13. Kulad³sakasikkh±padavaŗŗan±

431. Terasame k²µ±gir²ti tassa nigamassa n±ma½. Tańhi sandh±ya parato “na assajipunabbasukehi bhikkh³hi k²µ±girismi½ vatthabban”ti vutta½. Tena pana yogato so janapadopi “k²µ±giri”icceva saŖkhya½ gatoti ±ha “eva½n±make janapade”ti. ¾v±se niyutt± ±v±sik±, nibaddhav±sino. Te akata½ sen±sana½ karonti, jiŗŗa½ paµisaŖkharonti, kate issar± honti. Ten±ha “so yesa½ ±yatto…pe… te ±v±sik±”ti Niv±so niv±samatta½ etesa½ atth²ti nev±sik±ti ±ha “ye pana kevalan”ti-±di. Teti assajipunabbasuk±. Cha jan±ti paŗ¹uko lohitako mettiyo bh³majako assaji punabbasukoti ime cha jan±. Samm±ti ±lapanavacanameta½. ¾yamukhabh³t±ti ±yassa mukhabh³t±. Dhuraµµh±neti s±vatthiy± avid³re µh±ne. Vass±ne hemante c±ti dv²su ut³su vassanato “dv²hi megheh²”ti vutta½. Diya¹¹habhikkhusahassato gaŗ±cariy±na½ channa½ jan±na½ adhikatt± “samadhikan”ti vutta½, s±dhikanti attho. Ma-k±ro padasandhivasena ±gato. Akatavatthunti akatapubba½ abhinavavatthu½.
Kaŗik±r±dayo puppharukkh±, j±tisuman±dayo pupphagacch±. Koµµananti saya½ chindana½. Koµµ±pananti “ima½ chinda bhind±”ti ańńehi ched±pana½. ¾¼iy± bandhananti yath± gaccham³le udaka½ santiµµhati, tath± samantato bandhana½. Udakass±ti akappiya-udakassa. Kappiya-udakasińcananti imin±va sińc±panampi saŖgahitanti daµµhabba½. Nanu “udakassa secana½ sec±panan”ti imin±va s±mańńato kappiy±kappiya-udakasińcan±di½ sakk± saŖgahetu½, tasm± kappiya-udakasińcan±di kasm± visu½ vuttanti? “¾r±m±di-attha½ ropite akappiyavoh±resupi kappiya-udakasińcan±di vaµµat²”ti vakkham±natt± idh±pi vibh±ga½ katv± kappiya-udakasińcan±di visu½ dassita½. Hatthamukhap±dadhovananh±nodakasińcananti imin±pi pak±rantarena kappiya-udakasińcanameva dasseti. “Akappiyavoh±ro”ti koµµanakhaŗan±divasena saya½ karaŗassapi katha½ saŖgahoti? Akappiyanti vohar²yat²ti akappiyavoh±roti akappiyabh³ta½ karaŗak±r±pan±di sabbameva saŖgahita½, na pana akappiyavacanamattanti daµµhabba½. Kappiyavoh±repi eseva nayo. Sukkham±tik±ya ujukaraŗanti imin± pur±ŗapaŗŗ±diharaŗampi saŖgahitanti daµµhabba½. Kud±l±d²ni bh³miya½ µhapetv± µh±nato hatthena gahetv± µh±nameva p±kaµataranti “obh±so”ti vutta½.
