Tatiyajjh±nakath±

Virajjana½ vir±go. Ta½ pana virajjana½ nibbindanamukhena h²¼ana½ v± tappaµibaddhar±gappah±na½v±ti dassetu½ “tass± p²tiy± jigucchana½ v± samatikkamo v±”ti vutta½. Ubhinnamantar±tip²tiy± vir±g±ti imesa½ dvinna½ pad±na½ antar±, majjheti attho. Sampiº¹ana½ samuccayo.Maggoti up±yo. Dutiyajjh±nassa hi paµil±bha½ vin± tatiyajjh±nassa adhigamo nahot²ti vitakkavic±r±na½ v³pasamo tatiyajjh±n±dhigamassa up±yo. Tadadhigam±y±titatiyamagg±dhigam±ya.
Upapattitoti samav±hitabh±vena patir³pato jh±nupekkh±pi samav±hitameva anton²ta½ katv±pavattat²ti ±ha “sama½ passat²”ti. Visad±y±ti sa½kilesavigamena paribyatt±ya.Vipul±y±ti s±tisaya½ mahaggatabh±vappattito mahatiy±. Th±magat±y±ti p²tivigamenathirabh±vappatt±ya. Nanu cettha upekkh±vedan±va na sambhavati, tasm± kathamaya½ tatiyajjh±nasamaªg²upekkh±ya samann±gatatt± “upekkhako”ti vuccat²ti ce? Na kevala½ vedanupekkh±vaupekkh±ti vuccati, atha kho aññ±pi upekkh± vijjant²ti dassento ±ha “upekkh±pana dasavidh± hot²”ti-±di. Tattha (dha. sa. aµµha. 163; visuddhi. 1.84) “idha, bhikkhave,bhikkhu cakkhun± r³pa½ disv± neva sumano hoti na dummano, upekkhako viharati satosampaj±no”ti (a. ni. 6.1) evam±gat± kh²º±savassa chasu dv±resu iµµh±niµµhacha¼±rammaº±p±theparisuddhapakatibh±v±vijahan±k±rabh³t± upekkh± cha¼aªgupekkh± n±ma.
Y± pana “upekkh±sahagatena cetas± eka½ disa½ pharitv± viharat²”ti(d². ni. 3.308) evam±gat± sattesu majjhatt±k±rabh³t± upekkh±, aya½ brahmavih±rupekkh±n±ma.
Y± “upekkh±sambojjhaªga½ bh±veti vivekanissitan”ti (ma. ni. 1.27; sa½. ni.5.182, 190-191) evam±gat± sahaj±tadhamm±na½ majjhatt±k±rabh³t± upekkh±, aya½ bojjhaªgupekkh±n±ma.
Y± pana “k±lena k±la½ upekkh±nimitta½ manasi karot²”ti (a. ni. 3.103)evam±gat± anacc±raddhan±tisithilav²riyasaªkh±t± upekkh±, aya½ v²riyupekkh± n±ma.
Y±–
“Kati saªkh±rupekkh± samathavasena uppajjanti, kati saªkh±rupekkh± vipassan±vasenauppajjanti? Aµµha saªkh±rupekkh± samathavasena uppajjanti, dasa saªkh±rupekkh± vipassan±vasenauppajjanti.
“Katam± aµµha saªkh±rupekkh± samathavasena uppajjanti? Paµhamajjh±napaµil±bhatth±ya n²varaºepaµisaªkh± santiµµhan± paññ± saªkh±rupekkh±su ñ±ºa½, dutiyajjh±napaµil±bhatth±ya vitakkavic±repaµisaªkh± santiµµhan± paññ± saªkh±rupekkh±su ñ±ºa½, tatiyajjh±napaµil±bhatth±ya p²ti½ paµisaªkh±santiµµhan± paññ± saªkh±rupekkh±su ñ±ºa½, catutthajjh±napaµil±bhatth±ya sukhadukkhe paµisaªkh±santiµµhan± paññ± saªkh±rupekkh±su ñ±ºa½, ±k±s±nañc±yatanasam±pattipaµil±bhatth±ya r³pasañña½paµighasañña½ n±nattasañña½ paµisaªkh± santiµµhan± paññ± saªkh±rupekkh±su ñ±ºa½, viññ±ºañc±yatanasam±pattipaµil±bhatth±ya±k±s±nañc±yatanasañña½ paµisaªkh± santiµµhan± paññ± saªkh±rupekkh±su ñ±ºa½, ±kiñcaññ±yatanasam±pattipaµil±bhatth±yaviññ±ºañc±yatanasañña½ paµisaªkh± santiµµhan± paññ± saªkh±rupekkh±su ñ±ºa½, nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatanasam±pattipaµil±bhatth±ya±kiñcaññ±yatanasañña½ paµisaªkh± santiµµhan± paññ± saªkh±rupekkh±su ñ±ºa½, im±aµµha saªkh±rupekkh± samathavasena uppajjanti.
