Namo tassa bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa.

Vinayapiµake

S±ratthad²pan²-µ²k± (dutiyo bh±go)

1. P±r±jikakaº¹a½

1. Paµhamap±r±jika½

Sudinnabh±ºav±ravaººan±

24. Anupadavaººananti pada½ pada½ paµivaººana½, pad±nukkamena vaººana½ v±. Bhaº¹appayojana-uddh±ras±raº±din± kiccen±ti ettha vikk±yikabhaº¹assa vikkiºana½ bhaº¹appayojana½,d±tu½ saªketite divase gantv± gahaºa½ uddh±ro, “asukasmi½ divase d±tabban”tisatupp±dana½ s±raºa½. Catubbidh±y±ti khattiyabr±hmaºagahapatisamaº±na½ vasena catubbidh±ya,bhikkhubhikkhun²-up±saka-up±sik±na½ vasena v±. Disv±nassa etadahos²ti hetu-atthoaya½ disv±na-saddo asam±nakattuko yath± “ghata½ pivitv± bala½ hoti, s²ha½ disv± bhaya½hot²”ti. Dassanak±raº± hi eva½ parivitakkana½ ahosi. Kiñc±pi ettha “bhabbakulaputtass±”tivutta½, tath±pi upanissayasampannassapi aj±tasattuno viya antar±yo bhavissat²ti imassatherassapi katap±pakammam³lavippaµis±ravasena adhigamantar±yo ahos²ti vadanti.
Ki½ pana yesa½ maggaphal±na½ upanissayo atthi, buddh±na½ sammukh²bh±vepi tesa½ antar±yohot²ti? ¾ma hoti, na pana buddhe paµicca. Buddh± hi paresa½ maggaphal±dhigam±yauss±haj±t± tattha nirantara½ yuttapayutt± eva honti, tasm± te paµicca tesa½ antar±yona hoti, atha kho kiriy±parih±niy± v± p±pamittat±ya v± hoti, kiriy±parih±nica desakassa tasseva v± puggalassa tajjapayog±bh±vato veditabb±, desakavasena panetthaparih±ni s±vak±na½ vaseneva veditabb±, na buddh±na½ vasena. Tath± hi sace dhammasen±patidhanañj±niyassa br±hmaºassa ±saya½ ñatv± dhamma½ desayissa, br±hmaºo sot±panno abhavissa.Eva½ t±va desakassa vasena kiriy±parih±niy± antar±yo hoti. Sace pesso hatth±rohaputtobhagavato sammukh± dhamma½ suºanto muhutta½ nis²deyya, y±va tassa bhagav± attantap±dikecatt±ro puggale vitth±rena vibhajitv± deseti, sot±pattiphalena sa½yutto abhavissa.Eva½ puggalassa vasena kiriy±parih±niy± antar±yo hoti n±ma. Imassa hi up±sakassakiriy±parih±ni j±t± apariniµµhit±ya desan±ya uµµhahitv± pakkantatt±. Sace aj±tasattudevadattassa vacana½ gahetv± pitugh±takamma½ n±karissa, s±maññaphalasuttakathitadivase sot±pannoabhavissa, tassa vacana½ gahetv± pitugh±takammassa katatt± pana n±hosi. Eva½ p±pamittat±yaantar±yo hoti. Sudinnassapi p±pamittavasena antar±yo ahos²ti daµµhabba½. Yadihi tena m±t±pit³na½ vacana½ gahetv± pur±ºadutiyik±ya methunadhammo paµisevito n±bhavissa,na ta½m³lavippaµis±ravasena adhigamantar±yo abhavissa.
