Tattha alanti paµikkhepavacana½. ¾vusoti paridevante bhikkh³ ±lapati. M± socitth±ticitte uppannabalavasokena m± socittha. M± paridevitth±ti v±c±ya m± paridevittha“paridevana½ vil±po”ti vacanato. Id±ni asocan±d²su k±raºa½ dassento “sumutt±mayan”ti-±dim±ha. Tena mah±samaºen±ti nissakke karaºavacana½, tato mah±samaºatosuµµhu mutt± mayanti attho, upaddut± ca homa tad±ti adhipp±yo. Hom±ti v± at²tatthevattam±navacana½, ahumh±ti attho, anussaranto dhammasa½vegavasen±ti adhipp±yo. Dhammasabh±vacint±vasenapavatta½ sahottappañ±ºa½ dhammasa½vego. Vuttañheta½–
“Sabbasaªkhatadhammesu, ottapp±k±rasaºµhita½;
ñ±ºamohitabh±r±na½, dhammasa½vegasaññitan”ti.
Ýh±na½ kho paneta½ vijjat²ti tiµµhati ettha phala½ tad±yattavuttit±y±ti µh±na½, hetu.Khoti avadh±raºe, eta½ k±raºa½ vijjateva, no na vijjat²ti attho. Ki½ ta½ k±raºanti±ha “ya½ p±pabhikkh³”ti-±di. Ettha yanti nip±tamatta½, k±raºaniddeso v±,yena k±raºena antaradh±peyyu½, tadeta½ k±raºa½ vijjat²ti attho. P±pabhikkh³ti p±pik±yal±mik±ya icch±ya samann±gat± bhikkh³. At²to atikkanto satth± ettha, etass±tiv± at²tasatthuka½, p±vacana½. Padh±na½ vacana½ p±vacana½, dhammavinayanti vutta½hoti. Pakkha½ labhitv±ti alajj²pakkha½ labhitv±. Na cirassev±ti na cireneva.Y±va ca dhammavinayo tiµµhat²ti yattaka½ k±la½ dhammo ca vinayo ca lajj²puggalesutiµµhati.
Vuttañheta½ bhagavat±ti parinibb±namañcake nipannena bhagavat± bhikkh³ ovadantena eta½ vuttantiattho. Desito paññattoti dhammopi desito ceva paññatto ca. Sutt±bhidhammasaªgahitassahi dhammassa abhisajjana½ pabodhana½ desan±, tasseva pak±rato ñ±pana½ vineyyasant±ne µhapana½paññ±pana½, tasm± dhammopi desito ceva paññatto c±ti vutto. Paññattotica µhapitoti attho. Vinayopi desito ceva paññatto ca. Vinayatantisaªgahitassa hi atthassak±yav±c±na½ vinayanato vinayoti laddh±dhivacanassa atisajjana½ pabodhana½ desan±, tasseva pak±ratoñ±pana½ asaªkarato µhapana½ paññ±pana½, tasm± vinayopi desito ceva paññatto c±ti vuccati.
