Pubbeniv±sakath±

12. R³pavir±gabh±van±vasena pavatta½ catubbidhampi ar³pajjh±na½ catutthajjh±nasaªgahamev±ti±ha “catt±ri jh±n±n²”ti. Yutta½ t±va cittekaggat± bhavokkamanatthat± viya vipassan±p±dakat±picatunna½ jh±n±na½ s±dh±raº±ti tesa½ vasena “catt±ri jh±n±n²”ti vacana½, abhiññ±p±dakat±pana nirodhap±dakat± ca catutthasseva jh±nassa ±veºik±, s± katha½ catunna½ jh±n±na½s±dh±raº± vutt±ti? Parampar±dhiµµh±nabh±vato. Padaµµh±napadaµµh±nampi hi padaµµh±nantveva vuccati,k±raºak±raºampi k±raºanti yath± “tiºehi bhatta½ siddhan”ti. Evañca katv± payojananiddeseaµµhasam±pattiggahaºa½ samatthita½ hoti. Cittekaggatatth±n²ti ittasam±dhatth±ni, diµµhadhammasukhavih±ratth±n²tiattho. Cittekaggat±s²sena hi diµµhadhammasukhavih±ro vutto, sukkhavipassakakh²º±savavasenaceta½ vutta½. Ten±ha “ekaggacitt± sukha½ divasa½ vihariss±m±”ti. Bhavokkamanatth±n²tibhavesu nibbatti-atth±ni. Satt±ha½ nirodhasam±pattiy± sam±pajjanato ±ha “satt±ha½acittak± hutv±”ti. Kasm± pana satt±hameva nirodha½ sam±pajjant²ti? Tath±k±laparicchedakaraºato,tañca yebhuyyena ±h±r³paj²v²na½ satt±na½ up±dinnakappavattassa ekadivasa½ bhutt±h±rassasatt±hameva y±panato.
K± (visuddhi. 2.867-868) pan±ya½ nirodhasam±patti n±ma, ke ta½ sam±pajjanti, kena sam±pajjanti, kattha sam±pajjanti, kasm± sam±pajjanti, kathañcass± sam±pajjana½ hot²ti?Vuccate– tattha k± pan±ya½ nirodhasam±patti n±m±ti y± anupubbanirodhavasenacittacetasik±na½ dhamm±na½ appavatti. Ke ta½ sam±pajjanti kena sam±pajjant²ti sabbepi puthujjanasot±pannasakad±g±mino sukkhavipassak± ca an±g±mi-arahantona sam±pajjanti, aµµhasam±pattil±bhino pana an±g±mino kh²º±sav± ca sam±pajjanti. Katthasam±pajjant²ti pañcavok±rabhave. Kasm±? Anupubbasam±pattisabbh±vato. Catuvok±rabhavepana paµhamajjh±n±d²na½ uppattiyeva natthi, tasm± na sakk± tattha sam±pajjitu½. Kasm±sam±pajjant²ti saªkh±r±na½ pavattibhede ukkaºµhitv± “diµµhadhamme acittak± hutv±nirodha½ nibb±na½ patv± sukha½ vihariss±m±”ti. Kathañcass± sam±pajjana½ hot²tisamathavipassan±vasena ussakkitv± katapubbakiccassa nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatana½ nirodhayatoevamass± sam±pajjana½ hoti. Yo hi samathavaseneva ussakkati, so nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatanasam±patti½patv± tiµµhati. Yopi vipassan±vaseneva ussakkati, so phalasam±patti½ patv± tiµµhati.Yo pana ubhayavaseneva ussakkitv± nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatana½ nirodheti, so ta½ sam±pajjat²tiayamettha saªkhepo.
