Yadi dibbacakkhuñ±ºa½ r³p±rammaºameva, atha kasm± “satte pass±m²”ti vuttanti? Yebhuyyenasattasant±nagatar³padassanato eva½ vutta½. Sattagahaºassa v± k±raºabh±vato voh±ravasena vuttantipivadanti. Te cavam±n±ti adhippet±ti sambandho. Evar³peti na cut³pap±takkhaºasamaªginotiadhipp±yo. Moh³panissaya½ n±ma kamma½ nih²na½ nih²naphala½ hot²ti ±ha “mohanissandayuttatt±”ti.Moh³panissayat± ca kusalakammassa pubbabh±ge mohappavattibahulat±ya veditabb±.T±ya pana mohappavattiy± sa½kiliµµha½ kusalakamma½ nih²nameva j±ti-±di½ nipph±det²tinih²naj±ti-±dayo mohassa nissandaphal±n²ti ±ha “h²n±na½ j±tikulabhog±d²nan”ti-±di.H²¼iteti garahite. Oh²¼iteti visesato garahite. Uññ±teti l±makabh±venañ±te. Avaññ±teti visesato l±makabh±vena vidite. Amohanissandayuttatt±tiettha amoho sampayuttavasena pubbabh±gavasena ca pavatto kathito, tena ca tihetukapaµisandhikedasseti. Tabbipar²teti tassa h²¼it±dibh±vassa vipar²te, ah²¼ite anoh²¼iteanuññ±te anavaññ±te citt²kateti attho.
Suvaººeti sundaravaººe. Dubbaººeti asundaravaººe. S± pan±ya½ suvaººadubbaººat±yath±kkama½ kammassa adosados³panissayat±ya hot²ti ±ha “adosanissandayuttatt±”ti-±di.Ados³panissayat± ca kammassa mett±d²hi paribh±vitasant±nappavattiy± veditabb±. Abhir³pevir³peti ida½ saºµh±navasena vutta½. Saºµh±navacanopi hi vaººasaddo hoti “mahanta½hatthivaººa½ abhinimminitv±”ti-±d²su (sa½. ni. 1.138) viya. Paµhama½ vuttopana attho vaººavaseneva vutto. Sundara½ gati½ gat± sugat±ti ±ha “sugatigate”ti,sugati½ upapanneti attho. Alobhajjh±say± satt± vadaññ³ vigatamaccher± alobh³panissayenakammun± sugat± samiddh± hont²ti ±ha “alobhanissandayuttatt± v± a¹¹he mahaddhane”ti.Dukkha½ gati½ gat± duggat±ti ±ha “duggatigate”ti. Lobhajjh±say± satt± luddh±maccharino lobh³panissayena kammun± duggat± dur³p± hont²ti ±ha “lobhanissandayuttatt±v± dalidde appannap±ne”ti. Upacitanti phal±vahabh±vena kata½. Yath±katañhi kamma½ phalad±nasamattha½ hoti, tath± kata½ upacita½. Cavam±neti-±d²hi dibbacakkhukicca½vuttanti visayamukhena visayiby±p±ram±ha. Purimeh²ti “dibbena cakkhun±”ti-±d²nipad±ni sandh±ya vutta½. ¾d²h²ti ettha ca-saddo luttaniddiµµho, tasm± “dibbena…pe…pass±m²”ti imehi “cavam±ne”ti-±d²hi ca dibbacakkhukicca½ vuttanti attho.Imin± pana paden±ti “yath±kamm³page satte paj±n±m²”ti imin±v±kyena. Pajjati ñ±yati attho imin±ti hi pada½ v±kya½.
