Ar³p² satt± attano ±neñjavih±rena viharant± dibbant²ti dev±tiima½ nibbacana½ labhant²ti ±ha “sadevakaggahaºena ar³p±vacaraloko gahito”ti. Tenev±habhagav± “±k±s±nañc±yatan³pag±na½ dev±na½ sahabyatan”ti-±di (a. ni. 3.117).Chak±m±vacaradevalokassa savisesa½ m±rassa vase vattanato ±ha “sam±rakaggahaºena chak±m±vacaradevaloko”ti r³p²brahmalokassa visu½ gahitatt± ±ha “r³p² brahmaloko”ti. Catuparisavasen±tikhattiyaparis±, br±hmaºagahapatisamaºac±tumah±r±jikat±vati½sam±rabrahmaparis±ti im±su aµµhasuparis±su khattiy±dicatuparisavasena. Itar± pana catasso paris± sam±rakaggahaºena gahit±ev±ti.
Katha½ panettha catuparisavasena manussaloko gahito? “Sassamaºabr±hmaºin”ti imin±samaºaparis± br±hmaºaparis± ca gahit± honti, “sadevamanussan”ti imin± khattiyaparis±gahapatiparis± ca gahit±, “pajan”ti imin± pana im±yeva catasso paris± vutt±,catuparisasaªkh±ta½ pajanti vutta½ hoti, katha½ pana sammutidevehi saha manussaloko gahito?Etth±pi “sassamaºabr±hmaºin”ti imin± samaºabr±hmaº± gahit±, “sadevamanussan”ti imin±sammutidevasaªkh±t± khattiy±, gahapatisuddasaªkh±t± avasesamanuss± ca gahit± honti. Itopana aññesa½ manussasatt±na½ abh±vato “pajan”ti imin± cat³hi pak±rehi µhit±eteyeva manussasatt± vutt±ti daµµhabba½. Eva½ vikappadvayepi paj±ggahaºena catuparis±divasenaµhit±na½ manuss±na½yeva gahitatt± id±ni “pajan”ti imin± avasesasatte saªgahetv±dassetuk±mo ±ha “avasesasabbasattaloko v±”ti. Tattha n±gagaru¼±divasena avasesasattalokoveditabbo. Etth±pi catuparisavasena sammutidevehi v± saha avasesasabbasattalokov±ti yojetabba½. Catuparisasahito avasesasuddhan±gasupaººanerayik±disattaloko, catudh±µhitamanussasahito v± avasesan±gasupaººanerayik±disattaloko gahitoti vutta½ hoti.
Ett±vat± bh±gaso loka½ gahetv± yojana½ dassetv± id±ni tena tena visesena abh±gasoloka½ gahetv± yojana½ dassetu½ “apicetth±”ti-±di vutta½.Tattha ukkaµµhaparicchedatoti ukka½sagativij±nanena. Pañcasu hi gat²su devagatipariy±pann±vaseµµh±, tatth±pi ar³pino d³rasamuss±ritakilesadukkhat±ya santapaº²ta-±neñjavih±rasamaªgit±yaativiya d²gh±yukat±y±ti evam±d²hi visesehi ativiya ukkaµµh±. Brahm± mah±nubh±votidasasahassiya½ mah±brahmuno vasena vadati. “Ukkaµµhaparicchedato”ti hi vutta½.Anuttaranti seµµha½ navalokuttara½. Anusandhikkamoti atth±nañceva pad±nañcaanusandh±nukkamo. Por±º± panettha eva½ vaººayanti– sadevakanti devat±hi saddhi½avasesa½ loka½. Sam±rakanti m±rena saddhi½ avasesa½ loka½. Sabrahmakantibrahmehi saddhi½ avasesa½ loka½. Eva½ sabbepi tibhav³page satte devam±rabrahmasahitat±saªkh±tehit²hi pak±rehi “sadevakan”ti-±d²su t²su padesu pakkhipitv± puna dv²hi padehipariy±diyanto “sassamaºabr±hmaºi½ paja½ sadevamanussan”ti ±ha. Eva½ pañcahipi padehisadevakatt±din± tena tena pak±rena tedh±tukameva pariy±dinnanti.
Abhiññ±ti yak±ralopen±ya½ niddeso, abhij±nitv±ti ayamettha atthoti ±ha “abhiññ±yaadhikena ñ±ºena ñatv±”ti. Anum±n±dipaµikkhepoti anum±na-upam±na-atth±patti-±dipaµikkhepoekappam±ºatt±. Sabbattha appaµihatañ±ºac±rat±ya hi sabbapaccakkh± buddh± bhagavanto. Anuttara½vivekasukhanti phalasam±pattisukha½. Tena v²thimiss±pi kad±ci bhagavato dhammadesan±hot²ti hitv±p²ti pisaddaggahaºa½. Bhagav± hi dhamma½ desento yasmi½ khaºe paris±s±dhuk±ra½ v± deti, yath±suta½ v± dhamma½ paccavekkhati, ta½ khaºa½ pubbabh±gena paricchinditv±phalasam±patti½ sam±pajjati, yath±paricchedañca sam±pattito vuµµh±ya µhitaµµh±nato paµµh±ya dhamma½deseti. Appa½ v± bahu½ v± desentoti ugghaµitaññussa vasena appa½ v±, vipañcitaññussaneyyassa v± vasena bahu½ v± desento. ¾dikaly±º±dippak±rameva deset²ti±dimhipi kaly±ºa½ bhaddaka½ anavajjameva katv± deseti. Majjhepi pariyos±nepi kaly±ºa½bhaddaka½ anavajjameva katv± deset²ti vutta½ hoti. Dhammassa hi kaly±ºat±niyy±nikat±ya niyy±nikat± ca sabbaso anavajjabh±vena.
Samantabhaddakatt±ti sabbabh±gehi sundaratt±. Dhammass±ti pariyattidhammassa. Kiñc±piavayavavinimutto samud±yo n±ma paramatthato koci natthi, yesu pana avayavesu samud±yar³penaapekkhitesu g±th±ti samaññ±, ta½ tato bhinna½ viya katv± sa½s±mivoh±ra½ ±ropetv±dassento “paµhamap±dena ±dikaly±º±”ti-±dim±ha. Ek±nusandhikanti ida½n±tibahuvibh±ga½ yath±nusandhin± ek±nusandhika½ sandh±ya vutta½. Itarassa pana tenevadesetabbadhammavibh±gena ±dimajjhapariyos±nabh±g± labbhant²ti. Nid±nen±ti ±nandattherenaµhapitak±ladesadesakaparis±di-apadisanalakkhaºena nid±naganthena. Nigamen±ti “idamavoc±”ti-±dikena“iti ya½ ta½ vutta½, idameta½ paµicca vuttan”ti v± yath±vuttatthanigamanena. Saªg²tik±rakehiµhapit±nipi hi nid±nanigaman±ni dassetv± t²ºi piµak±ni satthu desan±ya anuvidh±natotadantogadh±neva. Teneva d²ghanik±yaµµhakath±ya½ “ek±nusandhikassa suttassa nid±na½±di, idamavoc±ti pariyos±na½, ubhinnamantar± majjhan”ti (d². ni. aµµha. 1.190)vutta½.
Eva½ suttantapiµakavasena dhammassa ±dikaly±º±dita½ dassetv± id±ni t²ºi piµak±niekajjha½ gahetv± ta½ dassetu½ “sakalop²”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha s±sanadhammoti–
“Sabbap±passa akaraºa½, kusalassa upasampad±;
sacittapariyodapana½, eta½ buddh±na s±sanan”ti. (D². ni. 2.90; dha. pa. 183;netti. 30, 50)–