Aya½ pana vitth±ro– idha bhikkhu nirodha½ sam±pajjituk±mo paµhamajjh±na½ sam±pajjitv± vuµµh±yatattha saªkh±re aniccato dukkhato anattato vipassati. Vipassan± ca panes± tividh± saªkh±rapariggaºhanakavipassan±phalasam±pattivipassan± nirodhasam±pattivipassan±ti. Tattha saªkh±rapariggaºhanakavipassan±mand± v± tikkh± v± maggassa padaµµh±na½ hotiyeva. Phalasam±pattivipassan± tikkh±vavaµµati maggabh±van±sadis±. Nirodhasam±pattivipassan± pana n±timandan±titikkh± vaµµati,tasm± esa n±timand±ya n±titikkh±ya vipassan±ya te saªkh±re vipassati. Tato dutiyajjh±na½…pe…tato viññ±ºañc±yatana½ sam±pajjitv± vuµµh±ya tattha saªkh±re tatheva vipassati. Atha ±kiñcaññ±yatana½sam±pajjitv± vuµµh±ya catubbidha½ pubbakicca½ karoti n±n±baddha-avikopana½ saªghapatim±nana½satthupakkosana½ addh±naparicchedanti.
Tattha n±n±baddha-avikopananti ya½ imin± bhikkhun± saddhi½ ek±baddha½ na hoti, n±n±baddha½hutv± µhita½ pattac²vara½ v± mañcap²µha½ v± niv±sageha½ v± añña½ v± pana ya½ kiñciparikkh±raj±ta½, ta½ yath± na vikuppati, aggi-udakav±tacora-und³r±d²na½ vasena na vinassati,eva½ adhiµµh±tabba½. Tatrida½ adhiµµh±navidh±na½ “idañcidañca imasmi½ satt±habbhantarem± aggin± jh±yatu, m± udakena vuyhatu, m± v±tena viddha½satu, m± corehi har²yatu,m± und³r±d²hi khajjat³”ti. Eva½ adhiµµhite ta½ satt±ha½ tassa na koci parissayohoti, anadhiµµhahato pana aggi-±d²hi nassati, ida½ n±n±baddha-avikopana½ n±ma. Ya½ panaek±baddha½ hoti niv±sanap±rupana½ v± nisinn±sana½ v±, tattha visu½ adhiµµh±nakicca½natthi, sam±pattiyeva na½ rakkhati.
Saªghapatim±nananti bhikkhusaªghassa patim±nana½ udikkhana½, y±va so bhikkhu ±gacchati, t±vasaªghakammassa akaraºanti attho. Ettha ca patim±nana½ etassa na pubbakicca½, patim±nan±vajjana½pana pubbakicca½. Tasm± eva½ ±vajjitabba½ “sace mayi satt±ha½ nirodha½ sam±pajjitv±nisinne saªgho apalokanakamm±d²su kiñcideva kamma½ kattuk±mo hoti, y±vama½ koci bhikkhu ±gantv± na pakkosati, t±vadeva vuµµhahiss±m²”ti. Eva½ katv±sam±panno hi tasmi½ samaye vuµµhahatiyeva. Yo pana eva½ na karoti, saªgho ce sannipatitv±ta½ apassanto “asuko bhikkhu kuhin”ti pucchitv± “nirodha½ sam±panno”tivutte kañci bhikkhu½ peseti “ta½ pakkos±h²”ti, athassa tena bhikkhun± savan³pac±reµhatv± “saªgho ta½ ±vuso patim±net²”ti vuttamatteyeva vuµµh±na½ hoti. Eva½ garuk±hi saªghassa ±º± n±ma, tasm± ta½ ±vajjitv± yath± paµhamameva vuµµh±ti, eva½ sam±pajjitabba½.
Satthupakkosananti idh±pi satthupakkosan±vajjanameva imassa pubbakicca½, tasm± tampieva½ ±vajjitabba½. Sesa½ purimanayeneva veditabba½.
