Bhikkhupadabh±jan²yavaººan±

Tasm±ti yasm± pana-sadda½ apanetv± aniyamena puggalad²paka½ yo-saddameva ±ha, tasm±.Etth±ti imasmi½ yo-sadde. Pana-saddassa nip±tamattatt± yo-saddasseva attha½ pak±sento“yo koc²ti vutta½ hot²”ti ±ha. Yo koci n±m±ti yo v± so v± yokoc²ti vutto. V±sadhurayutto v±ti vipassan±dhurayutto v±. S²les³tipakat²su.
Bhikkhat²ti y±cati. Labhanto v± alabhanto v±ti yo kocibhikkhati bhikkha½ esati gavesati, so ta½ labhatu v± m± v±, tath±pi bhikkhat²ti bhikkh³tiayamettha adhipp±yo. Ariy±ya y±can±y±ti “uddissa ariy± tiµµhanti, es±ariy±na y±can±”ti eva½ vutt±ya ariyay±can±ya, na kapaºaddhikavaºibbakay±cak±na½ viya“dehi deh²”ti eva½ pavattay±can±ya. Bhikkh±cariyanti uñch±cariya½. Ajjhupagatatt±tianuµµhitatt±. K±jabhattanti k±jehi ±n²ta½ bhatta½. Agghaphassavaººabheden±tiaggh±d²na½ purimapakativijahena. Purimapakativijahanañhettha bhedoti adhippeta½.Dhovitv± apanetu½ asakkuºeyyasabh±va½ mala½, tath± apanetu½ sakkuºeyyasabh±v± jallik±.Bhinnapaµadharoti nibbacana½ bhinnapaµadhare bhikkhu-saddassa niru¼hatt± kata½.
Upanissayasampannanti pubbe aµµhaparikkh±rad±n³panissayasampanna½. Yo hi c²var±dikeaµµha parikkh±re pattac²varameva v± sot±pann±di-ariyassa puthujjanasseva v± s²lasampannassadatv± “ida½ parikkh±rad±na½ an±gate ehibhikkhubh±v±ya paccayo hot³”ti patthana½ paµµhapesi,tassa ta½ sati adhik±rasampattiya½ buddh±na½ sammukh²bh±ve iddhimayaparikkh±ral±bh±ya sa½vattat²tiveditabba½. Brahmaghosanti uttamaghosa½, brahmuno ghosasadisa½ v± ghosa½. Brahmacariyantis±sanabrahmacariya½ maggabrahmacariyañca. Dukkhassa samm± antakiriy±y±ti yojetabba½.Bhaº¹³ti muº¹o. V±s²ti dantakaµµhacchedanav±si. Bandhananti k±yabandhana½.Yutto bh±van±nuyogo ass±ti yuttayogo, tassa yuttayogassa, bh±van±nuyogamanuyuttass±tivutta½ hoti. Iriy±pathasampannat±vibh±vanattha½ “saµµhivassikatthero viy±”ti vutta½.Buddhova pabbajj±cariyo upasampad±cariyo ca ass±ti buddh±cariyako. Paµhamabodhiyampipaµhamak±leyeva sesa-upasampad±na½ abh±voti ±ha “paµhamabodhiya½ ekasmi½ k±le”ti.Pañca pañcavaggiyatther±ti pañcavaggiyatther± pañca. T²ºi satanti t²ºi sat±ni,g±th±bandhasukhattha½ vacanavipall±so kato. Eko ca theroti aªgulim±latthera½ sandh±yavutta½. Na vutt±ti aµµhakath±ya½ na vutt±. Tatth±ti vinayap±¼iya½.
