“Atha kho ±yasm± mah±kassapo bhikkh³ ±mantesi, ekamid±ha½, ±vuso, samaya½ p±v±yakusin±ra½ addh±namaggappaµipanno mahat± bhikkhusaªghena saddhi½ pañcamattehi bhikkhusatehi.Atha khv±ha½, ±vuso, magg± okkamma aññatarasmi½ rukkham³le nis²di½.
“Tena kho pana samayena aññataro ±j²vako kusin±r±ya mand±ravapuppha½ gahetv±p±va½ addh±namaggappaµipanno hoti. Addasa½ kho aha½, ±vuso, ta½ ±j²vaka½ d³ratova ±gacchanta½, disv±na ta½ ±j²vaka½ etadavoca½ ‘ap±vuso, amh±ka½ satth±ra½ j±n±s²’ti ‘¾ma, ±vuso, j±n±mi. Ajja satt±haparinibbuto samaºo gotamo, tato meida½ mand±ravapuppha½ gahitanti. Tatr±vuso, ye te bhikkh³ av²tar±g±, appekacce b±h±paggayha kandanti, chinnap±ta½ papatanti ±vaµµanti vivaµµanti, ‘atikhippa½ bhagav± parinibbuto,atikhippa½ sugato parinibbuto, atikhippa½ cakkhu½ loke antarahitan’ti. Yepana te bhikkh³ v²tar±g±, te sat± sampaj±n± adhiv±senti ‘anicc± saªkh±r±, ta½kutettha labbh±”’ti.
“Atha khv±ha½, ±vuso, te bhikkh³ etadavoca½– ‘ala½, ±vuso, m± socittha m±paridevittha, nanveta½, ±vuso, bhagavat± paµikacceva akkh±ta½ ‘sabbeheva piyehi man±pehin±n±bh±vo vin±bh±vo aññath±bh±vo. Ta½ kutettha, ±vuso, labbh±, ya½ ta½ j±ta½bh³ta½ saªkhata½ palokadhamma½, ta½ vata m± palujj²’ti neta½ µh±na½ vijjat²”ti.
“Tena kho pana samayena, ±vuso, subhaddo n±ma vu¹¹hapabbajito tassa½paris±ya½ nisinno hoti. Atha kho ±vuso subhaddo vu¹¹hapabbajito te bhikkh³ etadavoca‘ala½, ±vuso, m± socittha m± paridevittha, sumutt± maya½ tena mah±samaºena, upaddut±ca maya½ homa’ ‘ida½ vo kappati, ida½ vo na kappat²’ti, ‘id±ni pana maya½ ya½icchiss±ma, ta½ kariss±ma, ya½ na icchiss±ma, na ta½ kariss±m±’ti. Handa maya½±vuso dhammañca vinayañca saªg±yeyy±ma, pure adhammo dippati, dhammo paµib±h²yati, avinayopure dippati, vinayo paµib±h²yati, pure adhammav±dino balavanto honti, dhammav±dinodubbal± honti, pure avinayav±dino balavanto honti, vinayav±dino dubbal± hont²”ti.
“‘Tena hi, bhante, thero bhikkh³ uccinat³’ti. Atha kho ±yasm± mah±kassapo eken³napañca-arahantasat±niuccini. Bhikkh³ ±yasmanta½ mah±kassapa½ etadavocu½ ‘aya½, bhante, ±yasm± ±nandokiñc±pi sekkho, abhabbo chand± dos± moh± bhay± agati½ gantu½, bahu c±nena bhagavatosantike dhammo ca vinayo ca pariyatto. Tena hi, bhante, thero ±yasmantampi ±nanda½uccinat³”’ti-±di (c³¼ava. 437).

Tasm± tato paranti ettha subhaddakaº¹ato paranti evamattho daµµhabbo. “Sabba½ subhaddakaº¹a½vitth±rato veditabban”ti hi imin± “ya½ na icchiss±ma, na ta½ kariss±m±”tieta½ pariyanta½ subhaddakaº¹ap±¼i½ dassetv± id±ni avasesa½ uss±hajananappak±rappavatta½p±¼imeva dassento “handa maya½ ±vuso”ti-±dim±ha.

