Buddh±ciººakath±

22. Anudhammat±ti lokuttaradhamm±nugato dhammo. Anapaloketv±ti padassa vivaraºa½“an±pucchitv±”ti. Janapadac±rika½ pakkamant²ti ettha iti-saddo gamyam±nat±yana vutto, eva½ aññatth±pi ²disesu µh±nesu. Tattha janapadac±rikanti janapadesu caraºa½,caraºa½ v± c±ro, so eva c±rik±, janapadesu c±rik± janapadac±rik±. Ta½ pakkamanti,janapadagamana½ gacchant²ti attho. Pakkamantiyev±ti avadh±raºena no na pakkamant²tidasseti. “Janapadac±rika½ pakkamant²”ti ettha µhatv± bhagavato c±rik±pakkamanavidhi½dassento ±ha “janapadac±rika½ carant± c±”ti-±di. C±rik± ca n±mes± (d².ni. aµµha. 1.254; ma. ni. aµµha. 1.254) duvidh± turitac±rik± ceva aturitac±rik±ca. Tattha d³repi bodhaneyyapuggala½ disv± tassa bodhanatth±ya sahas± gamana½ turitac±rik±n±ma, s± mah±kassapattherapaccuggaman±d²su daµµhabb±. Bhagav± hi mah±kassapatthera½ paccuggacchantomuhuttena tig±vutamagam±si, ±¼avakassatth±ya ti½sayojana½, tath± aªgulim±lassa, pukkus±tissapana pañcacatt±l²sayojana½, mah±kappinassa v²sayojanasata½, dhaniyassatth±ya sattayojanasat±ni agam±si,dhammasen±patino saddhivih±rikassa vanav±s²tissas±maºerassa tig±vut±dhika½ v²sayojanasata½agam±si, aya½ turitac±rik±. Ya½ pana g±manigamanagarapaµip±µiy± devasika½ yojana-a¹¹hayojanavasenapiº¹ap±tacariy±d²hi loka½ anuggaºhantassa gamana½, aya½ aturitac±rik± n±ma.Ima½ pana c±rika½ caranto bhagav± mah±maº¹ala½ majjhimamaº¹ala½ antimamaº¹alanti imesa½tiººa½ maº¹al±na½ aññatarasmi½ carati. Tattha “janapadac±rikan”ti vuttatt±aturitac±rik±va idh±dhippet±. Tameva vibhajitv± dassento ±ha “mah±maº¹ala½ majjhimamaº¹alan”ti-±di.
Tattha antimamaº¹alanti khuddakamaº¹ala½, itaresa½ v± maº¹al±na½ antogadhatt± antimamaº¹ala½,abbhantarimamaº¹alanti vutta½ hoti. Imesa½ pana maº¹al±na½ ki½ pam±ºanti ±ha “tatthamah±maº¹ala½ navayojanasatikan”ti-±di. Navayojanasatikampi µh±na½ majjhimadesapariy±pannameva,tato para½ n±dhippeta½ turitac±rik±vasena agamanato. Yasm± nikkhantak±lato paµµh±yagatagataµµh±nassa cat³su passesu samantato yojanasata½ ekakol±hala½ hoti, purima½ purima½±gat± nimantetu½ labhanti, itaresu dv²su maº¹alesu sakk±ro mah±maº¹ala½ osarati,tattha buddh± bhagavanto tesu tesu g±manigamesu ek±ha½ dv²ha½ vasant± mah±jana½ ±misapaµiggahenaanuggaºhanti, dhammad±nena ca vivaµµ³panissita½ kusala½ va¹¹henti, tasm± vutta½ “g±manigam±d²sumah±jana½ ±misapaµiggahena anuggaºhant±”ti-±di. Samathavipassan± taruº± hont²tiettha taruº± vipassan±ti saªkh±raparicchedane ñ±ºa½ kaªkh±vitaraºe ñ±ºa½ sammasane ñ±ºa½magg±magge ñ±ºanti catunna½ ñ±º±na½ adhivacana½. Samathassa taruºabh±vo pana upac±rasam±dhivasenaveditabbo. “Sace pana antovasse bhikkh³na½ samathavipassan± taruº± hont²”ti ida½nidassanamattanti daµµhabba½. Aññenapi majjhimamaº¹ale veneyy±na½ ñ±ºaparip±k±dik±raºenamajjhimamaº¹ale c±rika½ carituk±m± c±tum±sa½ vasitv±va nikkhamanti.
