Sikkhema sus²lyamattano, api muccema pis±cayoniy±”ti. (Sa½. ni. 1.240)–

Eva½ puttaka½ saññ±petv± ta½ divasa½ sot±pattiphala½ patt±. Uttaram±t± panabhagavato dhamma½ sutv±va sot±pann± j±t±. Evamimepi k±yassa ceva paµisandhisaññ±yaca n±natt± “n±nattak±y± n±nattasaññino”tveva saªkhya½ gacchanti.

Brahmap±risajjabrahmapurohitamah±brahmasaªkh±t± pana h²namajjhimapaº²tabhedabhinnena paµhamajjh±nena nibbatt±brahmak±yik± ceva cat³su ap±yesu satt± ca “n±nattak±y± ekattasaññino”tivuccanti. Etesu hi brahmak±yikesu brahmapurohit±na½ k±yo brahmap±risajjehi pam±ºatovipulataro hoti, mah±brahm±na½ k±yo pana brahmapurohitehipi pam±ºato vipulataro hoti.K±mañca nesa½ pabh±vasenapi k±yo heµµhimaheµµhimehi u¼±rataro hoti, ta½ pana idha appam±ºa½.Tath± hi paritt±bh±d²na½ parittasubh±d²nañca k±ye satipi pabh±vematte ekattavasenevavavatthap²yat²ti “ekattak±y±”tveva te vuccanti. Evamime brahmak±yik± k±yassan±natt± paµhamajjh±navip±kavasena pana paµisandhisaññ±ya ca ekatt± n±nattak±y± ekattasaññino.Yath± ca te, eva½ cat³su ap±yesu satt±. Nirayesu hi kesañci g±vuta½, kesañcia¹¹hayojana½, kesañci yojana½ attabh±vo hoti, devadattassa pana yojanasatiko j±to.Tiracch±nesupi keci khuddak±, keci mahant±, pettivisayepi keci saµµhihatth±,keci as²tihatth± honti, keci suvaºº±, keci dubbaºº±, tath± k±lakañcik±asur±. Api cettha d²ghapiµµhikapet± n±ma saµµhiyojanik±pi honti, paµisandhisaññ±pana sabbesampi akusalavip±k±hetuk±va hoti. Iti ±p±yik±pi “n±nattak±y±ekattasaññino”tveva saªkhya½ gacchanti.
Dutiyajjh±nabh³mik± pana paritt±bh± appam±º±bh± ±bhassar± “ekattak±y±n±nattasaññino”ti vuccanti. Nesañhi sabbesa½ k±yo ekappam±ºova hoti, paµisandhisaññ±pana dutiyatatiyajjh±navip±kavasena n±n± hoti.
Parittasubh± appam±ºasubh± subhakiºh± pana tatiyajjh±nabh³mik± ekattak±y± ekattasaññino.Tesa½ vuttanayena k±yassa ceva catutthajjh±navip±kavasena paµisandhisaññ±ya ca ekatt±.“Vehapphal±pi ima½yeva catutthaviññ±ºaµµhiti½ bhajanti k±yassa ceva pañcamajjh±navip±kavasenapaµisandhisaññ±ya ca ekar³patt±. Suddh±v±s± pana apunar±vattanato vivaµµapakkhe µhit±,na sabbak±lik±. Kappasatasahassampi asaªkhyeyyampi buddhasuññe loke nuppajjanti,so¼asakappasahassabbhantare buddhesu uppajjantesuyeva uppajjanti, dhammacakkappavattissabhagavato khandh±v±raµµh±nasadis± honti, tasm± neva viññ±ºaµµhiti½, na satt±v±sa½ bhajant²”tivadanti. Mah±s²vatthero pana “na kho pana so s±riputta ±v±so sulabhar³po, yo may±an±vuµµhapubbo imin± d²ghena addhun± aññatra suddh±v±sehi deveh²”ti (ma. ni. 1.160)imin± suttena “suddh±v±s±pi catutthaviññ±ºaµµhiti½ catutthasatt±v±sa½ bhajant²”ti vadati,ta½ appaµib±hiyatt± suttassa anuññ±ta½. Tasm± asaññasatta½ apanetv± parittasubh±d²suakaniµµhapariyos±n±su navasu bh³m²su satt± “ekattak±y± ekattasaññino”ti gahetabb±.