Yann³n±ti parivitakkanatthe nip±toti ±ha “parivitakkadassanametan”ti. “Dhamma½suºeyyan”ti kiriy±padena vuccam±no eva hi attho “yann³n±”ti nip±tapadena jot²yati.Aha½ yann³na dhamma½ suºeyyanti yojan±. Yann³n±ti ca yadi pan±ti attho. Yadipan±ti idampi hi tena sam±natthameva. Ya½ dhamma½ suº±t²ti sambandho. U¼±ru¼±rajan±tikhattiyamah±s±l±di-u¼±ru¼±rajan±kiºº± Sace ayampi paµhama½ ±gaccheyya, bhagavanta½ upasaªkamitv±nis²ditu½ arahar³poti ±ha “pacch± ±gaten±”ti. Sikkhattay³pasa½hitantiadhis²la-adhicitta-adhipaññ±saªkh±tasikkhattayayutta½. Thoka½ dhammakatha½ sutv± ahos²tisambandho. Idh±pi sutv±-saddo hetu-atthoti daµµhabbo, savanak±raº± etadahos²ti vutta½ hoti. Yadi eva½ atha kasm± “ekamanta½ nisinnassa…pe… etadahos²”tivuttanti ±ha “ta½ panassa yasm±”ti-±di. Tattha tanti parivitakkana½.
Saªkhepakath±ti visu½ visu½ paduddh±ra½ akatv± sam±sato atthavaººan±. Yena yena ±k±ren±tiyena yena pak±rena. Tena tena me upaparikkhatoti “k±m± n±mete anicc±dukkh± vipariº±madhamm± aµµhikaªkal³pam±”ti (ma. ni. 1.234; 2.42; p±ci. 417; mah±ni.3; c³¼ani. khaggavis±ºasuttaniddesa 147) ca ±din± yena yena ±k±rena k±mesu±d²nava½ ok±ra½ sa½kilesa½, tabbipariy±yato nekkhamme ±nisa½sa½ guºa½ pak±senta½bhagavat± dhamma½ desita½ ±j±n±mi avabujjh±mi, tena tena pak±rena upaparikkhato v²ma½santassamayha½ eva½ hoti eva½ upaµµh±ti. Sikkhattayabrahmacariyanti adhis²lasikkh±disikkhattayasaªgaha½seµµhacariya½. Ekampi divasanti ekadivasamattampi. Akhaº¹a½ katv±ti dukkaµamattassapian±pajjanena akhaº¹ita½ katv±, akhaº¹a-acchidd±dibh±v±p±danena v±. Akhaº¹alakkhaºavacanañheta½.Carimakacittanti cuticitta½. Kiñcipi ekadesa½ asesetv± ekanteneva parip³retabbat±yaekantaparipuººa½. Kilesamalena amal²na½ katv±ti taºh±sa½kiles±din±asa½kiliµµha½ katv±, cittupp±damattampi sa½kilesamala½ anupp±detv±. Accantamevavisuddha½ katv± pariharitabbat±ya ekantaparisuddha½. Tato eva saªkha½ viya likhitantisaªkhalikhita½. Ten±ha “likhitasaªkhasadisan”ti. Pariyod±taµµhena nimmalabh±venasaªkha½ viya likhita½ dhotanti saªkhalikhitanti ±ha “dhotasaªkhasappaµibh±gan”ti. “Ajjh±vasat±”tipadappayogena ag±ranti bhummatthe upayogavacananti ±ha “ag±ramajjhe”ti. D±µhik±pimassuggahaºeneva gahetv± “massu”tveva vutta½, uttar±dharamassunti attho. Kas±yenaratt±n²ti k±s±y±n²ti ±ha “kas±yarasap²tat±y±”ti. Paridahitv±tiniv±setv± ceva p±rupitv± ca. Ag±rassa hitanti ag±rav±so ag±ra½ uttarapadalopena,tassa va¹¹hi-±vaha½ ag±rassa hita½.
25. ѱtis±lohit±ti-±d²su “aya½ ajjhattiko”ti j±nanti, ñ±yanti v±tiñ±t², lohitena sambandh±ti s±lohit±. Pitupakkhik± ñ±t², m±tupakkhik±s±lohit±. M±tupakkhik± pitupakkhik± v± ñ±t² sassusasurapakkhik±s±lohit±. Mitt±yant²ti mitt±, minanti v± sabbaguyhesu anto pakkhipant²timitt±. Kiccakaraº²yesu sahabh±vaµµhena am± hont²ti amacc±. Mam±yat²ti m±t±,piy±yat²ti pit±. Sar²rakiccalesen±ti ucc±rapass±v±disar²rakiccalesena.Ananuññ±ta½ putta½ na pabb±jet²ti “m±t±pit³na½ lokiyamah±janassa ca cittaññathatta½m± hot³”ti na pabb±jeti. Tatoyeva ca suddhodanamah±r±jassa tath± varo dinno.