So vo mamaccayen±ti so dhammavinayo tumh±ka½ mamaccayena satth±. Ida½ vutta½ hoti–may± vo µhiteneva “ida½ lahuka½, ida½ garuka½, ida½ satekiccha½, ida½ atekiccha½,ida½ lokavajja½, ida½ paººattivajja½. Aya½ ±patti puggalassa santike vuµµh±ti, aya½gaºassa, aya½ saªghassa santike vuµµh±t²”ti sattanna½ ±pattikkhandh±na½ av²tikkaman²yat±vasenaotiººavatthusmi½ sakhandhakapariv±ro ubhatovibhaªgo mah±vinayo n±ma desito, ta½ sakalampivinayapiµaka½ mayi parinibbute tumh±ka½ satthukicca½ s±dhessati “ida½ vokattabba½, ida½ vo na kattabban”ti kattabb±kattabbassa vibh±gena anus±sanato. Ýhitenevaca may± “ime catt±ro satipaµµh±n±, catt±ro sammappadh±n±, catt±ro iddhip±d±, pañcindriy±ni,pañca bal±ni, satta bojjhaªg±ni, ariyo aµµhaªgiko maggo”ti tena tena vineyy±na½ ajjh±say±nur³penapak±rena ime sattati½sa bodhipakkhiyadhamme vibhajitv± suttantapiµaka½ desita½,ta½ sakalampi suttantapiµaka½ mayi parinibbute tumh±ka½ satthukicca½ s±dhessatita½ta½cariy±nur³pa½ samm±paµipattiy± anus±sanato. Ýhiteneva ca may± “pañcakkhandh±, dv±das±yatan±ni,aµµh±rasa dh±tuyo, catt±ri sacc±ni, b±v²satindriy±ni, nava het³, catt±ro ±h±r±,satta phass±, satta vedan±, satta saññ±, satta cetan±, satta citt±ni, tatr±pi ettak±dhamm± k±m±vacar±, ettak± r³p±vacar±, ettak± ar³p±vacar±, ettak± pariy±pann±,ettak± apariy±pann±, ettak± lokiy±, ettak± lokuttar±”ti ime dhamme vibhajitv±abhidhammapiµaka½ desita½, ta½ sakalampi abhidhammapiµaka½ mayi parinibbute tumh±ka½satthukicca½ s±dhessati, khandh±divibh±gena ñ±yam±na½ catusaccasambodh±vahatt± satth±r±samm±sambuddhena kattabbakicca½ nipph±dessati. Iti sabbampeta½ abhisambodhito y±vaparinibb±n± pañcacatt±l²sa vass±ni bh±sita½ lapita½, t²ºi piµak±ni, pañca nik±y±,navaªg±ni, catur±s²ti dhammakkhandhasahass±n²ti eva½ mahappabheda½ hoti. Iti im±ni catur±s²tidhammakkhandhasahass±ni tiµµhanti, aha½ ekova parinibb±y±mi, ahañca panid±niekova ovad±mi anus±s±mi, mayi parinibbute im±ni catur±s²ti buddhasahass±nitumhe ovadissanti anus±sissanti ov±d±nus±san²kiccassa nipph±danatoti.
S±sananti pariyattipaµipattipaµivedhavasena tividha½ s±sana½, nippariy±yato pana sattati½sabodhipakkhiyadhamm±. Addhaniyanti addh±namaggag±m²ti addhaniya½, addh±nakkhamanti attho.Ciraµµhitikanti cira½ µhiti etass±ti ciraµµhitika½, s±sana½, assa bhaveyy±tisambandho. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– yath± yena pak±rena ida½ s±sana½ d²ghamaddh±na½ pavattitu½samattha½, tatoyeva ciraµµhitika½ assa, tath± tena pak±rena dhammañca vinayañca saªg±yeyyanti.
Id±ni samm±sambuddhena attano kata½ anuggahavisesa½ vibh±vento ±ha “yañc±ha½ bhagavat±”ti-±di.Tattha “yañc±han”ti etassa “anuggahito”ti etena sambandho. Tattha yanti yasm±,yena k±raºen±ti vutta½ hoti. Kiriy±par±masana½ v± eta½, tena “anuggahito”tiettha anuggaºhana½ par±masati. Dh±ressas²ti-±dika½ pana bhagav± aññatarasmi½ rukkham³lemah±kassapattherena paññattasaªgh±µiya½ nisinno ta½ c²vara½ vikasitapadumapupphavaººena p±ºin±antare par±masanto ±ha. Vuttañheta½ kassapasa½yutte (sa½. ni. 2.154) mah±kassapatthereneva±nandatthera½ ±mantetv± kathentena–
“Atha kho, ±vuso, bhagav± magg± okkamma yena aññatara½ rukkham³la½ tenupasaªkami,atha khv±ha½, ±vuso, paµapilotik±na½ saªgh±µi½ catugguºa½ paññ±petv± bhagavanta½ etadavoca½‘idha, bhante, bhagav± nis²datu, ya½ mamassa d²gharatta½ hit±ya sukh±y±’ti. Nis²dikho, ±vuso, bhagav± paññatte ±sane, nisajja kho ma½, ±vuso, bhagav± etadavoca ‘muduk±kho ty±ya½ kassapa paµapilotik±na½ saªgh±µ²’ti. ‘Paµiggaºh±tu me, bhante, bhagav± paµapilotik±na½saªgh±µi½ anukampa½ up±d±y±’ti. ‘Dh±ressasi pana me tva½ kassapa s±º±ni pa½suk³l±ninibbasan±n²’ti. ‘Dh±ress±maha½, bhante, bhagavato s±º±ni pa½suk³l±ni ibbasan±n²’ti. So khv±ha½, ±vuso, paµapilotik±na½ saªgh±µi½ bhagavato p±d±si½,aha½ pana bhagavato s±º±ni pa½suk³l±ni nibbasan±ni paµipajjin”ti (sa½. ni.2.154).
