Id±ni sattapariy±yassa gabbhasaddassa vasena viggahan±natta½ dassento ±ha “apic±”ti-±di.Imasmi½ pana vikappe gabbhaseyy± punabbhav±bhinibbatt²ti ubhayampi gabbhaseyyavasenevavuttantipi vadanti. Nanu ca “±yati½ gabbhaseyy± pah²n±”ti (p±r±. 10) vuttatt±gabbhassa seyy± eva pah²n±, na pana gabbhoti ±pajjat²ti ±ha “yath± c±”ti-±di.Atha “abhinibbatt²”ti ettakameva avatv± punabbhavaggahaºa½ kimatthanti ±ha “abhinibbattica n±m±”ti-±di. Apunabbhavabh³t±ti khaºe khaºe uppajjam±n±na½ dhamm±na½ abhinibbatti.
11. Dhammadh±tunti ettha dhamme anavasese dh±reti y±th±vato upadh±ret²ti dhammadh±tu,dhamm±na½ yath±sabh±vato avabujjhanasabh±vo, sabbaññutaññ±ºasseta½ adhivacana½. Paµivijjhitv±tisacchikatv±, paµilabhitv±ti attho, paµil±bhahet³ti vutta½ hoti. Desan±vil±sappattohot²ti rucivasena parivattetv± desetu½ samatthat± desan±vil±so, ta½ patto adhigatotiattho. Karuº±vipph±ranti sabbasattesu mah±karuº±ya pharaºa½. T±diguºalakkhaºamevapuna upam±ya vibh±vetv± dassento ±ha “pathav²samacittatan”ti.Yath± pathav² suci-asucinikkhepachedanabhedan±d²su na vikampati, anurodhavirodha½ nap±puº±ti, eva½ iµµh±niµµhesu l±bh±l±bh±d²su anurodhavirodhappah±nato avikampitacittat±yapathav²samacittatanti attho. Akuppadhammatanti ettha “akuppadhammo n±ma phalasam±patt²”tit²supi gaºµhipadesu vutta½. “Paresu pana akkosantesupi attano pathav²samacittat±lakkhaºa½akujjhanasabh±vatanti evamettha attho gahetabbo”ti amh±ka½ khanti. Jar±ya anusaµantijar±ya paliveµhita½. Vaµµakh±ºubh³tanti anekesa½ anayabyasan±na½ nip±talakkhaºatthambhabh³tat±yasa½s±rakh±ºubh³ta½. Br±hmaºassa vu¹¹hat±ya ±sannavuttimaraºanti sambh±vanavasena “ajjamaritv±”ti-±di vutta½. Mahantena kho pana uss±hen±ti “s±dhu kho pana tath±r³p±na½arahata½ dassana½ hot²”ti eva½ sañj±tamahuss±hena. Appaµisama½ purej±tabh±vanti anaññas±dh±raºa½ purej±tabh±va½. Natthi etassa paµisamoti appaµisamo, purej±tabh±vo.
“Ap²”ti avatv± “p²”ti vadanto pi-saddopi visu½ atthi nip±toti dasseti.Sambh±vanattheti “api n±meva½ siy±”ti vikappanattho sambh±vanattho, tasmi½jotakat±ya pisaddo vattati. Vacanasiliµµhat±y±ti vacanassa madhurabh±vattha½, mudubh±vatthantiattho. Evañhi loke siliµµhavacana½ hot²ti eva½ ekameva gaºana½ avatv± apar±yagaºan±ya saddhi½ vacana½ loke siliµµhavacana½ hoti yath± “dve v± t²ºi v± udakaphusit±n²”ti.Samm± adhisayit±n²ti p±d±d²hi attan± nesa½ kiñci upagh±ta½ akarontiy±bahiv±t±diparissayaparih±rattha½ sammadeva upari sayit±ni. Upari-attho hettha adhi-saddo.Utu½ gaºh±pentiy±ti tesa½ allasinehapariy±d±nattha½ attano k±yusm±vasena utu½gaºh±pentiy±. Ten±ha “usm²kat±n²”ti. Samm± paribh±vit±n²ti sammadevasabbaso kukkuµav±san±ya v±sit±ni. Ten±ha “kukkuµagandha½ g±h±pit±n²”ti.