Ve¼uvanamah±vih±re gandhakuµiya½ nisinnoyeva bhagav± mah±kassapattherassaatt±na½ uddissa pabbajitabh±va½ viditv± tassa paccuggamana½ karonto tig±vuta½ magga½ekakova gantv± bahuputtanigrodham³le pallaªka½ ±bhujitv± nisinno attano santika½±gantv± paramanipaccak±ra½ dassetv± “satth± me bhante bhagav±, s±vakohamasmi, satth±me bhante bhagav±, s±vakohamasm²”ti tikkhattu½ attano s±vakatta½ s±vetv± µhitassamah±kassapattherassa nipaccak±ramahattata½ attano ca mah±nubh±vata½ d²petu½ yassa aññassa aj±na½yeva“j±n±m²”ti paµiññassa b±hirakassa satthuno eva½ sabbacetas± samann±gato pasannacittos±vako evar³pa½ paramanipaccak±ra½ kareyya, tassa vaºµacchinnat±lapakka½ viya g²vato muddh±pivipateyya, sattadh± v± phaleyy±ti dassento “yo kho, kassapa, eva½ sabbacetas± samann±gata½s±vaka½ aj±na½yeva vadeyya ‘j±n±m²’ti, apassa½yeva vadeyya ‘pass±m²’ti, muddh±pitassa vipateyya, sattadh± v± phaleyya, aha½ kho, kassapa, j±na½yeva vad±mi ‘j±n±m²’ti,passa½yeva vad±mi ‘pass±m²”’ (sa½. ni. 2.154) ti vatv± j±timadam±namadar³pamadappah±nattha½t²hi ov±dehi mah±kassapatthera½ ovadanto “tasm±tiha te kassap±”ti-±dim±ha.
Tattha (sa½. ni. aµµha. 2.2.154) tasm±tih±ti tasm± icceva vutta½ hoti, yasm± aha½j±nantova “j±n±m²”ti passanto eva ca “pass±m²”ti vad±mi, tasm±ti attho.Ti-k±ra ha-k±r± nip±t±. Ih±ti v± imasmi½ s±sane, ta-k±ro padasandhivasena±gato. Eva½ sikkhitabbanti id±ni vuccam±n±k±rena sikkhitabba½. Tibbantibahala½ mahanta½. Hirottappañc±ti hir² ca ottappañca. Paccupaµµhita½ bhavissat²tiupasaªkamanato paµhamatarameva upaµµhita½ bhavissati. Tath± hi sati tesa½ purato assa sag±ravasappatissavat±saºµh±ti. Yo ca ther±d²su hirottappa½ upaµµhapetv± upasaªkamati, ther±dayopi ta½ sahirik±sa-ottapp± ca hutv± upasaªkamant²ti ayamettha ±nisa½so. Kusal³pasa½hitanti kusalanissita½,anavajjadhammanissitanti attho. Aµµhi½ katv±ti att±na½ tena dhammena aµµhika½ katv±,ta½ v± dhamma½ “esa mayha½ dhammo”ti aµµhi½ katv±. Manasi katv±ti citte µhapetv±.Sabbacetas± samann±haritv±ti cittassa thokampi bahi gantu½ adento abbena samann±h±racittena samann±haritv±. Ohitasototi µhapitasoto, dhamme nihitasototiattho. Evañhi te sikkhitabbanti ñ±ºasotañca pas±dasotañca odahitv± “may± desita½dhamma½ sakkaccameva suºiss±m²”ti evañhi te sikkhitabba½. S±tasahagat± ca me k±yagat±sat²tiasubhesu ceva ±n±p±ne ca paµhamajjh±navasena sukhasampayutt± k±yagat±sati. Yo ca pan±ya½tividho ov±do, therassa ayameva pabbajj± ca upasampad± ca ahosi.
Kasiº±rammaºa½ r³p±vacarajjh±na½ r³pasaññ±. Saññ±s²sena hettha jh±na½ vutta½, tadeva cauddhum±takapaµibh±g±rammaºatt± “uddhum±takasaññ±”ti vutta½. Sop±kas±maºero bhagavat±puµµho “ete dve r³p±vacarabh±vena ekatth±, byañjanameva n±nan”ti ±ha. ¾raddhacittoti±r±dhitacitto. Garudhammapaµiggahaº±di-upasampad± upari vitth±rato sayameva ±vi bhavissati.