Mahanta½ dukkhamanubhavam±neti ettha dibbacakkhuñ±ºena r³pa½ disv± tesa½ dukkh±nubhavana½k±m±vacaracitteneva j±n±t²ti veditabba½. Soti nerayikasatte paccakkhato disv±µhito dibbacakkhuñ±ºal±bh². Eva½ manasi karot²ti tesa½ nerayik±na½ nirayasa½vattanikassakammassa ñ±tuk±mat±vasena p±dakajjh±na½ sam±pajjitv± vuµµh±ya parikammavasena manasikaroti. Ki½ nu khoti-±di manasik±ravidhidassana½. Eva½ pana parikamma½ katv±p±dakajjh±na½ sam±pajjitv± vuµµhitassa ta½ kamma½ ±rammaºa½ katv± ±vajjana½ uppajjati,tasmi½ niruddhe catt±ri pañca v± javan±ni javanti. Yesa½ purim±ni t²ºi catt±riv± parikamma-upac±r±nulomagotrabhun±mak±ni k±m±vacar±ni, catuttha½ pañcama½ v± appan±citta½r³p±vacara½ catutthajjh±nika½, tattha ya½ tena appan±cittena saddhi½ uppanna½ ñ±ºa½, ta½ yath±kamm³pagañ±ºantiveditabba½. “Visu½ parikamma½ natth²”ti ida½ pana dibbacakkhuñ±ºena vin±yath±kamm³pagañ±ºassa visu½ parikamma½ natth²ti adhipp±yena vutta½. Evañceta½ icchitabba½,aññath± yath±kamm³pagañ±ºassa mahaggatabh±vo eva na siy±. Dev±na½ dassanepi eseva nayo.Nerayikadevaggahaºañcettha nidassanamatta½ daµµhabba½. ¾kaªkham±no hi dibbacakkhul±bh² aññagatikesupieva½ paµipajjatiyeva. Tath± hi vakkhati “ap±yaggahaºena tiracch±nayoni½ d²pet²”ti-±di,“sugatiggahaºena manussagatipi saªgayhat²”ti ca. Ta½ nirayasa½vattaniyakamma½ ±rammaºametass±tita½kamm±rammaºa½. Ph±rusakavan±d²s³ti ±di-saddena cittalat±van±d²na½ saªgaho.
Yath± cimass±ti yath± ca imassa yath±kamm³pagañ±ºassa visu½parikamma½ natthi, eva½ an±gata½sañ±ºassap²tivisu½ parikamm±bh±vañca nidasseti. Tattha k±raºam±ha “dibbacakkhup±dak±neva hiim±n²”ti. Tatr±yamadhipp±yo– yath± dibbacakkhul±bh² niray±di-abhimukha½ ±loka½va¹¹hetv± nerayik±dike satte disv± tehi pubbe ±y³hita½ nirayasa½vattaniy±dika½kamma½ t±disena sam±d±nena tajjena ca manasik±rena parikkhate citte y±th±vato j±n±ti,eva½ yassa yassa sattassa samanantara½ an±gata½ attabh±va½ ñ±tuk±mo, ta½ ta½ odissa±loka½ va¹¹hetv± tena tena at²te etarahi v± ±y³hita½ tassa nibbattaka½ kamma½ yath±kamm³pagañ±ºena disv± tena tena nibbattetabba½ an±gata½ attabh±va½ ñ±tuk±mo t±disenasam±d±nena tajjena ca manasik±rena parikkhate citte y±th±vato j±n±ti. Esa nayo tatoparesupi attabh±vesu. Eta½ an±gata½sañ±ºa½ n±ma. Yasm± eta½ dvaya½ dibbacakkhuñ±ºe satieva sijjhati, n±sati. Tena vutta½ “im±ni dibbacakkhun± saheva ijjhant²”ti.