Pav±raº±saªgaha½ datv±ti anumatid±navasena datv±. M±gasirassa paµhamadivaseti m±gasiram±sassapaµhamadivase. Idañcetarahi pavattavoh±ravasena kattikam±sassa aparapakkhap±µipadadivasa½sandh±ya vutta½. Tesanti tesa½ buddh±na½. Tehi vinetabbatt± “tesa½ vineyyasatt±”tivutta½. Vineyyasatt±ti ca c±rik±ya vinetabbasatt±. M±gasiram±sampi tatthevavasitv± phussam±sassa paµhamadivaseti idampi nidassanamattanti daµµhabba½. Catum±savutth±nampibuddh±na½ vineyyasatt± aparipakkindriy± honti, tesa½ indriyaparip±ka½ ±gamayam±n±aparampi ekam±sa½ v± dviticatum±sa½ v± tatthevavasitv± mah±bhikkhusaªghapariv±r± nikkhamitv±purimanayeneva loka½ anuggaºhant± sattahi v± chahi v± pañcahi v±cat³hi v± m±sehi c±rika½ pariyos±penti. Veneyyavasenev±ti avadh±raºena na c²var±dihetu carant²ti dasseti. Tath± hi imesu t²su maº¹alesu yattha katthaci c±rika½carant± na c²var±dihetu caranti, atha kho ye duggatab±lajiººaby±dhik±, te “kad±tath±gata½ ±gantv± passissanti, mayi pana c±rika½ carante mah±jano tath±gatadassana½ labhissati,tattha keci citt±ni pas±dessanti, keci m±l±d²hi p³jessanti, kecikaµacchubhikkha½ dassanti, keci micch±dassana½ pah±ya samm±diµµhik± bhavissanti, ta½nesa½ bhavissati d²gharatta½ hit±ya sukh±y±”ti eva½ lok±nukamp±ya c±rika½ caranti.
Apica cat³hi k±raºehi buddh± bhagavanto c±rika½ caranti jaªghavih±ravasena sar²raph±sukatth±ya,aµµhuppattik±l±bhikaªkhanatth±ya, bhikkh³na½ sikkh±padapaññ±panatth±ya, tattha tattha parip±kagatindriyebodhaneyyasatte bodhanatth±y±ti. Aparehipi cat³hi k±raºehi buddh± bhagavanto c±rika½caranti buddha½ saraºa½ gacchissant²ti v±, dhamma½, saªgha½ saraºa½ gacchissant²ti v±, mahat±dhammavassena catasso paris± santappess±m±ti v±. Aparehipi pañcahi k±raºehi buddh±bhagavanto c±rika½ caranti p±º±tip±t± viramissant²ti v±, adinn±d±n±, k±mesumicch±c±r±,mus±v±d±, sur±merayamajjapam±daµµh±n± viramissant²ti v±. Aparehipi aµµhahi k±raºehibuddh± bhagavanto c±rika½ caranti paµhama½ jh±na½ paµilabhissant²ti v±, dutiya½…pe…nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatanasam±patti½ paµilabhissant²ti v±. Aparehipi aµµhahi k±raºehi buddh±bhagavanto c±rika½ caranti sot±pattimagga½ adhigamissant²ti v±, sot±pattiphala½…pe…arahattaphala½ sacchikarissant²ti v±ti.
Pupph±ni ocinant± viya carant²ti imin± yath± m±l±k±ro bahu½ pupphagaccha½ disv±tattha cirampi µhatv± pupph±ni ocinitv± pupphasuñña½ gaccha½ disv± tattha papañca½akatv± ta½ pah±ya aññattha gantv± pupph±ni ocinanto vicarati, evameva buddh±pi yatthag±manigam±d²su vineyyasatt± bah³ honti, tattha cirampi vasant± te vinetv± vineyyasuññag±m±d²supapañca½ akatv± ta½ pah±ya aññattha bahuvineyyakesu g±m±d²su vasant± vicarant²tidasseti. Tatoyeva ca atikhuddakepi antimamaº¹ale upanissayavant±na½ bahubh±vato t±vabahumpi k±la½ sattam±sapariyanta½ c±rika½ caranti.