“Katam± dasa saªkh±rupekkh± vipassan±vasena uppajjanti? Sot±pattimaggapaµil±bhatth±yaupp±da½ pavatta½ nimitta½ ±y³hana½ paµisandhi½ gati½ nibbatti½ upapatti½ j±ti½jara½ by±dhi½ maraºa½ soka½ parideva½ up±y±sa½ paµisaªkh± santiµµhan± paññ± saªkh±rupekkh±suñ±ºa½, sot±pattiphalasam±pattatth±ya upp±da½ pavatta½ nimitta½ ±y³hana½ paµisandhi½ paµisaªkh± santiµµhan± paññ± saªkh±rupekkh±su ñ±ºa½, sakad±g±mimaggapa-al±bhatth±ya…pe…sakad±g±miphalasam±pattatth±ya…pe… an±g±mimaggapaµil±bhatth±ya…pe… an±g±miphalasam±pattatth±ya…pe…arahattamaggapaµil±bhatth±ya upp±da½ pavatta½ nimitta½ ±y³hana½ paµisandhi½ gati½ nibbatti½upapatti½ j±ti½ jara½ by±dhi½ maraºa½ soka½ parideva½ up±y±sa½ paµisaªkh± santiµµhan±paññ± saªkh±rupekkh±su ñ±ºa½, arahattaphalasam±pattatth±ya…pe… suññatavih±rasam±pattatth±ya…pe…animittavih±rasama-±pattatth±ya upp±da½ pavatta½ nimitta½ ±y³hana½ paµisandhi½ paµisaªkh±santiµµhan± paññ± saªkh±rupekkh±su ñ±ºa½, im± dasa saªkh±rupekkh± vipassan±vasena uppajjant²”ti(paµi. ma. 1.57)–

Evam±gat± n²varaº±dipaµisaªkh±santiµµhan±k±rabh³t± upekkh±, aya½ saªkh±rupekkh± n±ma.

Tattha n²varaºe paµisaªkh±ti pañca n²varaº±ni pah±tabbabh±vena paµisaªkh±ya, pariggahetv±tiattho. Santiµµhan±ti n²varaº±na½ pah±n±bhimukh²bh³tatt± tesa½ pah±nepi aby±p±rabh±v³pagamanenamajjhattat±ya santiµµhan±. Saªkh±rupekkh±s³ti n²varaºappah±ne by±p±r±karaºena n²varaºasaªkh±t±na½saªkh±r±na½ upekkhan±s³ti attho. Esa nayo vitakkavic±r±d²su upp±d±d²suca. Tattha upp±danti purimakammapaccay± khandh±na½ idha uppattim±ha. Pavattanti tath±-uppannassapavatti½. Nimittanti sabbampi tebh³maka½ saªkh±ragata½ nimittabh±vena upaµµh±nato.¾y³hananti ±yati½ paµisandhihetubh³ta½ kamma½. Paµisandhinti ±yati½ upapatti½.Gatinti y±ya gatiy± s± paµisandhi hoti. Nibbattinti khandh±na½ nibbattana½.Upapattinti vip±kappavatti½. J±tinti jar±d²na½ paccayabh³ta½ bhavapaccay± j±ti½.Jar±maraº±dayo p±kaµ± eva.
Ettha ca upp±d±dayo pañceva saªkh±rupekkh±ñ±ºassa visayavasena vutt±, ses±tesa½ vevacanavasena. Nibbatti j±t²ti idañhi dvaya½ upp±dassa ceva paµisandhiy± ca vevacana½.Gati upapatti c±ti ida½ dvaya½ pavattassa, jar±dayo nimittass±ti veditabba½. Nanu cetthacat³su maggav±resu “upp±dan”ti-±d²ni pañca m³lapad±ni, “gat²”ti-±d²ni dasavevacanapad±n²ti pannarasa pad±ni vutt±ni, chasu pana phalasam±pattiv±resu pañca m³lapad±nevavutt±ni, ta½ kasm±ti ce? Saªkh±rupekkh±ya tikkhabh±ve sati kilesappah±nasamatthassamaggassa sabbh±vato tass± tikkhabh±vadassanattha½ vevacanapadehi saha da¼ha½ katv± m³lapad±nivutt±ni, phalassa niruss±habh±vena santasabh±vatt± magg±yattatt± ca mandabh³t±pi saªkh±rupekkh±phalassa paccayo hot²ti dassanattha½ m³lapad±neva vutt±n²ti veditabb±ni.