Tattha (sa½. ni. aµµha. 2.2.154) muduk± kho ty±yanti muduk± kho te aya½.Kasm± bhagav± evam±h±ti? Therena saha c²vara½ parivattetuk±mat±ya. Kasm± parivattetuk±moj±toti? Thera½ attano µh±ne µhapetuk±mat±ya. Ki½ s±riputtamoggall±n± natth²ti?Atthi, eva½ panassa ahosi “ime na cira½ µhassanti, kassapo pana v²savassasat±yuko,‘so mayi parinibbute sattapaººiguh±ya½ vasitv± dhammavinayasaªgaha½ katv± mama s±sana½pañcavassasahassaparim±ºa½ k±la½ pavattanaka½ karissat²’ti attano na½ µh±ne µhapemi,eva½ bhikkh³ kassapassa suss³sitabba½ maññissant²”ti, tasm± evam±ha. Thero pana yasm±c²varassa v± pattassa v± vaººe kathite “ima½ tumh±ka½ gaºhath±”ti c±rittameva, tasm±“paµiggaºh±tu me bhante bhagav±”ti ±ha. Dh±ressasi pana me tva½ kassap±ti kassapatva½ im±ni paribhogajiºº±ni pa½suk³l±ni p±rupitu½ sakkhissas²ti vadati. Tañcakho na k±yabala½ sandh±ya, paµipattip³raºa½ pana sandh±ya evam±ha. Ayañhettha adhipp±yo–aha½ ima½ c²vara½ puººa½ n±ma d±si½ p±rupitv± ±makasus±ne cha¹¹ita½ tumbamattehi p±ºakehisamparikiººa½ te p±ºake vidhunitv± mah±-ariyava½se µhatv± aggahesi½, tassa me ima½c²vara½ gahitadivase dasasahassacakkav±¼e mah±pathav² mah±rava½ viravam±n± kampittha, ±k±sa½taµataµ±yi, cakkav±¼adevat± s±dhuk±ra½ ada½su “ima½ c²vara½ gaºhantena bhikkhun±j±tipa½suk³likena j±ti-±raññikena j±ti-ek±sanikena j±tisapad±nac±rikena bhavitu½vaµµati, tva½ imassa c²varassa anucchavika½ k±tu½ sakkhissas²”ti. Theropi attan±pañcanna½ hatth²na½ bala½ dh±reti. So ta½ atakkayitv± “ahameta½ paµipatti½ p³ress±m²”tiuss±hena sugatac²varassa anucchavika½ k±tuk±mo “dh±ress±maha½ bhante”ti ±ha.Paµipajjinti paµipannosi½. Eva½ pana c²varaparivattana½ katv± therena p±rutac²vara½ bhagav±p±rupi, satthu c²vara½ thero. Tasmi½ samaye mah±pathav² udakapariyanta½ katv± unnadant²kampittha.
