Eva½ pana bhagavat± pucchito devaputto att±na½ pavedento “maº¹³koha½ pure ±sin”tig±tham±ha. Tattha pureti purimaj±tiya½. Udaketi ida½ tad± attano uppattiµµh±nadassana½.Udake maº¹³koti tena uddhum±yik±dikassa thale maº¹³kassa nivattana½ kata½hoti. G±vo caranti etth±ti gocaro, gunna½ gh±sesanaµµh±na½. Idha pana gocaro viy±tigocaro, v±ri udaka½ gocaro etass±ti v±rigocaro. Udakac±r²pi hikoci kacchap±di av±rigocaropi hot²ti “v±rigocaro”ti visesetv± vutta½. Tavadhamma½ suºantass±ti brahmassarena karav²karutamañjun± desentassa tava dhamma½ “dhammoeso vuccat²”ti sare nimittagg±havasena suºantassa. An±dare ceta½ s±mivacana½.Avadh² vacchap±lakoti vacche rakkhanto gop±lakad±rako mama sam²pa½ ±gantv±daº¹amolubbha tiµµhanto mama s²se daº¹a½ sannirumbhitv± ma½ m±res²ti attho.
Sita½ katv±ti “tath± parittatarenapi puññ±nubh±vena eva½ ativiya u¼±r± lokiyalokuttarasampattiyolabbhant²”ti p²tisomanassaj±to bh±surataradhava¼avipphurantadasanakhakiraº±va¼²hi bhiyyosomatt±ya ta½ padesa½ obh±sento sita½ katv±. P²tisomanassavasena hi so–
“Muhutta½ cittapas±dassa, iddhi½ passa yasañca me;
±nubh±vañca me passa, vaººa½ passa jutiñca me.
“Ye ca te d²ghamaddh±na½, dhamma½ assosu½ gotama;
patt± te acalaµµh±na½, yattha gantv± na socare”ti. (Vi. va. 859-860)–

Im± dve g±th± vatv± pakk±mi.

Ya½ pana kiñc²ti ettha yanti aniyamitavacana½, tath± kiñc²ti. Pan±ti vacan±laªk±ramatta½.Tasm± ya½ kiñc²ti ñeyyassa anavasesapariy±d±na½ kata½ hoti. Pan±ti v± visesatthad²pakonip±to. Tena “samm±sambuddho”ti imin± saªkhepato vitth±rato ca satthu catusacc±bhisambodhovutto. Buddhoti pana imin± tadaññassapi ñeyyassa avabodho. Purimena v± satthupaµivedhañ±º±nubh±vo, pacchimena desan±ñ±º±nubh±vo. -ti upari vuccam±no visesojot²yati. Vimokkhantikañ±ºavasen±ti ettha sabbaso paµipakkhehi vimuccat²tivimokkho, aggamaggo, tassa anto, aggaphala½, tasmi½ laddhe laddhabbato tattha bhava½ vimokkhantika½,ñ±ºa½ sabbaññutaññ±ºena saddhi½ sabbampi buddhañ±ºa½.
Eva½ pavattoti ettha–
“Sabbaññut±ya buddho, sabbadass±vit±ya buddho, anaññaneyyat±ya buddho, visavit±yabuddho, kh²º±savasaªkh±tena buddho, nirupalepasaªkh±tena buddho, ekantav²tar±goti buddho,ekantav²tadosoti buddho, ekantav²tamohoti buddho, ekantanikkilesoti buddho,ek±yanamagga½ gatoti buddho, eko anuttara½ samm±sambodhi½ abhisambuddhoti buddho,abuddhivihatatt± buddhipaµil±bh± buddho. Buddhoti neta½ n±ma½ m±tar± kata½, na pitar±kata½, na bh±tar± kata½, na bhaginiy± kata½, na mitt±maccehi kata½, na ñ±tis±lohitehikata½, na samaºabr±hmaºehi kata½, na devat±hi kata½, vimokkhantikameta½ buddh±na½ bhagavant±na½bodhiy± m³le saha sabbaññutaññ±ºassa paµil±bh± sacchik± paññatti yadida½ buddho”ti(mah±ni. 192)–

Aya½ niddesap±¼inayo. Yasm± cettha tass± paµisambhid±p±¼iy± (paµi.ma. 1.162) bhedo natthi, tasm± dv²su ekenapi atthasiddh²ti dassanattha½ “paµisambhid±nayov±”ti aniyamattho saddo vutto.

