Etth±ha– ki½ panida½ ñ±ºa½ pavattam±na½ saki½yeva sabbasmi½ visaye pavattati, ud±hukamen±ti. Kiñcettha– yadi t±va saki½yeva sabbasmi½ visaye pavattati, at²t±n±gatapaccuppanna-ajjhattabahiddh±dibhedabhinn±na½saªkhatadhamm±na½ asaªkhatasammutidhamm±nañca ekajjha½ upaµµh±ne d³rato cittapaµa½ pekkhantassa viyapaµivibh±gen±vabodho na siy±, tath± sati “sabbe dhamm± anatt±”tivipassant±na½ anatt±k±rena viya sabbadhamm± anir³pitar³pena bhagavato ñ±ºassa visay± hont²ti±pajjati. Yepi “sabbañeyyadhamm±na½ µhitalakkhaºavisaya½ vikapparahita½ sabbak±la½ buddh±na½ñ±ºa½ pavattati, tena te sabbavid³ti vuccanti, evañca katv± ‘cara½ sam±hito n±go,tiµµhantopi sam±hito’ti idampi vacana½ suvutta½ hot²”ti vadanti, tesampi vuttados±n±tivatti, µhitalakkhaº±rammaºat±ya ca at²t±n±gatasammutidhamm±na½ tadabh±vato ekadesavisayamevabhagavato ñ±ºa½ siy±, tasm± saki½yeva ñ±ºa½ pavattat²ti na yujjati.
Atha kamena sabbasmi½ visaye ñ±ºa½ pavattat²ti. Evampi na yujjati. Na hij±tibh³misabh±v±divasena dis±desak±l±divasena ca anekabhedabhinne ñeyye kamena gayham±ne tassa anavasesappaµivedhosambhavati apariyantabh±vato ñeyyassa. Ye pana “atthassa avisa½v±danato ñeyyassa ekadesa½paccakkha½ katv± sesepi evanti adhimuccitv± vavatth±panena sabbaññ³ bhagav±, tañcañ±ºa½ na anum±nañ±ºa½ sa½say±bh±vato. Sa½say±nubaddhañhi loke anum±nañ±ºan”tivadanti, tesampi ta½ na yutta½. Sabbassa hi appaccakkhabh±ve atth±visa½v±danena ñeyyassaekadesa½ paccakkha½ katv± sesepi evanti adhimuccitv± vavatth±panassa asambhavato. Yañhita½ sesa½, ta½ appaccakkhanti.
Atha tampi paccakkha½ tassa sesabh±vo eva na siy±ti? Sabbameta½ ak±raºa½. Kasm±? Avisayavic±raºabh±vato.Vuttañheta½ bhagavat±– “buddhavisayo, bhikkhave, acinteyyo na cintetabbo, yocinteyya, umm±dassa vigh±tassa bh±g² ass±”ti (a. ni. 4.77). Ida½ panetthasanniµµh±na½– ya½ kiñci bhagavat± ñ±tu½ icchita½ sakala½ ekadeso v±, tattha tatthaappaµihatavuttit±ya paccakkhato ñ±ºa½ pavattati niccasam±dh±nañca vikkhep±bh±vato. ѱtu½icchitassa ca sakalassa avisayabh±ve tassa ±kaªkhappaµibaddhavuttit± na siy±, ekantenevass±icchitabb± “sabbe dhamm± buddhassa bhagavato ±vajjanappaµibaddh± ±kaªkhappaµibaddh± manasik±rappaµibaddh±cittupp±dappaµibaddh±”ti (mah±ni. 69; paµi. ma. 3.5) vacanato. At²t±n±gatavisayampibhagavato ñ±ºa½ anum±n±gamatakkagahaºavirahitatt± paccakkhameva.