Mah±paccariv±damhi patiµµhapetuk±mo pacch± vadati. Vanatth±y±ti ida½ keci “vatatth±y±”ti paµhanti, tesa½ vati-atth±y±ti attho. Akappiyavoh±repi ekacca½ vaµµat²ti dassetu½ “na kevalańca sesan”ti-±dim±ha. Ya½ kińci m±tikanti sukkham±tika½ v± asukkham±tika½ v±. “Kappiya-udaka½ sińcitun”ti imin± “kappiya-udaka½ sińcath±ti vattumpi vaµµat²”ti dasseti. Saya½ ropetumpi vaµµat²ti imin± “ropeh²ti vattu½ vaµµat²”tipi siddha½. Ańńatth±ya v± karontass±ti vatthup³j±di-attha½ karontassa. Kasm± na an±patt²ti vatthup³janatth±ya ganthan±d²su kasm± na an±patti. An±pattiyev±ti paµivacana½ datv± id±ni tameva an±pattibh±va½ dassetu½ “yath±h²”ti-±di vutta½. Tatth±ti ±r±m±di-atth±ya rukkharopane. Tath± vatthup³janatth±yapi an±pattiyev±ti ratanattayap³janatth±yapi kappiyavoh±rena pariy±y±d²hi ca ganth±pane an±pattiyev±ti attho.
“Tath± vatthup³janatth±y±”ti hi s±mańńato vuttepi “yath± hi tattha kappiyavoh±rena pariy±y±d²hi c±”ti vuttatt± kappiyavoh±r±d²hi ganth±pane eva an±patti vińń±yati, na saya½ ganthane, teneva paro saya½ ganthanampi kasm± na vaµµat²ti codento “nanu c±”ti-±dim±ha. Yath± ±r±m±di-attha½ kappiyapathaviya½ saya½ ropetumpi vaµµati, tath± vatthup³janatth±ya saya½ ganthanepi kasm± na vaµµat²ti codakassa adhipp±yo. Vuttanti-±di ±cariyassa parih±ro. Atha “na pana mah±-aµµhakath±yan”ti kasm± vadati. Mah±paccari-±d²su vuttampi hi pam±ŗamev±ti n±ya½ virodho, mah±-aµµhakath±ya½ avuttampi tattheva vuttena sa½sanditv± pam±ŗamev±ti patiµµh±petu½ vuttatt±. Ta½ kathanti mańńeyy±s²ti sambandho. Mah±-aµµhakath±yańca kappiya-udakasecana½ vutta½, ta½ kathanti etth±yamadhipp±yo. Kińc±pi mah±-aµµhakath±ya½ ±r±m±di-atth±ya kappiyapathaviya½ saya½ ropana½ na vutta½, kappiya-udakassa pana saya½ sińcana½ vuttameva, tasm± yath± ±r±m±di-atth±ya kappiya-udaka½ saya½ sińcitumpi vaµµati, tath± vatthup³janatth±ya saya½ ganthanampi kasm± na vaµµat²ti. Tampi na virujjhat²ti yadeta½ ±r±m±di-atth±ya saya½ ropana½ kappiya-udakasińcanańca vutta½, tampi na virujjhati. Katha½ ta½ na virujjhat²ti ±ha “tatrah²”ti-±di. Eta½ vuttanti m±l±vaccha½ ropentipi rop±pentipi sińcantipi sińc±pentip²ti eta½ vutta½. Ańńatra pana pariy±yo atth²ti “m±l±vaccha½ ropentipi rop±pentipi sińcantipi sińc±pentip²”ti kulasaŖgahatth±ya ropanasińcana½ sandh±ya vuttatt± tato ańńatra ±r±m±di-atth±ya m±l±vaccharopane pariy±yo atthi. Tattha pariy±ya½ idha ca pariy±y±bh±va½ ńatv±ti tattha “m±l±vaccha½ ropent²”ti-±d²su “m±l±vacchan”ti visesavacanasabbh±vato pariy±ya½, idha “ganthent²”ti-±d²su tath±vidhavisesavacan±bh±vato pariy±y±bh±vańca ńatv±.