Tattha (paµi. ma. aµµha. 2.1.162; mah±ni. aµµha. 192) yath± loke avagant± “avagato”tivuccati, eva½ bujjhit± sacc±n²ti buddho suddhakattuvasena. Yath± paººasos± v±t±“paººasus±”ti vuccanti, eva½ bodhet± paj±y±ti buddho hetukattuvasena.Hetu-attho cettha anton²to Sabbaññut±ya buddhoti sabbadhammabujjhanasamatth±ya buddhiy±buddhoti attho. Sabbadass±vit±ya buddhoti sabbadhammabodhanasamatth±ya buddhiy± buddhotiattho. Anaññaneyyat±ya buddhoti aññena abodhito sayameva buddhatt± buddhoti attho.Visavit±ya buddhoti n±n±guºavisavanato padumamiva vikasanaµµhena buddhoti attho. Kh²º±savasaªkh±tenabuddhoti evam±d²hi chahi padehi cittasaªkocakaradhammappah±nena nidd±kkhayavibuddho purisoviya sabbakilesanidd±kkhayavibuddhatt± buddhoti vutta½ hoti. Tattha saªkh± saªkh±tanti atthatoekatt± saªkh±ten±ti vacanassa koµµh±sen±ti attho. Taºh±lepadiµµhilep±bh±vena nirupalepasaªkh±tena.Sav±san±na½ sabbakiles±na½ pah²natt± ekantavacaneneva visesetv± “ekantav²tar±go”ti-±divutta½. Ekantanikkilesoti r±gadosamoh±vasesehi sabbakilesehi nikkileso.Ek±yanamagga½ gatoti buddhoti gamanatth±na½ buddhi-atthat± viya buddhi-atth±nampi gamanatthat±labbhat²ti ek±yanamagga½ gatatt± buddhoti vuccat²ti attho. Eko anuttara½ samm±sambodhi½abhisambuddhoti buddhoti na parehi buddhatt± buddho, atha kho sayameva anuttara½ samm±sambodhi½abhisambuddhatt± buddhoti attho. Abuddhivihatatt± buddhipaµil±bh± buddhoti buddhibuddha½ bodhoti anatthantara½. Tattha yath± rattaguºayogato ratto paµo, eva½ buddhaguºayogatobuddhoti ñ±panattha½ vutta½. Tato para½ buddhoti neta½ n±manti-±di atth±nugat±ya½paññatt²ti bodhanattha½ vuttanti evamettha imin±pi k±raºena bhagav± buddhoti veditabbo.
Id±ni bhagav±ti imassa attha½ dassento ±ha “bhagav±ti ida½ panass±”ti-±di.Tattha ass±ti bhagavato. Guºavisiµµhasattuttamagarug±rav±dhivacananti sabbehi s²l±diguºehivisiµµhassa tato eva sabbasattehi uttamassa garuno g±ravavasena vuccam±navacanameta½ bhagav±ti.Tath± hi lokan±tho aparimitanirupamappabh±vas²l±diguºavisesasamaªgit±ya sabb±natthaparih±rapubbaªgam±yaniravasesahitasukhavidh±natappar±ya niratisay±ya payogasampattiy± sadevamanuss±ya paj±ya accantupak±rit±yaca aparim±º±su lokadh±t³su aparim±º±na½ satt±na½ uttama½ g±ravaµµh±nanti.