Nanu ca etasmimpi pakkhe yad± sakala½ ñ±tu½ icchita½, tad± saki½yevasakalavisayat±ya anir³pitar³pena bhagavato ñ±ºa½ pavatteyy±ti vuttados± n±tivattiyev±ti?Na, tassa visodhitatt±. Visodhito hi so buddhavisayo acinteyyoti. Aññath± pacurajanañ±ºasam±navuttit±yabuddh±na½ bhagavant±na½ ñ±ºassa acinteyyat± na siy±, tasm± sakaladhamm±rammaºampi ta½ ekadhamm±rammaºa½viya suvavatth±piteyeva te dhamme katv± pavattat²ti idamettha acinteyya½, “y±vataka½ñeyya½, t±vataka½ ñ±ºa½. Y±vataka½ ñ±ºa½, t±vataka½ ñeyya½. Ñeyyapariyantika½ñ±ºa½, ñ±ºapariyantika½ ñeyyan”ti (paµi. ma. 3.5) evamekajjha½ visu½ saki½ kamenav± icch±nur³pa½ samm± s±ma½ sabbadhamm±na½ buddhatt± samm±sambuddho.
Vijj±h²ti ettha vindiya½ vindat²ti vijj±, y±th±vato upalabbhat²ti attho. Attanov± paµipakkhassa vijjhanaµµhena vijj±, tamokkhandh±dikassa pad±lanaµµhen±ti attho. Tatoeva attano visayassa viditakaraºaµµhenapi vijj±. Sampannatt±ti samann±gatatt± paripuººatt±v±, avikalatt±ti attho. Tatr±ti ambaµµhasutte. Manomayiddhiy±ti ettha “idhabhikkhu imamh± k±y± añña½ k±ya½ abhinimmin±ti r³pi½ manomaya½ sabbaªgapaccaªga½ ah²nindriyan”ti(d². ni. 1.236) imin± nayena ±gat± iddhi sar²rabbhantare aññasseva jh±namanena nibbattatt±manomayassa sar²rassa nibbattivasena pavatt± manomayiddhi n±ma. Cha abhiññ±ti ±savakkhayañ±ºenasaddhi½ iddhividh±dik± pañc±bhiññ±yo. Tissanna½ aµµhannañca vijj±na½ tattha tattha suttegahaºa½ veneyyajjh±sayavasen±ti daµµhabba½. Satta saddhamm± n±ma saddh± hir² ottappa½b±husacca½ v²riya½ sati paññ± ca. Ye sandh±ya vutta½ “idha bhikkhu saddho hoti,hirim±, ottapp², bahussuto, ±raddhav²riyo, upaµµhitassati, paññav± hot²”ti (d².ni. 3.330). Catt±ri jh±n±n²ti y±ni k±nici catt±ri r³p±vacarajjh±n±ni.
Kasm± panettha s²l±dayoyeva pannarasa “caraºan”ti vutt±ti codana½ sandh±y±ha “imeyevah²”ti-±di. Tena tesa½ sikkhattayasaªgahato nibb±nupagamane eka½sato s±dhanabh±vam±ha.Id±ni tadatthas±dhan±ya ±gama½ dassento “yath±h±”ti-±dim±ha. Bhagav±ti-±di uttassevatthassa nigamanavasena vutta½. Nanu c±ya½ vijj±caraºasampad± s±vakesupilabbhat²ti? Kiñc±pi labbhati, na pana tath±, yath± bhagavatoti dassetu½ “tattha vijj±sampad±”ti-±divutta½. ¾savakkhayavijj±ya sabbaññubh±vasiddhito ±ha “vijj±sampad± bhagavato sabbaññuta½p³retv± µhit±”ti. Cat³su jh±nesu antogadhabh±vena caraºadhammapariy±pannatt± karuº±brahmavih±rassayath±raha½ tassa ca mah±karuº±sam±pattivasena as±dh±raºasabh±vassa bhagavati upalabbhanato ±ha“caraºasampad± mah±k±ruºikata½ p³retv± µhit±”ti. Yath± satt±na½ anattha½ parivajjetv±atthe niyojana½ paññ±ya vin± na hoti, eva½ nesa½ atth±natthaj±nana½ satthu karuº±yavin± na hot²ti ubhayampi ubhayattha sakiccakameva siy±. Yattha pana yass± padh±nabh±vo, ta½dassetu½ “so sabbaññut±y±”ti-±di vutta½. Yath± ta½ vijj±caraºasampannoti etthatanti nip±tamatta½, yath± aññopi vijj±caraºasampanno niyojeti, tath± ayanti attho.Tena vijj±caraºasampannassev±ya½ ±veºik± paµipatt²ti dasseti. S± pan±ya½ satthuvijj±caraºasampad± s±sanassa niyy±nikat±ya s±vak±na½ samm±paµipattiy± ekantak±raºantidassetu½ “tenass±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha attantap±dayoti ±di-saddenaparantapa-ubhayantap± gahit±. Sesa½ suviññeyyameva.