Addh±naparicchedoti j²vitaddh±nassa paricchedo. Imin± bhikkhun± addh±naparicchedesukusalena bhavitabba½, “attano ±yusaªkh±r± satt±ha½ pavattissanti na pavattissant²”ti±vajjitv±va sam±pajjitabba½. Sace hi satt±habbhantare nirujjhanake ±yusaªkh±re an±vajjitv±vasam±pajjati, tassa nirodhasam±patti maraºa½ paµib±hitu½ na sakkoti, antonirodhemaraºassa natthit±ya antar±va sam±pattito vuµµh±ti, tasm± eta½ ±vajjitv±va sam±pajjitabba½.Avasesañhi an±vajjitumpi vaµµati, ida½ pana ±vajjitabbamev±ti vutta½. So eva½ ±kiñcaññ±yatana½sam±pajjitv± vuµµh±ya ida½ pubbakicca½ katv± nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatana½ sam±pajjati,atheka½ v± dve v± cittav±re atikkamitv± acittako hoti, nirodha½ phusati Kasm± panassa dvinna½ citt±na½ upari citt±ni na pavattant²ti? Nirodhassapayogatt±. Idañhi imassa bhikkhuno dve samathavipassan±dhamme yuganaddhe katv± aµµhasam±patti-±rohana½anupubbanirodhassa payogo, na nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatanasam±pattiy±ti nirodhassa payogatt±dvinna½ citt±na½ upari citt±ni na pavattant²ti.
Yasm± bodhisattena bodhimaº¹upasaªkamanato pubbepi carimabhave catutthajjh±na½ nibbattitapubba½,tad± pana ta½ nibbattitamattameva ahosi, na vipassan±dip±daka½. Tasm± “bodhirukkham³lenibbattitan”ti tato visesetv± vutta½. Vipassan±p±dakanti vipassan±rambhe vipassan±yap±daka½. Abhiññ±p±dakanti etth±pi eseva nayo. Buddh±nañhi paµham±rambhe eva p±dakajjh±nenapayojana½ ahosi, na tato para½ uparimagg±dhigamaphalasam±patti-abhiññ±va¼añjan±di-attha½. Abhisambodhisamadhigamatopaµµh±ya hi sabba½ ñ±ºasam±dhikicca½ ±kaªkh±mattapaµibaddhamev±ti. Sabbakiccas±dhakantianupubbavih±r±disabbakiccas±dhaka½. Sabbalokiyalokuttaraguºad±yakanti etthavipassan±bhiññ±p±dakatt± eva catutthassa jh±nassa bhagavato sabbalokiyalokuttaraguºad±yakat±veditabb±. Sabbaññutaññ±ºapadaµµh±nañhi maggañ±ºa½ ta½padaµµh±nañca sabbaññutaññ±ºa½ abhisambodhi,tadadhigamasamak±lameva ca bhagavato sabbe buddhaguº± hatthagat± ahesu½, catutthajjh±nasannissayoca magg±dhigamoti.
“Catuttha½ jh±na½ upasampajja vih±sin”ti vatv± “so”ti vuttatt± ±ha “soahan”ti. Eva½ sam±hiteti ettha eva½-saddo heµµh± jh±nattay±dhigamapaµip±µisiddhassacatutthajjh±nasam±dh±nassa nidassanatthoti ±ha “evanti catutthajjh±nakkamanidassanametan”ti.Catutthajjh±nassa tassa ca adhigamamaggassa nidassana½, yena sam±dh±n±nukkamena catutthajjh±nasam±dhiladdho, tadubhayanidassananti attho. Ten±ha “imin±…pe… vutta½ hot²”ti.Tattha imin± kamen±ti imin± paµhamajjh±n±dhigam±din± kamena. Yadipi “evan”tiida½ ±gamanasam±dhin± saddhi½ catutthajjh±nasam±dh±na½ d²peti, satip±risuddhisam±dhi evapana iddhiy± adhiµµh±nabh±vato padh±nanti ±ha “catutthajjh±nasam±dhin± sam±hite”ti.Sabbapaccan²kadhammupakkilesaparisuddh±ya paccan²kasamanepi aby±vaµ±ya p±risuddhupekkh±yavattam±n±ya catutthajjh±na½ ta½sampayutt± ca dhamm± suparisuddh± suvisad±ca honti, satis²sena pana tattha desan± kat±ti ±ha “upekkh±satip±risuddhibh±venaparisuddhe”ti, upekkh±ya janitasatip±risuddhisambhaven±ti attho. Parisuddhiy± evapaccayavisesena pavattiviseso pariyod±tat± sudhantasuvaººassa nigha½sanena pabhassarat± viy±ti±ha “parisuddhatt±yeva pariyod±te, pabhassareti vutta½ hot²”ti.