K±yena duccarita½, k±yato v± uppanna½ duccaritanti k±yena duµµhu carita½,k±yato v± uppanna½ kilesap³tikatt± duµµhu carita½ k±yaduccaritanti eva½ yath±kkama½yojetabba½. K±yoti cettha copanak±yo adhippeto. K±yaviññattivasena pavatta½akusala½ k±yakamma½ k±yaduccarita½. Yasmi½ sant±ne kamma½ katupacita½, asati±h±rupacchede vip±k±rahasabh±vassa avigacchanato so tena sahitoyev±ti vattabboti±ha “samann±gat±ti samaªg²bh³t±”ti. Anatthak±m± hutv±ti etena m±t±pitaroviya putt±na½, ±cariyupajjh±y± viya ca nissitak±na½ atthak±m± hutv± garahak±upav±dak± na hont²ti dasseti. Guºaparidha½sanen±ti vijjam±n±na½ guº±na½ viddha½sanena,vin±sanen±ti attho. Nanu ca antimavatthun±pi upav±do guºaparidha½sanamev±ti? Saccameta½,guº±ti panettha jh±n±divises± uttarimanussadhamm± adhippet±ti s²laparidha½sana½ visu½gahita½. Ten±ha “natthi imesa½ samaºadhammo”ti-±di. Samaºadhammoti ca s²lasa½yama½sandh±ya vadati. J±na½ v±ti ya½ upavadati, tassa ariyabh±va½ j±nanto v±. Aj±na½v±ti aj±nanto v±. J±nan±j±nanañcettha appam±ºa½, ariyabh±vo eva pam±ºa½. Ten±ha“ubhayath±pi ariy³pav±dova hot²”ti. “Ariyoti pana aj±nato aduµµhacittassevatattha ariyaguºabh±va½ pavedentassa guºaparidha½sana½ na hot²ti tassa ariy³pav±do natth²”tivadanti. Bh±riya½ kammanti ±nantariyasadisatt± bh±riya½ kamma½, satekiccha½pana hoti kham±panena, na ±nantariya½ viya atekiccha½.
Tassa ca ±vibh±vatthanti bh±riy±disabh±vassa pak±sanattha½. Ta½ jigucch²ti ta½thera½, ta½ v± kiriya½ jigucchi. Aticch±toti ativiya khud±bhibh³to. Mahallakotisamaº±na½ s±ruppamas±ruppa½, lokasamud±c±ramatta½ v± na j±n±t²ti adhipp±yena vuttatt±guºaparidha½sanena garahat²ti veditabba½. Amh±ka½ lajjitabbaka½ ak±s²ti“samaºena n±ma eva½ katan”ti vutte maya½ s²sa½ ukkhipitu½ na sakkom±ti adhipp±yo.J±nanto eva thero “atthi te ±vuso imasmi½ s±sane patiµµh±”ti pucchi. Itaropisacc±bhisamayo s±sane patiµµh±ti ±ha “sot±panno ahan”ti. Thero ta½ karuº±yam±no“kh²º±savo tay± upavadito”ti att±na½ ±vi ak±si. Tenassa ta½ p±katika½ahos²ti tena assa ta½ kamma½ magg±varaºa½ n±hos²ti adhipp±yo. Pubbeva panasot±pannatt± ap±yag±m²na½ suppah²nabh±vato sagg±varaºamassa k±tumasamatthameva ta½ kamma½.Attan± vu¹¹hataro hot²ti ettha “ukkuµika½ nis²ditv± kham±petabbo”ti visuddhimaggevutta½. Sot±pannasakad±g±mino dosenapi nakkhamanti, sesa-ariy± v± tassa atthak±m±hutv± ±yati½ sa½varaºatth±ya na kham±peyyunti ±ha “sace so nakkhamat²”ti. Attan±vu¹¹hataro hoti, µhitakenev±ti etth±pi “ukkuµika½ nis²ditv±”ti visuddhimagge(visuddhi. 2.411) vutta½. Evañhi tattha vutta½–
“Sace dis±pakkanto hoti, saya½ v± gantv± saddhivih±rike v± pesetv± kham±petabbo.Sace n±pi gantu½, na pesetu½ sakk± hoti, ye tasmi½ vih±re bhikkh³ vasanti,tesa½ santika½ gantv± sace navakatar± honti, ukkuµika½ nis²ditv±, sace vu¹¹hatar±,vu¹¹hesu vuttanayeneva paµipajjitv± ‘aha½, bhante, asuka½ n±ma ±yasmanta½ idañcidañcaavaca½, khamatu me so ±yasm±’ti vatv± kham±petabba½. Sammukh± akhamantepi etadevak±tabban”ti.