Santasabh±vatt± kilesasamaºahetut±ya v± santa½ nibb±na½, sukhak±raºat±yaca sukhanti ±ha “santa½ sukha½ nibb±nam±rammaºa½ katv±”ti. Dasasahassacakkav±¼etij±tikkhettabh³t±ya dasasahassilokadh±tuy±. Idañca devabrahm±na½ vasena vutta½, manuss±pana imasmi½yeva cakkav±¼e bodhaneyy± honti. Bodhaneyyasattasamavalokananti paµhama½mah±karuº±ya pharitv± pacch± sabbaññutaññ±ºaj±la½ pattharitv± tassa anto paviµµh±na½ bodhaneyyasatt±na½samolokana½. Buddh± kira mah±karuº±sam±patti½ sam±pajjitv± tato vuµµh±ya “ye satt±bhabb± parip±kañ±º± ajjayeva may± vinetabb±, te mayha½ ñ±ºassa upaµµhahant³”ti citta½adhiµµh±ya samann±haranti. Tesa½ saha samann±h±r± eko v± dve v± bah³ v± tad± vinay³pag±veneyy± sabbaññutaññ±ºassa ±p±tham±gacchanti, ayamettha buddh±nubh±vo. Eva½ ±p±tham±gat±na½pana nesa½ upanissaya½ pubbacariya½ pubbahetu½ sampativattam±nañca paµipatti½ olokenti.Veneyyasattapariggaºhanatthañhi samann±h±re kate paµhama½ nesa½ veneyyabh±veneva upaµµh±na½hoti. Atha “ki½ nu kho bhavissat²”ti saraºagaman±divasena kañci nipphatti½ v²ma½sam±n±pubbupanissay±ni olokenti.
Otiººeti ±rocite, parisamajjha½ v± otiººe. Dvikkhattunti ekasmi½ sa½vaccharedvikkhattu½. Buddhak±le kira ekekasmi½ sa½vacchare dve v±re bhikkh³ sannipatantiupakaµµhavass³pan±yikak±le ca pav±raº±k±le ca. Upakaµµh±ya vass³pan±yik±ya dasapiv²sampi ti½sampi catt±l²sampi paññ±sampi bhikkh³ vaggavagg± hutv± kammaµµh±natth±ya ±gacchanti.Bhagav± tehi saddhi½ sammoditv± “kasm±, bhikkhave, upakaµµh±ya vass³pan±yik±ya vicarath±”tipucchati. Atha te “bhagav± kammaµµh±nattha½ ±gatamha, kammaµµh±na½ no deth±”ti y±canti.Satth± tesa½ cariyavasena r±gacaritassa asubhakammaµµh±na½ deti, dosacaritassa mett±kammaµµh±na½,mohacaritassa “uddeso paripucch± k±lena dhammassavana½ k±lena dhammas±kacch± ida½ tuyha½sapp±yan”ti ±cikkhati. Kiñc±pi hi mohacaritassa ±n±p±nassatikammaµµh±na½ sapp±ya½,kammaµµh±nabh±van±ya pana bh±janabh³ta½ k±tu½ sammohavigam±ya paµhama½ uddesaparipucch±dhammassavanadhammas±kacch±suniyojeti. Vitakkacaritassa ±n±p±nassatikammaµµh±na½ deti. Saddh±caritassa visesatopurim± cha anussatiyo sapp±y±, t±sa½ pana anuyuñjane aya½ pubbabh±gapaµipatt²ti dassetu½pas±dan²yasuttantena buddhasubodhita½ dhammasudhammata½ saªghasuppaµipattiñca pak±seti. ѱºacaritassapana maraºassati upasam±nussati catudh±tuvavatth±na½ ±h±repaµik³lasaññ± visesato sapp±y±,tesa½ upak±radhammadassanattha½ aniccat±dipaµisa½yutte gambh²re suttante katheti. Tekammaµµh±na½ gahetv± sace sapp±ya½ hoti, satthu santike eva vasanti. No ce hoti,sapp±ya½ sen±sana½ pucchant± gacchanti. Tepi tattha vasant± tem±sika½ paµipada½ gahetv±ghaµent± v±yamant± sot±pann±pi honti sakad±g±minopi an±g±minopi arahantopi.Tato vutthavass± pav±retv± satthu santika½ gantv± “bhagav± aha½ tumh±ka½ santikekammaµµh±na½ gahetv± sot±pattiphala½ patto…pe… aha½ aggaphala½ arahattan”tipaµiladdhaguºa½ ±rocenti, upari anadhigatassa adhigam±ya kammaµµh±nañca y±canti. Tena vutta½“pure vass³pan±yik±ya ca kammaµµh±naggahaºattha½…pe… upari kammaµµh±naggahaºatthañc±”ti.