Tattha pure adhammo dippat²ti ettha adhammo n±ma dasakusalakammapathadhammapaµipakkhabh³to adhammo.Pure dippat²ti api n±ma dippati. Atha v± y±va adhammo dhamma½ paµib±hitu½ samatthohoti, tato puretaramev±ti attho. ¾sanne hi an±gate aya½ puresaddo. Dippat²ti dippissati. Pure-saddayogena hi an±gatatthe aya½ vattam±napayogo yath±“pur± vassati devo”ti. Keci panettha eva½ vaººayanti “pureti pacch± an±gateyath± addh±na½ gacchantassa gantabbamaggo ‘pure’ti vuccati, tath± idha daµµhabban”ti. Avinayotipah±navinayasa½varavinay±na½ paµipakkhabh³to avinayo. “Vinayav±dino dubbal± hont²”tieva½ iti-saddopi ettha daµµhabbo, “tato para½ ±h±”ti imin± sambandho. Potthakesupana katthaci iti-saddo na dissati, p±¼iya½ pana d²ghanik±yaµµhakath±yañca attheva iti-saddo.
Tena h²ti uyyojanatthe nip±to. Uccinane uyyojent± hi ta½ mah±kassapatthera½ evam±ha½su.Bhikkh³ uccinat³ti saªg²tiy± anur³pe bhikkh³ uccinitv± gaºh±t³ti attho. “Sakalanavaªga…pe…pariggahes²”ti etena sukkhavipassakakh²º±savapariyant±na½ yath±vuttapuggal±na½ satipi±gam±dhigamasabbh±ve saha paµisambhid±hi tevijj±diguºayutt±na½ ±gam±dhigamasampattiy±ukka½sagatatt± saªg²tiy± bah³pak±rata½ dasseti. Tattha sakalanavaªgasatthus±sanapariyattidharetisakala½ suttageyy±di navaªga½ ettha, etassa v± atth²ti sakalanavaªga½, satthus±sana½. Atthak±menapariy±puºitabbato diµµhadhammik±dipurisattapariyattabh±vato ca pariyatt²ti t²ºi piµak±nivuccanti, ta½ sakalanavaªgasatthus±sanasaªkh±ta½ pariyatti½ dh±rent²ti sakalanavaªgasatthus±sanapariyattidhar±,t±diseti attho. Bah³na½ n±nappak±r±na½ kiles±na½ sakk±yadiµµhiy± ca avihatatt±t± janenti, t±hi v± janit±ti puthujjan±. Duvidh± puthujjan± andhaputhujjan±kaly±ºaputhujjan±ti. Tattha yesa½ khandhadh±tu-±yatan±d²su uggahaparipucch±savanadh±raºapaccavekkhaº±ninatthi, te andhaputhujjan±. Yesa½ t±ni atthi, te kaly±ºaputhujjan±. Te idha“puthujjan±”ti adhippet±. Samathabh±van±sineh±bh±vena sukkh± l³kh± asiniddh± vipassan±etesanti sukkhavipassak±.
Tipiµakasabbapariyattippabhedadhareti tiººa½ piµak±na½ sam±h±ro tipiµaka½, tipiµakasaªkh±ta½navaªg±divasena anekadh± bhinna½ sabbapariyattippabheda½ dh±rent²ti tipiµakasabbapariyattippabhedadhar±,t±diseti attho. Anu anu ta½samaªg²na½ bh±veti va¹¹het²ti anubh±vo, anubh±vo eva ±nubh±vo, pabh±vo. Mahanto ±nubh±vo yesa½ te mah±nubh±v±.Tevijj±dibhedeti tisso vijj±yeva tevijj±, t± ±di yesa½ cha¼abhiññ±d²na½te tevijj±dayo, te bhed± anekappak±r± bhinn± etesanti tevijj±dibhed±, kh²º±sav±,t±diseti attho. Atha v± tisso vijj± etassa atth²ti tevijjo, so ±di yesa½cha¼abhiññ±d²na½ te tevijj±dayo, te bhed± yesa½ kh²º±sav±na½ te tevijj±dibhed±,t±diseti attho. Ye sandh±ya ida½ vuttanti ye bhikkh³ sandh±ya ida½ “atha kho ±yasm±”ti-±divacana½saªg²tikkhandhake (c³¼ava. 437) vuttanti attho.