Bhagav±ti vacana½ seµµhanti seµµhav±caka½ vacana½ seµµhaguºasahacaraºato “seµµhan”ti vutta½.Atha v± vuccat²ti vacana½, attho, tasm± yo “bhagav±”ti vacanena vacan²yo attho, soseµµhoti attho. Bhagav±ti vacanamuttamanti etth±pi eseva nayo. G±ravayuttoti garubh±vayuttogaruguºayogato. Garukaraºa½ v± s±tisaya½ arahat²ti g±ravayutto, g±rav±rahoti attho.“Sipp±disikkh±pak± gar³ honti, na ca g±ravayutt±, aya½ pana t±diso na hoti, tasm±‘gar³’ti vatv± ‘g±ravayutto’ti vuttan”ti keci.
Guºavisesahetuka½ “bhagav±”ti ida½ bhagavato n±manti saªkhepato vuttamattha½ vitth±ratovibhajituk±mo n±ma½yeva t±va atthuddh±ravasena dassento “catubbidhañhi n±man”ti-±dim±ha.Tattha ±vatthikanti avatth±ya vidita½ ta½ ta½ avattha½ up±d±ya paññatta½ voharita½.Tath± liªgika½ tena tena liªgena voharita½. Nemittikanti nimittato ±gata½.Adhiccasamuppannanti yadicch±ya pavatta½, yadicch±ya ±gata½ yadicchaka½. Id±ni ±vatthik±d²nin±m±ni sar³pato dassento ±ha “tattha vaccho dammo balibaddo”ti-±di. Tattha paµhamena±di-saddena b±lo yuv± vu¹¹hoti evam±di½ saªgaºh±ti, dutiyena muº¹² jaµ²ti evam±di½,tatiyena bahussuto dhammakathiko jh±y²ti evam±di½, catutthena aghapad²pana½ p±vacanantievam±di½ saªgaºh±ti. Nemittikanti vuttamattha½ byatirekavasena patiµµh±petu½ “namah±m±y±y±”ti-±di vutta½. Vimokkhantikanti imin± pana ida½ n±ma½ ariy±yaj±tiy± j±takkhaºeyeva j±tanti dasseti. Yadi vimokkhantika½, athakasm± aññehi kh²º±savehi as±dh±raºanti ±ha “saha sabbaññutaññ±ºassa paµil±bh±”ti.Buddh±nañhi arahattaphala½ nipphajjam±na½ sabbaññutaññ±º±d²hi sabbehi buddhaguºehi saddhi½yevanipphajjati. Tena vutta½ “vimokkhantikan”ti. Sacchik± paññatt²ti sabbadhamm±na½sacchikiriy±ya nimitt± paññatti. Atha v± sacchik± paññatt²ti paccakkhasiddh± paññatti.Ya½guºanimitt± hi s±, te satthu paccakkhabh³t±, ta½guº± viya s±pi sacchikat± evan±ma hoti, na paresa½ voh±ramatten±ti adhipp±yo.
Vadant²ti mah±therassa garubh±vato bahuvacanen±ha, saªg²tik±rehi v± katamanuv±da½ sandh±ya.Issariy±dibhedo bhago assa atth²ti bhag². Maggaphal±di-ariyadhammaratana½ araññavanapatth±nipant±ni sen±san±ni appasadd±diguºayutt±ni bhaji sevi s²len±ti bhaj², bhajanas²lotiattho. Bh±g²ti c²varapiº¹ap±t±d²na½ catunna½ paccay±nañceva atthadhammavimuttirasassaca adhis²l±d²nañca bh±g²ti attho. Vibhaji pavibhaji dhammaratananti vibhattav±. Ak±sibhagganti r±g±dip±padhamma½ bhagga½ ak±s²ti bhagav±ti attho. Garupi loke bhagav±tivuccat²ti ±ha “gar³”ti. Yasm± garu, tasm±pi bhagav±ti vutta½ hoti. Hetu-atthohi iti-saddo. So ca yattha iti-saddo natthi bhag²ti-±d²su, tattha pacceka½ yojetabbo.Bh±gyamassa atth²ti bh±gyav±. Bah³hi ñ±yeh²ti k±yabh±van±dikehi anekehibh±van±kkamehi. Subh±vitattanoti sammadeva bh±vitasabh±vassa. Paccatte ceta½ s±mivacana½,tena subh±vitatt±ti vutta½ hoti, subh±vitasabh±voti attho. Mah±gaºµhipade pana“subh±vitattano subh±vitak±yo”ti vutta½. Bhav±na½ anta½ nibb±na½ gatoti bhavantago.
