Up±sakattapaµivedan±kath±

Eva½ dh±ret³ti eva½ j±n±t³ti attho. Ettha ko up±sakoti sar³papucch±,tasm± ki½lakkhaºo up±sakoti vutta½ hoti. Kasm±ti hetupucch±. Tena kenapavattinimittena up±sakasaddo tasmi½ puggale niru¼hoti dasseti. Ten±ha “kasm±up±sakoti vuccat²”ti. Saddassa hi abhidheyyapavattinimitta½ tadatthassa tabbh±vak±raºa½.Kimassa s²lanti k²disa½ assa up±sakassa s²la½, kittakena s²len±ya½ s²lasampannon±ma hot²ti attho. Ko ±j²voti ko assa samm±-±j²vo. So pana micch±j²vassaparivajjanena hot²ti sopi vibhaj²yati. K± vipatt²ti kassa s²lassa ±j²vassa v±vipatti. Anantarassa hi vidhi v± paµisedho v±. Sampatt²ti etth±pi eseva nayo.
Ida½ pakiººaka½ veditabbanti katha½ veditabba½? Vuccate– ko up±sakoti khattiy±d²suyo koci tisaraºa½ gato gahaµµho. Saraºagamanameva hettha k±raºa½, na j±ti-±diviseso.Vuttañheta½ “yato kho, mah±n±ma, buddha½ saraºa½ gato hoti, dhamma½, saªgha½ saraºa½ gatohoti. Ett±vat± kho, mah±n±ma, up±sako hot²”ti (sa½. ni. 5.1033).
Kasm± up±sakoti ratanattaya-up±sanato. Teneva saraºagamanena tattha ca sakkaccakiriy±ya±darag±ravabahum±n±diyogena payirup±sanatoti vutta½ hoti. So hi buddha½ up±sat²tiup±sako. Dhamma½, saªgha½ up±sat²ti up±sako.
Kimassa s²lanti pañca veramaºiyo. Veramaºiyoti cettha vera½vuccati p±º±tip±t±d²su duss²lya½, tassa mananato hananato vin±sanato veramaºiyo pañcaviratiyo viratippadh±natt± tassa s²lassa. Vuttañheta½ “yato kho, mah±n±ma, up±sakop±º±tip±t± paµivirato hoti, adinn±d±n±, k±mesumicch±c±r±, mus±v±d±,sur±merayamajjapam±daµµh±n± paµivirato hoti. Ett±vat± kho, mah±n±ma, up±sakos²lav± hot²”ti (sa½. ni. 5.1033).
Ko ±j²voti pañca micch±vaºijj± pah±ya dhammena samena j²vitakappana½. Vuttañheta½–“pañcim±, bhikkhave, vaºijj± up±sakena akaraº²y±. Katam± pañca? Satthavaºijj±sattavaºijj± ma½savaºijj± majjavaºijj± visavaºijj±. Im± kho, bhikkhave, pañcavaºijj± up±sakena akaraº²y±”ti (a. ni. 5.177).
Ettha ca satthavaºijj±ti ±vudhabhaº¹a½ katv± v± k±retv± v± yath±kata½ v± paµilabhitv±tassa vikkayo. Sattavaºijj±ti manussavikkayo. Ma½savaºijj±ti s³nak±r±dayoviya migas³kar±dike posetv± ma½sa½ samp±detv± vikkayo. Majjavaºijj±ti ya½kiñci majja½ yojetv± tassa vikkayo. Visavaºijj±ti visa½ yojetv± saªgahetv±v± tassa vikkayo. Tattha satthavaºijj± paroparodhanimittat±ya akaraº²y± vutt±, sattavaºijj±abhujissabh±vakaraºato, ma½savisavaºijj± vadhahetuto, majjavaºijj± pam±daµµh±natoti veditabb±.
K± vipatt²ti y± tasseva s²lassa ca ±j²vassa ca vipatti bhedo kopo pakopo ca,ayamassa vipatti. Apica y±ya esa caº¹±lo ceva hoti malañca paµikuµµho ca, s±pissavipatt²ti veditabb±. Te ca atthato assaddhiy±dayo pañca dhamm± honti. Yath±ha–
“Pañcahi, bhikkhave, dhammehi samann±gato up±sako up±sakacaº¹±lo ca hotiup±sakamalañca up±sakapaµikuµµho ca. Katamehi pañcahi? Assaddho hoti, duss²lo hoti,kot³halamaªgaliko hoti, maªgala½ pacceti, no kamma½ ito ca bahiddh±dakkhiºeyya½ pariyesati, tattha ca pubbak±ra½ karot²”ti (a. ni. 5.175).
