy±yena yujjatiyeva.
Catus±ladv±reti bhojanas±la½ sandh±ya vutta½. Pariy±yena kathitatt±ti “gaºh±”ti avatv± “s²m± gat±”ti pariy±yena kathitatt±. Pakatibh³mikaraºattha½ “heµµh± gahita½ pa½sun”ti-±di vutta½. D±sa½ damm²ti ettha “manussa½ damm²ti vutte vaµµat²”ti vadanti. Kukkuµas³kar±…pe… vaµµat²ti ettha kukkuµas³karesu d²yam±nesu “imehi amh±ka½ attho natthi, sukha½ j²vantu, araññe vissajjeth±”ti vattu½ vaµµati. “Khettavatthupaµiggahaº± paµivirato hot²”ti-±divacanato (d². ni. 1.10, 194) khett±d²na½ paµiggahaºe aya½ sabbo vinicchayo vutto. Kappiyak±rakassa bhikkhun± niddiµµhabh±vo, d³tena appitat±, tatuttari v±y±mo, tena v±y±mena paµil±bhoti im±nettha catt±ri aªg±ni.

R±jasikkh±padavaººan± niµµhit±.

Niµµhito c²varavaggo paµhamo.