S±º±ni pa½suk³l±n²ti mataka¼evara½ pariveµhetv± cha¹¹it±ni tumbamattekim² papphoµetv± gahit±ni s±ºav±kamay±ni pa½suk³lac²var±ni. Rathikasus±nasaªk±rak³µ±d²na½yattha katthaci pa½s³na½ upari µhitatt± abbhuggataµµhena tesu pa½suk³lamiv±ti pa½suk³la½.Atha v± pa½su viya kucchitabh±va½ ulati gacchat²ti pa½suk³lanti pa½suk³lasaddassa atthodaµµhabbo. Nibbasan±n²ti niµµhitavasanakicc±ni, paribhogajiºº±n²ti attho. Ettha “kiñc±piekameva ta½ c²vara½, anek±vayavatt± pana bahuvacana½ katan”ti majjhimagaºµhipade vutta½.C²vare s±dh±raºaparibhogen±ti ettha attan± s±dh±raºaparibhogen±ti viññ±yam±natt±viññ±yam±natthassa ca-saddassa payoge k±m±c±ratt± “attan±”ti na vutta½. “Dh±ressasipana me tva½, kassapa, s±º±ni pa½suk³l±n²”ti hi vuttatt± attan±va s±dh±raºaparibhogoviññ±yati, n±ññena. Na hi kevala½ saddatoyeva sabbattha atthanicchayo bhavissati atthapakaraº±din±piyebhuyyena atthassa niyametabbatt±. ¾cariyadhammap±lattherena panettha ida½ vutta½ “c²vares±dh±raºaparibhogen±ti ettha attan± samasamaµµhapanen±ti idha attan±sadda½ ±netv± c²vareattan± s±dh±raºaparibhogen±”ti yojetabba½.
“Yassa yena hi sambandho, d³raµµhampi ca tassa ta½;
atthato hyasam±n±na½, ±sannattamak±raºan”ti.
Atha v± bhagavat± c²vare s±dh±raºaparibhogena bhagavat± anuggahitoti yojan²ya½ ekassapi karaºaniddesassasahayogakattutthajotakattasambhavatoti. Sabbattha “±cariyadhammap±lattheren±”ti vuttesuttantaµ²k±k±ren±ti gahetabba½. Sam±na½ dh±raºametass±ti s±dh±raºo, paribhogo.S±dh±raºaparibhogena ceva samasamaµµhapanena ca anuggahitoti sambandho.
Id±ni (sa½. ni. 2.152)–
“Aha½, bhikkhave, y±vade ±kaªkh±mi vivicceva k±mehi vivicca akusalehi dhammehisavitakka½ savic±ra½ vivekaja½ p²tisukha½ paµhama½ jh±na½ upasampajja vihar±mi.Kassapopi, bhikkhave, y±vade ±kaªkhati vivicceva k±mehi vivicca akusalehidhammehi savitakka½ savic±ra½ vivekaja½ p²tisukha½ paµhama½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharati.
“Aha½, bhikkhave, y±vade ±kaªkh±mi vitakkavic±r±na½ v³pasam± ajjhatta½ sampas±dana½cetaso ekodibh±va½ avitakka½ avic±ra½ sam±dhija½ p²tisukha½ dutiya½ jh±na½upasampajja vihar±mi. Kassapopi, bhikkhave, y±vade ±kaªkhati vitakkavic±r±na½ v³pasam±…pe…dutiya½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharati.
“Aha½, bhikkhave, y±vade ±kaªkh±mi p²tiy± ca vir±g± upekkhako ca vihar±mi, satoca sampaj±no sukhañca k±yena paµisa½vedemi, ya½ ta½ ariy± ±cikkhanti ‘upekkhakosatim± sukhavih±r²’ti, tatiya½ jh±na½ upasampajja vihar±mi. Kassapopi, bhikkhave,y±vade ±kaªkhati p²tiy± ca vir±g± upekkhako ca viharati…pe… tatiya½ jh±na½upasampajja viharati.