Asaññasatt± pana viññ±º±bh±v± ettha saªgaha½ na gacchanti. Tath± hi anuppanne buddhe titth±yatanepabbajit± v±yokasiºe parikamma½ katv± catutthajjh±na½ nibbattetv± tato vuµµh±ya “dh²citta½, dh² citta½, cittassa n±ma abh±voyeva s±dhu. Cittañhi niss±ya vadhabandh±dipaccaya½dukkha½ uppajjati, citte asati natthetan”ti khanti½ ruci½ upp±detv± aparih²najjh±n±k±la½ katv± r³papaµisandhivasena asaññabhave nibbattanti. Yo yassa iriy±patho manussalokepaºihito ahosi, so tena iriy±pathena nibbattitv± pañca kappasat±ni µhito v± nisinnov± nipanno v± hoti. Eva½ cittavir±gabh±van±vasena tesa½ tattha viññ±ºuppatti nahot²ti viññ±º±bh±vato viññ±ºaµµhiti½ te na bhajanti. Nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatana½ ana yatheva saññ±ya, eva½ viññ±ºassapi sukhumatt± viññ±ºaµµhit²su saªgaha½ nagacchati. Tañhi saññ±ya viya viññ±ºassapi saªkh±r±vasesasukhumabh±vappattatt± paribyattaviññ±ºakicc±bh±vatoneva viññ±ºa½ na ca sabbaso aviññ±ºa½ hot²ti nevaviññ±º± n±viññ±ºa½, tasm±paripphuµaviññ±ºakiccavant²su viññ±ºaµµhit²su saªgaha½ na gacchati. Tasm± vinip±tikehisaddhi½ chak±m±vacaradev± manuss± ca n±nattak±y± n±nattasaññino, paµhamajjh±nabh³mik±ap±yasatt± ca n±nattak±y± ekattasaññino, dutiyajjh±nabh³mik± ekattak±y± n±nattasaññino,tatiyajjh±nabh³mik± asaññasatta½ vajjetv± ses± catutthajjh±nabh³mik± ca ekattak±y±ekattasaññinoti im± catasso viññ±ºaµµhitiyo nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatana½ vajjetv±±k±s±nañc±yatan±diheµµhim±ruppattayena saddhi½ “satta viññ±ºaµµhitiyo”ti veditabb±.
Aµµha lokadhamm±ti l±bho al±bho yaso ayaso nind± pasa½s± sukha½ dukkhanti ime aµµhalokassa dhammatt± lokadhamm±. Ime hi sattalokassa avassa½bh±vino dhamm±, tasm± etehivinimutto n±ma koci satto natthi. Te hi apar±para½ kad±ci loka½ anupatanti,kad±ci te loko ca anupatati. Vuttampi ceta½ “aµµhime, bhikkhave, lokadhamm± loka½anuparivattanti, loko ca aµµha lokadhamme anuparivattat²”ti (a. ni. 8.6).Gh±sacch±dan±d²na½ laddhi, t±ni eva v± laddhabbato l±bho. Tadabh±vo al±bho. L±bhaggahaºenacettha tabbisayo anurodho gahito, al±bhaggahaºena virodho. Eva½ yas±d²supi tabbisaya-anurodhavirodh±na½gahaºa½ veditabba½. L±bhe pana ±gate al±bho ±gatoyeva hot²ti l±bho ca al±bho cavutto. Yas±d²supi eseva nayo. Tath± ca lohite sati tadupagh±tavasena pubboviya l±bh±d²su anurodhe sati al±bh±d²su virodho laddh±vasaro eva hoti.