Nanu ca yath± “ganthent²”ti s±mańńato vuttatt± pariy±yo na labbhat²ti yassa kassaci atth±ya saya½ ganthana½ na vaµµati, eva½ “ganth±pent²”ti s±mańńato vuttatt± pariy±yena ganth±panampi na vaµµat²ti ±pajjati. Evańca sati parato “eva½ j±na, eva½ kate sobheyya, yath± et±ni pupph±ni na vikiriyanti, tath± karoh²ti-±din± kappiyavacanena k±retu½ vaµµat²”ti ida½ virujjhat²ti? Na virujjhati, pariy±yena hi k±r±pana½ ganth±panameva na hoti, tasm± yath±vuttanayena pariy±yato k±r±pana½ vaµµati. Sabba½ vuttanayeneva veditabbanti heµµh± vutta½ vinicchayameva saŖkhepato nigameti. Haraŗ±d²su kasm± an±patt²ti vatthup³janatth±ya haraŗ±d²su kasm± an±patti. Kulitthi-±d²na½ atth±ya haraŗatoti kulitthi-±d²na½ haraŗassa tattha vuttatt±ti adhipp±yo. Tenev±ha “haraŗ±dhik±re h²”ti-±di. M±lanti pupphad±ma½. Mańjar² viy±ti kusumamańjar² viya. H±rasadisanti mutt±h±rasadisa½.
P±cittiyańceva dukkaµańc±ti pathav²khaŗanapaccay± p±cittiya½, kulasaŖgahapaccay± dukkaµa½. Akappiyavoh±ren±ti “ida½ khaŗa, ida½ ropeh²”ti-±di-akappiyavoh±rena. Dukkaµamev±ti kulasaŖgahapaccay± dukkaµa½. Ubhayatth±ti kappiy±kappiyapathaviya½. Sabbatth±ti kulasaŖgahaparibhoga-±r±m±di-atth±ya ropite. Dukkaµamp²ti na kevala½ p±cittiyameva. Kappiyen±ti kappiyena udakena. Tesa½yeva dvinnanti kulad³sanaparibhog±na½. Dukkaµanti kulasaŖgahatth±ya saya½ sińcane kappiyavoh±rena akappiyavoh±rena v± sińc±pane ca dukkaµa½, paribhogatth±ya pana saya½ sińcane akappiyavoh±rena sińc±pane ca dukkaµa½. ¾pattibahulat± veditabb±ti ettha saya½ sińcane dh±r±pacchedagaŗan±ya ±pattigaŗan± veditabb±. Sińc±pane pana punappuna½ ±ŗ±pentassa v±c±ya v±c±ya ±patti, saki½ ±ŗattassa bah³na½ sińcanepi ek±va.
Dukkaµap±cittiy±n²ti kulasaŖgahapaccay± dukkaµa½, bh³tag±map±tabyat±ya p±cittiya½. Ańńatth±ti vatthup³j±di-atth±ya ocinane. Saki½ ±ŗattoti akappiyavoh±rena ±ŗatto. P±cittiyamev±ti akappiyavacanena ±ŗattatt± p±cittiya½. Kappiyavacanena pana vatthup³j±di-atth±ya ocin±pentassa an±pattiyeva.
