Dutiyajjh±nakath±

V³pasam±ti v³pasamahetu. V³pasamoti cettha pah±na½ adhippeta½, tañca vitakkavic±r±na½atikkamo atthato dutiyajjh±nakkhaºe anupp±doti ±ha “samatikkam±”ti-±di.Katamesa½ panettha vitakkavic±r±na½ v³pasamo adhippeto, ki½ paµhamajjh±nik±na½, ud±hudutiyajjh±nik±nanti, kiñcettha– yadi paµhamajjh±nik±na½, natthi tesa½ v³pasamo. Nahi kad±ci paµhamajjh±na½ vitakkavic±rarahita½ atthi. Atha dutiyajjh±nik±na½,evampi nattheva v³pasamo sabbena sabba½ tesa½ tattha abh±vatoti ima½ anuyoga½ sandh±y±ha“tattha kiñc±p²”ti-±di. Yasm± diµµh±d²navassa ta½ta½jh±nakkhaºe anuppattidhammat±p±dana½v³pasamana½ adhippeta½, vitakk±dayo eva ca jh±naªgabh³t± tath± kar²yanti, na ta½sampayutt±phass±dayo, tasm± vitakk±d²na½yeva v³pasam±dhivacana½ jh±ne ±gata½. Yasm± pana vitakk±d²na½viya ta½sampayuttadhamm±nampi “etena eta½ o¼±rikan”ti ±d²navadassana½ sutte ±gata½,tasm± avisesena vitakk±d²na½ ta½sahagat±nañca v³pasam±dike vattabbe vitakk±d²na½yevav³pasamo vuccam±no adhikavacana½ aññamattha½ bodhet²ti katv± kañci visesa½ d²pet²tidassento “o¼±rikassa pan±”ti-±dim±ha. Ayañhettha adhipp±yo– yehi vitakkavic±rehipaµhamajjh±nassa o¼±rikat±, tesa½ samatikkam± dutiyajjh±nassa samadhigamo, na sabh±vatoano¼±rik±na½ phass±d²na½ samatikkam±ti ayamattho “vitakkavic±r±na½ v³pasam±”tietena d²pito tasm± “ki½ paµhamajjh±nik±na½ vitakkavic±r±na½ v³pasamo idh±dhippeto,ud±hu dutiyajjh±nik±nan”ti edis² codan± anok±s±va. “P²tiy± ca vir±g±”ti-±d²supieseva nayo. Tasm± vitakkavic±rap²tisukhasamatikkamavacan±ni o¼±riko¼±rikaªgasamatikkam±dutiy±di-adhigamad²pak±n²ti tesa½ ekadesabh³ta½ vitakkavic±rasamatikkamavacana½ avayavenasamud±yopalakkhaºanayena ta½ d²paka½ vutta½. Visu½ visu½ µhitepi hi vitakkavic±rasamatikkamavacan±dikepaheyyaªganiddesat±s±maññena cittena sam³hato gahite vitakkavic±rav³pasamavacanassa tadekadesat±hot²ti. Atha v± vitakkavic±rav³pasamavacaneneva ta½samatikkam± dutiy±di-adhigamad²pakenap²tivir±g±divacan±na½ p²ti-±disamatikkam± tatiy±di-adhigamad²pakat± d²pit± hot²titassa ta½d²pakat± vutt±. Evañhi avayavena samud±yopalakkhaºa½ vin± vitakkavic±rav³pasamavacanenap²tivir±g±divacan±na½ savisaye sam±naby±p±rat± dassit± hoti.
Ajjhattanti niyakajjhatta½ adhippeta½, na ajjhattajjhatt±d²ti dassento ±ha “ajjhattantiniyakajjhatta½ adhippetan”ti. Tattha k±raºam±ha “vibhaªge pan±”ti-±di.Pana-saddopi apisaddattho, vibhaªgep²ti attho. Ayameva v± p±µho.
N²lavaººayogato n²lavattha½ viy±ti n²layogato vattha½ n²la½ viy±ti adhipp±yo.Imasmiñca atthavikappeti “ceto sampas±dayat²”ti etasmi½ pakkhe. Cetasotica upayogatthe s±mivacana½. Purimasminti “sampas±danayogato jh±nampi sampas±danan”tivuttapakkhe. Cetasoti sambandhe s±mivacana½. “Y±va na pare ekagate karom²”ti-±d²suseµµhavacanopi ekasaddo loke dissat²ti ±ha “seµµhopi hi loke ekoti vuccat²”ti.“Ek±k²hi khuddakehi jitan”ti-±d²su asah±yatthopi ekasaddo diµµhoti ±ha “ekoasah±yo hutv±”ti. Saddh±dayopi k±ma½ sampayuttadhamm±na½ s±dh±raºato ca as±dh±raºatoca paccay± hontiyeva, sam±dhi pana jh±nakkhaºe sampayuttadhamm±na½ avikkhepalakkhaºe indaµµhakaraºenas±tisaya½ paccayo hot²ti dassento “sampayuttadhamme…pe… adhivacanan”ti±ha.