Ida½ pana parampi tattha (visuddhi. 2.411) vutta½–
“Sace ekac±rikabhikkhu hoti, nevassa vasanaµµh±na½, na gataµµh±na½ paññ±yati, ekassa paº¹itassabhikkhuno santika½ gantv± ‘aha½, bhante, asuka½ n±ma ±yasmanta½ idañcidañca avaca½,ta½ me anussarato anussarato vippaµis±ro hoti, ki½ karom²’ti vattabba½. Sovakkhati ‘tumhe m± cintayittha, thero tumh±ka½ khamati, citta½ v³pasameth±’ti. Tenapiariyassa gatadis±bhimukhena añjali½ paggahetv± ‘khamat³’ti vattabban”ti.
Parinibbutamañcaµµh±nanti p³j±karaºaµµh±na½ sandh±y±ha. P±katikamevahot²ti eva½ kate attano citta½ pas²dat²ti ta½ kamma½ sagg±varaºa½ magg±varaºañcana hot²ti adhipp±yoti keci vadanti. Cariy±piµake m±taªgacaritasa½vaººan±ya½ (cariy±.aµµha. 2.64)–
“P±ramit±paribh±vanasamiddh±hi n±n±sam±pattivih±raparip³rit±hi s²ladiµµhisampad±hisusaªkhatasant±ne mah±karuº±dhiv±se mah±satte ariy³pav±dakamma-abhisapasaªkh±ta½ pharusavacana½sa½yutta½ mah±sattassa khettavisesabh±vato tassa ca ajjh±sayapharusat±ya diµµhadhammavedan²ya½hutv± sace so mah±satta½ na kham±peti, sattame divase vipaccanasabh±va½ j±ta½. Kham±pitepana mah±satte payogasampattiy± vip±kassa paµib±hitatt± avip±kadhammata½ ±pajji ahosikammabh±vato.Ayañhi ariy³pav±dap±passa diµµhadhammavedan²yassa ca dhammat±”ti–

¾cariyadhammap±lattherena vuttatt± eva½ kham±pite ta½ kamma½ payogasampattiy± vip±kassapaµib±hitatt± ahosikammabh±vena avip±kadhammata½ ±pannanti neva sagg±varaºa½ na mokkh±varaºañcahot²ti evamettha attho gahetabbo.

Vipar²ta½ dassanametesanti vipar²tadassan±. Sam±d±tabbaµµhena sam±d±n±ni, kamm±nisam±d±n±ni yesa½ te kammasam±d±n±, micch±diµµhivasena kammasam±d±n± micch±diµµhikammasam±d±n±,hetu-attha½ v± antogadha½ katv± micch±diµµhivasena pare kammesu sam±d±pak± micch±diµµhikammasam±d±n±.Tayima½ attha½ dassento “micch±diµµhivasen±”ti-±dim±ha. Ye ca…pe… sam±dapenti,tepi micch±diµµhikammasam±d±n±ti yojetabba½. S²lasampannoti-±di paripakkindriyassamaggasamaªgino vasena vutta½, aggamaggaµµhe pana vattabbameva natthi. Atha v± aggamaggapariy±pann±eva s²l±dayo veditabb±. Aggamaggaµµhassa hi diµµheva dhamme eka½sik± aññ±r±dhan±,itaresa½ aneka½sik±. Aññanti arahatta½. Eva½sampadamidanti ettha sampajjana½sampad±, nipphatti, eva½ avirajjhanakanipphattikanti attho, yath± ta½ avassambh±v²,evamidamp²ti vutta½ hoti Yath± hi magg±nantara½ avirajjhitv±va phala½nibbatta½, evameta½ imassapi puggalassa cuti-anantara½ avirajjhitv±va niraye paµisandhi hot²tidasseti. Sakalasmiñhi buddhavacane na im±ya upam±ya g±¼hatara½ katv± vutta-upam± atthi.Ta½ v±ca½ appah±y±ti-±d²su (ma. ni. aµµha. 