¾y±m±ti ettha ±-saddo “±gacch±”ti imin± sam±natthoti ±ha “±y±m±ti±gaccha y±m±”ti, ehi gacch±m±ti attho. ¾nand±ti bhagav± santik±vacaratt±thera½ ±lapati, na pana tad± satthu santike vasant±na½ bhikkh³na½ abh±vato. Pañcasataparim±ºohi tad± bhagavato santike bhikkhusaªgho. Thero pana “gaºhath±vuso pattac²var±ni, bhagav±asukaµµh±na½ gantuk±mo”ti bhikkh³na½ ±roceti. “Atha kho bhagav± ±yasmanta½±nanda½ ±mantes²”ti vuttatt± “bhagavato paccassos²”ti idha bhagavatoti s±mivacana½±mantanavacanameva sambandh²-antara½ apekkhat²ti imin± adhipp±yena “bhagavato vacana½paµi-assos²”ti vutta½. Bhagavatoti pana ida½ patissavasambandhena sampad±navacana½ yath±“devadattassa paµissuºot²”ti. Paccassos²ti ettha paµi-saddo abhimukhavacanoti ±ha“abhimukho hutv± suº²”ti. Bhagavato mukh±bhimukho hutv± adhiv±setv± suºi,na ud±sino hutv±ti adhipp±yo.
Tassa p±µih±riyassa ±gantukavasena katatt± vutta½ “nagaradv±rato paµµh±y±”ti.Suvaººarasapiñjar±hi rasm²h²ti ettha rasa-saddo udakapariy±yo, piñjara-saddohemavaººapariy±yo, tasm± suvaººajaladh±r± viya suvaººavaºº±hi rasm²h²ti attho. Samujjotayam±notiobh±sayam±no. Ass±ti verañjassa br±hmaºassa. Bhagavanta½ upanis²dituk±motibhagavanta½ upagantv± nis²dituk±mo, bhagavato sam²pe nis²dituk±moti vutta½ hoti.
Br±hmaºa tay± nimantit± vassa½vutth± amh±ti p±¼iya½ sambandho veditabbo. D±tabboass±ti d±tabbo bhaveyya. No asantoti neva avijjam±no, kintu vijjam±noyev±tid²peti. Vin± v± liªgavipall±senettha attho daµµhabboti ±ha “atha v±”ti-±di.Imin± s±maññavacanato ettha napu½sakaliªganiddesoti dasseti. No natth²ti no amh±ka½natthi. Noti v± etassa vivaraºa½ natth²ti. Kesa½ ad±tuk±mat± viy±ti±ha “yath±”ti-±di. Pah³tavitt³pakaraº±nanti ettha vitt²ti tuµµhi, vittiy±upakaraºa½ vitt³pakaraºa½, tuµµhik±raºanti attho. Pah³ta½ dhanadhaññaj±tar³parajatan±n±vidh±laªk±rasuvaººabh±jan±dibheda½vitt³pakaraºametesanti pah³tavitt³pakaraº±, tesa½ pah³tavitt³pakaraº±na½ macchar²na½yath± ad±tuk±mat±, eva½ no ad±tuk±mat±pi natth²ti sambandho. Ta½ kutetthalabbh±ti ettha tanti ta½ k±raºa½, ta½ kicca½ v±. Etth±ti ghar±v±se. Dutiyepana atthavikappe tanti deyyadhammassa par±masana½. Etth±ti imasmi½ tem±sabbhantaretiattho. Yanti yena k±raºena, kiriy±par±masana½ v±. Dutiye pana atthavikappeyanti ya½ deyyadhammanti attho.