Tattha “sot±pattimaggapaµil±bhatth±y±”ti-±d²su cat³su maggav±resu suññat±nimittappaºihitamagg±na½aññataro vutto. “Sot±pattiphalasam±pattatth±y±”ti-±d²su cat³su phalav±resu panaappaºihitaphalasam±patti veditabb±. Kasm±? Suññatavih±rasam±pattatth±ya animittavih±rasam±pattatth±y±tiitar±sa½ dvinna½ phalasam±patt²na½ visu½ vuttatt±. Anicc±nupassan±vuµµh±navasena hianimittamaggo, tatheva phalasam±pattik±le animittaphalasam±patti, dukkh±nupassan±vuµµh±navasenaappaºihitamaggaphalasam±pattiyo, anatt±nupassan±vuµµh±navasa-ena suññatamaggaphalasam±pattiyosuttantanayena veditabb±. Evañca katv± suññat±divimokkhavasena magguppattihetubh³t±catasso, tath± appaºihitaphalasam±pattiy± catasso, suññatavih±ra-animittavih±ravasena dvetidasa saªkh±rupekkh±vipassan±paññ± vutt±, samathasaªkh±rupekkh± pana appan±v²thiy± ±sannapubbabh±gebalappatta½ bh±van±mayañ±ºa½.
Y± pana “yasmi½ samaye k±m±vacara½ kusala½ citta½ uppanna½ hoti upekkh±sahagatan”ti(dha. sa. 150) evam±gat± adukkhamasukhasaññit± upekkh±, aya½ vedanupekkh± n±ma.
Y± “yadatthi ya½ bh³ta½, ta½ pajahati, upekkha½ paµilabhat²”ti (ma. ni. 3.71; a. ni.7.55) evam±gat± vicinane majjhattabh³t± upekkh±, aya½ vipassanupekkh± n±ma.
Tattha yadatthi ya½ bh³tanti khandhapañcaka½, ta½ muñcitukamyat±ñ±ºenapajahati. Upekkha½ paµilabhat²ti diµµhasovattikattayassa sappassa lakkhaºavicinane viyadiµµhalakkhaºattayassa khandhapañcakassa saªkh±ralakkhaºavicinane upekkha½ paµilabhat²ti attho.
Y± pana chand±d²su yev±panakesu ±gat± sahaj±t±na½ samappavattihetubh³t± upekkh±, aya½tatramajjhattupekkh± n±ma.
Y± “upekkhako ca viharat²”ti (d². ni. 1.230; dha. sa. 163) evam±gat± aggasukhepitasmi½ apakkhap±tajanan² upekkh±, aya½ jh±nupekkh± n±ma.
Y± pana “upekkh±satip±risuddhi½ catuttha½ jh±nan”ti (d². ni. 1.232; dha. sa. 165)evam±gat± sabbapaccan²kaparisuddh± paccan²kav³pasamanepi aby±p±rabh³t± upekkh±, aya½p±risuddhupekkh± n±ma.
Tattha cha¼aªgupekkh± ca brahmavih±rupekkh± ca bojjhaªgupekkh± ca tatramajjhattupekkh± cajh±nupekkh± ca p±risuddhupekkh± ca atthato ek± tatramajjhattupekkh±va hoti. Tenatena avatth±bhedena panass± aya½ bhedo ekassapi sato sattassa kum±rayuvatherasen±patir±j±divasenabhedo viya. Tasm± t±su yattha cha¼aªgupekkh±, na tattha bojjhaªgupekkh±dayo. Yattha v±pana bojjhaªgupekkh±, na tattha cha¼aªgupekkh±dayo hont²ti veditabb±. Yath± cet±sa½ atthatoek²bh±vo, eva½ saªkh±rupekkh±vipassanupekkh±nampi. Paññ± eva hi s± kiccavasena dvidh±bhinn±. Yath± hi purisassa s±ya½ geha½ paviµµha½ sappa½ ajapadadaº¹a½ gahetv± pariyesam±nassata½ thusakoµµhake nipanna½ disv± “sappo nu kho, no”ti avalokentassa sovattikattaya½disv± nibbematikassa “sappo, na sappo”ti vicinane majjhattat± hoti, evameva y±±raddhavipassakassa vipassan±ñ±ºena lakkhaºattaye diµµhe saªkh±r±na½ aniccabh±v±divicinanemajjhattat± uppajjati, aya½ vipassanupekkh±. Yath± pana tassa purisassa ajapadena daº¹enag±¼ha½ sappa½ gahetv± “kint±ha½ ima½ sappa½ aviheµhento att±nañca imin± a¹a½s±pentomuñceyyan”ti muñcan±k±rameva pariyesato gahaºe majjhattat± hoti, evameva y± lakkhaºattayassadiµµhatt± ±ditte viya tayo bhave passato saªkh±raggahaºe majjhattat±, aya½ saªkh±rupekkh±.Iti vipassanupekkh±ya siddh±ya saªkh±rupekkh±pi siddh±va hoti. Imin± panes± vicinanagahaºesumajjhattasaªkh±tena kiccena dvidh± bhinn±. V²riyupekkh± pana vedanupekkh± ca aññamaññañcaavases±hi ca atthato bhinn± ev±ti.