26. Dhuranikkhepen±ti bhaº¹appayojan±d²su dhuranikkhepena. Ten±ha “na h²”ti-±di.Piy±yitabboti piyoti ±ha “p²tijananako”ti. Manassa app±yanato man±poti±ha “manava¹¹hanako”ti. Sukhedhito taruºad±rakak±le, tato parañca sappikh²r±dis±durasamanuññabhojan±di-±h±rasampattiy±sukhaparihato. Atha v± da¼habhattikadh±tijan±diparijanasampattiy± ceva paricchedasampattiy±ca u¼±rapaº²tasukhapaccay³pah±rehi ca sukhedhito, akiccheneva dukkhapaccayavinodanenasukhaparihato. Ajjhattikaªgasampattiy± v± sukhedhito, b±hiraªgasampattiy± sukhaparihato.
Kiñc²ti etassa vivaraºa½ “appamattakampi kalabh±gan”ti. Yad± j±n±ti-saddobodhanattho na hoti, tad± tassa payoge “sappino j±n±ti, madhuno j±n±t²”ti-±d²suviya karaºatthe s±mivacana½ saddatthavid³ icchant²ti ±ha “kiñci dukkhena n±nubhos²”ti.Ten±ha “karaºatthe s±mivacana½, anubhavanatthe ca j±nan±”ti. Ettha ca kiñcidukkhena n±nubhos²ti kenaci dukkhena karaºabh³tena visaya½ n±nubhos²ti evamattho veditabbo.“Kiñc²”ti etth±pi hi karaºatthe s±mivacanassa lopo kato. Teneva ca vakkhati “vikappadvayepipurimapadassa uttarapadena sam±navibhattilopo daµµhabbo”ti. Yad± pana j±n±ti-saddo saraºatthohoti, tad± saraºatth±na½ dh±tusadd±na½ payoge “m±tu sarati, pitu sarati, bh±tu j±n±t²”ti-±d²suviya upayogatthe s±mivacana½ saddasatthavid³ vadant²ti ±ha “atha v± kiñci dukkha½nassaras²ti attho”ti, kassaci dukkhassa ananubh³tatt± attan± anubh³ta½ appamattakampidukkha½ pariyesam±nopi abh±vatoyeva nassaras²ti attho Vikappadvayep²tianubhavanasaraºatthavasena vutte dutiyatatiyavikappadvaye. Purimapadass±ti “kiñc²”tipadassa. Uttarapaden±ti “dukkhass±”ti padena. Sam±navibhattilopoti uttarapadenasam±nassa s±mivacanassa lopo. “Kassaci dukkhass±”ti vattabbe vikappadvayepi purimapades±mivacanassa lopa½ katv± “kiñci dukkhass±”ti niddeso kato. Anicchak±tianicchant±. Eva½ santeti nanu maya½ sudinna s±m±d²su kenacipi up±yena appaµis±dhanenaappaµik±rena maraºenapi tay± ak±mak±pi vin± bhaviss±ma, eva½ sati. Yen±ti yenak±raºena. Ki½ pan±ti ettha kinti karaºatthe paccattavacananti dassento ±ha“kena pana k±raºen±”ti.