Kaly±ºaputhujjan±dayoti ettha bah³na½ n±nappak±r±na½ sakk±yadiµµhi-±d²na½ avihatatt±janeti, t±hi v± janitoti puthujjano, kaly±ºo ca so puthujjano c±ti kaly±ºaputhujjano,so ±di yesa½ sot±pann±d²na½ te kaly±ºaputhujjan±dayo. Kaly±ºaggahaºena cetthaandhaputhujjana½ nivatteti. Dvidh± hi puthujjan± andhaputhujjano kaly±ºaputhujjanoti.Vuttañheta½–
“Duve puthujjan± vutt±, buddhen±diccabandhun±;
andho puthujjano eko, kaly±ºeko puthujjano”ti. (D². ni. aµµha. 1.7;ma. ni. aµµha. 1.2; sa½. ni. aµµha. 2.2.61; a. ni. aµµha. 1.1.51).
Bhadr±ya paññ±ya bhadr±ya vimuttiy±ti yojetabba½. S²len±ti-±d²su s²lanti catup±risuddhis²la½.Sam±dh²ti vipassan±p±dak± aµµha sam±pattiyo. Paññ±ti lokiyalokuttarañ±ºa½.Vimutt²ti ariyaphalavimutti. Vimuttiñ±ºadassananti ek³nav²satividha½ paccavekkhaºañ±ºa½.Yath±sambhavena cettha yojan± veditabb±. Kaly±ºaputhujjanassa hi s²l±dayo tayo eva sambhavanti,ariy±na½ pana sabbepi s²l±dayo. S±ro bhikkh³tipi kaly±ºaputhujjan±dayova vutt±ti±ha “tehiyeva s²las±r±d²h²”ti-±di. Atha v± nippariy±yato kh²º±savova s±robhikkhu n±m±ti ±ha “vigatakilesapheggubh±vato v±”ti-±di.
Yopi kaly±ºaputhujjano anulomapaµipad±ya parip³rak±r² s²lasampanno indriyesu guttadv±robhojane mattaññ³ j±gariy±nuyogamanuyutto pubbaratt±pararatta½ bodhipakkhiy±na½ dhamm±na½bh±van±nuyogamanuyutto viharati “ajja v± sve v± aññatara½ s±maññaphala½ adhigamiss±m²”ti,sopi vuccati sikkhat²ti sekhoti ±ha “puthujjanakaly±ºakena saddhin”ti. Sattaariy±ti catt±ro maggaµµh±, heµµhim± ca tayo phalaµµh±ti ime satta ariy±. Tisso sikkh±tiadhis²l±dik± tisso sikkh±. Sikkh±su j±toti v± sekho. Ariyapuggalo hiariy±ya j±tiy± j±yam±no sikkh±su j±yati, na yoniya½. Sikkhanas²loti v± sekho,puggal±dhiµµh±n±ya v± kath±ya sekhassa ayanti anaññas±dh±raº± maggaphalattayadhamm± sekhapariy±yenavutt±. Asekhoti ca yattha sekhabh±v±saªk± atthi, tatth±ya½ paµisedhoti lokiyanibb±nesuasekhabh±v±n±patti daµµhabb±. S²lasam±dhipaññ±saªkh±t± hi sikkh± attano paµipakkhakilesehivimuttatt± parisuddh±, upakkiles±na½ ±rammaºabh±vampi anupagamanato et± sikkh±tivattu½ yutt±, aµµhasupi maggaphalesu vijjanti, tasm± catumaggaheµµhimaphalattayasamaªginoviya arahattaphalasamaªg²pi t±su sikkh±su j±toti ta½samaªgino arahato itaresa½ viyasekhatte sati sekhassa ayanti, sikkh± s²la½ etass±ti ca sekhoti vattabbo siy±ti ta½nivattanattha½ “asekho”ti yath±vuttasekhabh±vapaµisedho