Yadipi “bh±gyav±”ti-±d²hi padehi vuccam±no attho “bhag² bhaj²”ti (mah±ni. 84)niddesag±th±ya saªgahito eva, tath±pi padasiddhi-atthavibh±ga-atthayojan±disahito sa½vaººan±nayotato aññ±k±roti vutta½ “aya½ pana aparo nayo”ti. Vaººavipariy±yoti etantiettha itisaddo ±di-attho, tena vaººavik±ro vaººalopo dh±tu-atthena niyojanañc±tiima½ tividha½ lakkhaºa½ saªgaºh±ti. Saddanayen±ti saddalakkhaºanayena. Pisodar±d²na½ sadd±na½±katigaºabh±vato vutta½ “pisodar±dipakkhepalakkhaºa½ gahetv±”ti. Pakkhipanameva lakkhaºa½.Tappariy±pannat±karaºañhi pakkhipana½. P±rappattanti paramukka½sagata½ p±ram²bh±vappatta½.Bh±gyanti kusala½. Tattha maggakusala½ lokuttarasukhanibbattaka½, itara½ lokiyasukhanibbattaka½,itarampi v± vivaµµupanissaya½ pariy±yato lokuttarasukhanibbattaka½ siy±.
Id±ni bhagav±ti imassa attha½ vibhajitv± dassento ±ha “yasm± pan±”ti-±di.Tattha lobh±dayo ekakavasena gahit±, tath± vipar²tamanasik±ro vipall±sabh±vas±maññena, ahirik±dayodukavasena. Tattha kujjhanalakkhaºo kodho, so navavidha-±gh±tavatthusambhavo. “Akkocchima½ avadhi man”ti-±din± (dha. pa. 3-4) punappuna½ kujjhanavasena cittapariyonandhanoupan±ho. Ubhayampi paµighoyeva, so pavattin±nattato bhinditv± vutto. Saki½ uppannokodho kodhoyeva, taduttari upan±ho. Vuttañceta½ “pubbak±le kodho, aparak±leupan±ho”ti (vibha. 891). Ag±riyassa (ma. ni. aµµha. 1.71) anag±riyassa v± sukatakaraºavin±sanomakkho. Ag±riyopi hi kenaci anukampakena daliddo sam±no ucce µh±neµhapito aparena samayena “ki½ tay± mayha½ katan”ti tassa sukatakaraºa½ vin±seti. Anag±riyopis±maºerak±lato pabhuti ±cariyena v± upajjh±yena v± cat³hi paccayehi uddesaparipucch±d²hica anuggahetv± dhammakath±nayappakaraºakosall±d²ni sikkh±pito aparena amayena r±jar±jamah±matt±d²hi sakkato garukato ±cariyupajjh±yesu acitt²kato caram±no“aya½ amhehi daharak±le eva½ anuggahito sa½va¹¹hito ca, atha ca panid±ni nissinehoj±to”ti vuccam±no “ki½ mayha½ tumhehi katan”ti tesa½ sukatakaraºa½ vin±seti,tasseso pubbak±rit±lakkhaºassa guºassa vin±sano udakapuñchaniy± viya sar²r±nugata½ udaka½nipuñchanto makkho. Tath± hi so paresa½ guº±na½ makkhanaµµhena “makkho”ti vuccati.Pa¼±sat²ti pa¼±so, parassa guºe dassetv± attano guºehi same karot²ti attho.So pana bahussutepi puggale ajjhottharitv± “²disassa ca bahussutassa aniyat± gati,tava v± mama v± ko viseso”ti, rattaññ³ cirapabbajite puggale ajjhottharitv± “tvampiimasmi½ s±sane pabbajito, ahampi pabbajito, tvampi s²lamatte µhito, ahamp²”ti-±din±nayena uppajjam±no yugagg±ho. Yugagg±halakkhaºo hi pa¼±so.
Paresa½ sakk±r±d²ni kh²yam±n± us³yam±n± iss±. Attano sampattiy± nig³hana½parehi s±dh±raºabh±va½ asaham±na½ macchariya½. Vañcanikacariyabh³t± m±y±, s±sakadosapaµicch±danalakkhaº±. Tath± hi s± attano vijjam±nadosapaµicch±danato cakkhumohanam±y±viy±ti “m±y±”ti vuccati. Attano avijjam±naguºappak±sanalakkhaºa½ ker±µikabh±venauppajjam±na½ s±µheyya½. Asantaguºad²panañhi “ker±µiyan”ti vuccati. Ker±µikohi puggalo ±yanamaccho viya hoti. ¾yanamaccho n±ma sappamukhamacchav±l± ek± macchaj±ti.So kira macch±na½ naªguµµha½ dasseti, sapp±na½ s²sa½ “tumh±ka½ sadiso ahan”tij±n±petu½, evameva ker±µiko puggalo ya½ ya½ suttantika½ v± ±bhidhammika½v± upasaªkamati, ta½ ta½ eva½ vadati “aha½ tumh±ka½ antev±s², tumhe mayha½ anukampak±,n±ha½ tumhe muñc±m²”ti. Evamete “sag±ravo aya½ amhesu sappatisso”ti maññissanti,tasseva½ ker±µikabh±vena uppajjam±na½ s±µheyya½.