Niddese vuttanayen±ti etth±ya½ niddesanayo–
“Bhagav±ti g±rav±dhivacanameta½. Apica bhaggar±goti bhagav±, bhaggadosoti bhagav±,bhaggamohoti bhagav±, bhaggam±noti bhagav±, bhaggadiµµh²ti bhagav±, bhaggataºhoti bhagav±,bhaggakilesoti bhagav±, bhaji vibhaji pavibhaji dhammaratananti bhagav±, bhav±na½ antakarotibhagav±, bh±vitak±yo bh±vitas²lo bh±vitacitto bh±vitapaññoti bhagav±,bhaji v± bhagav± araññavanapatth±ni pant±ni sen±san±ni appasadd±ni appanigghos±ni vijanav±t±nimanussar±hasseyyak±ni paµisall±nas±rupp±n²ti bhagav±. Bh±g² v± bhagav± c²varapiº¹ap±tasen±sanagil±napaccayabhesajjaparikkh±r±nantibhagav±. Bh±g² v± bhagav± attharasassa dhammarasassa vimuttirasassa adhis²lassa adhicittassaadhipaññ±y±ti bhagav±. Bh±g² v± bhagav± catunna½ jh±n±na½ catunna½ appamaññ±na½catunna½ ar³pasam±patt²nanti bhagav±. Bh±g² v± bhagav± aµµhanna½ vimokkh±na½ aµµhanna½abhibh±yatan±na½ navanna½ anupubbavih±rasam±patt²nanti bhagav±. Bh±g² v± bhagav± dasanna½saññ±bh±van±na½ dasanna½ kasiºasam±patt²na½ ±n±p±nassatisam±dhissa asubhasam±pattiy±tibhagav±. Bh±g² v± bhagav± catunna½ satipaµµh±n±na½ catunna½ sammappadh±n±na½ catunna½iddhip±d±na½ pañcanna½ indriy±na½ pañcanna½ bal±na½ sattanna½ bojjhaªg±na½ ariyassa aµµhaªgikassamaggass±ti bhagav±. Bh±g² v± bhagav± dasanna½ tath±gatabal±na½ catunna½ ves±rajj±na½catunna½ paµisambhid±na½ channa½ abhiññ±na½ channa½ buddhadhamm±nanti bhagav±. Bhagav±ti neta½n±ma½…pe… sacchik± paññatti yadida½ bhagav±”ti (mah±ni. 84).
Ettha ca “g±rav±dhivacanan”ti-±d²ni yadipi g±th±ya½ ±gatapad±nukkamena na niddiµµh±ni,yath±raha½ pana tesa½ sabbesampi niddesabh±vena veditabb±ni. Tattha g±rav±dhivacanantigar³na½ garubh±vav±caka½ vacana½. Bhaj²ti bh±gaso kathesi. Ten±ha “vibhaji pavibhajidhammaratanan”ti. Maggaphal±di ariyadhammoyeva dhammaratana½. Puna bhaj²ti imassa sev²tiattho. Bh±g²ti bh±g±bhidheyyav±. Puna bh±g²ti ettha bhajanas²loti attho. Attharasass±tiatthasannissayassa rasassa. Vimutt±yatanas²se hi µhatv± dhamma½ kathentassa suºantassa catadattha½ ±rabbha uppajjanakap²tisomanassa½ attharaso. Dhamma½ ±rabbha dhammaraso. Ya½ sandh±yavutta½ “labhati atthaveda½, labhati dhammavedan”ti (a. ni. 6.10). Vimuttirasass±tivimuttibh³tassa vimuttisannissayassa v± rasassa. Saññ±bh±van±nanti niccasaññ±d²na½ dasanna½ saññ±bh±van±na½ Channa½ buddhadhamm±nanti cha as±dh±raºañ±º±nisandh±ya vutta½. Tattha tattha bhagav±tisaddasiddhi niruttinayeneva veditabb±.