kato. Arahattaphalehi pavattam±n±sikkh± pariniµµhitasikkh±kiccatt± na sikkh±kicca½ karonti, kevala½ sikkh±phalabh±venevapavattanti, tasm± t± na sikkh±vacana½ arahanti, n±pi ta½samaªg² sekhavacana½, na ca sikkhanas²lo,sikkh±su j±toti ca vattabbata½ arahati, heµµhimaphalesu pana sikkh± sakad±g±mimaggavipassan±d²na½upanissayabh±vato sikkh±kicca½ karont²ti sikkh±vacana½ arahanti, ta½samaªgino ca sekhavacana½sikkhanas²l±, sikkh±su j±t±ti ca vattabbata½ arahanti “sikkhant²ti sekh±”ti apariyositasikkh±na½dassitatt±, “na sikkhat²ti asekho”ti imin± pariyositasikkho dassito, na sikkh±yarahitoti ±ha– “sekkhadhamme atikkamma …pe… kh²º±savo asekhotivuccat²”ti. Vuddhippattasikkho v± asekhoti etasmi½ atthe sekhadhammesu evaµhitassa kassaci ariyassa asekhabh±v±patt²ti arahattamaggadhamm± vuddhippatt± ca yath±vuttehiatthehi sekh±ti katv± ta½samaªgino aggamaggaµµhassa asekhabh±vo ±pannoti? Na,ta½sadisesu tabboh±rato. Arahattamaggato hi ninn±n±karaºa½ arahattaphala½ µhapetv± pariññ±kiccakaraºa½vip±kabh±vañca, tasm± te eva sekh± aggaphaladhammabh±va½ ±pann±ti sakk± vattu½.Kusalasukhato ca vip±kasukha½ santatarat±ya paº²tataranti vuddhippatt± ca te dhamm± hont²tita½samaªg² asekhoti vuccat²ti.
Sabbantimena pariy±yen±ti sabbantimena paricchedena. Upasampad±kammassa adhik±ratt±“pañcavaggakaraº²ye”ti vutta½. Pañcanna½ vaggo sam³hoti pañcavaggo, pañcaparim±ºayuttov± vaggo pañcavaggo, tena kattabba½ kamma½ pañcavaggakaraº²ya½. Y±vatik± bhikkh³tiyattak± bhikkh³. Kammappatt±ti kamm±rah± p±r±jika½ an±pann± anukkhitt±ca. Upasampad±kammassa pañcavaggakaraº²yatt± pañceva bhikkh³ kammappatt± ettakehipi kammasiddhito,itare chand±rah±. Ñatticatutthen±ti ettha kiñc±pi ñatti sabbapaµhama½ vuccati,tissanna½ pana anuss±van±na½ atthabyañjanabhed±bh±vato atthabyañjanabhinn± ñatti t±sa½ catutth±tikatv± “ñatticatutthan”ti vuccati. Byañjan±nur³pameva aµµhakath±ya½ “t²hi anuss±van±hiek±ya ca ñattiy±”ti vutta½, atthappavattikkamena pana “ek±ya ñattiy± t²hi anuss±van±h²”tivattabba½. Vatthuñatti-ana-uss±vanas²m±parisasampattisampannatt±ti ettha vatth³tiupasampad±pekkho puggalo, so µhapetv± ³nav²sativassa½ antimavatthu½ ajjh±pannapubba½paº¹ak±dayo ca ek±dasa abhabbapuggale veditabbo. Ðnav²sativass±dayo hi terasa puggal±upasampad±ya avatthu, ime pana µhapetv± aññasmi½ upasampad±pekkhe sati upasampad±kamma½vatthusampattisampanna½ n±ma hoti.