28. Gandhabbanaµan±µak±d²n²ti ettha gandhabb± n±ma g±yanak±, naµ± n±ma raªganaµ±,n±µak± laªghanak±dayo. Paric±reh²ti ettha parito tattha tattha yath±saka½ visayesuc±reh²ti atthoti ±ha “indriy±ni c±reh²”ti-±di. Paric±reh²ti v± sukh³pakaraºehiatt±na½ paric±rehi attano paricaraºa½ k±rehi. Tath±bh³to ca yasm± la¼anto k²¼anton±ma hoti, tasm± “la¼±”ti-±di vutta½. Bhuñjitabbato paribhuñjitabbato visesatopañca k±maguº± bhog± n±m±ti ±ha “bhoge bhuñjanto”ti. D±nappad±n±n²tiettha niccad±na½ d±na½ n±ma, uposathadivas±d²su d±tabba½ atirekad±na½ pad±na½n±ma. Paveº²rakkhaºavasena v± d²yam±na½ d±na½ n±ma, attan±va paµµhapetv± d²yam±na½ pad±na½n±ma. Pacurajanas±dh±raºa½ v± n±ti-u¼±ra½ d±na½ n±ma, anaññas±dh±raºa½ ati-u¼±ra½ pad±na½n±ma. ¾di-saddena s²l±d²ni saªgaºh±ti. Natthi etassa vacanappaµivacanasaªkh±to ±l±pasall±potinir±l±pasall±po.
30. Bala½ g±hetv±ti ettha balaggahaºa½ n±ma k±yabalassa upp±danamev±ti ±ha “k±yabala½janetv±”ti. Assumukhanti ass³ni mukhe etass±ti assumukho, ta½ assumukha½,assukilinnamukhanti attho. G±moyeva g±mantasen±sana½ g±mapariy±pannatt± g±mantasen±sanassa.Atirekal±bhapaµikkhepen±ti “piº¹iy±lopabhojana½ niss±y±”ti (mah±va. 128)eva½ vuttabhikkh±h±ral±bhato adhikal±bho saªghabhatt±di-atirekal±bho, tassa paµikkhepen±tiattho. Ten±ha “cuddasa bhatt±ni paµikkhipitv±”ti. Saªghabhatta½ uddesabhatta½nimantanabhatta½ sal±kabhatta½ pakkhika½ uposathika½ p±µipadika½ ±gantukabhatta½ gamikabhatta½gil±nabhatta½ gil±nupaµµh±kabhatta½ vih±rabhatta½ dhurabhatta½ v±rabhattanti im±ni cuddasa bhatt±ni.Tattha sakalassa saªghassa d±tabba½ bhatta½ saªghabhatta½. Katipaye bhikkh³ uddisitv± d±tabba½bhatta½ uddesabhatta½. Ekasmi½ pakkhe ekadivasa½ d±tabba½ bhatta½ pakkhika½. Uposathed±tabba½ bhatta½ uposathika½. P±µipadadivase d±tabba½ bhatta½ p±µipadika½. Vih±ra½uddissa d±tabba½ bhatta½ vih±rabhatta½. Dhurageheyeva µhapetv± d±tabba½ bhatta½ dhurabhatta½.G±mav±s²-±d²hi v±rena d±tabba½ bhatta½ v±rabhatta½.
Atha “gahapatic²vara½ paµikkhipitv±”ti kasm± vutta½. Gahaºe hi sati paµikkhepoyujjeyya, na ca paµhamabodhiya½ gahapatic²varassa paµiggahaºa½ anuññ±ta½ parato j²vakavatthusmi½anuññ±tatt±. Teneva vakkhati j²vakavatthusmi½ (mah±va. aµµha. 337) “bhagavato hibuddhabh±vappattito paµµh±ya y±va ida½ vattha½, etthantare v²sati vass±ni na koci gahapatic²vara½s±diyi, sabbe pa½suk³lik±va ahesun”ti. Sudinno ca paµhamabodhiya½yeva pabbajito.Teneva vakkhati “sudinno hi bhagavato dv±dasame vasse pabbajito, v²satime vasse ñ±tikula½piº¹±ya paviµµho, saya½ pabbajj±ya aµµhavassiko hutv±”ti. Tasm± “gahapatic²vara½ paµikkhipitv±”tikasm± vuttanti? Vuccate– ananuññ±tepi gahapatic²vare pa½suk³likaªgasam±d±navasenagahapatic²vara½ paµikkhitta½ n±ma hot²ti katv± vutta½ “gahapatic²vara½ paµikkhipitv±”ti.