Aparo nayo– sobhana½ gata½ gamana½ etass±ti sugato. Bhagavato hi veneyyajanupasaŖkamana½ekantena tesa½ hitasukhanipph±danato sobhana½ bhaddaka½. Tath± lakkhaŗ±nubyańjanappaµimaŗ¹itar³pak±yat±yadutavilambitakhalit±nuka¹¹hananipp²¼anukkuµikakuµil±kulat±didosavirahita½ vil±sitar±jaha½savasabhav±raŗamigar±jagamana½k±yagamana½ ń±ŗagamanańca vipulanimmalakaruŗ±sativ²riy±diguŗavisesahitamabhin²h±ratoy±va mah±bodhi anavajjat±ya satt±na½ hitasukh±vahat±ya ca sobhanameva. Atha v± sayambh³ń±ŗenasakalampi loka½ parińń±bhisamayavasena parij±nanto samm± gato avagatoti sugato.Tath± lokasamudaya½ pah±n±bhisamayavasena pajahanto anuppattidhammata½ ±p±dento samm± gatoat²toti sugato. Lokanirodha½ nibb±na½ sacchikiriy±bhisamayavasena samm± gatoadhigatoti sugato. Lokanirodhag±mini½ paµipada½ bh±van±bhisamayavasena samm± gato paµipannotisugato. Tath± ya½ imassa sadevakassa lokassa diµµha½ suta½ muta½ vińń±ta½ patta½ pariyesita½ń±ta½ anuvicarita½ manas±, sabba½ ta½ hatthatale ±malaka½ viya samm± paccakkhato gatoabbhańń±s²ti sugato.
Id±ni lokavid³ti imassa attha½ pak±sento ±ha “sabbath± viditalokatt±”ti-±di.Tattha sabbath±ti sabbappak±rena, yo yo loko yena yena pak±rena veditabbo, tenatena pak±ren±ti attho. Te pana pak±re dassetu½ “sabh±vato”ti-±di vutta½.Tattha sabh±vatoti dukkhasabh±vato. Sabbo hi loko dukkhasabh±vo. Yath±ha “sa½khittenapańcup±d±nakkhandh± dukkh±”ti. Samudayatoti yato samudeti, tato taŗh±dito.Nirodhatoti yattha so nirujjhati, tato visaŖkh±rato. Nirodh³p±yatoti yena vidhin±so nirodho pattabbo, tato ariyamaggato ito ańńassa pak±rassa abh±v±. Iti “sabbath±loka½ aved²”ti vatv± tadatthas±dhaka½ sutta½ dassento “yattha kho, ±vuso”ti-±dim±ha.Idańca sutta½ “yattha kho, bhante, na j±yati…pe… na upapajjati, sakk± nu khoso, bhante, gamanena lokassa anto ń±tu½ v± daµµhu½ v± p±puŗitu½ v±”ti (sa½.ni. 1.107; a. ni. 4.45) ok±salokassa gati½ sandh±ya rohitadevaputtena puµµhobhagav± abh±si. Tattha na j±yat²ti-±din± ujuka½ j±ti-±d²ni paµikkhipitv± nacavati na upapajjat²ti padadvayena apar±para½ cavanupapatan±ni paµikkhipati. Keci pana“na j±yat²ti-±di gabbhaseyyak±divasena vutta½, itara½ opap±tikavasen±”tivadanti. Tanti j±ti-±dirahita½. Gamanen±ti padas± gamanena. LokassantantisaŖkh±ralokassa antabh³ta½ nibb±na½. ѱteyyanti j±nitabba½. Daµµheyyanti daµµhabba½.Patteyyanti pattabba½. “ѱt±ya½ diµµh±ya½ patt±yan”ti v± p±µho, tattha gamanenalokassanta½ ń±t± aya½ diµµh± aya½ patt± ayanti na vad±m²ti attho. Ayanti nibb±natthiko.
K±ma½ padas± gamanena gantv± lokassanta½ ń±tu½ daµµhu½ pattu½ v± na sakk±, api ca parimitaparicchinnaµµh±ne ta½ pańń±petv± dassem²ti dassento “api c±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha by±mamatte ka¼evareti by±mappam±ŗe attabh±ve. Imin± r³pakkhandha½ dasseti. Sasańńimh²tisańń±ya sahite. Imin± sańń±s²sena vedan±dayo tayo khandhe dasseti sańń±sahitatt±eva. Samanaketi savińń±ŗaketi attho. Imin± vińń±ŗakkhandha½ dasseti, avińń±ŗakepana utusamuµµh±nar³pasamud±yamatte pańń±petu½ na sakk±ti adhipp±yo. Lokanti khandh±diloka½.Lokanirodhanti tassa lokassa nirujjhana½ nibb±nameva v±. Nibb±nampi hi khandhe paµiccapańń±panato sar²rasmi½yeva pańń±peti. Adesampi hi ta½ yesa½ nirodho, tesa½ vasenadesatopi upac±ravasena niddis²yati yath± “cakkhu½ loke piyar³pa½ s±tar³pa½, etthes±taŗh± pah²yam±n± pah²yati, ettha nirujjham±n± nirujjhat²”ti (d². ni. 2.401; ma.ni. 1.134; vibha. 204).