Ettha ca vijj±sampad±ya satthu paññ±mahatta½ pak±sita½ hoti, caraºasampad±ya karuº±mahatta½.Tesu paññ±ya bhagavato dhammarajjappatti, karuº±ya dhammasa½vibh±go. Paññ±ya sa½s±radukkhanibbid±,karuº±ya sa½s±radukkhasahana½. Paññ±ya paradukkhaparij±nana½, karuº±ya paradukkhapatik±r±rambho.Paññ±ya parinibb±n±bhimukhabh±vo, karuº±ya tadadhigamo. Paññ±ya saya½ taraºa½, karuº±yaparesa½ t±raºa½. Paññ±ya buddhabh±vasiddhi, karuº±ya buddhakiccasiddhi. Karuº±ya v± bodhisattabh³miya½sa½s±r±bhimukhabh±vo, paññ±ya tattha anabhirati, tath± karuº±ya paresa½ abhi½s±pana½, paññ±yasaya½ parehi abh±yana½. Karuº±ya para½ rakkhanto att±na½ rakkhati, paññ±ya att±na½ rakkhantopara½ rakkhati. Tath± karuº±ya aparantapo, paññ±ya anattantapo, tena attahit±ya paµipann±d²sucat³su puggalesu catutthapuggalabh±vo siddho hoti. Tath± karuº±ya lokan±that±,paññ±ya attan±that±. Karuº±ya cassa ninnat±bh±vo, paññ±ya unnam±bh±vo. Tath± karuº±yasabbasattesu janit±nuggaho, paññ±nugatatt± na ca na sabbattha virattacitto, paññ±ya sabbadhammesuvirattacitto, karuº±nugatatt± na ca na sabbasatt±nuggah±ya pavatto. Yath± hi karuº±bhagavato sinehasokavirahit±, eva½ paññ± aha½k±ramama½k±ravinimutt±ti aññamaññavisodhit±paramavisuddh± guºavises± vijj±caraºasampad±hi pak±sit±ti daµµhabba½.
Id±ni sugatoti imassa attha½ dassento ±ha “sobhanagamanatt±”ti-±di. “Gateµhite”ti-±d²su gamanampi gatanti vuccat²ti ±ha “gamanampi hi gatanti vuccat²”ti.Sobhananti subha½, subhabh±vo visuddhat±ya, visuddhat± dosavigamen±ti ±ha “parisuddhamanavajjan”ti.Gamanañca n±ma bahuvidhanti idh±dhippeta½ gamana½ dassento “ariyamaggo”ti ±ha.So hi nibb±nassa gati adhigamoti ca katv± gata½ gamananti ca vuccati. Id±ni tassevagamane k±raºa½ dassetu½ “tena hes±”ti-±di vutta½. Khema½ disanti nibb±na½.Asajjam±noti paripanth±bh±vena sugatigamanepi asajjanto saªga½ akaronto, pageva itarattha.Atha v± ek±sane nis²ditv± khipp±bhiññ±vaseneva catunnampi magg±na½ paµiladdhabh±vatoasajjam±no abajjhanto gato. Ya½ gamana½ gacchanto sabbagamanattha½ ±vahati, sabbañca anuttara½sampatti½ ±vahati, tadeva sobhana½ n±ma, tena ca bhagav± gatoti ±ha “iti sobhanagamanatt±sugato”ti sobhanattho susaddoti katv±.