Nava satt±v±s±ti heµµh± vuttasattaviññ±ºaµµhitiyo eva asaññasattacatutth±ruppehi saddhi½“nava satt±v±s±”ti vuccanti. Satt± ±vasanti etes³ti satt±v±s±, n±nattak±yan±nattasaññ²-±dibhed±sattanik±y±. Te hi sattanik±y± tappariy±pann±na½ satt±na½ t±ya eva tappariy±pannat±ya±dh±ro viya vattabbata½ arahanti samud±y±dh±rat±ya avayavassa yath± “rukkhes±kh±”ti. Suddh±v±s±nampi satt±v±saggahaºe k±raºa½ heµµh± vuttameva.
Das±yatan±n²ti ar³pasabh±va½ man±yatana½ r³p±r³p±dimissaka½ dhamm±yatanañca µhapetv± kevala½r³padhamm±na½yeva vasena cakkh±yatan±dayo pañca, r³p±yatan±dayo pañc±ti das±yatan±ni vutt±ni,man±yatanadhamm±yatanehi pana saddhi½ t±niyeva “dv±das±yatan±n²”ti vutt±ni.
Kasm± panettha cakkh±dayo “±yatan±n²”ti vuccanti? ¾yatanato (vibha. aµµha. 154) ±y±na½v± tananato ±yatassa ca nayanato ±yatan±ni. Cakkhur³p±d²su hi ta½ta½dv±r±rammaº± cittacetasik±dhamm± sena sena anubhavan±din± kiccena ±yatanti uµµhahanti ghaµanti v±yamanti, te capana ±yabh³te dhamme et±ni tanonti vitth±renti, idañca anamatagge sa½s±re pavatta½ ativiya±yata½ sa½s±radukkha½ y±va na nivattati, t±va nayanti pavattayanti, tasm± “±yatan±n²”tivuccanti. Api ca niv±saµµh±naµµhena ±karaµµhena samosaraºaµµhena sañj±tidesaµµhena k±raºaµµhenaca ±yatan±ni. Tath± hi loke “issar±yatana½ v±sudev±yatanan”ti-±d²su niv±saµµh±na½±yatananti vuccati. “Suvaºº±yatana½ rajat±yatanan”ti-±d²su ±karo. S±sane pana “manorame±yatane, sevanti na½ vihaªgam±”ti-±d²su (a. ni. 5.38) samosaraºaµµh±na½. “Dakkhiº±pathogunna½ ±yatanan”ti-±d²su sañj±tideso. “Tatra tatreva sakkhibhabbata½ p±puº±ti satisati-±yatane”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 3.158; a. ni. 3.102; 5.23) k±raºa½ ±yatanantivuccati. Cakkhu-±d²su ca te te cittacetasik± dhamm± nivasanti tad±yattavuttit±y±ticakkh±dayo tesa½ niv±saµµh±na½. Cakkh±d²su ca te ±kiºº± tannissitatt± tad±rammaºatt±c±ti cakkh±dayova nesa½ ±karo. Tattha tattha vatthudv±r±rammaºavasena samosaraºato cakkh±dayovanesa½ samosaraºaµµh±na½. Tannissay±rammaºabh±vena tattheva uppattito cakkh±dayova nesa½ sañj±tideso.Cakkh±d²na½ abh±ve abh±vato cakkh±dayova nesa½ k±raºanti yath±vuttenatthena cakkhu cata½ ±yatanañc±ti cakkh±yatana½. Eva½ ses±nipi.