Ettha ca samm± parisedana½ kukkuµagandhaparibh±vanañca samm± adhisayananipphattiy± ±nubh±vanipph±ditantidaµµhabba½. Samm± adhisayaneneva hi itaradvaya½ ijjhati Na hi samm± adhisayanatovisu½ samm± parisedanassa samm± paribh±vanassa ca karaºa½ atthi, tena pana saddhi½yeva itaresa½dvinnampi ijjhanato vutta½ “eva½ t²hi pak±rehi t±ni aº¹±ni parip±liyam±n±n²”ti.Nakhasikh±ti nakhagg±ni. Mukhatuº¹akanti mukhagga½. Kap±lassa tanukatt±tiettha yath± kap±lassa tanut± ±lokassa anto paññ±yam±nassa k±raºa½, tath± kap±lassatanut±ya nakhasikh±mukhatuº¹ak±na½ kharat±ya ca allasinehapariy±d±na½ k±raºavacananti daµµhabba½.Saªkuµitahatthap±d±ti ettha hatth±ti pakkh±. Na hi kukkuµ±na½ pakkhato añño hatthon±ma atthi. Etth±ti ±lokaµµh±ne. Pakkhe vidhunant±ti pakkhe c±lent±.Nikkhamant±nanti niddh±raºe s±mivacana½, nikkhamantes³ti attho.
So jeµµho iti assa vacan²yoti yo paµhamatara½ aº¹akosato nikkhanto kukkuµapotako,soyeva jeµµhoti vacan²yo assa, bhaveyy±ti attho. Sampaµip±dentoti sa½sandento.Tibh³makapariy±pann±pi satt± avijj±kosassa anto paviµµh± tattha tattha appah²n±ya avijj±yaveµhitatt±ti ±ha “avijj±kosassa anto paviµµhesu sattes³”ti. Aº¹akosantib²jakap±la½. Lokasanniv±seti loko eva lokasanniv±so. Samm±sambodhintiettha samm±ti avipar²tattho, sa½-saddo s±manti imamattha½ d²peti,tasm± samm± avipar²ten±k±renasayameva catt±ri sacc±ni bujjhati paµivijjhat²ti samm±sambodh²ti maggo vuccati.Ten±ha “samm± s±mañca bodhin”ti, samm± sayameva ca bujjhanakanti attho. Samm±tiv± pasatthavacano, sa½-saddo sundaravacanoti ±ha “atha v± pasattha½ sundarañca bodhin”ti.Bodhisaddassa anekatthata½ dassetv± idh±dhippetamattha½ niddh±retv± dassetuk±mo ±ha“bodh²ti rukkhopi maggop²”ti-±di. Tattha abujjhi etth±ti rukkho bodhi.Saya½ bujjhati, bujjhanti v± tena ariy±ti maggo bodhi. Sabbadhamme sabb±k±ratobujjhati paµivijjhat²ti sabbaññutaññ±ºa½ bodhi. Bujjh²yati sacchikar²yat²ti nibb±na½bodhi. Antar± ca bodhinti dutiyamud±haraºa½ vin±pi rukkhasaddena bodhisaddassa rukkhepavattidassanattha½ vutta½. Varabh³rimedhasoti mah±pathav² viya patthaµavarapaññoti attho.Asabbaguºad±yakatt±ti sabbaguº±na½ ad±yakatt±. Sabbaguºe na dad±t²ti hi sabbaguºad±yako, ayuttasam±soya½ gamakatt± yath± “as³riya½pass±ni mukh±n²”ti.