Sabbaso maddav±bh±vena v±tabharitabhastasadisassa thaddhabh±vassa anonamitadaº¹asadisat±ya paggahitasira-aniv±tavuttik±yassaca k±rako thambho. Taduttarikaraºo s±rambho. So duvidhenalabbhati akusalavasena ceva kusalavasena ca. Tattha ag±riyassa parena kata½ alaªk±r±di½ disv±taddiguºataddiguºakaraºena uppajjam±no, anag±riyassa ca yattaka½ yattaka½ paro pariy±puº±tiv± katheti v±, m±navasena taddiguºataddiguºakaraºena uppajjam±no akusalo. Tena hisamann±gato puggalo taddiguºa½ taddiguºa½ karoti. Ag±riyo sam±no ekenekasmi½gharavatthusmi½ sajjite aparo dve vatth³ni sajjeti, aparo catt±ro, aparo aµµha, aparo so¼asa.Anag±riyo sam±no ekenekasmi½ nik±ye gahite “n±ha½ etassa heµµh± bhaviss±m²”tiaparo dve gaºh±ti, aparo tayo, aparo catt±ro, aparo pañca. S±rambhavasena hi gaºhitu½na vaµµati. Akusalapakkho hesa nirayag±mimaggo. Ag±riyassa pana para½ eka½ sal±kabhatta½denta½ disv± attano dve v± t²ºi v± d±tuk±mat±ya uppajjam±no, anag±riyassa caparena ekanik±ye gahite m±na½ aniss±ya kevala½ ta½ disv± attano ±lasiya½abhibhuyya dve nik±ye gahetuk±mat±ya uppajjam±no kusalo. Kusalapakkhavasena hiekasmi½ eka½ sal±kabhatta½ dente dve, dve dente catt±ri d±tu½ vaµµati. Bhikkhun±pi parena ekasmi½ nik±ye gahite “dve nik±ye gahetv± sajjh±yantassa me ph±suhot²”ti vivaµµapakkhe µhatv± taduttari gaºhitu½ vaµµati, idha pana akusalapakkhiyo taduttarikaraºo“s±rambho”ti vutto.
J±ti-±d²ni niss±ya seyyassa “seyyohamasm²”ti-±din± unnativasena paggaºhanavasenapavatto m±no. Abbhunnativasena pavatto atim±no. Pubbe kenaci att±na½sadisa½ katv± pacch± tato adhikato dahato uppajjam±nako atim±noti veditabbo. J±ti-±di½paµicca majjan±k±ro mado, sopi atthato m±no eva. So pana j±timado gottamado±rogyamado yobbanamado j²vitamado l±bhamado sakk±ramado garuk±ramado purekkh±ramadopariv±ramado bhogamado vaººamado sutamado paµibh±namado rattaññumado piº¹ap±tikamadoanavaññattimado iriy±pathamado iddhimado yasamado s²lamado jh±namado sippamado±rohamado pariº±hamado saºµh±namado p±rip³rimadoti anekavidho.
Tattha (vibha. aµµha. 843-844) j±ti½ niss±ya uppanno majjan±k±rappavattom±no j±timado, so khattiy±d²na½ catunnampi vaºº±na½ uppajjati. J±tisampannohi khattiyo “m±diso añño natthi, avases± antar± uµµh±ya khattiy± j±t±, aha½pana va½s±gatakhattiyo”ti m±na½ karoti. Br±hmaº±d²supi eseva nayo. Gotta½ niss±yauppanno majjan±k±rappavatto m±no gottamado, sopi khattiy±d²na½ catunnampi vaºº±na½uppajjati. Khattiyopi hi “aha½ koº¹aññagotto, aha½ ±diccagotto”ti m±na½karoti. Br±hmaºopi “aha½ kassapagotto, aha½ bh±radv±jagotto”ti m±na½ karoti.Vessopi suddopi attano attano kulagotta½ niss±ya m±na½ karoti. ¾rogyamad±d²supi“aha½ arogo, ses± rogabahul±, kaº¹uvanamattampi mayha½ by±dhi n±ma natth²”ti majjanavasenauppanno m±no ±rogyamado n±ma. “Aha½ taruºo, avasesasatt±na½ attabh±vo pap±teµhitarukkhasadiso, aha½ pana paµhamavaye µhito”ti majjanavasena uppanno m±no yobbanamado.“Aha½ cira½ j²vi½, cira½ j²v±mi, cira½ j²viss±mi, sukha½ j²vi½, sukha½ j²v±mi,sukha½ j²viss±m²”ti majjanavasena uppanno m±no j²vitamado n±ma. “Aha½l±bh², avases± satt± appal±bh±, mayha½ pana l±bhassa pam±ºa½ natth²”ti majjanavasena uppannom±no l±bhamado n±ma.