Eva½ vuttassa satthus±sanassa pak±sako pariyattidhammo. S²lam³lakatt± s±sanassa“s²lena ±dikaly±ºo”ti vutta½. Samath±d²na½ s±sanasampattiy± vemajjhabh±vato ±ha“samathavipassan±maggaphalehi majjhekaly±ºo”ti. Nibb±n±dhigamato uttari karaº²y±bh±vatovutta½ “nibb±nena pariyos±nakaly±ºo”ti. S±sane samm±paµipatti n±ma paññ±yahoti, tass± ca s²la½ sam±dhi ca m³lanti ±ha “s²lasam±dh²hi v±±dikaly±ºo”ti. Paññ± pana anubodhapa-avedhavasena duvidh±ti tadubhayampi gaºhanto“vipassan±maggehi majjhekaly±ºo”ti ±ha. Tass± nipphattiphalakicca½ nibb±nasacchikiriy±,tato para½ kattabba½ natth²ti dassento ±ha “phalanibb±nehi pariyos±nakaly±ºo”ti.Phalaggahaºena v± sa-up±disesa½ nibb±nam±ha, itarena itara½ tadubhayañca s±sanasampattiy± os±nanti±ha “phalanibb±nehi pariyos±nakaly±ºo”ti.

Buddhasubodhit±ya v± ±dikaly±ºoti buddhassa subodhit± samm±sambuddhat±, t±ya ±dikaly±ºotappabhavatt±. Sabbaso sa½kilesappah±na½ vod±nap±rip³r² ca dhammasudhammat±, t±yamajjhekaly±ºo ta½sar²ratt±. Satth±r± yath±nusiµµha½ tath± paµipatti saªghasuppaµipatti,t±ya pariyos±nakaly±ºo t±ya s±sanassa loke suppatiµµhitabh±vato. Tanti s±sanadhamma½.Tathatt±y±ti yathatt±ya bhagavat± dhammo desito, tathatt±ya tathabh±v±ya. So pana abhisambodhipaccekabodhi s±vakabodh²ti tividho ito aññath± nibb±n±dhigamassa abh±vato. Tatthasabbaguºehi aggabh±vato itarabodhidvayam³lat±ya ca paµham±ya bodhiy± ±dikaly±ºat±, guºehivemajjhabh±vato dutiy±ya majjhekaly±ºat±, tadubhayat±ya v± vos±nat±ya ca s±sanadhammassa tatiy±yapariyos±nakaly±ºat± vutt±.
Esoti s±sanadhammo. N²varaºavikkhambhanatoti vimutt±yatanas²se µhatv± saddhamma½ suºantassan²varaº±na½ vikkhambhanasabbh±vato. Vuttañheta½–
“Yath± yath±vuso, bhikkhuno satth± v± dhamma½ deseti, aññataro v± garuµµh±n²yo sabrahmac±r²,tath± tath± so tattha labhati atthaveda½ labhati dhammavedan”ti.
“Yasmi½ bhikkhave, samaye ariyas±vako ohitasoto dhamma½ suº±ti, pañcassa n²varaº±ni tasmi½ samaye pah²n±ni hont²”ti–