Sukh±d²na½ paccay±na½ gh±ten±ti sukhasomanass±na½ dukkhadomanass±nañca yath±kkama½ r±gadosapaccay±na½vikkhambhanena. “Sukha½ somanassassa paccayo, somanassa½ r±gassa, dukkha½ domanassassapaccayo, domanassa½ dosass±”ti vutta½. Yath± r±g±dayo cetaso mal±sucibh±vena“aªgaº±n²”ti vuccanti, eva½ upagantv± kilesanaµµhena upakkiles±ti ±ha “anaªgaºatt±eva ca vigatupakkilese”ti. Ten±ha “aªgaºena hi citta½ upakkilissat²”ti,vib±dh²yati upat±p²yat²ti attho. Subh±vitatt±ti paguºabh±v±p±danena suµµhu bh±vitatt±.Ten±ha “vas²bh±vappatte”ti, ±vajjan±din± pañcadh± cuddasavidhena v± paridamanena vasa½vattitu½ upagateti attho. Vase vattam±nañhi citta½ mud³ti vuccat²ti vase vattam±na½citta½ paguºabh±v±pattiy± suparimaddita½ viya camma½ suparikammakat± viya ca l±kh±mud³ti vuccati. Kammakkhameti vikubban±di-iddhikammakkhame. Tadubhayanti mudut±kammaniyadvaya½.
N±hanti-±d²su (a. ni. aµµha. 1.1.1) na-k±ro paµisedhattho. Ahanti satth±att±na½ niddisati. Bhikkhaveti bhikkh³ ±lapati. Aññanti id±ni vuccam±nacittatoañña½. Ekadhammamp²ti ekampi sabh±vadhamma½. Na samanupass±m²ti sambandho. Ayañhetthaattho– aha½, bhikkhave, sabbaññutaññ±ºena olokentopi añña½ ekadhammampi na samanupass±mi,ya½ vas²bh±v±p±danena bh±vita½ tath± punappuna½ karaºena bahul²kata½ eva½ savisesamudubh±vappattiy±mudu kammakkhamat±ya kammaniyañca hoti yath± ida½ cittanti. Ida½ cittanti ca attanotesañca paccakkhat±ya evam±ha.
Yath± yath±vutt± parisuddhat±dayo na vigacchanti, eva½ subh±vita½ citta½ tattha avaµµhita½ idha“µhita½ ±neñjappattan”ti ca vuttanti ±ha “etesu parisuddhabh±v±d²su µhitatt± µhite, µhitatt±yeva ±neñjappatte”ti. Yath± mudukammaññat± vas²bh±vappattiy±lakkh²yati, eva½ vas²bh±vappattipi mudukammaññat±hi lakkh²yat²ti “mudukammaññabh±venav± attano vase µhitatt± µhite”ti vutta½. Yath± hi k±raºena phala½ niddh±r²yati,eva½ phalenapi k±raºa½ niddh±r²yat²ti niccalabh±vena avaµµh±na½ ±neñjappattiy± ca sampayuttadhammesuthirabh±vena paµipakkhehi akammaniyat±ya ca sambhavata½ saddh±dibal±na½ ±nubh±vena hot²ti±ha “saddh±d²hi pariggahitatt± ±neñjappatte”ti.