“Avases± satt± ya½ v± ta½ v± labhanti, aha½ pana sukata½ paº²ta½ c²var±dipaccaya½ labh±m²”timajjanavasena uppanno m±no sakk±ramado n±ma. “Avasesabhikkh³na½ p±dapiµµhiya½ akkamitv± gacchant± manuss± ‘aya½ samaºo’tipi na vandanti, ma½ pana disv± vandanti, p±s±ºacchatta½viya garuka½ katv± aggikkhandha½ viya ca dur±sada½ katv± maññant²”ti majjanavasenauppanno m±no garuk±ramado n±ma. “Uppanno pañho mayhameva mukhena chijjati,bhikkh±c±ra½ gacchant±pi ±gacchant±pi mameva purato katv± pariv±retv± gacchant²”timajjanavasena uppanno m±no purekkh±ramado n±ma. Ag±riyassa t±va mah±pariv±rassa“purisasatampi purisasahassampi ma½ pariv±ret²”ti, anag±riyassa “samaºasatampi samaºasahassampima½ pariv±reti, ses± appapariv±r±, aha½ mah±pariv±ro ceva sucipariv±ro c±”timajjanavasena uppanno m±no pariv±ramado n±ma. “Avases± satt± attano aribhogamattakampi na labhanti, mayha½ pana nidh±nagatasseva dhanassa pam±ºa½ natth²”timajjanavasena uppanno m±no bhogamado n±ma. “Avases± satt± dubbaºº± dur³p±,aha½ abhir³po p±s±diko”tipi “avasesasatt± nigguº± patthaµa-akittino, mayha½pana kittisaddo devamanussesu p±kaµo ‘itipi thero bahussuto, itipi s²lav±,itipi dhutaguºayutto”’ti, eva½ sar²ravaººa½ guºavaººañca paµicca majjanavasena uppannom±no vaººamado n±ma.
“Avases± satt± appassut±, aha½ pana bahussuto”ti majjanavasena uppanno m±no sutamadon±ma. “Avases± satt± appaµibh±n±, mayha½ pana paµibh±nassa pam±ºa½ natth²”ti majjanavasenauppanno m±no paµibh±namado n±ma. “Aha½ rattaññ³ asuka½ buddhava½sa½ r±java½sa½janapadava½sa½ g±mava½sa½ rattindivapariccheda½ nakkhattamuhuttayoga½ j±n±m²”ti majjanavasenauppanno m±no rattaññumado n±ma. “Avases± bhikkh³ antar± piº¹ap±tik± j±t±,aha½ pana j±tipiº¹ap±tiko”ti majjanavasena uppanno m±no piº¹ap±tikamado n±ma.“Avases± satt± uññ±t± avaññ±t±, aha½ pana anavaññ±to”ti majjanavasena uppanno m±noanavaññattimado n±ma. “Avases±na½ satt±na½ iriy±patho ap±s±diko, mayha½pana p±s±diko”ti majjanavasena uppanno m±no iriy±pathamado n±ma. “Avases±satt± chinnapakkhak±kasadis±, aha½ pana mahiddhiko mah±nubh±vo”ti v± “aha½ ya½ ya½kamma½ karomi, ta½ ta½ ijjhat²”ti v± majjanavasena uppanno m±no iddhimado n±ma.
Yasamado pana ag±rikenapi anag±rikenapi d²petabbo. Ag±rikopi hi ekaccoaµµh±rasasu seº²su ekiss± jeµµhako hoti, tassa “avasese purise aha½ paµµhapemi,aha½ vic±rem²”ti, anag±rikopi ekacco katthaci jeµµhako hoti, tassa “avases±bhikkh³ mayha½ ov±de vattanti, aha½ jeµµhako”ti majjanavasena uppanno m±no yasamadon±ma. “Avases± satt± duss²l±, aha½ pana s²lav±”ti majjanavasena uppanno m±nos²lamado n±ma. “Avases±na½ satt±na½ kukkuµassa udakap±namattepi k±le cittekaggat±natthi, aha½ pana upac±rappan±na½ l±bh²”ti majjanavasena uppanno m±no jh±namado n±ma.“Avases± satt± nissipp±, aha½ sippav±”ti majjanavasena uppanno m±no sippamado n±ma. “Avases± satt± rass±, aha½ d²gho”ti majjanavasena uppannom±no ±rohamado n±ma. “Avases± satt± rass± v± honti d²gh± v±, aha½ nigrodhaparimaº¹alo”timajjanavasena uppanno m±no pariº±hamado n±ma. “Avases±na½ satt±na½ sar²rasaºµh±na½vir³pa½ b²bhaccha½, mayha½ pana man±pa½ p±s±dikan”ti majjanavasena uppanno m±no saºµh±namadon±ma. “Avases±na½ satt±na½ sar²re bah³ dos±, mayha½ pana sar²re kesaggamattampivajja½ natth²”ti majjanavasena uppanno m±no p±rip³rimado n±ma. Evamaya½ sabbopij±ti-±di½ niss±ya majjan±k±ravasappavatto m±no idha “mado”ti vutto. K±maguºesucittassa vossaggo pam±do, pañcasu k±maguºesu satiy± aniggaºhitv± cittassavossajjana½, sativirahoti vutta½ hoti. Taºh±vijj± p±kaµ±yeva.