“Sampas±dana½ cetaso ekodibh±van”ti visesanadvaya½ jh±nassa atisayavacanicch±vasenagahita½. Sv±yamatisayo yath± imasmi½ jh±ne labbhati, na tath± paµhamajjh±neti ima½ visesa½dassetu½ “nanu c±”ti-±di vutta½. ¾rammaºe ±hananapariy±hananavasena anumajjana-anuyujjanavasenaca pavattam±n± dhamm± satipi n²varaºappah±nena kilesak±lussiy±pagame sampayutt±na½ kiñci khobha½ karont± viya tehi ca te na sannisinn± hont²ti vutta½ “vitakkavic±rakkhobhena…pe…na suppasannan”ti. Tattha khuddik± ³miyo v²ciyo, mahatiyo taraªg±. Sam±dhipina suµµhu p±kaµoti satipi indriyasamatte v²riyasamat±ya ca teneva khotena sampas±d±bh±venaca bahale viya jale maccho sam±dhipi na suµµhu p±kaµo. Vitakkavic±rapalibodh±bh±ven±tiettha yath±vuttakhobho eva palibodho. Eva½ vutten±ti yass± saddh±ya vasena sampas±dana½,yass± ca cittekaggat±ya vasena ekodibh±vanti ca jh±na½ vutta½, t±sa½ eva “saddahan±”ti-±din±(vibha. 574) pavatti-±k±ravisesavibh±vanavasena vuttena tena vibhaªgap±µhena. Aya½ atthavaººan±ti“sampas±danayogato, sampas±danato v± sampas±dana½. Ekodi½ bh±vet²tiekodibh±vanti jh±na½ vuttan”ti eva½ pavatt± aya½ atthavaººan±. Aññadatthusa½sandati ceva sameti ca, eva½ veditabb±ti katha½ pan±ya½ atthavaººan± tena vibhaªgap±µhenasaddhi½ sa½sandati sameti, nanu jh±navibhaªge “sampas±danan”ti pada½ uddharitv± “y± saddh±saddahan±”ti-±din± (vibha. 574) saddh±yeva vutt±, “cetaso ekodibh±van”ti capada½ uddharitv± “y± cittassa µhiti saºµhiti avaµµhit²”ti-±din± sam±dhisseva niddesokato, aµµhakath±ya½ pana “sampas±dana½ ekodibh±van”ti jh±nameva vuttanti aµµhakath±yavibhaªgap±µhena saddhi½ virodho ±pajjat²ti? N±pajjati vibhaªgepi imin±va adhipp±yena niddesassakatatt±. Tath± hi yena sampas±danena yog± jh±na½ “sampas±danan”ti vuccati, tasmi½“y± saddh± saddahan±”ti-±din± dassite sampas±dana½ jh±nanti sam±n±dhikaraºaniddesenevata½yog± jh±ne ta½saddappavatti dassit± hoti. “Ekodibh±van”ti ca pada½ uddharitv±ekodimhi dassite ekodibh±va½ jh±nanti sam±n±dhikaraºaniddeseneva jh±nassa ekodiva¹¹hanat±vutt±va hot²ti imin± adhipp±yena byañjanavic±ra½ akatv± dhammamattameva niddiµµhantiavirodho yutto.
Ya½ pana vutta½ µ²k±k±rehi ±cariyadhammap±latther±d²hi “yadi ekod²ti sam±dhissagahaºa½ adhippeta½, tad± ‘ekodibh±van’ti pada½ uddharitv± sam±dhissa niddeso na kattabbosiy±. Tasm± ekodibh±vasaddo eva sam±dhimhi pavatto sampas±danasaddo viya jh±ne pavattat²tiyuttan”ti, ta½ aµµhakath±ya virujjhati. Tasm± so aµµhakath±nirapekkho visu½yevekoatthavikappoti gahetabba½. Ayañhi nesa½ adhipp±yo– vitakkavic±rehi anajjh±ru¼hatt±eka½ udet²ti ekod²ti tath±vidhasam±dhiyutta½ jh±nacittameva gahetv± ekodissa bh±voekodibh±voti sam±dhissa gahaºa½ sakk± vattunti. Yo pan±ya½ tesamabhiniveso “ekod²tisam±dhissa gahaºe sati ‘ekodibh±van’ti pada½ uddharitv± sam±dhissa niddeso na kattabbosiy±”ti so anekantikatt± ayutto. Aññatthapi hi byañjanavic±ra½ akatv± atthamattassevab±hullena vibhaªge niddeso dissati.