Ca ±di. Samathavipassan±sukh±vahanatoti samathasukhassa vipassan±sukhassa ca samp±panato.Vuttampi ceta½ “so vivicceva k±mehi vivicca akusalehi dhammehisavitakka½ savic±ra½ vivekaja½ p²tisukhan”ti-±di, tath±–

“Yato yato sammasati, khandh±na½ udayabbaya½;
labhat² p²tip±mojja½, amata½ ta½ vij±nata½;
am±nus² rat² hoti, samm± dhamma½ vipassato”ti ca. (Dha. pa. 374-373).

Tath± paµipannoti yath± samathavipassan±sukha½ ±vahati, yath± v± satth±r± anusiµµha½, tath±paµipanno s±sanadhammo. T±dibh±v±vahanatoti cha¼aªgupekkh±vasena iµµh±d²su t±dibh±vassalokadhammehi anupalepassa ±vahanato. N±thappabhavatt±ti pabhavati etasm±ti pabhavo, uppattiµµh±na½,n±thova pabhavo etass±ti n±thappabhavo, tassa bh±vo n±thappabhavatta½, tasm± s±sanadhammassa n±thahetukatt±tiattho. Atthasuddhiy± majjhekaly±ºoti nirupakkilesat±ya niyy±nikat± atthasuddhi,t±ya majjhekaly±ºo. Kiccasuddhiy± pariyos±nakaly±ºoti suppaµipattisaªkh±takiccassasuddhiy± pariyos±nakaly±ºo suppaµipattipariyos±natt± s±sanadhammassa. Yath±vuttamattha½nigamento ±ha “tasm±”ti-±di.

S±sanabrahmacariyanti-±d²su avisesena tisso sikkh± sakalo ca tantidhammo s±sanabrahmacariya½.Ya½ sandh±ya vutta½ “katames±na½ kho, bhante, buddh±na½ bhagavant±na½ brahmacariya½ na ciraµµhitikamahos²”ti-±di(p±r±. 18). Ariyo aµµhaªgiko maggo maggabrahmacariya½. Ya½ sandh±ya vutta½ “kh²º±j±ti, vusita½ brahmacariya½, kata½ karaº²yan”ti (p±r±. 14). Yath±nur³panti yath±raha½.Sikkhattayasaªgahañhi s±sanabrahmacariya½ atthasampattiy± s±ttha½, tath± maggabrahmacariya½.Itara½ pana tantidhammasaªkh±ta½ s±sanabrahmacariya½ yath±vuttenatthena s±ttha½ sabyañjanañca. Atthasampattiy±tisampannatthat±ya. Sampatti-attho hi idha sahasaddo. Byañjanasampattiy±ti etth±pi esevanayo. Yassa hi y±gubhatt±di-itthipuris±divaººan±nissit± desan± hoti, na so s±ttha½ deseti niyy±natthavirahato tass± desan±ya. Bhagav± pana tath±r³pa½ desana½ pah±ya catusatipaµµh±n±dinissita½desana½ deseti, tasm± “atthasampattiy± s±ttha½ deset²”ti vuccati assa pana desan± sithiladhanit±dibhedesu byañjanesu ekappak±reneva dvippak±renevav± byañjanena yuttat±ya ekabyañjan±diyutt± v± dami¼abh±s± viya, vivaµakaraºat±ya oµµheaphus±petv± ucc±retabbato sabbaniroµµhabyañjan± v± kir±tabh±s± viya, sabbattheva vissajjan²yayuttat±yasabbavissaµµhabyañjan± v± yavanabh±s± viya, sabbattheva s±nus±rat±ya sabbaniggah²tabyañjan±v± p±dasik±di milakkhubh±s± viya, tassa byañjanap±rip³riy± abh±vato abyañjan±n±ma desan± hoti. Sabb±pi hi es± byañjanekadesavaseneva pavattiy± aparipuººabyañjan±tikatv± “abyañjan±”ti vuccati. Bhagav± pana–
“Sithila½ dhanitañca d²gharassa½, garuka½ lahukañca niggah²ta½;
sambandha½ vavatthita½ vimutta½, dasadh± byañjanabuddhiy± pabhedo”ti. (D². ni. aµµha.1.190; ma. ni. aµµha. 1.291; pari. aµµha. 485)–