Im±neva pana dv±das±yatan±ni cakkhuviññ±º±dichaviññ±ºehi saddhi½ aµµh±rasavidahan±dito “dh±tuyo”ti vuccanti. Tath± hi cakkh±d²su ekeko dhammo yath±sambhava½vidahati, dh²yate, vidh±na½, vidh²yate et±ya, ettha v± dh²yat²ti dh±t³ti vuccati.Lokiy± hi dh±tuyo k±raºabh±vena vavatthit±va hutv± suvaººarajat±didh±tuyo viya suvaººarajat±di½,anekappak±ra½ sa½s±radukkha½ vidahanti, bh±rah±rehi ca bh±ro viya sattehi dh²yantidh±r²yanti, dukkhavidh±namattameva cet± avasavattanato. Et±hi ca k±raºabh³t±hi sa½s±radukkha½sattehi anuvidh²yati, tath±vihitañca ta½ et±sveva dh²yati µhap²yati, tasm± “dh±tuyo”tivuccanti. Api ca yath± titthiy±na½ att± n±ma sabh±vato natthi, na evamet±, et±pana attano sabh±va½ dh±rent²ti dh±tuyo. Yath± ca loke vicitt± harit±lamanosil±dayosel±vayav± “dh±tuyo”ti vuccanti, evamet±pi dh±tuyo viya dh±tuyo. Vicitt± het±ñ±ºañeyy±vayav±ti. Yath± v± sar²rasaªkh±tassa samud±yassa avayavabh³tesu rasasoºit±d²su aññamaññavisabh±galakkhaºaparicchinnesu dh±tusamaññ±, evametesupi pañcakkhandhasaªkh±tassa attabh±vassa avayavesu dh±tusamaññ± veditabb±.Aññamaññavisabh±galakkhaºaparicchinn± hete cakkh±dayoti. Api ca dh±t³ti nijj²vamattasseta½adhivacana½. Tath± hi bhagav± “chadh±turo aya½ bhikkhu puriso”ti-±d²su (ma.ni. 3.343) j²vasaññ±sam³hananattha½ dh±tudesanamak±si. Tasm± nijj²vaµµhenapi dh±tuyotivuccanti.
Ettha ca “±h±raµµhitik±”ti paccay±yattavuttit±vacanena saªkh±r±na½ aniccat±, t±ya ca“yadanicca½ ta½ dukkha½, ya½ dukkha½ tadanatt±”ti (sa½. ni. 3.15) vacanato dukkh±nattat±ca pak±sit± hont²ti t²ºipi s±maññalakkhaº±ni gahit±ni. N±manti catt±ro ar³pinokhandh±, te ca atthato phass±dayo. R³panti bh³tup±d±yar³p±ni, t±ni ca atthatopathav²-±dayoti aviseseneva salakkhaºato saªkh±r± gahit±. Taggahaºeneva ye te savises±kusal±dayo hetu-±dayo ca, tepi gahit± eva hont²ti ±ha “iti aya½ saªkh±ralokopisabbath± vidito”ti.
Eva½ saªkh±ralokassa sabbath± viditabh±va½ dassetv± id±ni sattalokassapisabbath± viditabh±va½ dassento “yasm± panes±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha ±saya½ j±n±t²ti±gamma citta½ seti etth±ti ±sayo mig±sayo viya. Yath± migo gocar±ya gantv±pacc±gantv± tattheva vanagahane sayat²ti so tassa ±sayo, eva½ aññath± pavattitv±picitta½ ±gamma yattha seti, so tassa ±sayoti vuccati. So pana sassatadiµµhi-±divasenacatubbidho. Vuttañca–
“Sassatucchedadiµµh² ca, khanti cev±nulomik±;
yath±bh³tañca ya½ ñ±ºa½, eta½ ±sayasadditan”ti.
Tattha sabbadiµµh²na½ sassatucchedadiµµh²hi saªgahitatt± sabbepi diµµhigatik± satt± im± evadve diµµhiyo sannissit±. Yath±ha “dvayanissito khv±ya½ kacc±na loko yebhuyyenaatthitañceva natthitañc±”ti (sa½. ni. 2.15). Atthit±ti hi sassatagg±ho adhippeto,natthit±ti ucchedagg±ho. Aya½ t±va vaµµanissit±na½ puthujjan±na½ ±sayo, vivaµµanissit±na½pana suddhasatt±na½ anulomik± khanti yath±bh³tañ±ºanti duvidho ±sayo. Tattha “anulomik±khanti vipassan±ñ±ºa½, yath±bh³tañ±ºa½ pana maggañ±ºan”ti sammohavinodaniy± vibhaªgaµµhakath±ya½(vibha. aµµha. 815) vutta½ Ta½ catubbidhampi satt±na½ ±saya½ j±n±ti, j±nanto ca tesa½diµµhigat±na½ tesañca ñ±º±na½ appavattikkhaºepi j±n±ti. Vuttañheta½–