Im±sa½ pana dasannampi upekkh±na½ bh³mipuggal±divasena vibh±go tattha tattha vuttanayenevaveditabboti dassento ±ha “evamaya½ dasavidh±p²”ti-±di. Tattha bh³mipuggalacitt±rammaºatoti“cha¼aªgupekkh± k±m±vacar±, brahmavih±rupekkh± r³p±vacar±”ti evam±din± bh³mito.“Cha¼aªgupekkh± kh²º±savasseva, brahmavih±rupekkh± tiººampi puthujjanasekkh±sekkh±nan”tievam±din± puggalato. “Cha¼aªgupekkh± somanassupekkh±sahagatacittasampayutt±”ti-±din±cittato. “Cha¼aªgupekkh± cha¼±rammaº±, brahmavih±rupekkh± dhamm±rammaº±”ti-±din±±rammaºato. Khandhasaªgaha-ekakkhaºakusalattikasaªkhepavasen±ti “vedanupekkh± vedan±kkhandhenasaªgahit±, itar± nava saªkh±rakkhandhen±”ti khandhasaªgahavasena. Cha¼aªgupekkh± brahmavih±rabojjhaªgajh±nap±risuddhitatramajjhattupekkh± ca atthato ek±, tasm± ekakkhaºe t±su ek±ya sati na itar±, tath± saªkh±rupekkh±vipassanupekkh±piveditabb±, vedan±v²riyupekkh±na½ ekakkhaºe siy± uppatt²ti eva½ ekakkhaºavasena.Cha¼aªgupekkh± aby±kat±, brahmavih±rupekkh± kusal±by±kat±, tath± ses±, vedanupekkh±pana siy± akusal±p²ti eva½ kusalattikavasena. Dasapet± saªkhepato catt±rova dhamm±v²riyavedan±tatramajjhattat±ñ±ºavasen±ti eva½ saªkhepavasena.
Id±ni idh±dhippet±ya jh±nupekkh±ya lakkhaº±di½ niddh±retv± dassento ±ha “lakkhaº±ditopan±”ti-±di. Tattha an±bhogaras±ti paº²tasukhepi tasmi½ avanatipaµipakkhakicc±tiattho. Aby±p±rapaccupaµµh±n±ti satipi sukhap±ramippattiya½ tasmi½ sukhe aby±vaµ±hutv± paccupatiµµhati, sampayutt±na½ v± tattha aby±p±ra½ paccupaµµhapet²ti attho. Sampayuttadhamm±na½khobha½ uppilavañca ±vahantehi vitakk±d²hi abhibh³tatt± aparibyatta½ tattha tatramajjhattat±yakicca½, tadabh±vato idha paribyattanti ±ha “aparibyattakiccato”ti. Tenev±ha“aparibyatta½ h²”ti-±di.