Ganthanena nibbatta½ gantima½. Esa nayo sesesupi. Na vaµµat²ti kulasaŖgahatth±ya vatthup³j±di-atth±ya v± vuttanayena karontassa ca k±r±pentassa ca dukkaµanti attho. Purimanayenev±ti “bhikkhussa v±”ti-±din± vuttanayena. Dhamm±sanavit±ne baddhakaŗµakesu pupph±ni vijjhitv± µhapent²ti sambandho. Upar³pari vijjhitv± chattasadisa½ katv± ±vuŗanato “chatt±tichatta½ viy±”ti vutta½. “Kadalikkhandhamh²”ti-±din± vutta½ sabbameva sandh±ya “ta½ ati-o¼±rikamev±”ti vutta½, saya½ karontassa akappiyavacaneneva k±r±pentassa ca dukkaµamev±ti attho. Pupphavijjhanatthanti vuttatt± pupph±ni vijjhitu½yeva kaŗµaka½ bandhitu½ na vaµµati, pupphad±m±dibandhanattha½ pana vaµµati. Kaŗµakampi bandhitu½ na vaµµat²ti ca ida½ aµµhakath±cariyappam±ŗena gahetabba½. Pavesetu½ na vaµµat²ti vuttatt± pupphacchidde apavesetv± upar³pari µhapetu½ vaµµati. J±lamaya½ vit±na½ j±lavit±na½. N±gadantakampi sacchiddaka½yeva gahetabba½. Pupphapaµicchaka½ daŗ¹±d²hi katapupph±dh±raŗa½, tampi sacchiddameva idha vutta½. Asokapiŗ¹iy±ti asokapupphamańjarik±ya. “Dhammarajju n±ma cetiya½ v± bodhi½ v± pupphapavesanattha½ ±vijjhitv± baddharajj³”ti mah±gaŗµhipade majjhimagaŗµhipade ca vutta½, tasm± tath±baddh±ya rajjuy± cetiyassa ca antare pupph±ni pavesetu½ vaµµat²ti vińń±yati. Gaŗµhipade pana “dhammarajjunti sithila½ vaµµika½ rajju½ katv± bodhi½ v± cetiya½ v± parikkhipitv± dhamm±sane v± lambitv± tattha pupph±ni pavesent²”ti vutta½, tasm± sithilavaµµik±ya rajjuy± antarepi pupph±ni pavesetu½ vaµµat²ti vińń±yati, v²ma½sitv± yuttatara½ gahetabba½. Ubhayatth±pi panettha nevatthi virodhoti amh±ka½ khanti.
Matthakad±manti dhamm±san±dimatthake lambakad±ma½. Pupphehi veµhent²ti pupphad±mena veµhenti. Tesa½yev±ti uppal±d²na½yeva. V±kena v± daŗ¹akena v±ti visu½ acchinnena pupphasahiteneva v±kena v± daŗ¹akena v±. Khandhe µhapitak±s±vass±ti khandhe µhapitasaŖgh±µi½ sandh±ya vutta½. Tańhi tath± bandhitu½ sakk± bhaveyya. Imin±va ańńampi t±disa½ k±s±va½ v± vattha½ v± vuttanayena bandhitv± tattha pupph±ni pakkhipitu½ vaµµat²ti siddha½. A½sabhaŗ¹ika½ pasibbake pakkhittasadisatt± veµhima½ n±ma na j±ta½, tasm± sithilabandhassa antarantar± pakkhipitu½ vaµµat²ti vadanti.
Pupphapaµe ca daµµhabbanti pupphapaµa½ karontassa d²ghato pupphad±massa haraŗapacc±haraŗavasena p³raŗa½ sandh±ya vutta½. Tiriyato haraŗa½ pana v±yima½ n±ma hoti, na p³rima½. Purimaµµh±na½ atikk±met²ti ettha “aphus±petv±pi atikk±mentassa ±pattiyev±”ti t²supi gaŗµhipadesu vutta½. “Purimaµµh±na½ atikk±met²”ti avisesena vuttatt± ta½ yutta½. Keci pana “ańńamańńa½ aphus±petv± anekakkhattu½ parikkhipitu½ vaµµat²”ti vadant²ti vutta½, tattha k±raŗa½ na dissati. Bandhitu½ vaµµat²ti puppharahit±ya suttakoµiy± v±kakoµiy± v± bandhitu½ vaµµati. Ekav±ra½ haritv± v± parikkhipitv± v±ti ida½ pubbe vuttacetiy±diparikkhepa½ pupphapaµakaraŗańca sandh±ya vutta½, tasm± cetiya½ v± bodhi½ v± parikkhipantena ekav±ra½ parikkhipitv± purimaµµh±na½ sampatte ańńassa d±tabba½, tenapi ekav±ra½ parikkhipitv± tatheva k±tabba½. Pupphapaµa½ karontena ca ekav±ra½ haritv± ańńassa d±tabba½, tenapi tatheva k±tabba½. Sacepi dveyeva bhikkh³ ubhosu passesu µhatv± pariy±yena haranti, vaµµatiyev±ti vadanti.