Kissa pan±ti kasm± pana. Sikkhat²ti sekkho, atha v± sikkhana½ sikkh±, s±yevatassa s²lanti sekkho. So hi apariyositasikkhatt± ca tadadhimuttatt± ca ekantena sikkhanas²lona asekkho viya pariniµµhitasikkho tattha paµipassaddhuss±ho, n±pi vissaµµhasikkho pacurajanoviya tattha anadhimutto. Atha v± ariy±ya j±tiy± t²su sikkh±su j±to, tattha v±bhavoti sekkho. Atha v± ikkhati et±y±ti ikkh±, maggaphalasamm±diµµhi. Saha ikkh±y±tisekkho. Uparimaggattayakiccassa apariyositatt± saha karaº²yen±ti sakaraº²yo.Ass±ti anena. Asammukh± paµiggahita½ n±ma natth²ti nanu ca–
“Dv±s²ti buddhato gaºhi½, dve sahass±ni bhikkhuto;
catur±s²ti sahass±ni, ye me dhamm± pavattino”ti. (Therag±. 1027)–

Vuttatt± kathameta½ yujjat²ti? Dve sahass±ni bhikkhutoti vuttampi bhagavato santikepaµiggahitamev±ti katv± vuttanti n±ya½ virodho. Bahuk±ratt±ti bahu-upak±ratt±.Upak±ravacano hettha k±rasaddo. Ass±ti bhaveyya.

Ativiya vissatthoti ativiya viss±siko. Nanti ±nandatthera½, “ovadat²”tiimin± sambandho. ¾nandattherassa yebhuyyena navak±ya paris±ya vibbhamanena mah±kassapattheroevam±ha “na v±ya½ kum±rako mattamaññ±s²”ti. Tath± hi parinibbutesatthari mah±kassapatthero satthuparinibb±ne sannipatitassa bhikkhusaªghassa majjhe nis²ditv± dhammavinayasaªg±yanattha½ pañcasate bhikkh³ uccinitv± “±vuso, r±jagahevassa½ vasant± dhammavinaya½ saªg±yeyy±ma, tumhe pure vass³pan±yik±ya attano attanopalibodha½ pacchinditv± r±jagahe sannipatath±”ti vatv± attan± r±jagaha½ gato. ¾nandattheropibhagavato pattac²varam±d±ya mah±jana½ saññ±pento s±vatthi½ gantv± tato nikkhamma r±jagaha½gacchanto dakkhiºagirismi½ c±rika½ cari. Tasmi½ samaye ±nandattherassa ti½samatt±saddhivih±rik± yebhuyyena kum±rabh³t± ekavassikaduvassikabhikkh³ ceva anupasampann±ca vibbhami½su. Kasm± panete pabbajit±, kasm± vibbhami½s³ti? Tesa½ kira m±t±pitarocintesu½ “±nandatthero satthuviss±siko aµµha vare y±citv± upaµµhahati, icchiticchitaµµh±na½satth±ra½ gahetv± gantu½ sakkoti, amh±ka½ d±rake etassa santike pabb±jess±ma,so satth±ra½ gahetv± ±gamissati, tasmi½ ±gate maya½ mah±sakk±ra½ k±tu½ labhiss±m±”tiimin± t±va k±raºena nesa½ ñ±tak± te pabb±jesu½. Satthari pana parinibbute tesa½s± patthan± upacchinn±, atha ne ekadivaseneva uppabb±jesu½.
Atha ±nandatthera½ dakkhiºagirismi½ c±rika½ caritv± r±jagaham±gata½ disv± mah±kassapattheroevam±ha “na v±ya½ kum±rako mattamaññ±s²”ti. Vuttañheta½ kassapasa½yutte–
“Atha kiñcarahi tva½, ±vuso ±nanda, imehi navehi bhikkh³hi indriyesu aguttadv±rehibhojane amattaññ³hi j±gariya½ ananuyuttehi saddhi½ c±rika½ carasi, sassagh±ta½ maññecarasi, kul³pagh±ta½ maññe carasi, olujjati kho te, ±vuso ±nanda, paris±, palujjantikho te ±vuso navapp±y±, na v±ya½ kum±rako mattamaññ±s²ti.