Tisso vijj±ti upanissayavato saheva arahattaphalena tisso vijj± deti. Nanu cetthat²su vijj±su ±savakkhayañ±ºassa maggapariy±pannatt± kathameta½ yujjati “maggo tissovijj± det²”ti? N±ya½ doso. Satipi ±savakkhayañ±ºassa maggapariy±pannabh±ve aµµhaªgikemagge sati maggañ±ºena saddhi½ tisso vijj± paripuºº± hont²ti “maggo tissovijj± det²”ti vuccati. Cha abhiññ±ti etth±pi eseva nayo. S±vakap±ramiñ±ºantiaggas±vakehi paµilabhitabba½ sabbameva lokiyalokuttarañ±ºa½. Paccekabodhiñ±ºantietth±pi imin±va nayena attho veditabbo. Abbhaññ±sinti j±ni½. J±nanañca na anussav±divasen±ti±ha “paµivijjhin”ti, paccakkhamak±sinti attho. Paµivedhopi na d³re µhitassa lakkhaºappaµivedhoviy±ti ±ha “pattomh²”ti, p±puºinti attho. P±puºanañca na saya½ gantv±ti ±ha“adhigatomh²”ti, sakasant±ne upp±danavasena paµilabhinti attho.
Opammasampaµip±dananti opammatthassa upameyyena sammadeva paµip±dana½. Atthen±tiupameyyatthena. Yath± kukkuµiy± aº¹esu tividhakiriy±karaºa½ kukkuµacch±pak±na½aº¹akosato nikkhamanassa m³lak±raºa½, eva½ bodhisattabh³tassa bhagavato tividh±nupassan±karaºa½avijjaº¹akosato nikkhamanassa m³lak±raºanti ±ha “yath± hi tass± kukkuµiy±…pe…tividh±nupassan±karaºan”ti. “Sant±ne”ti vuttatt± aº¹asadisat± sant±nassa bahinikkhantakukkuµacch±pakasadisat± buddhaguº±na½, buddhaguº±ti ca atthato buddhoyeva “tath±gatassakho eta½, v±seµµha, adhivacana½ dhammak±yo itip²”ti vacanato. Avijjaº¹akosassa tanubh±votibalavavipassan±vasena avijjaº¹akosassa tanubh±vo, paµicch±danas±maññena ca avijj±ya aº¹akosasadisat±.Mudubh³tassapi kharabh±v±patti hot²ti tannivattanattha½ “thaddhakharabh±vo”ti vutta½.Tikkhakharavippasannas³rabh±voti ettha pariggayham±nesu saªkh±resu vipassan±ñ±ºassa sam±dhindriyavasenasukh±nuppaveso tikkhat±, anupavisitv±pi satindriyavasena anatikkamanato akuºµhat±kharabh±vo. Tikkhopi hi ekacco saro lakkha½ patv± kuºµho hoti, na tath± ida½.Satipi kharabh±ve sukhumappavattivasena kilesasamud±c±rasaªkhobharahitat±ya saddhindriyavasenapasannabh±vo, satipi ca pasannabh±ve antar± anosakkitv± kilesapaccatthik±na½suµµhu abhibhavanato v²riyindriyavasena s³rabh±vo veditabbo. Evamimehi pak±rehisaªkh±rupekkh±ñ±ºameva gahitanti daµµhabba½. Vipassan±ñ±ºassa pariº±mak±lotivipassan±ya vuµµh±nag±minibh±vappatti, tad± ca s± maggañ±ºagabbha½ dh±rent² viya hot²ti±ha “gabbhaggahaºak±lo”ti. Gabbha½ gaºh±petv±ti saªkh±rupekkh±ya anantara½ sikh±ppatta-anulomavipassan±vasenamaggavij±yanattha½ gabbha½ gaºh±petv±. Anupubb±dhigaten±ti paµhamamaggapaµip±µiy±adhigatena. Abhiññ±pakkheti lokiy±bhiññ±pakkhe. Lokuttar±bhiññ± hi avijjaº¹akosa½pad±lit±. Potthakesu pana katthaci “cha-abhiññ±pakkhe”ti likhanti, so ap±µhotiveditabbo. Jeµµho seµµhoti vuddhatamatt± jeµµho, sabbaguºehi uttamatt± pasatthatamotiseµµho.