Ala½ ghar±v±sapalibodhacint±y±ti saññ±petv±ti br±hmaºa neta½ ghar±v±sapalibodhena kata½,atha kho m±r±vaµµanen±ti br±hmaºa½ saññ±petv±. Taªkhaº±nur³p±y±ti y±dis² tad± tassaajjh±sayappavatti, tadanur³p±y±ti attho. Tassa tad± t±disassa vivaµµasannissitassa ñ±ºaparip±kassaabh±vato kevala½ abbhantarasannissito eva attho dassitoti ±ha “diµµhadhammikasampar±yika½attha½ sandassetv±”ti, paccakkhato vibh±vetv±ti attho. Kusale dhammetitebh³make kusale dhamme. Tatth±ti kusaladhamme yath±sam±dapite.Nanti br±hmaºa½. Samuttejetv±ti sammadeva upar³pari nivesetv± puññakiriy±yatikkhavisadabh±va½ ±p±detv±. Ta½ pana atthato tassa uss±hajanana½ hot²ti ±ha “sa-uss±ha½katv±”ti. Eva½ puññakiriy±ya sa-uss±hato evar³paguºasamaªgit± ca niyamato diµµhadhammik±di-atthasamp±danantieva½ sa-uss±hat±ya aññehi ca tasmi½ vijjam±naguºehi sampaha½setv± sammadeva haµµhatuµµhabh±va½±p±detv±.
Yadi bhagav± dhammaratanavassa½ vassi, atha kasm± so visesa½ n±dhigacchi? Upanissayasampattiy±abh±vato. Yadi eva½ kasm± bhagav± tassa tath± dhammaratanavassa½ vass²ti? Vuccate–yadipi tassa vises±dhigamo natthi, ±yati½ pana nibb±n±dhigamatth±ya v±san±bh±giy± casabb± purimapacchimadhammakath± ahos²ti daµµhabb±. Na hi bhagavato niratthak± dhammadesan± atthi.Tem±sikopi deyyadhammoti tem±sa½ d±tabbopi deyyadhammo. Ya½ divasanti yasmi½divase.
23. Buddhapariº±yakanti buddho pariº±yako etass±ti buddhapariº±yako, bhikkhusaªgho.Ta½ buddhapariº±yaka½, buddhajeµµhakanti attho. Y±vadattha½ katv±ti y±va attho, t±vabhojanena tad± katanti adhipp±yo. D±tu½ upan²tabhikkh±ya paµikkhepo n±ma hatthasaññ±yamukhavik±rena vac²bhedena v± hot²ti ±ha “hatthasaññ±y±”ti-±di. On²tapattap±ºintiettha on²to pattato p±ºi etass±ti on²tapattap±º²ti bhinn±dhikaraºavisayoya½ saddob±hiratthasam±soti ±ha “pattato on²tap±ºin”ti-±di. “Onittapattap±ºin”tipip±µho, tassattho onitta½ n±n±bh³ta½ vin±bh³ta½ ±mis±panayanena v± sucikata½ patta½p±ºito ass±ti onittapattap±ºi ta½ onittapattap±ºi½, hatthe ca pattañca dhovitv±ekamante patta½ nikkhipitv± nisinnanti attho. Pattuººapaµµapaµe c±ti pattuººapaµeca paµµapaµe ca. Tattha pattuººapadese bhav± pattuºº±, kosiyavises±tipi vadanti.Paµµ±ni pana c²napaµ±ni. ¾yog±d²su ±yogoti paµi-±yogo, a½sabaddhaka½ pattatthavik±d²su.Bhesajjatel±nanti bhesajjasamp±kena s±dhitatel±na½. Tumb±n²ti ammamayatelabh±jan±ni. Ekamekassa bhikkhuno sahassagghanaka½ telamad±s²ti sambandho.