“Api me bhante kassapa sirasmi½ palit±ni j±t±ni, atha ca pana maya½ ajj±pi ±yasmatomah±kassapassa kum±rakav±d± na mucc±m±ti. Tath± hi pana tva½, ±vuso ±nanda,imehi navehi bhikkh³hi indriyesu aguttadv±rehi bhojane amattaññ³hi j±gariya½ ananuyuttehisaddhi½ c±rika½ carasi, sassagh±ta½ maññe carasi, kul³pagh±ta½ maññe carasi, olujjatikho te, ±vuso ±nanda, paris±, palujjanti kho te ±vuso navapp±y±,na v±ya½ kum±rako mattamaññ±s²”ti (sa½. ni. 2.154).
Tattha (sa½. ni. aµµha. 2.2.154) sassagh±ta½ maññecaras²ti sassa½ gh±tento viya ±hiº¹asi.Kul³pagh±ta½ maññe caras²ti kul±ni upagh±tento viya hananto viya ±hananto viya±hiº¹asi. Olujjat²ti palujjati bhijjati. Palujjanti kho te ±vuso navapp±y±ti,±vuso, eva½ ete tuyha½ p±yena yebhuyyena navak± ekavassikaduvassikadahar± cevas±maºer± ca palujjanti. Na v±ya½ kum±rako mattamaññ±s²ti aya½kum±rako attano pam±ºa½ na vata j±n±t²ti thera½ tajjento ±ha. Kum±rakav±d±na mucc±m±ti kum±rakav±dato na mucc±ma. Tath± hi pana tvanti idamassa eva½ vattabbat±yak±raºadassanattha½ vutta½. Ayañhettha adhipp±yo– yasm± tva½ imehi navakehi bhikkh³hiindriyasa½vararahitehi saddhi½ vicarasi, tasm± kum±rakehi saddhi½ caranto “kum±rako”tivattabbata½ arahas²ti.
“Na v±ya½ kum±rako mattamaññ±s²”ti ettha -saddo padap³raºe. -saddohi upam±nasamuccayasa½sayavavassaggapadap³raºavikapp±d²su bah³su atthesu dissati. Tath± hesa“paº¹ito v±pi tena so”ti-±d²su (dha. pa. 63) upam±ne dissati, sadisabh±vetiattho. “Ta½ v±pi dh²r± muni vedayant²”ti-±d²su (su. ni. 213) samuccaye.“Ke v± ime kassa v±”ti-±d²su (p±r±. 296) sa½saye. “Aya½ v± imesa½ samaºabr±hmaº±na½sabbab±lo sabbam³¼ho”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 1.181) vavassagge. “Ye hi keci,bhikkhave, samaº± v± br±hmaº± v±”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 1.170; sa½. ni. 2.13)vikappeti. Idha pana padap³raºe daµµhabbo. Teneva ca ±cariyadhammap±lattherena vutta½“v±saddassa atthuddh±ra½ karontena ‘na v±ya½ kum±rako mattamaññ±s²’ti-±d²su (sa½.ni. 2.154) padap³raºe”ti. Aµµhakath±yampi (sa½. ni. aµµha. 2.2.154) ettakamevavutta½ “na v±ya½ kum±rako mattamaññ±s²ti aya½ kum±rako attano pam±ºa½na vata j±n±t²ti thera½ tajjento ±h±”ti. Etth±pi vat±ti vacanasiliµµhat±ya vutta½.Ya½ panettha kenaci vutta½ “na v±yanti ettha v±ti vibh±s±, aññ±sipi na aññ±sip²tiattho”ti Ta½ tassa matimattanti daµµhabba½. Na hettha ayamattho sambhavati,tasm± attano pam±ºa½ n±ññ±s²ti evamattho veditabbo. Tatr±ti eva½ sati. Chand±gamana½viy±ti ettha chand± ±gamana½ viy±ti padacchedo k±tabbo, chandena ±gamana½ pavattana½viy±ti attho, chandena akattabbakaraºa½ viy±ti vutta½ hoti. Chanda½ v± ±gacchati sampayogavasen±tichand±gamana½, tath± pavatto ap±yagaman²yo akusalacittupp±do. Atha v± ananur³pa½ gamana½agamana½, chandena agamana½ chand±gamana½, chandena sinehena ananur³pa½ gamana½ pavattana½ akattabbakaraºa½viy±ti vutta½ hoti. Asekkhapaµisambhid±ppatteti asekkhabh³t± paµisambhid± asekkhapaµisambhid±,ta½ patte, paµiladdha-asekkhapaµisambhideti attho. Anumatiy±ti anuññ±ya, y±can±y±tivutta½ hoti.