Ettha ca up±sakapaµikuµµhoti up±sakanih²no. Buddh±d²su kammakammaphalesu ca saddh±vipariy±yoassaddhiya½ micch±dhimokkho, yath±vuttena assaddhiyena samann±gato assaddho. Yath±vuttas²lavipatti-±j²vavipattivasenaduss²lo. “Imin± diµµh±din± ida½ n±ma maªgala½ hot²”ti eva½ b±lajanaparikappitakot³halasaªkh±tenadiµµhasutamutamaªgalena samann±gato kot³halamaªgaliko. Maªgala½ paccet²ti diµµhamaªgal±dibheda½maªgalameva pattiy±yati. No kammanti kammassakata½ no pattiy±yati. Itobahiddh±tiito sabbaññubuddhas±sanato bahiddh± b±hirakasamaye. Dakkhiºeyya½ pariyesat²ti duppaµipanna½dakkhiº±rahasaññ² gavesati. Pubbak±ra½ karot²ti d±nam±nan±dika½ kusalakiriya½paµhamatara½ karoti. Ettha ca dakkhiºeyyapa-ayesanapubbak±re eka½ katv± pañca dhamm±veditabb±.
sampatt²ti s±va tassa s²lasampad± ca ±j²vasampad± ca sampatti, ye cassa ratanabh±v±dikar± saddh±dayo pañca dhamm±. Yath±ha–
“Pañcahi, bhikkhave, dhammehi samann±gato up±sako up±sakaratanañca hoti up±sakapadumañcaup±sakapuº¹ar²ko ca. Katamehi pañcahi? Saddho hoti, s²lav± hoti, na kot³halamaªgalikohoti, kamma½ pacceti, no maªgala½, na ito bahiddh± dakkhiºeyya½ pariyesati, idhaca pubbak±ra½ karot²”ti.
Ettha ca catunnampi paris±na½ ratijananaµµhena up±sakova ratana½ up±sakaratana½, guºasobh±kittisaddasugandhat±hiup±sakova paduma½ up±sakapaduma½, tath± up±sakapuº¹ar²ko ca veditabbo.Sesamettha vipattiya½ vuttavipariy±yena viññeyya½. Evamida½ “ko up±sako”ti-±dika½pakiººaka½ vitth±rato veditabba½. Imassa pana pakiººakassa idha vitth±retv± avacanek±raºa½ dassento ±ha “ta½ atibh±riyakaraºato”ti-±di.
¾dimh²ti ±di-atthe. Koµiyanti pariyantakoµiya½. Vih±raggen±tiovarakakoµµh±sena, “imasmi½ gabbhe vasant±na½ ida½ panasaphala½ p±puº±t²”ti-±din±ta½ta½vasanaµµh±nakoµµh±sen±ti attho. Ajjatanti ajja icceva attho. P±ºehi upetantiimin± tassa saraºagamanassa ±p±ºakoµikata½ dassento “y±va me j²vita½ pavattat²”ti-±d²nivatv± puna j²vitenapaha½ vatthuttaya½ paµip³jento saraºagamanañca rakkh±m²ti uppanna½ tassabr±hmaºassa adhipp±ya½ vibh±vento “ahañh²”ti-±dim±ha. P±ºehi upetanti hiy±va me p±º± dharanti, t±va saraºa½ upeta½, upento na v±c±mattena na ekav±ra½ cittupp±danamattena,atha kho p±º±na½ pariccajanavasena y±vaj²va½ upetanti evamettha attho veditabbo.
Adhiv±set³ti s±diyatu, ta½ pana s±diyana½ manas± sampaµiggaho hot²ti ±ha “sampaµicchat³”ti.K±yaªganti k±yameva aªganti vadanti, k±yassa v± aªga½ s²s±di k±yaªga½, s²s±disar²r±vayavanti vutta½ hoti. V±caªganti “hotu s±dh³”ti evam±div±c±ya aªga½avayava½. V±caªgassa copana½ v±c±ya pavattanamev±ti veditabba½. Abbhantareyev±ti attanocittasant±neyeva. Khanti½ c±retv±ti khanti½ pavattetv±, ruci½ upp±detv±ti vutta½hoti. “Khanti½ dh±retv±”tipi p±µho, uppanna½ ruci½ abbhantareyeva dh±retv± vac²bhedenaapak±setv±ti vutta½ hoti.
Katha½ pana verañjo br±hmaºo bhagavato adhiv±sana½ aññ±si. Na hi tena sakk± bhagavato cittappavattipaccakkhato viññ±tu½, tasm± “bhagavato adhiv±sana½ viditv±”ti kasm± vuttantice? Kiñc±pi tena na sakk± cittappavatti paccakkhato viññ±tu½, tath±pi ±k±rasallakkhaºakusalat±yaanvayabyatirekavasena anum±nato aññ±s²ti dassento ±ha “sace me samaºo gotamo”ti-±di.¾k±rasallakkhaºakusalat±y±ti cittappavatti-±k±ravij±nane chekat±ya, adhipp±yavij±nanekusalat±y±ti vutta½ hoti. Dasanakhasamodh±nasamujjalanti dv²su hatthesu dasanna½nakh±na½ samodh±nena ek²bh±vena samujjalanta½. Añjalinti hatthapuµa½. Paµimukhoyev±tiabhimukhoyeva, na bhagavato piµµhi½ dassetv±ti attho. Vanditv±ti pañcapatiµµhitenavanditv±.

Up±sakattapaµivedan±kath± niµµhit±.