Vatthusaªghapuggalañatt²na½ apar±masan±ni pacch± ñattiµµhapanañc±ti ime t±va pañca ñattidos±.Tattha “aya½ itthann±mo”ti upasampad±pekkhassa akittana½ vatthu-apar±masana½ n±ma.“Suº±tu me, bhante, saªgho”ti ettha “suº±tu me, bhante”ti vatv± “saªgho”tiabhaºana½ saªgha-apar±masana½ n±ma. “Itthann±massa upasampad±pekkho”ti upajjh±yassa akittana½puggala-apar±masana½ n±ma. Sabbena sabba½ ñattiy± anucc±raºa½ ñatti-apar±masana½n±ma. Paµhama½ kammav±ca½ niµµh±petv± “es± ñatt²”ti vatv± “khamati saªghass±”tieva½ ñattikittana½ pacch± ñattiµµhapana½ n±ma. Iti imehi dosehi vimutt±ya ñattiy±sampanna½ ñattisampattisampanna½ n±ma.
Vatthusaªghapuggal±na½ apar±masan±ni s±van±ya h±pana½ ak±le s±vananti ime pañca anuss±vanados±.Tattha vatth±d²na½ apar±masan±ni ñattiya½ vuttasadis±neva. T²su pana anuss±van±su yatthakatthaci etesa½ apar±masana½ apar±masanameva, sabbena sabba½ pana kammav±ca½ avatv± catukkhattu½ñattikittanameva. Atha v± pana kammav±cabbhantare akkharassa v± padassa v± anucc±raºa½v± durucc±raºa½ v± s±van±ya h±pana½ n±ma. S±van±ya anok±se paµhama½ ñatti½aµµhapetv± anuss±vanakaraºa½ ak±le s±vana½ n±ma. Iti imehi dosehi vimutt±yaanuss±van±ya sampanna½ anuss±vanasampattisampanna½ n±ma.
Vipattis²m±lakkhaºa½ samatikkant±ya pana s²m±ya kata½ s²m±sampattisampanna½ n±ma. Y±vatik±bhikkh³ kammappatt±, tesa½ an±gamana½, chand±rah±na½ chandassa an±haraºa½, sammukh²bh³t±na½paµikkosananti ime pana tayo parisados±, tehi vimutt±ya paris±ya kata½ parisasampattisampanna½n±ma.
Upasampad±kammav±c±saªkh±ta½ bhagavato vacana½ upasampad±kammakaraºassa k±raºatt± µh±na½, yath±ca ta½ kattabbanti bhagavat± anusiµµha½, tath± katatt± tadanucchavika½ yath±vutta½ an³na½ñatti-anuss±vana½ uppaµip±µiy± ca avutta½ µh±n±raha½. Yath± kattabbanti hi bhagavat±vutta½, tath± akate upasampad±kammassa k±raºa½ na hot²ti na ta½ µh±n±raha½. Ten±ha“k±raº±rahena satthus±san±rahen±”ti. Imin± ñatti-anuss±vanasampatti kathit±tiveditabb±. “Samaggena saªghen±”ti imin± pana parisasampatti kathit±va. “Akuppen±”tiimin± p±risesato vatthus²m±sampattiyo kathit±ti veditabb±. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana akuppalakkhaºa½ekattha sampiº¹etv± dassetu½ akuppen±ti imassa “vatthuñatti-anuss±vanas²m±parisasampattisampannatt±akopetabbata½ appaµikkositabbata½ upagaten±”ti attho vutto. Keci pana “µh±n±rahen±ti-ettha‘na hatthacchinno pabb±jetabbo’ti-±di (mah±va. 119) satthus±sana½ µh±nan”ti vadanti.
“Ñatticatutthena kammen±”ti imasmi½ adhik±re pasaªgato ±haritv±ya½ kammalakkhaºa½ sabba-aµµhakath±su papañcita½, ta½ yath±-±gataµµh±neyeva dassetuk±mo idhatassa avacane tattha vacane ca payojana½ dassetu½ “imasmi½ pana µh±ne µhatv±”ti-±dim±ha.