Sant±ti sama½ nirodha½ gat±. Samit±ti bh±van±ya sama½ gamit±nirodhit±. V³pasant±ti tato eva suµµhu upasant±. Atthaªgat±ti attha½ vin±sa½gat±. Abbhatthaªgat±ti upasaggena pada½ va¹¹hetv± vutta½. Appit±ti gamit± vin±sa½gat±. Sosit±ti pavattisaªkh±tassa sant±nassa abh±vena sosa½ sukkhabh±va½ gat±. Byant²kat±tivigatant± kat±.
Ayamatthoti bh±van±ya pah²natt± vitakkavic±r±na½ abh±vasaªkh±to attho. Codakena vuttamattha½sampaµicchitv± pariharitu½ “evameta½ siddhov±yamattho”ti vatv± “na panetan”ti-±divutta½. Tattha etanti “vitakkavic±r±na½ v³pasam±”ti eta½ vacana½. Tadatthad²pakantitassa vitakkavic±r±bh±vamattasaªkh±tassa atthassa d²paka½. Na kilesak±lussiyass±tiupac±rakkhaºe viya n²varaºasaªkh±tassa kilesasaªkhobhassa v³pasam± na sampas±dananti attho.Nanu ca “purima½ vatv±pi vattabbamev±”ti ida½ kasm± vutta½. Tath± hi dutiyajjh±n±di-adhigam³p±yad²pakenaajjhatta½ sampas±danat±ya cetaso ekodibh±vat±ya ca hetud²pakena avitakka-avic±rabh±vahetud²pakenaca vitakkavic±rav³pasamavacaneneva vitakkavic±r±bh±vo d²pitoti, ki½ puna avitakka-avic±ravacanenakaten±ti? Na, ad²pitatt±. Na hi vitakkavic±rav³pasamavacanena vitakkavic±r±na½appavatti vutt± hoti. Vitakkavic±resu hi taºh±ppah±na½ etesa½ v³pasamana½.O¼±rikaªgamukhena hi ta½ta½jh±nanikantiy± vikkhambhana½ vitakkavic±rav³pasamavacan±d²hipak±sita½. Yato vitakkavic±resu virattabh±vad²paka½ vitakkavic±rav³pasamavacana½,ye ca saªkh±resu taºh±ppah±na½ karonti, tesu maggesu pah²nataºhesu ca phalesu saªkh±rappavattihoti, evamidh±pi vikkhambhitavitakkavic±rataºhassa dutiyajjh±nassa vitakkavic±rasampayogopurimena na niv±rito siy±ti tanniv±raºattha½ ±vajjituk±mat±di-atikkamo ca tesa½v³pasamoti dassanatthañca “avitakka½ avic±ran”ti vutta½. Paµhamajjh±na½ dutiyajjh±nassaupanissayapaccayena paccayo hot²ti ±ha “paµhamajjh±nasam±dhito”ti. Paµhamamp²tipaµhamajjh±nampi.
Gaºan±nupubbatoti-±di heµµh± vuttanayeneva veditabba½. Etth±pi “dutiya½ uppannantipidutiyan”ti vattu½ vaµµatiyeva. Vuttamevattha½ vibhaªgap±µhena s±dhento ±ha “yath±h±”ti-±di.Ya½ pana vibhaªge (vibha. 580) “jh±nanti sampas±do p²ti sukha½ cittassekaggat±”tivutta½, ta½ saparikkh±ra½ jh±na½ dassetu½ pariy±yena vutta½. Rathassa paº¹ukambala½viya hi sampas±do jh±nassa parikkh±ro, na jh±naªganti ±ha “pariy±yoyeva ceso”ti.Nippariy±yato pana upanijjh±nalakkhaºappatt±na½ aªg±na½ vasena tivaªgikameveta½ hot²ti±ha “sampas±dana½ pana µhapetv±”ti-±di.

Dutiyajjh±nakath± niµµhit±.