Id±ni “±raddha½ kho pana me br±hmaºa v²riyan”ti-±dik±ya desan±ya anusandhi½ dassento±ha “eva½ bhagav±”ti-±di. Tattha pubbabh±gato pabhut²ti bh±van±ya pubbabh±giyav²riy±rambh±ditopaµµh±ya. Cittamevamuppannanti eva½ upari vakkham±naparivitakkavasena cittamuppannantiattho. “Cittameva uppannan”tipi p±µho, tattha cittameva uppanna½, na t±va bhagavatipas±doti attho. Muµµhassatin±ti vinaµµhassatin±, sativirahiten±ti attho. S±raddhak±yen±tisadarathak±yena. Bodhimaº¹eti bodhisaªkh±tassa ñ±ºassa maº¹abh±vappatte µh±ne. Bodh²tihi paññ± vuccati, s± ettha maº¹± pasann± j±t±ti so padeso “bodhimaº¹o”ti paññ±to.Caturaªgasamann±gatanti “k±ma½ taco ca nh±ru ca aµµhi ca avasissatu, sar²re upasussatuma½salohitan”ti (ma. ni. 2.184; sa½. ni. 2.22; a. ni. 2.5; mah±ni. 196)eva½ vuttacaturaªgasamann±gata½ v²riya½. Tattha tacoti eka½ aªga½ nh±ru eka½ aªga½ aµµhieka½ aªga½ ma½salohita½ eka½ aªganti veditabba½. Taco eka½ aªganti ca tace nirapekkhabh±voeka½ aªganti gahetabba½. Padh±na½ anuyuñjantassa hi tace palujjam±nepi ta½nimitta½ avos±n±pajjana½tassa v²riyassa eka½ aªga½ eka½ k±raºa½. Eva½ sesesupi attho veditabbo. Paggahitanti±rambha½ sithila½ akatv± da¼haparakkamasaªkh±tuss±hanabh±vena gahita½.Ten±ha “asithilappavattitanti vutta½ hot²”ti.
Asall²nanti asaªkucita½ kosajjavasena saªkoca½ an±panna½. Upaµµhit±ti og±hanasaªkh±tenaapil±pabh±vena ±rammaºa½ upagantv± µhit±. Ten±ha “±rammaº±bhimukh²bh±ven±”ti.Sammosassa viddha½sanavasena pavattiy± na sammuµµh±ti asammuµµh±. Kiñc±pi cittapassaddhivasenevacittameva passaddha½, k±yapassaddhivaseneva ca k±yo passaddho hoti, tath±pi yasm± k±yapassaddhiuppajjam±n± cittapassaddhiy± saheva uppajjati, na vin±, tasm± vutta½ “k±yacittapassaddhivasen±”ti.K±yapassaddhiy± ubhayesampi k±y±na½ passambhan±vahatt± vutta½ “r³pak±yopi passaddhoyevahot²”ti. So ca khoti so ca kho k±yo. Vigatadarathoti vigatakilesadaratho.N±mak±ye hi vigatadarathe r³pak±yopi v³pasantadarathapari¼±ho hoti. Samm± ±hitantin±n±rammaºesu vidh±vanasaªkh±ta½ vikkhepa½ vicchinditv± ekasmi½yeva ±rammaºe avikkhittabh±v±p±danenasammadeva ±hita½ µhapita½. Ten±ha “suµµhu µhapitan”ti-±di. Cittassa anekaggabh±vovikkhepavasena cañcalat±, s± sati ekaggat±ya na hot²ti ±ha “ekagga½ acala½nipphandanan”ti. Ett±vat±ti “±raddha½ kho pan±”ti-±din± v²riyasatipassaddhisam±dh²na½kiccasiddhidassanena.
Nanu ca saddh±paññ±nampi kiccasiddhi jh±nassa pubbapaµipad±ya icchitabb±ti? Sacca½ icchitabb±,s± pana n±nantarikabh±vena avuttasiddh±ti na gahit±. Asati hi saddh±ya v²riy±rambh±d²na½asambhavoyeva, paññ±pariggahe ca nesa½ asati ñ±y±rambh±dibh±vo na siy±, tath± asall²n±sammosat±dayov²riy±d²nanti asall²nat±diggahaºenevettha paññ±kiccasiddhi gahit±ti daµµhabba½. Jh±nabh±van±ya½v± sam±dhikicca½ adhika½ icchitabbanti dassetu½ sam±dhipariyos±n±va jh±nassa pubbapaµipad±kathit±ti daµµhabba½.