Aµµhasu upasampad±su ehibhikkh³pasampad± saraºagaman³pasampad± ov±dapaµiggahaº³pasampad± pañhaby±karaº³pasampad±tiim±hi upasampad±hi upasampann±na½ lokavajjasikkh±padav²tikkame abhabbatt± garudhammapaµiggahaº³pasampad±d³ten³pasampad± aµµhav±cik³pasampad±ti im±sañca tissanna½ upasampad±na½ bhikkhun²na½yevaanuññ±tatt± ñatticatuttheneva kammena upasampanno gahitoti veditabbo. Tath± hiehibhikkh³pasampad± antimabhavik±na½yeva, saraºagaman³pasampad± parisuddh±na½, ov±dapaµiggahaºapañhaby±karaº³pasampad±mah±kassapasop±k±na½, na ca te bhabb± p±r±jik±dilokavajja½ ±pajjitu½, garudhammapaµiggahaº±dayoca bhikkhun²na½yeva anuññ±t±, ayañca bhikkhu, tasm± ettha ñatticatutthena upasampannovagahitoti veditabbo.
Paººattivajjesu pana sikkh±padesu aññepi ehibhikkh³pasampad±ya upasampann±dayo saªgaha½ gacchanti.Tepi hi sahaseyy±dipaººattivajja½ ±patti½ ±pajjantiyeva. Yadi eva½ paººattivajjesupisikkh±padesu “aya½ imasmi½ atthe adhippeto bhikkh³”ti ñatticatuttheneva kammenaupasampanno kasm± vuttoti? Sabbasikkh±padav²tikkam±rahatt± sabbak±likatt± ca.Ehibhikkh³pasampad±dayo hi na sabbasikkh±padav²tikkam±rah± asabbak±lik± ca. Tath± hiaµµhasu upasampad±su ñatticatutthakamm³pasampad± d³ten³pasampad± aµµhav±cik³pasampad±ti im±tissoyeva th±var±, ses± buddhe dharam±neyeva ahesu½. Teneva ca bhikkhun²vibhaªgepi(p±ci. 658) “tatra y±ya½ bhikkhun² samaggena ubhatosaªghena ñatticatutthena kammena akuppenaµh±n±rahena upasampann±, aya½ imasmi½ atthe adhippet± bhikkhun²”ti d³ten³pasampad±yaaµµhav±cik³pasampad±ya ca upasampanna½ antokatv± ubhatosaªghena ñatticatuttheneva kammenaupasampann± bhikkhun² vutt±, na garudhammapaµiggahaº³pasampad±ya upasampann± tass± upasampad±yap±µipuggalikabh±vato asabbak±likatt±. Garudhammapaµiggahaº³pasampad± hi mah±paj±patiy±eva anuññ±tatt± p±µipuggalik±ti, tasm± sabbasikkh±padav²tikkam±raha½ abbak±lik±ya ñatticatutthakamm³pasampad±ya upasampannameva gahetv± sabbasikkh±pad±nipaññatt±n²ti gahetabba½. Yadi eva½ paººattivajjesu sikkh±padesu ca ehibhikkh³pasampann±d²nampisaªgaho katha½ viññ±yat²ti? Atthato ±pannatt±. Tath± hi “dve puggal± abhabb± ±patti½±pajjitu½ buddh± ca paccekabuddh± ca, dve puggal± bhabb± ±patti½ ±pajjitu½ bhikkh³ca bhikkhuniyo c±”ti (pari. 322) s±maññato vuttatt± ehibhikkh³pasampann±dayopiasañcicca assatiy± acittaka½ paººattivajja½ sahaseyy±di-±patti½ ±pajjant²ti atthato±pannanti ayamettha s±ro. Ya½ panettha ito aññath± kenaci papañcita½, na ta½ s±ratopaccetabba½.
Niruttivasen±ti nibbacanavasena. Abhil±pavasen±ti voh±ravasena. Anuppann±yakammav±c±y±ti anuppann±ya ñatticatutthakammav±c±ya. Guºavasen±ti s²l±dita½ta½guºayogato.Ettha ca bhindati p±pake akusale dhammeti bhikkh³ti nibbacana½ veditabba½.

Bhikkhupadabh±jan²yavaººan± niµµhit±.