Gamanen±ti p±katikagamanena. Lokassantoti saŖkh±ralokassa anto antakiriy±yahetubh³ta½ nibb±na½. Kud±cananti kad±cipi. Appatv±ti aggamaggena anadhigantv±.Pamocananti pamutti nissaraŗa½. Tasm±ti yasm± lokanta½ appatv± vaµµadukkhatomutti natthi, tasm±. Haveti nip±tamatta½. Lokavid³ti sabh±v±dito sabba½loka½ vij±nanto. Sumedhoti sundarapańńo. Lokantag³ti parińń±bhisamayenaloka½ viditv± pah±n±bhisamayena lokantag³. Maggabrahmacariyassa pariniµµhitatt± vusitabrahmacariyo.Sabbesa½ kiles±na½ samitatt± catusaccadhamm±na½ v± abhisamitatt± samit±v². N±s²sat²tina pattheti, yath± ima½ loka½, eva½ parańca loka½ n±s²sati appaµisandhikatt±.
Eva½ yadipi lokavidut± anavasesato dassit± sabh±v±dito dassitatt±,loko pana ekadeseneva vuttoti ta½ anavasesato dassetu½ “api ca tayo lok±”ti-±divutta½. Tattha indriyabaddh±na½ khandh±na½ sam³ho sant±no ca sattaloko. R³p±d²susattavisattat±ya satto, lok²yati ettha kusal±kusala½ tabbip±ko c±ti loko. Anindriyabaddh±na½r³p±d²na½ sam³ho sant±no ca ok±saloko lok²yanti ettha jaŖgam± th±var± ca tesańcaok±sabh³toti katv±. Tad±dh±rat±ya hesa “bh±janaloko”tipi vuccati. Ubhayepikhandh± saŖkh±raloko paccayehi saŖkhar²yanti lujjanti palujjanti c±ti. ¾h±raµµhitik±tipaccayaµµhitik±, paccay±yattavuttik±ti attho. Paccayattho hettha ±h±rasaddo “ayam±h±roanuppannassa v± k±macchandassa upp±d±y±”ti-±d²su (sa½. ni. 5.232) viya.Evańhi “sabbe satt±”ti imin± asańńasatt±pi pariggahit± honti. S± pan±ya½±h±raµµhitikat± nippariy±yato saŖkh±radhammo, na sattadhammoti ±ha “±h±raµµhitik±ti±gataµµh±ne saŖkh±raloko veditabbo”ti.
Yadi eva½ “sabbe satt±”ti ida½ kathanti? Puggal±dhiµµh±nadesan±ti n±ya½ doso.Kasm± pana bhagav± katthaci puggal±dhiµµh±na½ katv± dhamma½ deseti, katthaci dhamm±dhiµµh±na½katv± dhamma½ deset²ti? Desan±vil±sato veneyyajjh±sayato ca. Desan±vil±sappatt±hi buddh± bhagavanto, te yath±ruci katthaci puggal±dhiµµh±na½ katv± katthaci dhamm±dhiµµh±na½katv± dhamma½ desenti. Ye v± pana veneyy± s±sanakkama½ anotiŗŗ±, tesa½ puggal±dhiµµh±na½desana½ desenti. Ye ca otiŗŗ±, tesa½ dhamm±dhiµµh±na½. Sammutisaccavisay± puggal±dhiµµh±n±desan±, itar± paramatthasaccavisay±. Purim± karuŗ±nuk³l±, itar± pańń±nuk³l±.Saddh±nus±r²gott±na½ v± purim±. Te hi puggalappam±ŗik±, pacchim± dhamm±nus±r²gott±na½.Saddh±caritat±ya v± lok±dhipat²na½ vasena puggal±dhiµµh±n±, pańń±caritat±ya dhamm±dhipat²na½vasena dhamm±dhiµµh±n±. Purim± ca neyyatth±, pacchim± n²tatth±. Iti bhagav± ta½ ta½visesa½ apekkhitv± tattha tattha duvidha½ desana½ deset²ti veditabba½.
Diµµhigatik±na½ sassat±divasena “att± loko”ti parikappan± yebhuyyenasattavisay±, na saŖkh±ravisay±ti ±ha “sassato lokoti v± asassato lokoti v±ti±gataµµh±ne sattaloko veditabbo”ti. Y±vat± candimas³riy± pariharant²tiyattake µh±ne candimas³riy± parivattanti paribbhamanti. Dis± bhanti virocam±n±titesa½ paribbhamaneneva t± t± dis± pabhassar± hutv± virocanti. Atha v± dis±ti upayogabahuvacana½,tasm± saya½ virocam±n± candimas³riy± yattak± dis± bhanti sobhenti obh±sayant²tiattho. T±va sahassadh± lokoti tattakena pam±ŗena sahassappak±ro ok±saloko,sahassalokadh±tuyoti attho. “T±vasahassav±”ti v± p±µho, t±va tattaka½ sahassa½assa atth²ti t±vasahassav±. Etth±ti sahassalokadh±tusaŖkh±te loke.