Mah±y±ga½ yajitv±ti mah±d±na½ datv±. Saputtad±ra½ vanditv± nisinnantiputtad±rehi saddhi½ vanditv± nisinna½. Tem±santi accantasa½yoge upayogavacana½.“Tem±sa½ sotabbadhamma½ ajjeva suºiss±m²”ti nisinnassa ta½ ajjh±saya½ p³retv±desitatt± vutta½ “paripuººasaªkappa½ kurum±no”ti. Anubandhitv±ti anugantv±.
Buddh±na½ anabhiratiparitassit± n±ma natth²ti ±ha “yath±jjh±saya½ yath±rucita½ v±sa½vasitv±”ti. Abhiranta½ abhirat²ti hi atthato eka½. Abhirantasaddo c±ya½ abhirucipariy±yo,na ass±dapariy±yo. Ass±davasena ca katthaci vasantassa ass±davatthuvigamanena siy± tassatattha anabhirati, tayida½ kh²º±sav±na½ natthi, pageva buddh±na½, tasm± abhirativasena katthacivasitv± tadabh±vato aññattha gamana½ n±ma buddh±na½ natthi, vineyyavinayanattha½ pana katthacivasitv± tasmi½ siddhe vineyyavinayatthameva tato aññattha gacchanti, ayamettha yath±ruci.Soreyy±d²ni anupagamm±ti mah±maº¹alac±rik±ya v²thibh³t±ni soreyyanagar±d²nianupagantv±. Pay±gapatiµµh±nanti g±massapi adhivacana½ titthassapi. Gaªga½ nadintigaªga½ n±ma nadi½. Tadavasar²ti ettha tanti karaºatthe upayogavacananti ±ha “tena avasaritadavasar²”ti.

Buddh±ciººakath± niµµhit±.

Samantap±s±dik±y±ti samantato sabbaso pas±da½ janet²ti samantap±s±dik±, tass±samantap±s±dik±ya. Tatrida½ samantap±s±dik±ya samantap±s±dikattasminti etthatatr±ti purimavacan±pekkha½, idanti vakkham±nak±raºavacan±pekkha½. Tatr±ya½ yojan±–ya½ vutta½ “samantap±s±dik±ya vinayasa½vaººan±y±”ti, tatra y± s± samantap±s±dik±tisa½vaººan± vutt± tass± samantap±s±dik±ya sa½vaººan±ya samantap±s±dikattasmi½samantap±s±dikabh±ve sabbaso pas±dajanakatte ida½ hoti. Ki½ hot²ti ±ha “±cariyaparamparato”ti-±di.
¾cariyaparamparatoti “up±li d±sako”ti-±din± (pari. 3). Vutta-±cariyaparamparato.Nid±navatthuppabhedad²panatoti nid±nappabhedad²panato vatthuppabhedad²panato ca. Tatthab±hiranid±na-abbhantaranid±nasikkh±padanid±nadassanavasena nid±nappabhedad²pana½ veditabba½,therav±dappak±sana½ pana vatthuppabhedad²pana½. Parasamayavivajjanatoti “sak±ya paµiññ±yamettiya½ bhikkhuni½ n±seth±”ti-±d²su (p±r±. 384) micch±paµipann±na½ paresa½ laddhinir±karaºato,tatoyeva ca attano samayapatiµµh±panena sakasamayavisuddhito.
Byañjanaparisodhanatoti p±µhasodhanena byañjanaparisodhana½ veditabba½, saddasatth±nus±rena v±nibbacana½ dassetv± padanipphattidassana½ byañjanaparisodhana½. Vibhaªganayabhedadassanatoti “tissoitthiyo”ti-±dipadabh±janassa anur³pavasena nayabhedadassanato. Sampassatanti ñ±ºacakkhun±samm± passant±na½, upaparikkhant±nanti attho. Ap±s±dikanti appas±d±vaha½. Etth±tisamantap±s±dik±ya. Sampassata½ viññ³nanti sambandho. Tasm± aya½ sa½vaººan± samantap±s±dik±tvevapavatt±ti yojetabba½. Kassa kena desitassa sa½vaººan±ti ±ha “vinayass±”ti-±di.

Iti samantap±s±dik±ya vinayaµµhakath±ya s±ratthad²paniya½

Verañjakaº¹avaººan± samatt±.

Paµhamo bh±go niµµhito.