1.149) ariy³pav±da½ sandh±ya “punaevar³pi½ v±ca½ na vakkh±m²”ti vadanto v±ca½ pajahati n±ma, “puna evar³pa½ citta½ naupp±dess±m²”ti cintento citta½ pajahati n±ma, “puna evar³pi½ diµµhi½ na gaºhiss±m²”tipajahanto diµµhi½ pajahati n±ma. Tath± akaronto neva pajahati na paµinissajjati. Yath±bhata½nikkhitto eva½ nirayeti yath± nirayap±lehi ±haritv± niraye µhapito, eva½ nirayeµhapitoyeva, n±ssa niray³papattiy± koci vibandho. Tatr±ya½ yutti– niray³pago ariy³pav±d²tad±d±yakassa avijahanato seyyath±pi micch±diµµh²ti. Ettha ca “ta½ v±ca½ appah±y±”tievam±divacanena tad±d±yakassa appah±neneva ariy³pav±do antar±yiko anatth±vahova,pah±nena pana accaya½ desetv± kham±panena na antar±yiko anatth±vaho yath± ta½ vuµµhit± desit±ca ±patt²ti dasseti. Micch±diµµhivasena akattabba½ n±ma p±pa½ natthi, yato sa½s±rakh±ºubh±vopin±ma hot²ti ±ha “micch±diµµhiparam±ni, bhikkhave, vajj±n²”ti.
“Ucchinnabhavanettiko, bhikkhave, tath±gatassa k±yo tiµµhati (d². ni. 1. 147), ayañcevak±yo bahiddh± ca n±mar³pan”ti ca evam±d²su viya idha k±ya-saddo khandhapañcakavisayoti±ha “k±yassa bhed±ti up±dinnakkhandhaparicc±g±”ti. Av²tar±gassa maraºato para½n±ma bhavantar³p±d±namev±ti ±ha “para½ maraº±ti tadanantara½ abhinibbattakkhandhaggahaºe”ti.Yena tiµµhati, tassa upacchedeneva k±yo bhijjat²ti ±ha “k±yassa bhed±ti j²vitindriyassaupacched±”ti. Eti imasm± sukhanti ayo, puññanti ±ha “puññasammat± ay±”ti.¾yanti etasm± sukh±n²ti ±yo, puññakamm±d²na½ sukhas±dhana½. Ten±ha “sukh±na½v± ±yassa abh±v±”ti. Vivas±ti kammassa vase vattanato attano vase vattitu½na sakkont²ti vigato vaso etesanti vivas±, avasavattinoti attho.Iyati ass±d²yat²ti ayo, ass±doti ±ha “ass±dasaññito ayo”ti.
N±gar±j±d²nanti ±di-saddena supaºº±d²na½ saªgaho. Asurasadisanti pet±surasadisa½.So h²ti so asurak±yo. Sabbasamussayeh²ti sabbehi sampattisamussayehi,sabbasampattir±sitoti vutta½ hoti. Vuttavipariy±yen±ti “suµµhu carita½, sobhana½v± carita½ anavajjatt±ti sucaritan”ti-±din± k±yaduccariten±ti-±d²na½ pad±na½ vuttassaatthassa vipariy±yena. “Ito bho sugati½ gacch±”ti (itivu. 83) vacanato manussagatipisugatiyev±ti ±ha “sugatiggahaºena manussagatipi saªgayhat²”ti. Sesamettha vuttanayatt±utt±natthato ca suviññeyyameva.

Dibbacakkhuñ±ºakath± niµµhit±.