Asundar±na½ dukkh±na½ saªkh±rappavatt²na½ abh±vato accantasukhatt± ekantato sundara½ n±maasaªkhat± dh±t³ti ±ha “sundarañcesa µh±na½ gato amata½ nibb±nan”ti. Ten±ha bhagav±“nibb±na½ parama½ sukhan”ti (ma. ni. 2.215; dha. pa. 203-204). Samm±tisuµµhu. Suµµhu gamanañca n±ma paµipakkhena anabhibh³tassa gamananti ±ha “pah²ne kilesepuna apacc±gacchanto”ti, pah²n±na½ puna asamud±c±ravasena apacc±gacchanto. Vuttamevattha½±gama½ dassetv± vibh±vento ±ha “vuttañcetan”ti-±di. Etanti tena tenamaggena pah²nakiles±na½ puna apacc±gamana½, idañca sikh±ppatta½ samm±gamana½, y±ya ±gaman²yapaµipad±ya siddha½, s±pi samm±gamanamev±ti evampi bhagav± sugatoti dassetu½“samm± v± ±gato”ti-±di vutta½. Samm±paµipattiy±ti samm±sambodhiy± samp±paneavipar²tapaµipattiy±. Sabbalokassa hitasukhameva karont±ti etena mah±bodhiy± paµipad±avibh±gena sabbasatt±na½ sabbad± hitasukh±vahabh±veneva pavattat²ti dasseti. Sassata½ucchedanti ime ante anupagacchanto gatoti etena paµiccasamupp±dagati½ dasseti. K±masukha½attakilamathanti ime anupagacchanto gatoti etena ariyamaggagati½ dasseti.
Tatr±ti yuttaµµh±ne yuttasseva bh±sane. Nipph±detabbe s±dhetabbe ceta½ bhumma½.Abh³tanti abh³tattha½. Atthamukhena hi v±c±ya abh³tat± bh³tat± v±. Atacchanti tassevavevacana½. Anatthasa½hitanti diµµhadhammikena sampar±yikena v± anatthena sa½hita½ anatthasa½hita½,anatth±vaha½. Na atthoti anattho, atthassa paµipakkho abh±vo ca, tena sa½hita½, pisuºav±ca½samphappal±pañc±ti attho. Evamettha catubbidhassapi vac²duccaritassa saªgaho daµµhabbo.Ettha ca paµham± v±c± s²lavanta½ “duss²lo”ti, acaº¹±l±di½ “caº¹±lo”ti-±din±bh±sam±nassa daµµhabb±. Dutiy± duss²la½ “duss²lo”ti, caº¹±l±dimeva “caº¹±lo”ti-±din±avinayena bh±sam±nassa. Tatiy± nerayik±dikassa nerayik±dibh±vavibh±van²kath± yath±“±p±yiko devadatto nerayiko”ti-±dik±. Catutth² “vedavihitena yaññavidhin±p±º±tip±t±dikata½ sugati½ ±vahat²”ti lokassa by±mohanakath±. Pañcam² bh³tenapesuññupasa½h±r± kath±. Chaµµh± yuttapattaµµh±ne pavattit± d±nas²l±dikath± veditabb±.Eva½ samm± gadatt±ti yath±vutta½ abh³t±di½ vajjetv± bh³ta½ taccha½ atthasa½hita½ piya½man±pa½ tato eva samm± suµµhu gadanato sugato. ¾p±thagamanamattena kassaci appiyampihi bhagavato vacana½ piya½ man±pameva atthasiddhiy± lokassa hitasukh±vahatt±. Ettha pana da-k±rassata-k±ra½ katv± “sugato”ti vuttanti daµµhabba½.