Id±ni sato ca sampaj±noti ettha “vuccat²”ti ajjh±haritabba½.Sarat²ti imin± “sato”ti padassa kattus±dhanatam±ha. Sampaj±n±t²ti sammadevapaj±n±ti. Puggalen±ti puggal±dhiµµh±nena. Saraºa½ cintana½ upaµµh±na½ lakkhaºametiss±tisaraºalakkhaº±. Sammussanapaµipakkho asammussana½ kicca½ etiss±ti asammussanaras±.Kilesehi ±rakkh± hutv± paccupatiµµhati, tato v± ±rakkha½ paccupaµµhapet²ti ±rakkhapaccupaµµh±n±.Asammuyhana½ sammadeva paj±nana½, sammohapaµipakkho v± asammoho lakkhaºametass±ti asammohalakkhaºa½.T²raºa½ kiccassa p±ragamana½. Pavicayo v²ma½s±. K±ma½ upac±rajjh±n±di½up±d±ya paµhamadutiyajjh±n±nipi sukhum±neva, ima½ pana uparimajjh±na½ up±d±ya “o¼±rikatt±pana tesa½ jh±n±nan”ti vutta½, s± ca o¼±rikat± vitakk±dith³laªgat±ya veditabb±.Keci “bahucetasikat±y±”ti ca vadanti. Bh³miya½ viya purisass±ti purisassabh³miya½ gati viy±ti vutta½ hoti. Gati sukh± hot²ti tesu jh±nesu gati sukh±hoti. Abyatta½ tattha satisampajaññakiccanti “ida½ n±ma dukkara½ kar²yat²”tivattabbassa abh±vato vutta½. O¼±rikaªgappah±nena pana sukhumatt±ti ayamatthok±ma½ dutiyajjh±nepi sambhavati, tath±pi yebhuyyena avippayog²bh±vena vattam±nesu p²tisukhesup²tisaªkh±tassa o¼±rikaªgassa pah±nena sukhumat±ya idha s±tisayo satipaññ±by±p±rotivutta½ “purisass±”ti-±di. Dhenu½ pivat²ti dhenupago, dhenuy± kh²ra½pivantoti vutta½ hoti. Punadeva p²ti½ upagaccheyy±ti h±nabh±giya½ jh±na½ siy± dutiyajjh±nameva sampajjeyy±ti attho. Ten±ha “p²tisampayuttameva siy±”ti.Idañca atimadhura½ sukhanti tatiyajjh±ne sukha½ sandh±y±ha, atimadhurat± cassa pah±sodagyasabh±v±yap²tiy± abh±veneva veditabb±. Idanti “sato sampaj±no”ti padadvaya½.
Sukhañca k±yena paµisa½vedesinti ettha katham±bhogena vin± sukhapaµisa½vedan±ti ±ha“kiñc±p²”ti-±di. Yasm± tassa n±mak±yena sampayutta½ sukha½, tasm± etamattha½dassento “sukhañca k±yena paµisa½vedesin”ti ±h±ti yojetabba½. Aya½ panettha saªkhepattho–“sukha½ veday±m²”ti evam±bhoge asatipi n±mak±yena cetasikasukha½, k±yikasukhahetur³pasamuµµh±panenak±yikasukhañca jh±nasamaªg² paµisa½vedet²ti vuccat²ti. Tass±ti jh±nasamaªgino.Ya½ v± tanti ya½ v± ta½ yath±vutta½ n±mak±yasampayutta½ sukha½. Ta½samuµµh±nen±titato samuµµhitena atipaº²tena r³pena assa jh±nasamaªgino r³pak±yo yasm± phuµo, tasm± etamattha½dassentoti sambandhitabba½. Yass±ti r³pak±yassa. Phuµatt±ti by±pitatt±tiattho. Yath± hi udakena phuµµhasar²rassa t±dise phoµµhabbe phuµµhe sukha½ uppajjati, eva½etehi jh±nacittasamuµµhitehi r³pehi phuµµhasar²rassa. Jh±n± vuµµhitop²ti jh±namh± vuµµhitopi.Sukha½ paµisa½vedeyy±ti cittasamuµµhitar³pehi avasesatisamuµµhitar³pasaªghaµµanena uppannak±yaviññ±ºenak±yika½ sukha½ paµisa½vedeyya. Etamatthanti vuttanayena cetasikak±yikasukhapaµisa½vedanasaªkh±ta½attha½.
Yanti hetu-atthe nip±to, yasm±ti attho. Ten±ha “ya½jh±nahet³”ti. ¾cikkhant²ti-±d²nipad±ni kittanatth±n²ti adhipp±yen±ha “pasa½sant²ti adhipp±yo”ti. Kint²tipasa½san±k±rapucch±. Sukhap±ramippatteti sukhassa parama½ pariyanta½ patte. Sukh±bhisaªgen±tisukhasmi½ ±layena. Edisesu µh±nesu satiggahaºeneva sampajaññampi gahita½ hot²tiidha p±¼iya½ satiy± eva gahitatt± eva½ upaµµhitassatit±ya satim± icceva vutta½, sampaj±notiheµµh± vuttatt± v±. Asa½kiliµµhanti kilesehi asammissatt± asa½kiliµµha½. Jh±nakkhaºenippariy±yato cetasikasukhameva labbhat²ti “sukha½ n±mak±yena paµisa½vedet²”tivutta½. Tatiyanti gaºan±nupubbato tatiyanti-±di heµµh± vuttanay±nus±rena veditabba½.

Tatiyajjh±nakath± niµµhit±.