Tamp²ti tividhampi loka½. Sabbath± aved²ti sabbappak±rato paµivijjhi. Katha½paµivijjh²ti ±ha “tath± h²”ti-±di. Tath± hiss±ti imassa “sabbath± vidito”tietena sambandho. Ass±ti anena bhagavat±. Eko loko sabbe satt± ±h±raµµhitik±tiy±ya puggal±dhiµµh±n±ya kath±ya sabbesa½ saŖkh±r±na½ paccay±yattavuttit± vutt±, t±yasabbo saŖkh±raloko ekavidho pak±rantarassa abh±vato. Dve lok±ti-±d²supi imin±vanayena attho veditabbo. N±maggahaŗena cettha nibb±nassa aggahaŗa½ tassa alokasabh±vatt±.Nanu ca “±h±raµµhitik±”ti ettha paccay±yattavuttit±ya maggaphaladhamm±nampi lokat±±pajjat²ti? N±pajjati parińńeyy±na½ dukkhasaccadhamm±na½ idha lokoti adhippetatt±.Atha v± na lujjati na palujjat²ti yo gahito tath± na hoti, so lokoti ta½gahaŗarahit±na½lokuttar±na½ natthi lokat±.
Tisso vedan±ti sukhadukkha-upekkh±vasena. Catt±ro ±h±r±ti kaba¼²k±r±h±rophass±h±ro manosańcetan±h±ro vińń±ŗ±h±roti catt±ro ±h±r±. Tattha kaba¼²k±r±h±roojaµµhamaka½ r³pa½ ±harat²ti ±h±ro. Phasso tisso vedan± ±harat²ti ±h±ro.Manosańcetan± t²su bhavesu paµisandhi½ ±harat²ti ±h±ro. Vińń±ŗa½ paµisandhikkhaŗen±mar³pa½ ±harat²ti ±h±ro. Up±d±n±na½ ±rammaŗabh³t± khandh± up±d±nakkhandh±.Cha ajjhattik±ni ±yatan±n²ti cakkh±yatan±diman±yatanapariyant±ni. Satta vińń±ŗaµµhitiyotin±nattak±y± n±nattasańńino, n±nattak±y± ekattasańńino, ekattak±y± n±nattasańńino,ekattak±y± ekattasańńino, heµµhim± ca tayo ±rupp±ti im± satta “vińń±ŗa½tiµµhati etth±ti vińń±ŗaµµhitiyo”ti vuccanti. Tattha n±natta½ k±yo etesa½, n±nattov± k±yo etesanti n±nattak±y±, n±nattasańń± etesa½ atth²ti n±nattasańńino.Imin± nayena sesapadesupi attho veditabbo.
Sabbe manuss± (d². ni. aµµha. 2.127; a. ni. aµµha. 3.7.44-45) chak±m±vacar± cadev± ekacce ca vinip±tik± “n±nattak±y± n±nattasańńino”ti vuccanti. Aparim±ŗesuhi cakkav±¼esu aparim±ŗ±na½ manuss±na½ vaŗŗasaŗµh±n±divasena dvepi ekasadis± natthi.Yepi katthaci yamakabh±taro vaŗŗena v± saŗµh±nena v± ekasadis± honti, tesampi ±lokitavilokitakathitahasitagamanaµh±n±d²hiviseso hotiyeva, paµisandhisańń± ca nesa½ tihetuk±pi duhetuk±pi ahetuk±pihoti, tasm± sabbepi manuss± n±nattak±y± n±nattasańńino. Chak±m±vacaradevesuca kesańci k±yo n²lo hoti, kesańci p²t±divaŗŗo, paµisandhisańń± ca nesa½duhetuk±pi tihetuk±pi hoti, tasm± tepi n±nattak±y± n±nattasańńino. Ekaccevinip±tik± pana catu-ap±yavinimuttak± uttaram±t± yakkhin², piyaŖkaram±t±, dhammagutt±tievam±dayo daµµhabb±. Etesańhi od±taka-±¼amaŖguracchavis±mavaŗŗ±divasena ceva kisath³larassad²gh±divasenaca k±yo n±n± hoti, manuss±na½ viya tihetukaduhetuk±hetukavasena paµisandhisańń±pi,te pana dev± viya na mahesakkh± kapaŗamanuss± viya appesakkh± dullabhagh±sacch±dan± dukkhap²¼it±viharanti, ekacce k±¼apakkhe dukkhit± juŗhapakkhe sukhit± honti, tasm± sukhasamussayatovinipatitatt± sukhasamussayato vinip±to etesa½ atth²ti vinip±tik±ti vutt±satipi devabh±ve dibbasampattiy± abh±vato. Ye panettha tihetuk±, tesa½ dhamm±bhisamayopihoti. PiyaŖkaram±t± hi yakkhin² pacc³sasamaye anuruddhattherassa dhamma½ sajjh±yato sutv±–
“M± sadda½ kari piyaŖkara, bhikkhu dhammapad±ni bh±sati;
apica dhammapada½ vij±niya, paµipajjema hit±ya no siy±.
“P±ŗesu ca sa½yam±mase, sampaj±namus± na bhaŗ±mase;